Barrow County
Barrow County Courthouse in Winder
Map of Georgia highlighting Barrow County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°59′N 83°43′W / 33.99°N 83.71°W / 33.99; -83.71
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedJuly 7, 1914; 108 years ago (1914)
Named forDavid Crenshaw Barrow Jr.
SeatWinder
Largest cityWinder
Area
 • Total163 sq mi (420 km2)
 • Land160 sq mi (400 km2)
 • Water2.6 sq mi (7 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
85,588
 • Density534.93/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.barrowga.org

Barrow County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 83,505.[1] The county seat is Winder.[2]

Barrow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The area that today is Barrow County was settled prior to the start of the 19th century. An Indian trail that ran through the county attracted settlers. To protect the settlers from the Cherokee and Creek Indians, the state built a frontier fort during 1792 called Fort Yargo, now a state park. Winder, the county seat, was known as Jug Tavern during this time.

Barrow County was the scene of one of the few Union defeats during Sherman's Atlanta Campaign known as Stoneman's Raid.

During the 1880s, rail was expanded and Barrow County played host to two railroads, the Seaboard Air Line and the Gainesville and Midland. One of the railroad builders for the Seaboard Air Line Railroad was John H. Winder of North Carolina. Jug Tavern's name was changed to Winder by the Georgia General Assembly on Dec. 20, 1893 to honor the railroad builder.

David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr Barrow County was created from portions of Gwinnett, Jackson, and Walton counties when Georgia voters approved a constitutional amendment on November 3, 1914 making Barrow County the 149th Georgia county out of 159. Barrow County was named after David Crenshaw Barrow, Jr. a University of Georgia mathematics and engineering professor who was later Chancellor serving in that position from 1906 to 1925. Barrow died on January 11, 1929 in Athens and is buried in Oconee Hill Cemetery in Athens.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 163 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (410 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (1.6%) is water.[4] The entirety of Barrow County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.[5]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
192013,188
193012,401−6.0%
194013,0645.3%
195013,1150.4%
196014,48510.4%
197016,85916.4%
198021,35426.7%
199029,72139.2%
200046,14455.3%
201069,36750.3%
2020 (est.)85,588[6]23.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 46,144 people, 16,354 households, and 12,543 families living in the county. The population density was 284 people per square mile (110/km2). There were 17,304 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile (41/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.84% White, 10.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 3.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Barrow County is considered a part of the Atlanta, GA combined statistical area despite its comparatively small population.

There were 16,354 households, out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.30% were non-families. 18.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 34.50% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,019, and the median income for a family was $50,722. Males had a median income of $34,510 versus $23,369 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,350. About 6.20% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.10% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,367 people, 23,971 households, and 18,214 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 432.7 inhabitants per square mile (167.1/km2). There were 26,400 housing units at an average density of 164.7 per square mile (63.6/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 78.8% white, 11.4% black or African American, 3.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.7% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.7% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 20.6% were American, 10.7% were Irish, 9.1% were German, and 8.5% were English.[13]

Of the 23,971 households, 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.0% were non-families, and 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age was 33.6 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,958 and the median income for a family was $55,415. Males had a median income of $42,869 versus $33,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,882. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2020 census

Barrow County racial composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 55,582 66.56%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,141 12.14%
Native American 130 0.16%
Asian 3,233 3.87%
Pacific Islander 17 0.02%
Other/Mixed 3,842 4.6%
Hispanic or Latino 10,560 12.65%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 83,505 people,[16] 27,765 households, and 20,948 families residing in the county.

Education

Main article: Winder, Georgia § Education

Winder-Barrow Cluster:

Apalachee Cluster:

Barrow Arts & Sciences Academy

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Politics

United States presidential election results for Barrow County, Georgia[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 26,804 70.68% 10,453 27.57% 664 1.75%
2016 21,108 72.63% 6,580 22.64% 1,373 4.72%
2012 18,725 74.10% 6,028 23.85% 517 2.05%
2008 17,625 71.55% 6,657 27.02% 351 1.42%
2004 13,520 76.17% 4,095 23.07% 135 0.76%
2000 7,925 65.49% 3,657 30.22% 520 4.30%
1996 5,342 51.65% 3,928 37.98% 1,072 10.37%
1992 4,328 43.36% 3,991 39.98% 1,663 16.66%
1988 4,738 65.64% 2,442 33.83% 38 0.53%
1984 4,123 63.53% 2,367 36.47% 0 0.00%
1980 2,284 36.20% 3,876 61.44% 149 2.36%
1976 1,364 22.29% 4,756 77.71% 0 0.00%
1972 3,423 79.79% 867 20.21% 0 0.00%
1968 1,372 26.52% 1,070 20.68% 2,731 52.79%
1964 2,316 50.42% 2,277 49.58% 0 0.00%
1960 577 17.30% 2,759 82.70% 0 0.00%
1956 442 16.32% 2,266 83.68% 0 0.00%
1952 236 9.07% 2,367 90.93% 0 0.00%
1948 155 7.55% 1,554 75.69% 344 16.76%
1944 257 14.52% 1,513 85.48% 0 0.00%
1940 219 11.91% 1,615 87.82% 5 0.27%
1936 172 12.69% 1,181 87.16% 2 0.15%
1932 23 2.01% 1,111 97.03% 11 0.96%
1928 684 58.81% 479 41.19% 0 0.00%
1924 88 11.55% 501 65.75% 173 22.70%
1920 412 36.05% 731 63.95% 0 0.00%
1916 102 10.60% 712 74.01% 148 15.38%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Barrow County Georgia History". www.barrowga.org. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  16. ^ "Barrow County Quickfacts | CENSUS.gov". March 11, 2022.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

Coordinates: 33°59′N 83°43′W / 33.99°N 83.71°W / 33.99; -83.71