College Park
City of College Park
Downtown College Park
Downtown College Park
Flag of College Park
Official seal of College Park
Location in Fulton County and the state of Georgia
Location in Fulton County and the state of Georgia
College Park is located in Metro Atlanta
College Park
College Park
Location of College Park in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°37′03″N 84°28′03″W / 33.61750°N 84.46750°W / 33.61750; -84.46750
CountryUnited States
CountiesFulton, Clayton
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • Total11.21 sq mi (29.03 km2)
 • Land11.16 sq mi (28.91 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation1,037 ft (316 m)
 • Total13,930
 • Density1,248.10/sq mi (481.91/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30337, 30349
Area code(s)404/678/470
FIPS code13-17776[3]
GNIS feature ID2404098[2]

College Park is a city in Fulton and Clayton counties, Georgia, United States, adjacent to the southern boundary of the city of Atlanta. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,930.

Georgia International Convention Center and part of Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport are located in the city.[4][5] The College Park Historic District is Georgia's fourth-largest urban historical district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6][7] The Gateway Center Arena in College Park is the home stadium of the College Park Skyhawks and Atlanta Dream.


19th century

Cox College and Conservatory, 1900

The community that became College Park was founded as Atlantic City in 1890 as a depot on the Atlanta and West Point Railroad. The town was renamed Manchester when it was incorporated as a city in 1891. It was renamed again as the city of College Park in 1896. The city's name came from being the home of Cox College (where the city hall and other buildings now stand) and Georgia Military Academy (now the Woodward Academy). The east–west avenues in College Park are named for Ivy League colleges, and the north–south streets are named for influential College Park residents.[8]

20th century

During World War I, the name of Wilhelm Street was changed to Victoria Street in "solidarity with our British brethren." At the same time Berlin Avenue was changed to Cambridge Avenue and the name of German Lane was changed to English Lane.[9] The history of College Park has been closely linked with what is now known as Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport—airport development having spurred several radical changes to the landscape of the municipality over the course of the 20th century.[10] In 1966, a study funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development suggested that the introduction and expansion of jet aircraft travel would place the airport and surrounding communities, including College Park, into conflict; ultimately, the study concluded that "the only effective way to control the use of land is to own it," suggesting that the airport would have to acquire the properties it would be in conflict with in order to expand.[11]

In the 1970s and 1980s, large swaths of property in College Park were purchased using information detailed in The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport Noise Land Reuse Plan, which allowed the airport to apply for federal funding to purchase property deemed to be in so-called "noise land."[12][13] The 1985 Chuck Norris film Invasion U.S.A. was notoriously filmed in these abandoned portions of College Park; houses owned by the City of Atlanta and the FAA were allowed to be blown up to simulate bazooka attacks, a decision that has faced modern day criticism due to the fact that nearby properties were still in the process of being purchased.[14][13] This site would eventually, in 2003, in part be home to the Georgia International Convention Center; the center officially opened in 1985 at a separate location, but was relocated to the area in response to planned airport runway expansions.[15] Today, the GICC is the second largest convention center in Georgia, featuring a carpeted ballroom and multiple spaces for meetings, conferences and conventions. It is the only convention center in the country that also houses a SkyTrain with direct rail access to an international airport.[citation needed] Directly next to the Georgia International Convention Center is the Gateway Center Arena, which opened in November 2019, home to the NBA's G-League College Park Skyhawks and where the WNBA's Atlanta Dream will play their 2020 season.[16]

In 1978, the College Park Historical Society was founded in order to combat proposed northward expansion of the airport; the society succeeded in lobbying against proposed flight paths over the neighborhood colloquially known as Historic College Park, as well as registered swaths of homes and the Main Street commercial district with the National Register of Historic Places, eventually resulting in the establishment of the College Park Historic District.[13]

Between the 1980s and the early 2000s, as part of continued execution of the FAA noise abatement program, the City of Atlanta and the FAA purchased roughly 320 acres of property (containing residential structures, churches, and some small commercial buildings) immediately adjacent to the west side of downtown College Park, resulting in a multitude of properties sitting abandoned for decades.[17] The totality of these eventually abandoned properties purchased from the 1970s through the 2000s have been described as a major player in shaping a negative public image of the city, second only to the perception of crime in the area.[18]

Recent history

Hip hop

Although the Atlanta hip hop music scene in the 1980s and 1990s was largely credited to artists from nearby suburban Decatur, College Park and the adjacent city of East Point have been strongly associated with artists and record producers from "SWATS" ("Southwest Atlanta, Too Strong"), who have substantially contributed to the evolution of the southern hip hop genre over the course of the 2000s.[19]


