Talbot County
Talbot County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Talbotton
Talbot County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Talbotton
Map of Georgia highlighting Talbot County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°43′N 84°32′W / 32.71°N 84.53°W / 32.71; -84.53
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 14, 1827; 195 years ago (1827)
Named forMatthew Talbot
SeatTalbotton
Largest cityTalbotton
Area
 • Total395 sq mi (1,020 km2)
 • Land391 sq mi (1,010 km2)
 • Water3.4 sq mi (9 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
6,272
 • Density18/sq mi (7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitetalbotcountyga.org

Talbot County is a county located in the west central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. The 2010 census showed a population of 6,865.[1] The county seat and largest city is Talbotton.[2]

History

Talbot County was created from a portion of Muscogee County by a December 14, 1827 act of the Georgia General Assembly. It was named after the late Georgia governor Matthew Talbot.[3] Taylor County was created from a portion of Talbot County in 1852.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 395 square miles (1,020 km2), of which 391 square miles (1,010 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

The county straddles the fall line of the Eastern U.S., and thus northern areas of the county are hillier compared to southern areas of the county. The Fall Line Freeway runs across the southern portion of the county, following Georgia State Route 96 from Geneva to Junction City. The far northern portion of the county is part of the Pine Mountain Range, with elevations in this areas exceeding 1,000 ft on the highest peaks of the mountains.

The northeastern three-quarters of Talbot County is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin. The southwestern quarter, west of Junction City, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Walter F. George Lake sub-basin, while a narrow sliver of the western border, east of Waverly Hall, is located in the Middle Chattahoochee River-Lake Harding sub-basin.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Railroads

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18305,940
184015,627163.1%
185016,5345.8%
186013,616−17.6%
187011,913−12.5%
188014,11518.5%
189013,258−6.1%
190012,197−8.0%
191011,696−4.1%
192011,158−4.6%
19308,458−24.2%
19408,141−3.7%
19507,687−5.6%
19607,127−7.3%
19706,625−7.0%
19806,536−1.3%
19906,524−0.2%
20006,498−0.4%
20106,8655.6%
2018 (est.)6,272[6]−8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Talbot County racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,427 42.33%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,056 53.31%
Native American 5 0.09%
Asian 17 0.3%
Pacific Islander 1 0.02%
Other/Mixed 115 2.01%
Hispanic or Latino 112 1.95%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,733 people, 2,809 households, and 1,849 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,865 people, 2,832 households, and 1,904 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 17.5 inhabitants per square mile (6.8/km2). There were 3,399 housing units at an average density of 8.7 per square mile (3.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 59.2% black or African American, 39.0% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 10.4% were Irish, 7.6% were English, 5.8% were Subsaharan African, and 2.7% were American.[14]

Of the 2,832 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families, and 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 45.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,873 and the median income for a family was $43,694. Males had a median income of $41,651 versus $24,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,007. About 18.2% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.7% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]


Education

The Talbot County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of one building with 48 full-time teachers and 792 students.[16] The district headquarters is in Talbotton.[17]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Like most majority-African-American counties in Georgia, Talbot is a reliably Democratic county. Between 1880 and 2020, Talbot County has only voted Republican three times, although it also voted for American Independent segregationist George Wallace in 1968.

United States presidential election results for Talbot County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,392 39.50% 2,114 59.99% 18 0.51%
2016 1,196 36.85% 2,002 61.68% 48 1.48%
2012 1,202 34.41% 2,265 64.84% 26 0.74%
2008 1,301 35.15% 2,369 64.01% 31 0.84%
2004 1,103 37.43% 1,830 62.10% 14 0.48%
2000 844 33.35% 1,662 65.67% 25 0.99%
1996 652 27.79% 1,579 67.31% 115 4.90%
1992 671 25.02% 1,768 65.92% 243 9.06%
1988 802 38.93% 1,248 60.58% 10 0.49%
1984 778 34.24% 1,494 65.76% 0 0.00%
1980 572 25.50% 1,635 72.89% 36 1.60%
1976 459 21.93% 1,634 78.07% 0 0.00%
1972 990 66.09% 508 33.91% 0 0.00%
1968 317 20.92% 510 33.66% 688 45.41%
1964 679 51.99% 627 48.01% 0 0.00%
1960 207 21.17% 771 78.83% 0 0.00%
1956 136 16.08% 710 83.92% 0 0.00%
1952 175 20.52% 678 79.48% 0 0.00%
1948 92 11.33% 582 71.67% 138 17.00%
1944 45 5.13% 832 94.87% 0 0.00%
1940 49 6.94% 656 92.92% 1 0.14%
1936 41 4.86% 796 94.42% 6 0.71%
1932 45 4.69% 912 95.00% 3 0.31%
1928 74 12.13% 536 87.87% 0 0.00%
1924 33 6.27% 491 93.35% 2 0.38%
1920 43 10.19% 379 89.81% 0 0.00%
1916 14 2.58% 511 94.28% 17 3.14%
1912 87 16.08% 446 82.44% 8 1.48%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 219. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  17. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°43′N 84°32′W / 32.71°N 84.53°W / 32.71; -84.53