Camilla, Georgia
Camilla City Hall
Camilla City Hall
Location in Mitchell County and the state of Georgia
Location in Mitchell County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°13′49″N 84°12′33″W / 31.23028°N 84.20917°W / 31.23028; -84.20917
CountryUnited States
 • MayorKelvin M. Owens
 • Total6.62 sq mi (17.13 km2)
 • Land6.60 sq mi (17.10 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
177 ft (54 m)
 • Total5,187
 • Density785.67/sq mi (303.34/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code229
FIPS code13-12624[3]
GNIS feature ID0331312[4]

Camilla is a city in Mitchell County, Georgia, United States, and is its county seat.[5] As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 5,187,[2] down from 5,360 in 2010.


The city was incorporated in 1858.[6] The name "Camilla" was chosen in honor of the granddaughter of Henry Mitchell, a Revolutionary War general for whom Mitchell County was named.[7]

Camilla and Mitchell County were originally Creek country, surrendered to the United States in the 1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson. Georgia divided the land ceded by Native Americans into lots to be given away in land lotteries. The lottery of 1820 awarded lands covering much of the southwest section of the state (applying only to land south of the future Lee County line and extending west to the Chattahoochee River and east to settled counties in east Georgia), including the area later known as Mitchell County. Despite having access to free land, few people moved to the region. Citizens hesitated to improve land, according to an early twentieth-century history the region "which God Almighty had left in an unfinished condition."[citation needed] It took approximately forty years (1820–1857) for the area to obtain its necessary legal population to become a separate county, after which Camilla became the county seat.[8]

In the early 2000s, the city was hit by two disastrous sets of tornadoes, both occurring in the dark hours of the early morning and both going through roughly the same area. The first outbreak was on February 14, 2000;[9] the second was on March 20, 2003.[10]

Camilla massacre

Main article: Camilla massacre

Camilla became the site of a racially-motivated political white-on-black riot on Saturday, September 19, 1868. Determined to promote political and social reform with an organized rally, 150[8]–300 freedmen, along with Republican political candidates, marched toward the town's courthouse square for the rally.[11] The local sheriff and "citizens committee" in the majority-white town warned the black and white activists of the impending violence and demanded that they forfeit their guns, even though carrying weapons was customary at the time.[11] The marchers refused to give up their guns and continued to the courthouse square, where a group of local whites, quickly deputized by the sheriff, fired upon them. This assault forced the Republicans and freedmen to retreat as locals gave chase into the swamps, killing an estimated nine to fifteen of the black rally participants while wounding forty others. "Whites proceeded through the countryside over the next two weeks, beating and warning Negroes that they would be killed if they tried to vote in the coming election."[11] The Camilla massacre was the culmination of smaller acts of violence committed by white inhabitants that had plagued southwest Georgia since the end of the Civil War.[8](pp. 1–2)

Beating of Marion King

On July 23, 1962, a group of civil rights activists tried to visit fellow demonstrators from Albany, Georgia, who had been jailed in Camilla. While the rally took place, Marion King, wife of Albany Movement's vice president Slater King, was beaten to the ground and kicked by Camilla police guards until she was unconscious. Mrs. King was pregnant at the time and had her young children with her. She suffered a miscarriage after the ordeal.[12] The 2012 song "Camilla" from the eponymous album by Caroline Herring pays a tribute to Mrs. King's memory.[13]


Camilla is located in central Mitchell County at 31°13′49″N 84°12′33″W / 31.23028°N 84.20917°W / 31.23028; -84.20917 (31.230243, −84.209102).[14] U.S. Route 19 is the main highway through the city, passing east of the downtown. US 19 leads north 27 miles (43 km) to Albany and southeast 32 miles (51 km) to Thomasville. State Routes 37 and 112 pass through the center of Camilla as Broad Street. Route 37 leads east 27 miles (43 km) to Moultrie and northwest 10 miles (16 km) to Newton, while Route 112 leads northeast 32 miles (51 km) to Sylvester and south 26 miles (42 km) to Cairo. State Route 97 leads southwest from Camilla 35 miles (56 km) to Bainbridge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.20%, are water.[1]


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Camilla has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[15] Camilla has a relatively wet climate with high precipitation year-round, as typical of the eastern United States. Its southerly latitude in Georgia causes a greater tropical influence resulting in very mild winters in comparison with Atlanta for example.

Climate data for Camilla, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 17
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120
Source: Weatherbase [16]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
Camilla racial composition as of 2020[18]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,148 22.13%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,781 72.89%
Native American 6 0.12%
Asian 38 0.73%
Other/Mixed 103 1.99%
Hispanic or Latino 111 2.14%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,187 people, 1,926 households, and 1,325 families residing in the city.


Mitchell County School District

The Mitchell County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of one elementary school that’s in Baconton GA , a middle school, a high school ,and one charter school.[19] The district has 176 full-time teachers and over 2,855 students.[20] The Mitchell County Head Start Center opened in 2001. District schools include:[citation needed]

Charter school

Private education

Higher education

Andersonville Theological Seminary has its headquarters based in Camilla. The distance education seminary is accredited through the Association of Independent Christian College and Seminaries.[21] The seminary's headquarters consists of two administrative buildings.[22]

Law and government

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2012)

The legislative authority of the government of the City of Camilla is vested in the six-member Council. Council members serve for terms of four years and until their respective successors are elected and qualified. Three members are elected from and by the voters of Council District No. 1, and three members are elected from and by the voters of Council District No. 2.

Council members


Notable people

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this message)


See also


  1. ^ a b "2022 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  2. ^ a b "P1. Race – Camilla city, Georgia: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 32. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  7. ^ Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  8. ^ a b c Joshua Butler, "'Almost Too Terrible to Believe': The Camilla, Georgia Race Riot and Massacre, September 1868," (M.A. Thesis: Valdosta State University, 2012), pp. 17–18 (Content taken from the work with permission of the author).
  9. ^ 10.5 SOUTHWEST GEORGIA TORNADO OUTBREAK OF 13–14 FEBRUARY 2000 – Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  10. ^ Tornado Outbreak of March 20, 2003 – Retrieved September 11, 2009.
  11. ^ a b c Johnson, Nicholas (2014). Negroes and The Gun: the black tradition of arms. Amherst, New York: Prometheus. pp. 90–92. ISBN 978-1-61614-839-3.
  12. ^ "WSB-TV newsfilm clip of Marion King, interviewed after her beating by Camilla police". Civil Rights Digital Library. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  13. ^ "The Story Behind Camilla". Caroline Herring. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Camila, Georgia
  16. ^ "". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on October 15, 2013.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  19. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  20. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 24, 2010.
  21. ^ "Academic Credentials & Affiliations". Andersonville Theological Seminary. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  22. ^ "Contact Us | Andersonville Theological Seminary". Retrieved December 5, 2021.
  23. ^ "Texas Governor Oscar Branch Colquitt". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  24. ^ "Danny Lamar Copeland". Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  25. ^ "James Victor Griffin". Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  26. ^ "Frederick Lenar Nixon". Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2012.

Further reading