While the controversial process of gentrification started in the larger Atlanta Metropolitan Area in the 1970s, it was only in the latter 2010s that redevelopment substantially spread to College Park proper.[20] In 2016, the College Park government embarked on a 20-year development plan which included goals "to expand its economic base while keeping its small town historic characteristics," and to "make use of its available land to attract new employers and residential opportunities."[21] 2017 saw the construction of a mixed-use project which contained the first mid-rise apartments to be constructed in the city since 1969.[22] From the 1990s and into the 2010s, the City of College Park succeeded in repurchasing the entirety of the 320 acres adjacent to downtown; in 2018, concurrent with substantial commercial and residential development in the area, the City of College Park announced major redevelopment of this abandoned area, now referred to as "Airport City," as part of a larger transit-oriented revitalization plan referred to as "Aerotropolis."[23]


College Park is located on the border of Fulton and Clayton counties.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km2), of which 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.19%, is water.[24]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[25]

2020 census

College Park racial composition[26]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,528 10.97%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 11,017 79.09%
Native American 31 0.22%
Asian 116 0.83%
Pacific Islander 2 0.01%
Other/Mixed 449 3.22%
Hispanic or Latino 787 5.65%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 13,930 people, 5,861 households, and 2,911 families residing in the city.

2010 census

At the time of the 2010 census,[27] there were 13,942 people, 5,595 households, and 3,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,099.8 inhabitants per square mile (810.7/km2). There were 7,159 housing units at an average density of 860.3 units per square mile (332.2 units/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.1% Black, 14.1% White, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 4.7% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 6.9% of the population.

Population decline, 2000–2010

Between 2000 and 2010, College Park saw a 31.6% reduction in their population. The city government has suggested that this was due to the combined effects of airport expansion and the difficult nature of having housing constructed in areas previously considered to be "high noise."[28]


For much of the 2000s, College Park – along with the other so-called Tri-Cities, East Point and Hapeville – has been popularly associated with crime;[29] for example, a comedy/travel book originally published in 2005 describes College Park as "a nightmarish southern ghetto."[30] Over the course of the 2010s, this reputation has been publicly challenged in the media, by Tri-Cities residents, and by the College Park Police Department.[31][32][33]

The Federal Bureau of Investigation's annual Uniform Crime Report reveals that the College Park Police Department has historically reported a high crime rate per 100,000 persons as compared to other US jurisdictions.[34] In 2008, College Park had one of the highest crime rates in Georgia, with reports including 13 homicides. However, 2008 was an outlier with respect to the rest of that decade and homicide; for the rest of the years between 2000 and 2010, between 1 and 3 homicides were reported annually. Further, it has been suggested that crime rate per 100,000 persons misrepresents the prevalence of crime, as College Park's daytime population is thought to swell to 50,000 persons (substantially more than the ~15,000 permanent residents considered in crime statistics).[35]

The Uniform Crime Report and data released by the College Park Police Department suggests that the 2010s have brought a substantial decline in total crime, particularly in the latter half; in 2018, a total of 1,225 crimes were reported (compared to 2,695 in 2001, 2,530 in 2010, and 1,387 in 2017), 85% of which were property crimes.[33] In 2018, there was a 13 percent decrease in Part I crimes and zero homicides as compared to 2017, following a 15 percent decrease from 2016 to 2017.

As of the 2016 American Community Survey, 35.7% of College Park residents are estimated to live in poverty which partly contributed to the crime problem.[36]


Chick-fil-A headquarters
Georgia International Convention Center

Chick-fil-A, a fast-food chicken chain, is headquartered in College Park.[4][37] Atlantic Southeast Airlines had its headquarters in College Park until December 31, 2011, when it merged with ExpressJet. ExpressJet took over the headquarters facility in College Park from 2012 until its bankruptcy in 2022.[38][39]

The Georgia International Convention Center in College Park is Georgia's second-largest convention center.[40]

Due to its proximity between the airport and downtown Atlanta, College Park is home to more than 5,000 hotel rooms.[40]

In November 2019, The Gateway Center Arena at College Park opened to the public, home to the College Park Skyhawks (the NBA G-League affiliate of the Atlanta Hawks) and the WNBA's Atlanta Dream. In addition, the arena has an exclusive partnership with the Fox Theater to host shows.[41]

Top employers

According to College Park's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[42] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer Employees
1 Chick-fil-A 1,599
2 Federal Aviation Administration 1,300
3 Sysco 768
4 Southwest Airlines 664
5 Woodward Academy 630
6 Express Jet Airlines 532
7 Logisticare Solutions 403
8 VXI global 360
9 Marriott Hotels, Hotel #481 238
10 Marriott Hotels, Hotel #11005 206

