Cox Enterprises, Inc.
Company typePrivate
  • Automotive Services
  • Communications
  • Media
Founded1898; 126 years ago (1898) in Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
FounderJames M. Cox
Area served
Key people
  • James C. Kennedy, Chairman Emeritus
  • Alexander C. Taylor, Chairman, President, & CEO
ProductsTelecommunications, Automotive, Mass media
RevenueUS$19.2 billion (Fiscal 2020)[1]
OwnerCox family[2][3]
Number of employees
50,000 (year end 2020)[1]

Cox Enterprises, Inc. is an American privately held global conglomerate headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, with approximately 55,000 employees and $21 billion in total revenue. Its major operating subsidiaries are Cox Media Group, Cox Communications, and Cox Automotive. The company's major national brands include AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book, Manheim Auctions and more.

Through Cox Automotive, the company's international operations stretch across Asia, Australia, Europe and Latin America. Cox Enterprises is currently led by Alexander C. Taylor, a fourth-generation Cox family member and great-grandson of founder James M. Cox. James M. Cox's grandson, James C. Kennedy, and other members of the Cox family are on the company's board of directors.[4]

On March 2, 2020, the sale of Cox Media Group's Ohio newspapers was finalized back to Cox Enterprises, and subsequently formed Cox First Media.[5][6] This move was to ensure the publications would remain daily newspapers serving the southwest Ohio region.



Main article: James M. Cox

The company was founded in Dayton, Ohio by James M. Cox, who purchased the Dayton Daily News in 1898.[7] Cox became a member of Ohio's delegation to the United States House of Representatives and then the Governor of Ohio. He was the Democratic Party candidate for president of the United States in the presidential election of 1920, running unsuccessfully on a ticket that included Franklin D. Roosevelt as the vice presidential candidate.[7][8]


In 1935, at the urging of Governor Cox's son James M. Cox Jr., Cox entered the radio business starting with WHIO in Dayton. Governor Cox purchased The Atlanta Journal in 1939 as well as radio station WSB. On September 29, 1948, Cox's WSB-TV, later referred to as the "Eyes of the South", aired the first television broadcast in Atlanta. WHIO-TV in Ohio's Miami Valley soon followed, airing its first broadcasts on February 23, 1949.[7]

In 1950, Governor Cox purchased The Atlanta Constitution, and in 1962 his son purchased three cable television systems in central Pennsylvania with a total of 11,800 subscribers. The two combined their broadcasting and cable businesses into the publicly-traded Cox Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in 1964, though the newspaper business remained independent as Cox Enterprises.[7]

In 1966, Cox expanded its holdings to purchase television syndicator Walter Schwimmer,[9] followed in 1967, by the purchase of television production company Bing Crosby Productions.[10] Cox subsequently sold off its syndication unit to a new production company Telecom Productions in 1970.[11] Cox would reenter the television syndication business, when Cox's subsidiary TeleRep, established Television Program Enterprises in the late 1970s,[12] before merging with Rysher Entertainment in 1993.[13][14]

As the cable business expanded, it was eventually consolidated and spun off into the new privately-owned Cox Cable Communications (CCC) in 1968, which quickly became the second-largest cable TV company. Upon Jim Cox Jr.'s death in 1974, he left his two sisters, Anne Cox Chambers and Barbara Cox, in control of 95% of the privately-owned company.[7]

In 1982, CBC moved its headquarters to the Atlanta area and changed its name to Cox Communications, Inc. The company was eventually consolidated into Cox Enterprises. In 1988 then-Executive Vice President Jim Kennedy, grandson of Governor Cox, was promoted to CEO and chairman of Cox Enterprises.[7]

