"The City of Progress"
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||September 10, 1925|
|• Mayor||Esteban Bovo (R)|
|• Council President||Monica Perez|
|• Councilmembers||Luis Rodriguez, |
and Jacqueline Garcia-Roves
|• City Clerk||Marbelys Fatjo|
|• City||22.82 sq mi (59.09 km2)|
|• Land||21.58 sq mi (55.90 km2)|
|• Water||1.24 sq mi (3.20 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||10,338.21/sq mi (3,991.52/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||305, 786, 645|
|GNIS feature ID||0305059|
Hialeah (// HY-ə-LEE-ə; American Spanish: [xaʝaˈli.a]) is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. With a population of 223,109 as of the 2020 census, Hialeah is the sixth-largest city in Florida. It is the second largest city by population in the Miami metropolitan area of South Florida, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people at the 2018 census. It is located west-northwest of Miami, and is one of a few places in the county—others being Homestead, Miami Beach, Surfside, Bal Harbour, Sunny Isles Beach, and Golden Beach—to have its own street grid numbered separately from the rest of the county (which is otherwise based on Miami Avenue at Flagler Street in Downtown Miami, the county seat).
The city is notable for its high Hispanic proportion, which at 94.0%, is the second-highest proportion of Hispanic Americans out of any community in the United States outside of Puerto Rico, and the highest proportion among incorporated communities outside of Puerto Rico. Hialeah also has the highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents of any city in the United States, at 73.37% of the population, making them a typical and prominent feature of the city's culture.
Hialeah also has one of the largest Spanish-speaking communities in the country. In 2016, 96.3% of residents reported speaking Spanish at home, and the language is an important part of daily life in the city.
Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at Okeechobee, Hialeah, and Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer stations. The Okeechobee and Hialeah stations serve primarily as park-and-ride commuter stations to commuters and residents going into Downtown Miami, and Tri-Rail station to Miami International Airport and north to West Palm Beach.
See also: Timeline of Hialeah, Florida
The city's name is most commonly attributed to Muskogee origin, "Haiyakpo" (prairie) and "hili" (pretty) combining in "Hialeah" to mean "pretty prairie". Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning "Upland Prairie". The city is located upon a large prairie between Biscayne Bay and the Everglades.
This "high prairie" caught the eye of pioneer aviator Glenn Curtiss and Missouri cattleman James H. Bright in 1921. Together, they developed not only the town of Hialeah but also Hialeah Park Race Track. In 1921, the first plat was drawn up, and the town was named.
In the early "Roaring '20s", Hialeah produced significant entertainment contributions. Sporting included the Spanish sport of jai alai and greyhound racing, and media included silent movies like D.W. Griffith's The White Rose which was made at the Miami Movie Studios located in Hialeah. However, the 1926 Miami hurricane brought many of these activities to an end.
In the years since its incorporation in 1925, many historical events and people have been associated with Hialeah. The opening of the horse racing course at Hialeah Park Race Track in 1925 (which was nicknamed the "Grand Dame") received more coverage in the Miami media than any other sporting event in the history of Dade County up to that time and since then there have been countless horse racing histories played out at the world-famous 220-acre (0.89 km2) park. It was considered one of the most grand thoroughbred horse racing parks with its majestic Mediterranean style architecture and was considered the Jewel of Hialeah at the time.
The park's grandeur has attracted millions, included among them are names known around the world such as the Kennedy family, Harry Truman, General Omar Bradley, Winston Churchill, and J.P. Morgan. The Hialeah Park Race Track also holds the dual distinction of being an Audubon Bird Sanctuary due to its famous pink flamingos and being listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The famous aviator Amelia Earhart in 1937 said her final good-byes to the continental U.S. from Hialeah as she left on her ill-fated flight around the world in 1937.
