This article uses bare URLs, which are uninformative and vulnerable to link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as Reflinks (documentation), reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation). (June 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Griffin, Georgia
Griffin City Hall
Griffin City Hall
Nickname: 
"The Iris City"
Motto(s): 
Growing, Together
Location in Spalding County and the state of Georgia
Location in Spalding County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083Coordinates: 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountySpalding
Government
 • Town ManagerKenny Smith
Area
 • Total14.12 sq mi (36.57 km2)
 • Land13.98 sq mi (36.22 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.35 km2)
Elevation
978 ft (298 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total23,478
 • Density1,678.80/sq mi (648.18/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30223-30224
Area code770
FIPS code13-35324[2]
GNIS feature ID0356111[3]
Websitehttp://www.cityofgriffin.com/

Griffin is a city in and the county seat of Spalding County, Georgia.[4] It is part of the Atlanta metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 23,478.

Griffin was founded in 1840 and named for landowner Col. Lewis Lawrence Griffin.[5]

Griffin Technical College was located in Griffin from 1963 and a branch of Southern Crescent Technical College is in Griffin. The Griffin Synodical Female College was established by Presbyterians but closed.[6] The University of Georgia maintains a branch campus in Griffin.[7]

History

The Macon and Western Railroad was extended to a new station in Griffin in 1842.[8]

In 1938, Alma Lovell had been distributing religious Bible tracts as a Jehovah's Witness but was arrested for violating a city ordinance requiring prior permission for distributing literature. In Lovell v. City of Griffin, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the city had violated her First Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment rights.

International Order of Odd Fellows Building on East Solomon Street (dated 1894) in Griffin
International Order of Odd Fellows Building on East Solomon Street (dated 1894) in Griffin

The Griffin Commercial Historic District (among the National Register of Historic Places listings in Spalding County, Georgia) is generally bounded by Central Alley, Sixth Street, Taylor Street and Eighth Street. The district includes the Griffin Grocery Company Building, now the Griffin Regional Welcome Center.[9]

Geography

Griffin is located at 33°14′51″N 84°16′15″W / 33.24750°N 84.27083°W / 33.24750; -84.27083 (33.247602, -84.270891).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles (38 km2), of which 14.5 square miles (38 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,320
18602,85523.1%
18703,42119.8%
18803,6205.8%
18904,50324.4%
19006,85752.3%
19107,4789.1%
19208,24010.2%
193010,32125.3%
194013,22228.1%
195013,9825.7%
196021,73555.4%
197022,7344.6%
198020,728−8.8%
199021,3473.0%
200023,4519.9%
201023,6430.8%
202023,478−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census

Griffin racial composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,658 36.88%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12,383 52.74%
Native American 56 0.24%
Asian 254 1.08%
Pacific Islander 10 0.04%
Other/mixed 886 3.77%
Hispanic or Latino 1,231 5.24%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 23,478 people, 8,945 households, and 5,347 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 23,451 people, 8,876 households, and 5,955 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,615.0 inhabitants per square mile (623.6/km2). There were 9,636 housing units at an average density of 663.6 per square mile (256.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.88% African American, 46.98% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.22% of the population.

There were 8,876 households, out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 24.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,088, and the median income for a family was $33,963. Males had a median income of $30,488 versus $21,352 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,563. About 17.7% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those ages of 65 or over.

Education

The Griffin-Spalding County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve and consists of eleven elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools. The district has 661 full-time teachers and over 10,648 students.[13] Griffin Technical College was located in Griffin from 1963 and, following a merger, a branch of Southern Crescent Technical College is in Griffin. The Griffin Synodical Female College was established by Presbyterians but closed.[6]

The University of Georgia maintains a branch campus in Griffin.[7][14] Griffin Region College and Career Academy are located within the City limits.[15] The GRCCA prepares students for college and careers through actual college courses for both high school and college credits. The popular Civil Air Patrol aerospace education program promotes aerospace, aviation and STEM-related careers with standards-based, hands-on curriculum and activities.[16]

Sports and recreation

The Spalding County Pickleball Association (SCPA) is located at Wyomia Tyus Olympic Park. The SCPA operates, develops and manages programs at the Spalding County Pickleball Complex. The courts are open to the public.