In 1986, Cox Enterprises launched a new subsidiary Cox Video, which lined up eleven commitments for original video programs, four of them came from Media Home Entertainment, which are comedy-based tapes and seven of them came from Fox Hills Video, which are reality-based tapes, both subsidiaries of Heron Communications, and co-production budgets involve a total of $1.5 million, and the Cox Video unit has also acquired the rights to produce video adaptations of the magazines and exercise regulations of Joe Weider, which included Muscle & Fitness, Flex and Men's Fitness & Shape, and Peter Bieler acting as executive producer on tapes produced by Cox Video, which also served as executive vice president of the studio, and the company is planning on to do regular releases that sometimes make use of the magazine's names and will be positioned as companions to Wieder's widely-distributed equipment, and the MHE comedies ranked at the $100,000 range and the Fox Hills tapes ranked at the $100,000 range.[15]

Over the ensuing decades, Cox made pioneering investments and became the first company to bundle telephone, highspeed internet and digital cable television over a single broadband network.[16]


Cox entered the automotive industry in 1965 with the purchase of Black Book. Three years later, Manheim was purchased by Cox as well. In the 1980s, Manheim acquired its first non-U.S. auction in Toronto, Canada, making Cox an international company. In 1999, was founded revolutionizing the way people buy and sell used cars. In 2014, Cox Enterprises brought its automotive-related businesses (which by then included vAuto and NextGear Capital) together under the Cox Automotive name.[17]


Cox Communications

Logo of Cox Communications

Cox Communications is the third-largest U.S. cable company, serving approximately 6 million residences and businesses. It provides advanced digital video, Internet, telephone and home security and automation services over its own nationwide IP network.[18][19][20]

Cox Communications formed an alliance with the Cleveland Clinic to take Healthcare to the home in February 2015. The company has also been deploying residential gigabit internet service.[20]

In 2019, Cox Communications earned the No. 11 spot on the 2019 DiversityInc Top 50 Companies for Diversity list. This marks the fourteenth time the company has been recognized among the nation's corporate diversity leaders.[21]

Cox Automotive

Logo of Cox Automotive

Cox Automotive is a provider of "vehicle remarketing services and digital marketing and software for automotive dealers and consumers."[22] Cox Automotive brands include Manheim, Clutch Technologies, Dealer-Auction Ltd, AutoTrader, Kelley Blue Book, vAuto,, Dealertrack, NextGear Capital, Xtime, Vinsolutions, Dickinson Fleet Services, FleetNet America, and a host of global businesses and brands serving auto dealers, manufacturers and financial institutions.[17]

Cox Media Group

Former logo of Cox Media Group

Cox Media Group (CMG) is an integrated broadcasting, publishing, direct marketing and digital media company.

In 2019, Cox Enterprises reached an agreement with Apollo Global Management to sell a majority interest in Cox Media Group's broadcast television stations, including the company's radio, newspaper, and TV properties in Ohio, and its local OTT advertising subsidiary – Gamut. Smart Media from Cox. based in New York.[23][24] On February 10, 2020, Cox Enterprises bought back the Ohio newspapers it sold to Apollo Global Management after the FCC required Apollo to reduce the daily newspapers to 3-day publication or sell them. Cox announced the newspapers would continue 7-day publication.[25]

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, in addition to the media agency Ideabar, will continue to be part of Cox Enterprises.[26]

Cox Conserves

Cox Conserves is the company's national sustainability program that focuses on alternative energy, community investment, employee engagement, energy conservation, waste diversion, recycling, and water conservation.[27]

Since its launch in 2007, Cox Enterprises has invested more than $120 million in over 400 sustainability and conservation projects through Cox Conserves to drive positive environmental change within the organization, among stakeholders, and within the communities being served. According to its public statements, its primary focus areas include:[27][28]


In September 2019, Cox Automotive's Mobility Division entered into an agreement with Rivian, the company developing the first luxury all-electric truck. In the deal, Cox will invest $350 million into Rivian, with the two companies exploring partnership opportunities in service operations, logistics, and digital retailing.[29]

In August 2022, Cox Enterprises agreed to acquire Axios Media, with the deal being valued at $525 million.[30][31]