While Hialeah was once envisioned as a playground for the elite, Cuban exiles fleeing Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution, as well as World War II veterans and city planners, transformed the city into a working-class community. Hialeah historian Patricia Fernández-Kelly explained, "It became an affordable Eden." She further describes the city as "a place where different groups have left their imprint while trying to create a sample of what life should be like." Several waves of Cuban exiles, starting after the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and continuing through to the Freedom Flights from 1965 to 1973, the Mariel boatlift in 1980, and the Balseros or boat people of the late 1990s, created what at least one expert has considered the most economically successful immigrant enclave in U.S. history as Hialeah is the only American industrial city that continues to grow.
From a population of 1,500 in 1925, Hialeah has grown faster than most of the 10 larger cities in the state of Florida since the 1960s and holds the rank of Florida's fifth-largest city, with more than 224,000 residents. The city is also one of the largest employers in Dade County.
In January 2009, Forbes magazine listed Hialeah as one of the most boring cities in the United States, citing the city's large population and anonymity in the national media.
Hialeah is located at (25.860474, –80.293971).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles (51 km2). 19.2 square miles (50 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (2.53%) is water.
According to the Köppen climate classification, Hialeah as a tropical monsoon climate (Am).
|Climate data for Hialeah, Florida, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1940–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||89
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||84.2
|Average high °F (°C)||75.7
|Daily mean °F (°C)||67.4
|Average low °F (°C)||59.1
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||44.8
|Record low °F (°C)||28
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.03
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.5||6.5||6.5||7.2||10.4||17.6||17.6||18.5||18.7||14.2||8.5||7.9||141.1|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Hispanic or Latino||94.0%||94.7%||90.3%||87.6%||74.3%|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||0.6%||0.5%||0.9%||0.9%||1.1%|
|Asian and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic)||0.4%||0.3%||0.4%||0.4%||0.7%|
|Native American (non-Hispanic)||< 0.1%||< 0.1%||< 0.1%||< 0.1%|
|Some other race (non-Hispanic)||0.2%||0.1%||< 0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (non-Hispanic)||0.3%||0.1%||0.2%||N/A||N/A|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 223,109 people, 75,989 households, and 54,646 families residing in the city.
In this census, the majority of people (about 58%) reported they were of mixed race. For those who reported only a single race for themselves:
Of those reporting they were of mixed race, 129,168 (58%) said they were of two races, 796 (<1%) said they were of three races, 105 said they were of four races and 17 said they were of five races. The conclusion that can be reached based on this primary data is that the population is extremely ethnically diverse and there is not a majority ethnicity represented. The majority of people who reported they were of one ethnicity reported they were white, but this represented less than 1/3 of the overall population.
|2010 Census||Hialeah||Miami-Dade County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||–0.8%||+10.8%||+17.6%|
|Population density||10,474.2/sq mi||1,315.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian||92.6%||73.8%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||4.2%||15.4%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||2.7%||18.9%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||94.7%||65.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.1%||0.2%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.0%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.6%||2.4%||2.5%|
|Some other race||2.6%||3.2%||3.6%|
In 2010, Hialeah was the tenth-largest city in the United States among cities with a population density of more than 10,000 people per square mile.
As of 2010, there were 74,067 households, with 3.9% being vacant.
In 2015 through 2016 the population in Hialeah grew from 234,714 to 235,626, a 0.4% increase. The median household income grew from $29,249 to $29,817, a 1.9% increase.
As of 2000, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.39.
In 2000, the age distribution of the population showed 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $29,492, and the median income for a family was $31,621. Males had a median income of $23,133 versus $17,886 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,402. About 16.0% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 22.4% of those age 65 or over.
Hialeah ranks #2 (nearby Hialeah Gardens ranks as #1) in the list of cities in the United States where Spanish is most spoken. As of 2000, 92.14% of the population spoke Spanish at home, while those who spoke only English made up 7.37% of the population. All other languages spoken were below 1% of the population.
The city of Hialeah is a commercial center in Miami-Dade County. The city is host to many national retailers.
Hialeah is also home to vibrant community of mom-and-pop stores. These shops have successfully competed against national name brand retailers, outfitters, and franchises. In order to remain competitive national businesses have altered their traditional business strategy to meet the demands of the local community. Supermarkets operate on the city's main streets including those which cater to Latin American and Hispanic clientele.
