Alma, Georgia
Alma City services in Bacon County Courthouse
Nickname(s): 
"Georgia's Blueberry Capital"
Location in Bacon County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 31°32′30″N 82°28′0″W / 31.54167°N 82.46667°W / 31.54167; -82.46667Coordinates: 31°32′30″N 82°28′0″W / 31.54167°N 82.46667°W / 31.54167; -82.46667
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyBacon
Government
 • MayorLarry Taylor
Area
 • Total6.22 sq mi (16.11 km2)
 • Land6.09 sq mi (15.78 km2)
 • Water0.13 sq mi (0.33 km2)
Elevation
200 ft (61 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,433
 • Density563.53/sq mi (217.57/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
31510
Area code(s)912
FIPS code13-01612[2]
GNIS feature ID0310492[3]
Websitewww.cityofalmaga.gov
Bacon County Courthouse

Alma is a city in Bacon County, Georgia, United States, and the county seat.[4] As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 3,433.

Alma is known as Georgia's blueberry capital, and hosts a Blueberry Festival each June.

History

Alma was founded in 1900 as a stop on the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. It was incorporated as a city in 1906 and designated seat of the newly formed Bacon County in 1914.[5] There are two theories about the origin of the name of the town. The first is that it was named for the wife of a traveling salesmen, Alma Sheridan; the other is that it was named for the initial letter of the four state capitals Georgia has had: Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Atlanta.[6][7]

There are four sites in Alma listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Alma Depot, Bacon County Courthouse, Bacon County School, and the Rabinowitz Building.

Geography

Alma is located in southeastern Georgia at 31°32′30″N 82°28′0″W / 31.54167°N 82.46667°W / 31.54167; -82.46667 (31.541543, -82.466666).[8]

The city is located along U.S. Routes 1 and 23. The two run through the center of the city together before splitting just north of the city. U.S. 1 connects the city with Baxley, 19 mi (31 km) to the north, and U.S. 23 connects the city with Hazlehurst, 25 mi (40 km) to the northwest. U.S. 1/23 also lead south together 29 mi (47 km) to Waycross. Other highways that run through the city include Georgia State Routes 32 and 64.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16.1 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14.3 km2) is land and 0.69 square miles (1.8 km2), or 11.27%, is water.[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910458
19201,061131.7%
19301,23516.4%
19401,84049.0%
19502,58840.7%
19603,51535.8%
19703,7566.9%
19803,8191.7%
19903,663−4.1%
20003,236−11.7%
20103,4667.1%
20203,433−1.0%
U.S. decennial census[10]

2020 census

Alma racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,599 46.58%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,455 42.38%
Native American 2 0.06%
Asian 25 0.73%
Pacific Islander 3 0.09%
Other/Mixed 105 3.06%
Hispanic or Latino 244 7.11%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,433 people, 1,005 households, and 620 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,236 people, 1,243 households, and 826 families residing in the city. The population density was 564.6 people per square mile (218.1/km2). There were 1,510 housing units at an average density of 263.5 per square mile (101.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.97% White, 38.57% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 1.89% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.

There were 1,243 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 24.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,324, and the median income for a family was $21,941. Males had a median income of $25,362 versus $15,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,574. About 27.6% of families and 32.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.7% of those under age 18 and 24.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Alma is served by the Bacon County School District.[12] The district has 126 full-time teachers and over 1,900 students,[13] and operates these schools:

Alma is also served by Coastal Pines Technical College.

Notable people

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See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 216. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Alma". Georgia.gov. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 4. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alma city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  12. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  13. ^ Free District Report, Retrieved May 29, 2010.