In February 2024, Cox agreed to buy out government software company OpenGov, in which it already holds minority interest, with the deal valuing the company at $1.8 billion.[32][33]


  1. ^ a b "Cox Enterprises". November 23, 2021. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  2. ^ "Cox Enterprises Inc. Financial Statements". Institute of Media and Communications Policy. September 17, 2012.
  3. ^ "Three Cox Billionaires Minted as Matriarch Gives Away Wealth". Bloomberg. November 20, 2015.
  4. ^ "Cox Enterprises Elects Alex Taylor and Jamie Kennedy to Board of Directors - Apr 22, 2014". April 22, 2014. Archived from the original on November 1, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  5. ^ Staff Report (March 2, 2020). "Jana Collier named publisher of Cox Enterprises' Ohio newspapers". Journal-News. Cox First Media. Retrieved November 5, 2021.
  6. ^ Staff (March 2, 2020). "Cox First Media". Cox Enterprises. Cox First Media. Retrieved November 5, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "About Us - History". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises.
  8. ^ "120 Years of Building a Better Future". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
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  10. ^ "Cox buys second TV production house" (PDF). Broadcasting. September 25, 1967. p. 10. Retrieved October 8, 2023.
  11. ^ "Chicago firm purchases Crosby syndication arm" (PDF). Broadcasting. July 13, 1970. p. 47. Retrieved October 8, 2023.
  12. ^ Smith, Sally Bedell (August 28, 1983). "Is It Time for a Fourth TV Network?". The New York Times.
  13. ^ Freeman, Mike (February 1, 1993). "It's official: Cox to buy Rysher" (PDF). Broadcasting. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  14. ^ "Samples tops at TPE in Cox shuffle" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 29, 1993. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  15. ^ Bierbaum, Tom (August 5, 1987). "Cox Lines Up 11 Original Videos; Aiming At Rental Sell-Through". Variety. p. 30.
  16. ^ Glover, C (February 1, 1999). Journey Through Our Years: The Story of Cox Enterprises, Inc. Marietta, GA: Longstreet. ISBN 978-1563525704.
  17. ^ a b "Worldwide Automotive Leader". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  18. ^ "Cox Enterprises Businesses".
  19. ^ "Cox Communications Fact Sheet". Cox Communications. Cox Communications. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Cox Communications And Cleveland Clinic Form Alliance To Take Healthcare To The Home". Cox Communications. Cox Communications.
  21. ^ "2019 DiversityINC Top 50 Companies for Diversity". Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  22. ^ "Cox Automotive | Cox Enterprises".
  23. ^ "It's Official: Cox Radiom, Gamut, CoxReps Going To Apollo". Radio+Television Business Report. June 27, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  24. ^ Jon, Lafayette (February 15, 2019). "Cox Sells Broadcast Group to Apollo Global Management". NextTV. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  25. ^ Staff, Staff Writer. "Cox Enterprises buys back Ohio newspapers; 7-day publication continues". daytondailynews. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  26. ^ Scott Trubey, J. "Cox to Sell Majority Stake in TV Stations to Apollo". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  27. ^ a b "Driving Positive Environmental Change". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  28. ^ "From the Inside Out". Cox Enterprises. Cox Enterprises. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  29. ^ "Rivian Announces $350 Million Investment from Cox Automotive". Cox Automotive. Cox Automotive. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  30. ^ Johnson, Ted (August 8, 2022). "Axios To Sell To Cox Enterprises In Deal Valued At $525 Million". Deadline. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  31. ^ Oliver Darcy (August 8, 2022). "Axios agrees to sell itself to Cox Enterprises in $525 million deal". CNN. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  32. ^ Thomas, Lauren (February 26, 2024). "Cox Enterprises Strikes $1.8 Billion Deal for Government-Software Provider". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 27, 2024.
  33. ^ Trubey, J. Scott (February 27, 2024). "Cox Enterprises buys majority stake in government software firm OpenGov". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on February 28, 2024.