Louisville, Georgia
Jefferson County Courthouse
Jefferson County Courthouse
"A Capital Community"
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Georgia
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Georgia
Louisville is located in the United States
Location of Louisville in the US
Coordinates: 33°0′15″N 82°24′17″W / 33.00417°N 82.40472°W / 33.00417; -82.40472
Country United States
State Georgia
IncorporatedJanuary 26, 1786; 238 years ago (1786-01-26)[1]
Named forLouis XVI
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • MayorJenny Smith[verification needed]
 • Council
  • Michelle Reaves
  • Matthew Hodges – Mayor Pro-Tem
  • Larry Atkins
  • Phil Polhill
  • Robert Dixon
 • Total3.68 sq mi (9.53 km2)
 • Land3.61 sq mi (9.35 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
322 ft (98 m)
 • Total2,381
 • Density659.37/sq mi (254.57/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
Area code(s)478
FIPS code13-47560[4]
GNIS feature ID0332271[5]
Major airportAGS

Louisville is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Georgia, United States,[6] and also a former state capital of Georgia. It is located southwest of Augusta on the Ogeechee River, and its population was 2,493 at the 2010 census,[7] down from 2,712 at the 2000 census. By 2020, its population was 2,381. Its name is pronounced "Lewis-ville", though it and the differently pronounced city in Kentucky were both named for Louis XVI.[8]


Old Market, 1934

Louisville was incorporated on January 26, 1786, as the prospective state capital, though it did not become so for a decade. Savannah had served as the colonial capital, but was considered too far from the center of population in the growing state, and Augusta became the state capital in the 1780s.

Louisville was named for Louis XVI, who had aided the Continentals during the American Revolutionary War and was still the King of France when the decision to incorporate the city was made. Development of the city took years, and its state government buildings were completed in 1795. An old Revolutionary War soldiers' cemetery is located on the western side of town.

The city of Louisville served as the state capital of Georgia from 1796 to 1806. It was a center of trade, legislators, and political influence. The Jefferson County courthouse, built in 1904, stands on the site of Georgia's first permanent capitol building.[9]

Louisville's historic open-sided market house, Old Market, (Old Slave Market) still stands in the center of downtown. The original market had sections for sales of farm produce, household goods, and enslaved African Americans. The caption of a 1934 photograph in the Library of Congress proves the sale of enslaved Black people happened at this market, with details.[10] The Old Market is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Roads and other transportation routes intersected at the market square, the hub of the region when the town was the state capital. The state capital was moved to Milledgeville and later to Atlanta, in the Piedmont.

As a small city and county seat, Louisville now has few major businesses and industries. A marker dedicated to the Yazoo land scandal of the 18th century is located in front of the Jefferson County Courthouse. Queensborough National Bank and Trust Company was founded in 1902 and is currently headquartered in Louisville, on U.S. Highway 1.


Louisville is located slightly south of the center of Jefferson County.[11] U.S. Route 1 passes through the east side of the city, leading northeast 46 miles (74 km) to Augusta and south 30 miles (48 km) to Swainsboro. U.S. Route 221 passes through the north side of downtown as Peachtree Street and leads southwest 10 miles (16 km) to Bartow. US-221 leaves Louisville to the north, running with US-1 15 miles (24 km) to Wrens before continuing north toward Harlem.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Louisville has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.5 km2), of which 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 1.93%, are water.[7] The western city boundary follows Rocky Comfort Creek, which flows into the Ogeechee River at the city limits' southwest corner. The Ogeechee flows to the Atlantic Ocean south of Savannah.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
Louisville racial composition as of 2020[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 633 26.59%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,615 67.83%
Native American 1 0.04%
Asian 25 1.05%
Other/Mixed 53 2.23%
Hispanic or Latino 54 2.27%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,381 people, 897 households, and 606 families residing in the city.


Jefferson County School District

The Jefferson County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, two middle schools, a high school, and an academy school.[14] The district has 199 full-time teachers and over 3,526 students.[15]

Private education

See also


  1. ^ Holmes, Yulssus Lynn (1996). Those Glorious Days: A History of Louisville as Georgia's Capital, 1796-1807. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-86554-527-8. LCCN 96030440. OCLC 35084837. OL 992000M.
  2. ^ "City Officials". City of Louisville, Georgia. 2017. Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  3. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Louisville city, Georgia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  8. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 137. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  9. ^ Louisville Archived August 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Georgia.gov, accessed August 27, 2013.
  10. ^ "Slave Market, Public Square, Louisville, Jefferson County, GA". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  14. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  15. ^ School Stats Archived November 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved June 20, 2010.

Further reading

General information