Jasper County
Jasper County Courthouse
Jasper County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Jasper County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°19′N 83°41′W / 33.32°N 83.69°W / 33.32; -83.69
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 10, 1807; 214 years ago (1807-12-10)
Named forWilliam Jasper
SeatMonticello
Largest cityMonticello
Area
 • Total373 sq mi (970 km2)
 • Land368 sq mi (950 km2)
 • Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  1.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
14,040
 • Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th

Jasper County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,900.[1] The county seat is Monticello.[2] Jasper County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

This area was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. At the time of European-American settlement, it was inhabited by the Cherokee and Muscogee Creek peoples, who became known as among the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast.

The county was created on December 10, 1807, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly with land that was originally part of Baldwin County, Georgia.[3] It became part of the new area of upland settlement through the South eventually known as the Black Belt, and a center of large plantations for short-staple cotton. Invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century had made processing of this type of cotton profitable, and it was cultivated throughout the inland areas. As migration continued to the west, the county population rapidly rose and fell through the nineteenth century. Georgia settlers pushed Congress for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which eventually forced most of the Native Americans west of the Mississippi River.

Jasper County was originally named Randolph County (after the Virginian John Randolph). Because of Randolph's opposition to U.S. entry into the War of 1812, the General Assembly changed the name of Randolph County to Jasper County on December 10, 1812, to honor Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina. However, Randolph's reputation eventually was restored, and in 1828, the General Assembly created a new Randolph County.[4]

Newton County was created from a part of the original Jasper County in 1821.

The Jasper County, Georgia courthouse was shown and used for filming the courthouse scenes in the motion picture comedy "My Cousin Vinny", starring Joe Pesci. Although the setting of the movie is in Beechum County, Alabama (a fictitious place), near the end of the movie, Sheriff Farley (played by veteran actor Bruce McGill), actually mentions Jasper County, Georgia by name.[5]

Government

The county has a five-member county commission, elected from single-member districts. The commission elects a chairman and vice-chairman to aid in conducting business. The county is protected by a combined Fire Rescue Department providing EMS and Fire Services. The department operates out of seven fire stations with the majority of their manpower being volunteers. The department employs 50 personnel, which include full-time, part-time, and volunteer employees, and is headed by a Fire Chief Christopher Finch.

United States presidential election results for Jasper County, Georgia[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,822 76.13% 1,761 23.03% 64 0.84%
2016 4,360 72.13% 1,544 25.54% 141 2.33%
2012 4,136 68.45% 1,845 30.54% 61 1.01%
2008 3,916 66.25% 1,935 32.74% 60 1.02%
2004 3,157 66.56% 1,558 32.85% 28 0.59%
2000 2,298 58.28% 1,558 39.51% 87 2.21%
1996 1,423 44.00% 1,553 48.02% 258 7.98%
1992 1,153 38.14% 1,485 49.12% 385 12.74%
1988 1,474 55.08% 1,188 44.39% 14 0.52%
1984 1,431 56.05% 1,122 43.95% 0 0.00%
1980 879 35.39% 1,546 62.24% 59 2.38%
1976 689 27.12% 1,852 72.88% 0 0.00%
1972 1,289 73.57% 463 26.43% 0 0.00%
1968 456 20.57% 835 37.66% 926 41.77%
1964 1,075 55.90% 848 44.10% 0 0.00%
1960 271 22.21% 949 77.79% 0 0.00%
1956 288 23.04% 962 76.96% 0 0.00%
1952 228 17.10% 1,105 82.90% 0 0.00%
1948 87 10.06% 562 64.97% 216 24.97%
1944 86 9.97% 777 90.03% 0 0.00%
1940 72 9.44% 689 90.30% 2 0.26%
1936 33 3.45% 923 96.55% 0 0.00%
1932 14 1.77% 773 97.85% 3 0.38%
1928 140 18.13% 632 81.87% 0 0.00%
1924 68 12.95% 448 85.33% 9 1.71%
1920 42 8.92% 429 91.08% 0 0.00%
1916 6 1.08% 537 96.41% 14 2.51%
1912 8 1.20% 644 96.99% 12 1.81%


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 373 square miles (970 km2), of which 368 square miles (950 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (1.4%) is water.[7]

The western portion of Jasper County, west of a line formed by State Route 11 to northwest of Monticello, then along the eastern border of the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The eastern portion of the county is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin.[8]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18107,573
182014,61493.0%
183013,131−10.1%
184011,111−15.4%
185011,4863.4%
186010,743−6.5%
187010,439−2.8%
188011,85113.5%
189013,87917.1%
190015,0338.3%
191016,55210.1%
192016,362−1.1%
19308,594−47.5%
19408,7722.1%
19507,473−14.8%
19606,135−17.9%
19705,760−6.1%
19807,55331.1%
19908,45311.9%
200011,42635.2%
201013,90021.7%
2018 (est.)14,040[9]1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 11,426 people, 4,175 households, and 3,122 families living in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 4,806 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.95% White, 27.26% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 2.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,175 households, out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,890, and the median income for a family was $43,271. Males had a median income of $32,351 versus $21,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,249. About 10.90% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,900 people, 5,044 households, and 3,778 families living in the county.[15] The population density was 37.8 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 6,153 housing units at an average density of 16.7 per square mile (6.4/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.8% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 11.9% were American, and 6.6% were German.[17]

Of the 5,044 households, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families, and 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 39.0 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,081 and the median income for a family was $52,177. Males had a median income of $40,323 versus $27,491 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,263. About 13.2% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.[18]

2020 census

Jasper County racial composition[19]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 10,771 73.83%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,442 16.74%
Native American 34 0.23%
Asian 22 0.15%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 634 4.35%
Hispanic or Latino 684 4.69%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,588 people, 5,171 households, and 3,807 families residing in the county.

Communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ - GeorgiaInfo Jasper County Courthouse history Archived 2006-04-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ GeorgiaInfo.com - Georgia Counties in Order of Creation Archived 2008-02-18 at the Wayback Machine, University of Georgia
  5. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0104952/?ref_=ttloc_loc_tt[user-generated source]
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  20. ^ "Susan Holmes' Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  21. ^ "Past Citizens of the Year - 2001 Susan D. Holmes". jaspercountycoc.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.

Coordinates: 33°19′N 83°41′W / 33.32°N 83.69°W / 33.32; -83.69