Johnson County
Johnson County Courthouse in Wrightsville
Johnson County Courthouse in Wrightsville
Map of Georgia highlighting Johnson County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°42′N 82°40′W / 32.7°N 82.66°W / 32.7; -82.66
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 11, 1858; 163 years ago (1858-12-11)
Named forHerschel Vespasian Johnson
SeatWrightsville
Largest cityWrightsville
Area
 • Total307 sq mi (800 km2)
 • Land303 sq mi (780 km2)
 • Water3.6 sq mi (9 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
9,708
 • Density33/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.johnsonco.org

Johnson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,980.[1] The county seat is Wrightsville.[2] Johnson County is part of the Dublin, Georgia, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Johnson county was created by the Georgia legislature December 11, 1858, from parts of Emanuel, Laurens, and Washington counties. Johnson County was named for Georgia governor, senator, and U.S. vice-presidential candidate Herschel Vespasian Johnson.[3]

In 1919, a deputy driving Jim Waters, a black prisoner accused of rape, out of the county was stopped by a group of 150 men at a bridge over the Ohoopee River. The men tied Waters to a tree and shot him numerous times. The case was closed without any investigation.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 307 square miles (800 km2), of which 303 square miles (780 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

The vast majority of Johnson County is located in the Ohoopee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Tiny portions of the northeastern borders of the county are located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin, while the western corner of Johnson County is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,919
18702,9641.5%
18804,80061.9%
18906,12927.7%
190011,40986.1%
191012,89713.0%
192013,5465.0%
193012,681−6.4%
194012,9532.1%
19509,893−23.6%
19608,048−18.6%
19707,727−4.0%
19808,66012.1%
19908,329−3.8%
20008,5602.8%
20109,98016.6%
2018 (est.)9,708[7]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 8,560 people, 3,130 households, and 2,241 families living in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 3,634 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.44% White, 36.96% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,130 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.10% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $23,848, and the median income for a family was $29,663. Males had a median income of $28,952 versus $18,171 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,384. About 20.90% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.60% of those under age 18 and 30.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,980 people, 3,347 households, and 2,271 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 32.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.7/km2). There were 4,120 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 63.1% white, 35.0% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 15.8% were American, 8.9% were Irish, and 6.8% were English.[15]

Of the 3,347 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.1% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 40.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $27,607 and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $31,938 versus $22,410 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,659. About 21.1% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.1% of those under age 18 and 31.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census

Johnson County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,800 63.12%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,017 32.83%
Native American 23 0.25%
Asian 28 0.3%
Pacific Islander 15 0.16%
Other/Mixed 189 2.06%
Hispanic or Latino 117 1.27%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,189 people, 3,393 households, and 2,208 families residing in the county.

Government

The county is governed by a five-member board of commissioners. A county manager handles the daily operation of the county.

The county is part of the Dublin Judicial Circuit along with Twiggs County, Treutlen County, and Laurens County.

United States presidential election results for Johnson County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,850 69.51% 1,222 29.80% 28 0.68%
2016 2,519 68.34% 1,136 30.82% 31 0.84%
2012 2,440 64.62% 1,305 34.56% 31 0.82%
2008 2,426 66.47% 1,198 32.82% 26 0.71%
2004 2,279 64.11% 1,263 35.53% 13 0.37%
2000 1,797 62.33% 1,065 36.94% 21 0.73%
1996 815 36.14% 1,194 52.95% 246 10.91%
1992 1,314 39.88% 1,473 44.70% 508 15.42%
1988 1,567 62.83% 927 37.17% 0 0.00%
1984 1,733 59.11% 1,199 40.89% 0 0.00%
1980 1,123 37.07% 1,854 61.21% 52 1.72%
1976 698 24.00% 2,210 76.00% 0 0.00%
1972 2,201 84.07% 417 15.93% 0 0.00%
1968 381 13.28% 446 15.55% 2,041 71.16%
1964 1,940 73.99% 682 26.01% 0 0.00%
1960 488 27.32% 1,298 72.68% 0 0.00%
1956 179 10.02% 1,607 89.98% 0 0.00%
1952 344 15.99% 1,808 84.01% 0 0.00%
1948 67 5.33% 685 54.54% 504 40.13%
1944 304 23.71% 978 76.29% 0 0.00%
1940 306 11.32% 2,386 88.24% 12 0.44%
1936 334 15.15% 1,861 84.40% 10 0.45%
1932 18 1.34% 1,314 98.06% 8 0.60%
1928 284 31.00% 632 69.00% 0 0.00%
1924 194 14.18% 1,058 77.34% 116 8.48%
1920 74 19.47% 306 80.53% 0 0.00%
1916 150 16.95% 715 80.79% 20 2.26%
1912 92 23.00% 285 71.25% 23 5.75%


Education

In 1970, Johnson County schools integrated peacefully due to careful planning by the county's board of education and firm management by superintendent Buren Claxton.

The county's public schools are located in Wrightsville. The school mascot is the Trojan, and the school colors are blue and white. The school fight song is the theme from the movie Hang 'Em High.

Sports

Herschel Walker, a Johnson County native, played on the county's only state championship football team in 1979. Walker went on to play for the University of Georgia and won the Heisman Trophy. In 2004 Johnson County High School named its football field for Walker.

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 169.
  4. ^ McWhirter, Cameron (2011). Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America. Henry Holt and Company. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-4299-7293-2.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°42′N 82°40′W / 32.70°N 82.66°W / 32.70; -82.66