Arts and culture

Historic district

Historic homes in the College Park Historic District

The city center is part of the College Park Historic District, a 606-acre historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7] The district contains 853 recognized historical resources constructed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[citation needed]

The majority of the historic structures are homes of the Queen Anne style, various Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, and bungalows of the American Craftsman style, all dating from 1882 to 1946.[7] Other major historical structures include:[7] The College Park Woman's Clubhouse at Camellia Hall (1927);[43] the College Park First United Methodist Church (1904);[44] a United States Postal Service Office (1937); four schools (constructed between 1914 and 1942); and the College Park Depot (pre-1900), part of the Atlanta & West Point Railroad.[45]

Public libraries

Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System operates the College Park Branch.[46]

Parks and recreation

Barrett Park
Gateway Center Arena

College Park has four public recreation facilities: the Wayman & Bessie Brady Recreation Center, named in honor of its first Coordinators;[47] the Hugh C. Conley Recreation Center, named in honor of a former Mayor Pro-Tem;[48] the Tracey Wyatt Recreation Complex, named in honor of the previous Ward III Councilperson, Tracey Wyatt;[49] and the College Park City Auditorium.[50]

The city has four parks: Barrett Park, which is located along Rugby Avenue; Brenningham Park, which surrounds the Brady Center; Jamestown Park; and Richard D. Zupp Park.[51]

College Park is home to the College Park Municipal Golf Course, a nine-hole course established in 1929.[52]

The Gateway Center Arena, a 5,000 seat multipurpose arena, is intended for public use, as well as to host the Atlanta Hawks NBA G League team, the College Park Skyhawks and the WNBA's Atlanta Dream.[53]


The city of College Park is governed by a mayor and four council members. The current mayor is Bianca Motley Broom, the first female, African American mayor for the city, and the council members are: Ward 1, Ambrose Clay; Ward 2, Joe Carn; Ward 3, Ken Allen; and Ward 4, Roderick Gay.[54]

The mayor is elected at-large, on a nonpartisan basis, for 4 year terms.[55] The incumbent mayor, Bianca Motley Broom, has held the office since 2020.[56]

Four council members are elected on a nonpartisan basis for 4 year terms, and each represents one of the four wards that make up the city.[55] Legislative authority is placed in the city council, wherein each member is afforded one vote; the mayor oversees the deliberations of the council and is only entitled to a vote in the case of a tie.[57]


Primary and secondary schools

Fulton County

Residential areas within College Park are served by the Fulton County School System.[58]

College Park Elementary School is in the city limits.[59] Other schools serving sections of College Park with residences include the following: Heritage,[60] Asa G. Hilliard in East Point,[61] and Parklane Elementary School in East Point.[62] Zoned middle schools serving College Park include and Paul D. West Middle School and Woodland Middle School, both in East Point.[63][64]

There is also Main Street Academy, an unzoned charter K–8 school, located in College Park.[65] Since 2016 it has occupied the former Harriet Tubman Elementary School.[66]

Benjamin Banneker High School, in an unincorporated area, and Tri-Cities High School in East Point, both serve sections of College Park.[67][68] Frank S. McClarin Alternative High School[69] is located in College Park.[4]

Clayton County

The section in Clayton County is served by Clayton County Public Schools.[4]

G.W. Northcutt Elementary School and North Clayton Middle School are nearby for Clayton County residents.

Private schools

Woodward Academy is located in College Park.[70]


College Park MARTA station

The western part of Hartsfield–Jackson Airport, including its domestic terminal, is within the eastern side of the city.


Public transit

The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) provides rail and bus service in College Park. College Park Station—serviced by the Gold Line and Red Line—is the third busiest station in the MARTA rail system, with a weekday average of 9,023 entries.[71][72]

