Richmond County
Augusta-Richmond County
Augusta-Richmond County Municipal Building
Augusta-Richmond County Municipal Building
Official logo of Richmond County
Map of Georgia highlighting Richmond County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°22′N 82°04′W / 33.36°N 82.07°W / 33.36; -82.07
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedFebruary 5, 1777; 245 years ago (1777)[1]
Named forCharles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
SeatAugusta
Largest cityAugusta
Area
 • Total329 sq mi (850 km2)
 • Land324 sq mi (840 km2)
 • Water4.3 sq mi (11 km2)  1.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
202,518
 • Density618/sq mi (239/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.augustaga.gov

Richmond County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,549.[2] It is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777. Following an election in 1995, the city of Augusta (the county seat) consolidated governments with Richmond County. The consolidated entity is known as Augusta-Richmond County, or simply Augusta. Exempt are the cities of Hephzibah and Blythe, in southern Richmond County, which voted to remain separate. Richmond County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county is named for Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, a British politician and office-holder sympathetic to the cause of the American colonies.[3] Richmond was also a first cousin to King George III.

Richmond County was established in 1777 by the first Constitution of the (newly independent) State of Georgia. As such, it is one of the original counties of the state. It was formed out of a portion of the colonial Parish of St. Paul, after the Revolution disestablished the Church of England in the (former) Royal Province of Georgia.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 329 square miles (850 km2), of which 324 square miles (840 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4]

The vast majority of Richmond County is located in the Middle Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just the southwestern corner of the county, from a line running north from Blythe through the middle of Fort Gordon, located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[5]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Further information: Transportation in Augusta, Georgia

Major highways

Pedestrians and cycling

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179011,317
18005,475−51.6%
18106,18913.0%
18208,60839.1%
183011,64435.3%
184011,9322.5%
185016,24636.2%
186021,28431.0%
187025,72420.9%
188034,66534.8%
189045,19430.4%
190053,73518.9%
191058,8869.6%
192063,6928.2%
193072,99014.6%
194081,86312.2%
1950108,87633.0%
1960135,60124.5%
1970162,43719.8%
1980181,62911.8%
1990189,7194.5%
2000199,7755.3%
2010200,5490.4%
2020206,6073.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2019[2]

2020 census

Richmond County racial composition[10]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 68,397 33.1%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 112,947 54.67%
Native American 511 0.25%
Asian 3,907 1.89%
Pacific Islander 391 0.19%
Other/Mixed 9,005 4.36%
Hispanic or Latino 11,449 5.54%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 206,607 people, 68,361 households, and 42,363 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 200,549 people, 76,924 households, and 48,641 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 618.4 inhabitants per square mile (238.8/km2). There were 86,331 housing units at an average density of 266.2 per square mile (102.8/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 54.2% black or African American, 39.7% white, 1.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 8.0% were American, 7.0% were Irish, 6.7% were German, and 5.3% were English.[13]

Of the 76,924 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families, and 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 33.2 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,882 and the median income for a family was $45,220. Males had a median income of $37,368 versus $29,313 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,604. About 19.4% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Notable person

Politics

Similar to most urban counties in the state with majority African American populations, Richmond County has backed the Democratic Party candidate by increasing margins since 1992. However in every presidential election from 1952 to 1988 which did not have Georgian Jimmy Carter on the ballot, the county backed the Republican candidate for president. Prior to 1952, the county voted like a typical Solid South county, voting for Democratic presidential candidates by landslide margins until backing Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond in 1948. 1928 was an exception to this rule with Herbert Hoover beating Al Smith handily due to anti-Catholic sentiment.

United States presidential election results for Richmond County, Georgia[15][16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 26,780 30.78% 59,119 67.95% 1,110 1.28%
2016 24,461 32.17% 48,814 64.21% 2,750 3.62%
2012 25,845 32.64% 52,560 66.39% 769 0.97%
2008 26,842 33.80% 52,100 65.60% 480 0.60%
2004 29,764 42.90% 39,262 56.59% 350 0.50%
2000 25,485 44.29% 31,413 54.60% 640 1.11%
1996 23,670 41.62% 30,738 54.05% 2,461 4.33%
1992 24,227 40.70% 28,910 48.57% 6,386 10.73%
1988 27,566 57.12% 20,489 42.46% 203 0.42%
1984 29,869 58.48% 21,208 41.52% 0 0.00%
1980 19,619 43.72% 24,104 53.72% 1,148 2.56%
1976 17,893 42.67% 24,042 57.33% 0 0.00%
1972 24,362 72.55% 9,219 27.45% 0 0.00%
1968 14,993 41.30% 11,777 32.44% 9,532 26.26%
1964 21,481 61.32% 13,545 38.67% 3 0.01%
1960 11,978 54.83% 9,868 45.17% 0 0.00%
1956 10,251 60.05% 6,819 39.95% 0 0.00%
1952 9,347 52.13% 8,584 47.87% 0 0.00%
1948 1,528 11.89% 2,450 19.07% 8,868 69.03%
1944 1,152 14.28% 6,918 85.72% 0 0.00%
1940 641 9.85% 5,855 89.97% 12 0.18%
1936 551 7.06% 7,239 92.69% 20 0.26%
1932 738 12.96% 4,873 85.58% 83 1.46%
1928 5,104 70.99% 2,086 29.01% 0 0.00%
1924 1,296 33.71% 2,169 56.43% 379 9.86%
1920 511 16.14% 2,656 83.86% 0 0.00%
1916 524 15.10% 2,708 78.04% 238 6.86%
1912 234 10.25% 1,871 81.99% 177 7.76%
1908 267 10.91% 1,727 70.55% 454 18.55%
1904 174 6.31% 1,816 65.82% 769 27.87%
1900 215 9.34% 2,045 88.84% 42 1.82%
1896 1,698 30.06% 3,716 65.78% 235 4.16%
1892 3,224 25.59% 8,301 65.89% 1,073 8.52%
1888 113 11.91% 808 85.14% 28 2.95%
1884 1,945 37.13% 3,293 62.87% 0 0.00%
1880 1,497 38.12% 2,430 61.88% 0 0.00%


See also

References

  1. ^ "Richmond County". New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 188. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  16. ^ http://geoelections.free.fr/. Retrieved January 13, 2021. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)

Further reading

Coordinates: 33°22′N 82°04′W / 33.36°N 82.07°W / 33.36; -82.07