The Miami News
The July 12, 1972 front page of The Miami News
TypeDaily evening newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Cox Enterprises (Cox Media Group)
FoundedMay 15, 1896 (1896-05-15) (as The Miami Metropolis)
Ceased publicationDecember 31, 1988 (1988-12-31)
Headquarters
OCLC number10000467

The Miami News was an evening newspaper in Miami, Florida. It was the media market competitor to the morning edition of the Miami Herald for most of the 20th century. The paper started publishing in May 1896 as a weekly called The Miami Metropolis.[1]

History

The Miami Daily News front page on August 6, 1945, covering the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The Miami News was founded at The Miami Metropolis in 1896,[2] and published under that name until 1908. Walter S. Graham served as the newspaper's first editor.[3] In 1903, the Metropolis became a daily newspaper, except Sundays, eight pages in length.[4]

On June 4, 1923, former Ohio governor James M. Cox bought the Metropolis and renamed it the Miami Daily News-Metropolis.[5] On January 4, 1925, the newspaper became the Miami Daily News, and published its first Sunday edition.[6]

In 1957, the newspaper shortened its name to The Miami News.[7]

Cox had a new building erected for the newspaper, the Miami News Tower, which was dedicated on July 25, 1925. The building was later renamed and repurposed as the Freedom Tower. Also on July 25, 1925, the News published a 508-page edition, which still holds the record for the largest page-count for a newspaper.[6]

The Miami News was edited by Bill Baggs from 1957 until his death in 1969.[8] After that, it was edited by Sylvan Meyer until 1973. Its final editor was Howard Kleinberg, a longtime staffer and author of a comprehensive history of the newspaper. The paper had the distinction of posting its own demise on the final obituary page.

In 1966, the Miami News moved in with the Knight Ridder-owned One Herald Plaza, sharing production facilities with its morning rival while maintaining a separate editorial staff.[9] A 30-year joint operating agreement inked in 1966 made the Herald responsible for all non-editorial aspects of production, including circulation, advertising and promotion. Citing losses of $9 million per year, declining circulation, from 112,000 in 1966 to 48,000 in 1988 while households in the Dade County area grew 80 percent.[10] Wwner Cox Newspapers was unsuccessful in finding a suitable buyer to save The Miami News, and it ceased publication on December 31, 1988.[11][12]

Some of the newspaper's staff and all of its assets and archives were moved to nearby Cox publication The Palm Beach Post, now owned by [[Gannett], in West Palm Beach, and a small selection of photographs were donated to the Archives and Research Center of HistoryMiami.[13]

Notable employees

Notable former employees include writer Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Dorothy Misener Jurney, journalist and author Helen Muir, Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist Don Wright, Boston Globe columnist Adrian Walker, photographer Michael O'Brien, columnist John Keasler, and best-selling author Dary Matera, who served as a general assignment reporter from 1977 until 1982.

Pulitzer Prizes

Over its existence, The Miami News was awarded five Pulitzer Prizes:

References

  1. ^ "Miami Chronology: 1500s to 1900". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on December 9, 2004. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  2. ^ "The Miami Metropolis: The City's First Newspaper". 7 August 2018.
  3. ^ "The Miami Metropolis (Miami, Fla.) 1896-1908". Library of Congress.
  4. ^ "Miami Chronology: 1900 to 1920". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on January 6, 2005. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ Muir, Helen (1953). Miami, USA. New York: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 141–42.
  6. ^ a b "Miami Chronology: 1920-1940". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on December 12, 2004. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  7. ^ "The Miami News (Miami, Fla.) 1957-Current". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2023-10-02. Preceding Titles | Miami Daily News
  8. ^ "Miami Chronology: 1960-1980". Miami Herald. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original on January 31, 2005. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  9. ^ Kleinberg, Howard (1987). "History of The Miami News: 1896-1987" (PDF). Tequesta. 47: 27 – via Florida International University Digital Commons.
  10. ^ "Miami paper facing sale or shutdown". Waco Tribune-Herald. Cox News Service. October 25, 1988.
  11. ^ Knight, Jerry (December 31, 1988). "Miami News to Publish Final Edition". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  12. ^ Morris, Steven (January 4, 1989). "Cox Seeks Buyers Of Miami News' Assets". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  13. ^ "Miami News Collection". HistoryMiami. Retrieved March 30, 2012.