Tattnall County
Tattnall County Courthouse
Tattnall County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Tattnall County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°02′N 82°04′W / 32.04°N 82.06°W / 32.04; -82.06
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 5, 1801; 223 years ago (1801)
Named forJosiah Tattnall
SeatReidsville
Largest cityGlennville
Area
 • Total488 sq mi (1,260 km2)
 • Land479 sq mi (1,240 km2)
 • Water8.9 sq mi (23 km2)  1.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,842
 • Density48/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.tattnall.com

Tattnall County is a county located in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of Georgia, located within the Magnolia Midlands, a part of the Historic South region. As of the 2020 census, the population was 22,842.[1] The county seat is Reidsville.[2] Tattnall County was created on December 5, 1801, from part of Montgomery County, Georgia by the Georgia General Assembly.[3]

The county is named after Josiah Tattnall (1762–1803), a planter, soldier and politician.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 488 square miles (1,260 km2), of which 479 square miles (1,240 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

Most of the western portion of Tattnall County, defined by a line running from Cobbtown south to Collins, then east to a point halfway to Bellville, and then south and southwest to the middle of the county's southern border, is located in the Ohoopee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The northeastern portion of the county, from Cobbtown to east of Reidsville, is located in the Canoochee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The southeastern and southwestern parts of Tattnall County are located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the larger river basin by the same name.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18102,206
18202,64419.9%
18302,040−22.8%
18402,72433.5%
18503,22718.5%
18604,35234.9%
18704,86011.7%
18806,98843.8%
189010,25346.7%
190020,41999.2%
191018,569−9.1%
192014,502−21.9%
193015,4116.3%
194016,2435.4%
195015,939−1.9%
196015,837−0.6%
197016,5574.5%
198018,1349.5%
199017,722−2.3%
200022,30525.9%
201025,52014.4%
202022,842−10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1880[8] 1890-1910[9]
1920-1930[10] 1930-1940[11]
1940-1950[12] 1960-1980[13]
1980-2000[14] 2010[15]
Tattnall County racial composition as of 2020[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 13,825 60.52%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,961 26.1%
Native American 36 0.16%
Asian 127 0.56%
Pacific Islander 6 0.03%
Other/Mixed 584 2.56%
Hispanic or Latino 2,303 10.08%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 22,842 people, 8,241 households, and 5,875 families residing in the county.

Government and infrastructure

Georgia State Prison

The Georgia Department of Corrections operates the Rogers State Prison, and formerly the Georgia State Prison in unincorporated Tattnall County,[17] near Reidsville.[18] As of 2020, according to the Georgia State Prison Fact Sheet, the facility occupies 9,800 acres of land inside Tattnall County and provides 162 staff housing units on the reservation. The prison cemetery has 971 burials which are inmates who died while serving time from 1937 to present.

Another large government parcel of land is the 10,000 acre Big Hammock Wildlife Management Preserve in the southwest section of the county. The entrance is 12 miles south of Glennville on Hwy 144 at the Ohoopee River Bridge. This is controlled by the GA Department of Natural Resources under the Wildlife Resources Division. It has a shooting range and 2 boat ramps along the river which are north of the merger with the Altamaha River which forms the southern border of the county. Permits are issued for seasonal hunting of deer, turkey, and small game. Updates are posted at www.GoHuntGeorgia.com

Another large government land parcel is on the eastern side of Tattnall County along the border with Evans, Liberty, and Long Counties. This 6000+ acres forms the western side of the Fort Stewart Army Reservation which is based in Hinesville, GA. Originally this was farmland purchased by the Army during and after World War II. It has since been turned into forest land with no development. The current Ft. Stewart Land Use Development plan excludes any of this property in their 25-year future planning approved by the Department of Defense. This land mass can be viewed on Google Maps with additional info from the website for the Ft. Stewart Joint Land Use Study. (www.mrrpc.com/Misc_pdfs/Fort_Stewart_JLUS_Final_Report.pdf)

Politics

United States presidential election results for Tattnall County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,054 73.95% 2,062 25.19% 71 0.87%
2016 5,096 73.54% 1,681 24.26% 153 2.21%
2012 4,706 70.48% 1,897 28.41% 74 1.11%
2008 4,730 70.32% 1,932 28.72% 64 0.95%
2004 4,657 71.93% 1,787 27.60% 30 0.46%
2000 3,597 64.12% 1,963 34.99% 50 0.89%
1996 2,518 46.23% 2,369 43.49% 560 10.28%
1992 2,566 43.18% 2,360 39.72% 1,016 17.10%
1988 3,172 65.03% 1,694 34.73% 12 0.25%
1984 3,641 65.08% 1,954 34.92% 0 0.00%
1980 2,082 41.62% 2,864 57.26% 56 1.12%
1976 1,326 27.16% 3,556 72.84% 0 0.00%
1972 2,892 85.46% 492 14.54% 0 0.00%
1968 852 16.34% 957 18.35% 3,405 65.30%
1964 3,264 66.45% 1,648 33.55% 0 0.00%
1960 869 31.29% 1,908 68.71% 0 0.00%
1956 440 18.96% 1,881 81.04% 0 0.00%
1952 1,114 31.41% 2,433 68.59% 0 0.00%
1948 216 11.59% 1,071 57.46% 577 30.95%
1944 494 28.91% 1,215 71.09% 0 0.00%
1940 421 25.15% 1,246 74.43% 7 0.42%
1936 214 16.82% 1,047 82.31% 11 0.86%
1932 37 1.70% 2,133 98.02% 6 0.28%
1928 791 63.23% 460 36.77% 0 0.00%
1924 66 5.02% 1,100 83.65% 149 11.33%
1920 301 40.24% 447 59.76% 0 0.00%
1916 49 5.95% 574 69.74% 200 24.30%
1912 18 2.11% 592 69.40% 243 28.49%

Education

Tattnall County School District serves as the designated K-12 school district, except parts in Fort Stewart. Fort Stewart has the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) as its local school district,[20] for the elementary level.[21] Students at the secondary level on Fort Stewart attend public schools operated by county school districts.[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Tattnall County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Tattnall County Historical Maps". Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 222. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 17, 2003.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1880.
  9. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1910.
  10. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930.
  11. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1940.
  12. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1950.
  13. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  14. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
  15. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 17, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Tattnall County, GA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 6 (PDF. p. 7/16). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 13, 2022. Retrieved August 13, 2022. Rogers State Prison [...] Georgia State Prison
  18. ^ "Georgia State Prison Archived 2008-03-05 at the Wayback Machine." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 14, 2010.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  20. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Tattnall County, GA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 5, 2022. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - text list - "Fort Stewart School District" refers to the DoDEA schools.
  21. ^ "Fort Stewart Schools". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  22. ^ "Fort Stewart Education". Military One Source. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - This is from a .mil website.

32°02′N 82°04′W / 32.04°N 82.06°W / 32.04; -82.06