Notable people



See also


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: College Park, Georgia
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d "City Maps Archived 2009-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." City of College Park. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  5. ^ "Contact the GICC." Georgia International Convention Center. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  6. ^ "City of College Park Comprehensive Plan 2016-2036". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "National Register of Historic Places Form - College Park Historic District". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  8. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 224. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  9. ^ The Progressive Era and the Great War, 1896–1920 by Arthur Stanley, AHM Publishing Corporation, 1978
  10. ^ "Airport History". Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  11. ^ "Atlanta metropolitan region comprehensive plan: airports". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  12. ^ "Stumptown, GA". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  14. ^ Zita, Josef (Director) (May 15, 2003). The Making of Invasion USA (Motion picture). United States: Cannon Films.
  15. ^ Kemp, Kathryn (2009). Historic Clayton County: The Sesquicentennial History. HPN Books. pp. 80–81. ISBN 978-1-935377-05-4.
  16. ^ "Gateway Center Arena @ College Park". Gateway Center Arena @ College Park. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  17. ^ "Exclusive: 320-acre development set to take off by airport". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  18. ^ "City of College Park Comprehensive Plan 2016–2036". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  19. ^ "Revolution Rock: Atlanta's Goodie Mob fight for truth, justice, but not necessarily the American Way", Vibe, June-July 1998
  20. ^ Dewan, Shaila (March 11, 2006). "Gentrification Changing Face of New Atlanta". The New York Times. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  21. ^ "City of College Park Comprehensive Plan 2016-2036". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  22. ^ "5 things to know about the Pad on Harvard, College Park's first new mid-rise in 40 years". October 26, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  23. ^ "The Aerotropolis Atlanta Blueprint" (PDF). Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  24. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), College Park city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  25. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  26. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  27. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  28. ^ "City of College Park Comprehensive Plan 2016-2036". Archived from the original on August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  29. ^ "College Park has to battle image and crime". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  30. ^ Gilmartin, Dave (April 7, 2015). The Absolutely Worst Places to Live in America. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781466893337. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  31. ^ "Wandering Atlanta's charming Historic College Park in 15 photos". January 23, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  32. ^ "I Live in America's Most Dangerous Suburb". June 24, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  33. ^ a b "VERIFY: Is this metro Atlanta city among the most dangerous in the U.S.?". May 8, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  34. ^ "Uniform Crime Reporting Statistics". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  35. ^ "Metro Atlanta cities push back after being named worst cities in U.S." Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  36. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  37. ^ Chick-fil-A: Company Fact Sheet Retrieved July 30, 2012
  38. ^ Tobin Ramos, Rachel and Douglas Sams. "ASA lands headquarters at Hartsfield hangar." Atlanta Business Chronicle. Monday December 10, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2012.
  39. ^ Matsuda, Akiko. "ExpressJet Airlines Files for Bankruptcy After Loss of United Contract". WSJ.
  40. ^ a b "College Park".
  41. ^ "New Gateway Center Arena in College Park partnering with Fox Theatre".
  42. ^ "City of College Park CAFR". Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  43. ^ "cpwc - HISTORY". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  44. ^ "Our Stained Glass Windows". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  45. ^ "College Park Depot". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  46. ^ "College Park Branch." Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  47. ^ "WAYMAN & BESSIE BRADY RECREATION CENTER". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  48. ^ "Hugh C. Conley Recreation Center". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  49. ^ "Tracey Wyatt Recreation Complex". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  50. ^ "Recreation and Cultural Arts". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  51. ^ "Recreation and Cultural Arts FAQ". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  52. ^ "Historic College Park Golf Course". Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  53. ^ [bare URL]
  54. ^ "College Park, GA - Official Website - Mayor & Council". Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  55. ^ a b "Sec. 5-8. - Same—Election by ward; terms of office". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  56. ^ "Mayor Longino Senior Living Residences". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  57. ^ "Sec. 1-8. - Mayor; constituted chief executive, exceptions; constituted presiding officer of council". Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  58. ^ "Zoning Map" (PDF). City of College Park. October 25, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2020. - Compare residentially-zoned areas to school zone attendance maps. From Fulton County schools: South Fulton High Schools Archived October 28, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, South Fulton Middle Schools, South Fulton Elementary Schools Archived October 28, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
  59. ^ "COLLEGE PARK ES 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County Schools. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  60. ^ "HERITAGE ES 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County Schools. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  61. ^ "ASA G HILLIARD ES 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County Schools. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  62. ^ "PARKLANE ES 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County Schools. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  63. ^ "PAUL D WEST MS 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County School System. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  64. ^ "WOODLAND MS 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County School System. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  65. ^ "The Main Street Academy - A Fulton County Charter School". Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  66. ^ French, Rise (September 23, 2016). "Metro Atlanta students return to classrooms for first day of school". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  67. ^ "BANNEKER HS 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County School System. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  68. ^ "TRI CITIES HS 2020-2021 Attendance Zone" (PDF). Fulton County School System. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  69. ^ Frank S. McClarin Alternative High School Archived 2008-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
  70. ^ "Private School Near Atlanta - Day School - Woodward Academy, GA". Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  71. ^ "2014 Transportation Fact Book" (PDF). Atlanta Regional Commission. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  72. ^ "College Park". itsmarta. Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority. Retrieved July 22, 2015.