While most of the manufacturing and cloth industries that made Hialeah an industrial city in the 1970s–1980s have disappeared, new electronics and technology businesses have reinvigorated the local economy. Westland Mall contains over 100 stores and several restaurants. Telemundo, the second largest Spanish-language TV network in the United States, was headquartered at 2340 West 8th Avenue in Hialeah until 2018.
In March 2009, it was announced that a $40–$90 million restoration project was set to begin within the year on the Hialeah Park Race Track. On May 7, 2009, the Florida legislature agreed to a deal with the Seminole Tribe of Florida that allowed Hialeah Park to operate slot machines and run Quarter Horse races. The historic racetrack reopened on November 28, 2009, but only for Quarter Horse races. The park installed slot machines in January 2010 as part of a deal to allow for two calendar seasons of racing. The races went on all the way until February 2, 2010. Only a portion of the park has been restored, and an additional $30 million will be needed to complete this first phase of the project. The full transformation is expected to cost $1 billion since the plan includes a complete redevelopment of the surrounding area including the construction of an entertainment complex to include a hotel, restaurants, casinos, stores and a theater. In June 2010 concerns were raised over the preservation of Hialeah Park's historical status, as the planned development threatens to hurt Hialeah Park's status as a National Historic Landmark.
The City of Hialeah is home to three tennis centers, five public swimming pools and aquatic centers, and more than 14 public parks totaling more than 100 acres (0.40 km2) combined. Milander Park features a municipal auditorium and a 10,000 seat football stadium.
Amelia Earhart Park also serves the Hialeah community. Located just south of the Opa Locka Airport, the park consists of 515 acres, including a five-acre Bark Park for dogs. It offers a variety of amenities, programs and activities including mountain biking, soccer, Tom Sawyer's Play Island and Bill Graham Farm Village. It also houses the new Miami Watersports Complex, which offers cable and boat wakeboarding, waterskiing, wake surfing, kneeboarding and paddleboarding.
The University of Florida College of Dentistry operates the Hialeah Dental Clinic. It opened in 1997 to serve Hispanic populations in South Florida.
Hialeah is located within Florida's 26th Congressional District. It is currently represented in the House of Representatives by Mario Díaz-Balart, a Republican. A 2005 study by the nonpartisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research (BACVR) ranked Hialeah, Florida as the fourth most conservative city in the United States. The current mayor of Hialeah is Esteban Bovo.
Due to the heavy presence of the Cuban American community Hialeah traditionally, as of 2020, leaned towards Republican politics. In the 2016 United States presidential election in Florida each of the two major candidates received about half of the vote. For the 2020 United States presidential election in Florida about two thirds of residents of Hialeah voted for Trump.
|1925–1930||John Peter Grethen||Died in office|
|1930–1933||Robert W. Marshall||Acting Mayor due to vacancy|
|1933–1935||Grover Cleveland (Doc) Sparks||Namesake of Sparks Park|
|1935–1937||Dr. Leon H. O'Quinn|||
|1937–1943||Carl Ault||3 consecutive terms, twice unopposed|
|1943–1945||Henry Milander||Namesake of Milander Park|
|1945–1947||Carl Ault||Returned for one term|
|1947–1975||Henry Milander||Re-elected 8 times; died in office|
|1975–1981||Dale G. Bennett|||
|1981–1991||Raúl L. Martínez||Convicted of extortion and racketeering|
|1991–1993||Julio J. Martinez||Acting mayor|
|1993–2005||Raúl L. Martínez|
|2011–2021||Carlos Hernández||Acting Mayor after Robaina resigned; later elected as Mayor|
Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Hialeah.
