Ringgold, Georgia
Ringgold City Hall
Ringgold City Hall
Location in Catoosa County and the state of Georgia
Location in Catoosa County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°55′2″N 85°6′57″W / 34.91722°N 85.11583°W / 34.91722; -85.11583
CountryUnited States
Incorporated (city)1847
Named forSamuel Ringgold
 • MayorNick Millwood
 • Mayor Pro TemporeKelly Bomar
 • CouncilmembersSara Clark, Jake Haynes, Rhonda Swaney, Earl Henderson
 • Total5.02 sq mi (12.99 km2)
 • Land5.02 sq mi (12.99 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
778 ft (237 m)
 • Total3,414
 • Density680.49/sq mi (262.76/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)706/762
FIPS code13-65324[2]
GNIS feature ID0329441[3]

Ringgold is a city in and the county seat of Catoosa County, Georgia, United States.[4] Its population was 3,414 at the 2020 census.[5] It is part of the Chattanooga, Tennessee–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Ringgold was founded in 1846 and incorporated as a city in 1847.[6] It was named after Samuel Ringgold, a hero of the Battle of Palo Alto in the Mexican–American War.[7]

Ringgold is where The General locomotive stopped during the Great Locomotive Chase on April 12, 1862. Ringgold is also home to the historic Ringgold Depot, which still contains bullet marks from the Civil War.

The Battle of Ringgold Gap took place on November 27, 1863. Confederate Major General Patrick Cleburne with 4,100 men used the mountain pass known as the Ringgold Gap to stall the advance of Union Major General Joseph Hooker and his troops. Hooker's troops were over 12,000 strong. It was a Confederate victory because it allowed Confederate artillery and wagon trains to move safely through the Ringgold Gap unharmed while inflicting high Union casualties.

The Whitman-Anderson House is located in Ringgold and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). From their house, the Whitman family watched the Battle of Ringgold Gap, during which William Whitman's general store was destroyed. After the Confederates evacuated Ringgold, General Grant requisitioned the Whitman's house as his headquarters. After General Grant moved on, General Sherman ordered the burning of the town of Ringgold, but spared the Whitman house, which remained in the Whitman family until 1902.[8][9][10]

On March 14, 2002, a sudden heavy fog played havoc with morning traffic and contributed to one of the worst traffic pileups in history; 125 vehicles crashed on Interstate 75 North and four people died.[11]


Houses in Ringgold destroyed by an EF4 tornado

Main article: 2011 Super Outbreak

On April 27, 2011, an EF4[12] tornado touched down in Ringgold and Catoosa County, leaving a path of destruction. The tornado killed twenty people along a 48 miles (77 km) path across Catoosa County and over the state line in Hamilton and Bradley counties. Eight died in Ringgold, including an entire family of four,[13] and at least thirty others were injured. Many homes, businesses, and schools were damaged or destroyed.[14]


Ringgold is located near the center of Catoosa County at 34°55′2″N 85°6′57″W / 34.91722°N 85.11583°W / 34.91722; -85.11583 (34.917170, -85.115698).[15] U.S. Routes 41 and 76 pass through the center of town as Nashville Street, leading northwest 17 miles (27 km) to downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee, and southeast 15 miles (24 km) to Dalton, Georgia. Interstate 75 passes through the southern part of the city with access from 348; the highway leads northwest to Chattanooga and southeast 101 miles (163 km) to Atlanta.

Ringgold, Georgia Exit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.3 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.11%, is water.[5]


Ringgold is situated in the Valley and Ridge geologic province of the Appalachian Mountains, characterized by long north-northeasterly trending ridges separated by valleys. The topography was formed by the erosion of alternating layers of hard and soft sedimentary rock that were folded and faulted during the building of the Appalachians.[16] Taylor Ridge runs through Ringgold; a gap in the ridge is located just east of the city center, with the part of the ridge running to the south called Taylors Ridge and to the north called White Oak Mountain. South Chickamauga Creek, a tributary of the Tennessee River, runs through Ringgold.


The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ringgold has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[17]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2020 census

Ringgold racial composition[19]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,799 81.99%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 177 5.18%
Native American 14 0.41%
Asian 56 1.64%
Pacific Islander 6 0.18%
Other/Mixed 211 6.18%
Hispanic or Latino 151 4.42%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,414 people, 1,565 households, and 878 families residing in the city.

2000 census

At the 2000 census,[2] there were 2,422 people, 1,033 households and 644 families residing in the city. The population density was 617.0 inhabitants per square mile (238.2/km2). There were 1,116 housing units at an average density of 284.3 per square mile (109.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.33% White, 6.32% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.

There were 1,033 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.85.

23.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median household income was $26,834 and the median family income was $35,132. Males had a median income of $26,943 compared with $21,074 for females. The per capita income was $15,612. About 14.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.


Catoosa County Public Schools

The Catoosa County Public Schools educates students from pre-school to grade twelve. In the district, there are ten elementary schools, three middle schools, and three high schools.[20] The district has 606 full-time teachers and over 9,809 students.[21]

In 1954 the Ringgold Elementary School was destroyed in a fire.[22]

Notable people


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ringgold city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 243. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 189. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ Sarge, Andy (February 14, 2020). "Forgotten Georgia: The Whitman-Anderson House in Ringgold".
  9. ^ "Whitman-Anderson House, Ringgold, Georgia". rs.locationshub.com.
  10. ^ "The Whitman House Historical Marker, Ringgold, Catoosa County, Georgia"; erected 1955 by Georgia Histocial Commission (Marker Number 023-10)((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  11. ^ March 14, 2002 pileup on I-75
  12. ^ Ringgold, GA Tornado Confirmed as an EF-4 Tornado, The OKCStormWatcher Weather Blog, April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  13. ^ Ringgold residents return to 'utter devastation' from tornadoes Archived 2013-01-01 at archive.today, WXIA-TV, April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  14. ^ Ringgold devastated after tornado touchdown, Dalton Daily Citizen, April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  16. ^ Valley and Ridge geologic province, New Georgia Encyclopedia, retrieved Nov. 8, 2011.
  17. ^ Climate Summary for Ringgold, Georgia
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  20. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  21. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  22. ^ Gibson, Springer (March 30, 1954). "745 Pupils Escape Flames As Ringgold School Burns". Chattanooga Daily Times. Chattanooga, Tennessee. pp. 1, 9. - Clipping of first and of second page at Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "Local entertainer reunites with "In the Heat of the Night" cast for homecoming". Northwest Georgia News. October 25, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  24. ^ "Ringgold's Randall Franks inducted into America's Old Time Country Music Hall of Fame". Northwest Georgia News. October 14, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  25. ^ "American Actor/Entertainer Randall Franks enjoys keeping cameras rolling in his home state". December 18, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  26. ^ Drury L. Pifer (2001). Hanging the Moon: The Rollins Rise to Riches. University of Delaware Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-87413-744-6. Retrieved August 27, 2015.