Barrow County
Barrow County Courthouse in Winder
Official seal of Barrow County
Official logo of Barrow County
Map of Georgia highlighting Barrow County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°59′N 83°43′W / 33.99°N 83.71°W / 33.99; -83.71
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedJuly 7, 1914; 110 years ago (1914)
Named forDavid Crenshaw Barrow Jr.
SeatWinder
Largest cityWinder
Area
 • Total163 sq mi (420 km2)
 • Land160 sq mi (400 km2)
 • Water2.6 sq mi (7 km2)  1.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total85,588
 • Density534.93/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.barrowga.org

Barrow County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 83,505.[1] The county seat is Winder.[2] Barrow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell metropolitan statistical area.

History

Barrow County was created from portions of Gwinnett, Jackson, and Walton counties when Georgia voters approved a constitutional amendment on November 3, 1914, making Barrow County the 149th Georgia county out of 159. Barrow County was named after David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr., a University of Georgia mathematics and engineering professor who was later Chancellor serving in that position from 1906 to 1925. Barrow died on January 11, 1929, in Athens and is buried in Oconee Hill Cemetery in Athens.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 163 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (410 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (1.6%) is water.[4] The entirety of Barrow County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.[5]

Adjacent counties

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
192013,188
193012,401−6.0%
194013,0645.3%
195013,1150.4%
196014,48510.4%
197016,85916.4%
198021,35426.7%
199029,72139.2%
200046,14455.3%
201069,36750.3%
202083,50520.4%
2023 (est.)92,792[6]11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1880[8] 1890-1910[9]
1920-1930[10] 1930-1940[11]
1940-1950[12] 1960-1980[13]
1980-2000[14] 2010[15] 2020[16]
Barrow County, Georgia – Racial and ethnic composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2000[17] Pop 2010[15] Pop 2020[16] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 38,543 51,736 55,582 83.53% 74.58% 66.56%
Black or African American alone (NH) 4,456 7,769 10,141 9.66% 11.20% 12.14%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 119 130 130 0.26% 0.19% 0.16%
Asian alone (NH) 1,000 2,359 3,233 2.17% 3.40% 3.87%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 15 28 17 0.03% 0.04% 0.02%
Other race alone (NH) 27 141 459 0.06% 0.20% 0.55%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 524 1,167 3,383 1.14% 1.68% 4.05%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,460 6,037 10,560 3.16% 8.70% 12.65%
Total 46,144 69,367 83,505 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

At the 2020 United States census, there were 83,505 people,[18] 27,765 households, and 20,948 families residing in the county. In 2010, there here were 69,367 people, 23,971 households, and 18,214 families living in the county.[19] The population density was 432.7 inhabitants per square mile (167.1/km2). There were 26,400 housing units at an average density of 164.7 per square mile (63.6/km2).[20]

In 2000, the racial makeup of the county was 84.84% White, 10.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 3.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Barrow County is considered a part of the Atlanta, GA combined statistical area despite its comparatively small population. In 2010, the racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 78.8% White, 11.4% Black or African American, 3.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.7% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 20.6% were American, 10.7% were Irish, 9.1% were German, and 8.5% were English.[21]

In 2010, the median income for a household in the county was $48,958 and the median income for a family was $55,415. Males had a median income of $42,869 versus $33,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,882. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Education

Main article: Winder, Georgia § Education

Winder-Barrow Cluster:

Apalachee Cluster:

Transportation

Major highways

Politics

United States presidential election results for Barrow County, Georgia[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 26,804 70.64% 10,453 27.55% 689 1.82%
2016 21,108 72.35% 6,580 22.55% 1,486 5.09%
2012 18,725 74.10% 6,028 23.85% 517 2.05%
2008 17,625 71.55% 6,657 27.02% 351 1.42%
2004 13,520 76.17% 4,095 23.07% 135 0.76%
2000 7,925 65.49% 3,657 30.22% 520 4.30%
1996 5,342 51.65% 3,928 37.98% 1,072 10.37%
1992 4,328 43.36% 3,991 39.98% 1,663 16.66%
1988 4,738 65.64% 2,442 33.83% 38 0.53%
1984 4,123 63.53% 2,367 36.47% 0 0.00%
1980 2,284 36.20% 3,876 61.44% 149 2.36%
1976 1,364 22.29% 4,756 77.71% 0 0.00%
1972 3,423 79.79% 867 20.21% 0 0.00%
1968 1,372 26.52% 1,070 20.68% 2,731 52.79%
1964 2,316 50.42% 2,277 49.58% 0 0.00%
1960 577 17.30% 2,759 82.70% 0 0.00%
1956 442 16.32% 2,266 83.68% 0 0.00%
1952 236 9.07% 2,367 90.93% 0 0.00%
1948 155 7.55% 1,554 75.69% 344 16.76%
1944 257 14.52% 1,513 85.48% 0 0.00%
1940 219 11.91% 1,615 87.82% 5 0.27%
1936 172 12.69% 1,181 87.16% 2 0.15%
1932 23 2.01% 1,111 97.03% 11 0.96%
1928 684 58.81% 479 41.19% 0 0.00%
1924 88 11.55% 501 65.75% 173 22.70%
1920 412 36.05% 731 63.95% 0 0.00%
1916 102 10.60% 712 74.01% 148 15.38%

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Barrow County Georgia History". barrowga.org. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2024.
  7. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decade". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1880.
  9. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1910.
  10. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930.
  11. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1940.
  12. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1950.
  13. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  14. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
  15. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Barrow County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  16. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Barrow County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  17. ^ "P004 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Barrow County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  18. ^ "Barrow County Quickfacts | CENSUS.gov". March 11, 2022.
  19. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  22. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

33°59′N 83°43′W / 33.99°N 83.71°W / 33.99; -83.71