Spalding County Special Olympics Bowling Team bowls every Thursday afternoon from September through March at Magnolia Lanes bowling alley.

The Spalding County Leisure Services Department offers youth sports programs including baseball, basketball, fast pitch softball, soccer, and swimming. For adults, Spalding County offers softball, kickball, and Adult Basketball Leagues: Men's Open and Men's Industrial.[17]

There are at least 21 golf courses within 20 miles of the center of Griffin.[18]

Spalding County was named disc golf capital of the southeast, being home to four courses.[19]

The Griffin Warriors, a World Basketball Association team, played at the high school in 2006.

Griffin, during the "golden ages" of baseball, hosted several minor league Class D level teams:

Media

The Griffin Daily News is a local paper, founded in 1872.[21]

WMVV is a local Christian station, while WKEU (AM) broadcasts oldies. WYFK, a Christian station, has their W290AG translator in Griffin. University of Georgia Griffin Campus has a news radio station on 88.9FM or live stream at wkeuradio.com

Notable people

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Griffin, Georgia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Culture

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Griffin, Georgia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The Griffin Ballet Theatre was founded in 1994.[23]

The Main Street Players professional theater was founded in 2001.[24]

The Griffin Museum is located upstairs in the Welcome Center and contains an array of Griffin artifacts and memorabilia, including some dating from the mid-1800s.

Griffin Choral Arts, founded in 2007, is a 50-voice auditioned regional community chorus that performs four major concerts each season.[25]

Griffin Music Club was founded in 1942, and is affiliated with the National Federation of Music Clubs (NFMC).[26]

The Griffin Area Concert Association was founded in 1969.[27] It presents performances by national and international performing artists featuring dance, musical theater, solo instrumentalists, vocal, string or brass ensembles and other performing arts.

Griffin Spalding Historical Society was founded in 1969.[28] Its headquarter is in the Bailey-Tebault House houses at Meriwether Street, of which it provides tours.

The Griffin-Spalding Athletic Hall of Fame was founded in 1983.

Since 1962 the city has presented an early annual Christmas parade, with floats and marching bands, presented by the Southside Riders.

Kiwanis of Griffin was founded in 1940.[29]

In downtown Griffin there is a haunted house attraction, the Sinister Suites Haunted Hotel. It was built in 1910, and after being closed in the 1970s was re-opened as a haunted attraction during October. It features a five-story, 60,000-square foot walk-through of the hotel.[30]

Griffin has been featured or used as a production site in many films and television shows.[31]

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 232. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Florence Fleming Corley, "The Presbyterian Quest: Higher Education for Georgia Women," American Presbyterians, 1991, Vol. 69 Issue 2, pp 83-96
  7. ^ a b "A University of Georgia degree is closer than you think. - University of Georgia Griffin Campus". Uga.edu. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  8. ^ "Monroe Railroad (1833)". Railga.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "Griffin Commercial District". Ryan-gluesing.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  13. ^ "Free District Report for Spalding County". School-stats.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  14. ^ "Home". griffin.uga.edu.
  15. ^ "Home". grcca.education.
  16. ^ "About Us".
  17. ^ "Sports".
  18. ^ "24 Golf Courses near Griffin, GA - Reviews & Ratings | GolfLink".
  19. ^ "Requirements and Best Practices for PDGA Sanctioned Play During COVID-19". May 12, 2020.
  20. ^ "Griffin, Georgia Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com.
  21. ^ "About Us". Griffin Daily News. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  22. ^ "Longtime Braves public-address announcer dies". AP NEWS. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  23. ^ "Home". griffinballettheatre.org.
  24. ^ "Home". mainstreetplayers.org.
  25. ^ "Home". griffinchoralarts.org.
  26. ^ "Griffin Music Club - Griffin Area Arts Alliance". griffinareaartsalliance.org. Archived from the original on August 31, 2018.
  27. ^ "Home". griffinconcerts.org.
  28. ^ "Home". griffinhistory.com.
  29. ^ "Home". kiwanisofgriffin.com.
  30. ^ "Home". sinistersuites.com.
  31. ^ "Filming in Griffin". www.downtowngriffinga.com. Retrieved September 25, 2020.