Two high schools serving the Hialeah community, Mater Academy Charter High School and Miami Lakes Tech, were named as "Silver" award winners in U.S. News & World Report's "Best High Schools 2008 Search".
|Amelia Earhart Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||473||Airplanes|
|Ben Sheppard Elementary School||Magnet||K–5||963||Silver Hawks|
|Bob Graham Education Center||K–8 Center||K–8||1696||Bobcats|
|City of Hialeah Educational Academy||Charter||9–12||450||Bulldogs|
|Earnest R. Graham K–8 Academy||K–8 Center||K–8||1455||Eagles|
|Flamingo Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||950|
|Henry H. Filer Middle School||Middle||6–8||1093||Panthers|
|Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||647||Tigers|
|Hialeah Middle School||Middle||6–8||872||Broncos|
|Hialeah High School||Senior High||9–12||2874||Thoroughbreds|
|Hialeah-Miami Lakes High School||Senior High||9–12||1668||Trojans|
|iPrep Academy @ Hialeah-Miami Lakes||Magnet||9–12||100||Trojans|
|James H. Bright/J.W. Johnson Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||690||Alligators|
|John G. DuPuis Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||637||Dolphins|
|José Martí MAST 6-12 Academy||Magnet||6–12||568||Silver Knights|
|M.A. Milam K-8 Center||K–8 Center||K–8||976||Colts|
|Mae M. Walters Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||625||Eagles|
|Meadowlane Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||985||Tigers|
|North Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||573||Eagles|
|North Twin Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||554|
|Palm Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||747||Dolphins|
|Palm Springs Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||701||Florida Panthers|
|Palm Springs Middle School||Middle||6–8||1233||Pacers|
|South Hialeah Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||1107||Sharks|
|Twin Lakes Elementary School||Elementary||K–5||565||Eagles|
|Westland Hialeah High School||Magnet||9–12||2137||Wildcats|
|Youth Co-Op Preparatory Charter School||Charter||K–12||Tigers|
Hialeah's public library was founded in 1924, one year prior to the incorporation of the city. While over the years the county-wide Miami-Dade Public Library System has taken over the libraries of most of the cities in the county, Hialeah public libraries function independently from the county-wide system. The first branch was a donation by the Hialeah Women's Club. It was actually located in the house of one of the Hialeah Women's Club's home. The home of Ms. J Sommers Garwood. The club was founded by Ms. Lua Adams Curtiss, who was the late mother of the famous aviator Glenn Curtiss. The club asked for donations to get the library started and was fortunate enough to receive enough to get the system started. The latest branch, John F. Kennedy Library is now the main library for Hialeah and is easily recognizable for its grand murals. In 2017, the branch set out to renovate the entire library and they added new furniture, the art murals, polished terrazzo floors, and new sculptures.[a] The library hosts a print collection, digital resources, and a Hialeah History Collection which collects, preserves and provides access to information about the City of Hialeah's history.
Further information: Transportation in South Florida
In 2013, Hialeah was named a top five city with the worst drivers by Slate and Allstate.
Hialeah is served by Miami-Dade Transit along major thoroughfares by Metrobus, and by the Miami Metrorail, Tri-Rail, and Amtrak at:
"All Ways Lead to Hialeah" was one of the city's first slogans. At the time, Glenn Curtiss and James Bright could not have imagined the important link in the transportation chain provided by Hialeah's location. Sitting in the heart of northwest Dade, Hialeah has access to several major thoroughfares, linked by:
Mr. Grethen had been mayor of Hialeah since its incorporation in 1925, being re-elected to that office last September.
Robert W. Marshall, President of the Council became the acting Mayor due to a vacancy in the office.
Sparks Park was named after G.C. Sparks who served as mayor of the City of Hialeah from 1933-1935.
Dr. Leon H. O'Quinn has been elected mayor of Hialeah.
Carl Ault ran unopposed twice in the 1937 and 1941 elections.
Milander Park was named after Henry Milander who served as Mayor of the City of Hialeah from 1941-1945 and again from 1947-1974.
In the face of contrary advice from the two Miami newspapers, his constituents have returned him to office eight times, usually with a complaisant council majority, and have rejected the establishment of a council-manager system.
I am taking the liberty of answering your letter to the late Henry Milander as the new Mayor of Hialeah.
Mayor Raul Martinez, was convicted of extortion and racketeering in March after a jury found he had accepted $1 million in cash and property from land developers.