Screven County
Harris-Murrow-Trowell House in Oliver.
Map of Georgia highlighting Screven County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°45′N 81°37′W / 32.75°N 81.61°W / 32.75; -81.61
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedDecember 14, 1793; 229 years ago (1793)
Named forJames Screven
SeatSylvania
Largest citySylvania
Area
 • Total656 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land645 sq mi (1,670 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
13,938
 • Density22/sq mi (8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th

Screven County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,593.[1] The county seat is Sylvania.[2]

History

The county was created on December 14, 1793, and was named for General James Screven, who died fighting in Georgia during the American Revolutionary War. Some wartime accounts used the alternate spelling of "Scriven" for the general, and the county's name was often spelled that way in its early history, as reflected on 19th-century Georgia maps.

Sylvania became the county seat in 1847, moved from Jacksonborough, by an act of State legislation.[3]

The Screven County Courthouse, built in 1964, is the fourth courthouse to serve Screven County.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 656 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 645 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.6%) is water.[5] The Savannah River borders the eastern side of the county, and the Ogeechee River borders the southwest portion. Elevation varies to around 40 feet on the Savannah river to 320 feet at the Bay Branch community, located a few miles west of Sylvania. Pine, oak, dogwood, and other trees prevalent to the South can be found in Screven County.

The very northern portion of Screven County, defined by a line running from Girard southeast and parallel to State Route 24 to the South Carolina border, is located in the Middle Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. A north-central section of the county, from Sylvania north and centered on Hiltonia, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin. The southern portion of Screven County, from Newington running northwest through Sylvania, is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. The remaining southeastern corner of the county is located in the Lower Savannah River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18003,019
18104,47748.3%
18203,941−12.0%
18304,77621.2%
18404,7940.4%
18506,84742.8%
18608,27420.8%
18709,17510.9%
188012,78639.4%
189014,42412.8%
190019,25233.5%
191020,2024.9%
192023,55216.6%
193020,503−12.9%
194020,353−0.7%
195018,000−11.6%
196014,919−17.1%
197012,591−15.6%
198014,04311.5%
199013,842−1.4%
200015,37411.1%
201014,593−5.1%
2018 (est.)13,938[7]−4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 15,374 people, 5,797 households, and 4,104 families living in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,853 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 53.56% White, 45.29% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,797 households, out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.00% were married couples living together, 18.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,312, and the median income for a family was $34,753. Males had a median income of $30,228 versus $20,154 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,894. About 15.50% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 25.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,593 people, 5,596 households, and 3,854 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 22.6 inhabitants per square mile (8.7/km2). There were 6,739 housing units at an average density of 10.4 per square mile (4.0/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 54.6% white, 43.3% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 14.5% were American, 9.3% were Irish, 8.9% were English, and 7.6% were German.[15]

Of the 5,596 households, 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 39.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,155 and the median income for a family was $44,244. Males had a median income of $32,189 versus $25,480 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,189. About 14.0% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census

Screven County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,018 57.0%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 5,285 37.57%
Native American 39 0.28%
Asian 61 0.43%
Pacific Islander 3 0.02%
Other/Mixed 374 2.66%
Hispanic or Latino 287 2.04%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,067 people, 5,098 households, and 3,395 families residing in the county.

Communities

Notable people

Politics

United States presidential election results for Screven County, Georgia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,915 59.06% 2,661 40.14% 53 0.80%
2016 3,305 57.83% 2,300 40.24% 110 1.92%
2012 3,287 53.79% 2,774 45.39% 50 0.82%
2008 3,423 52.77% 3,024 46.62% 40 0.62%
2004 3,360 56.68% 2,534 42.75% 34 0.57%
2000 2,461 52.15% 2,233 47.32% 25 0.53%
1996 1,862 44.13% 2,087 49.47% 270 6.40%
1992 1,705 39.05% 1,940 44.43% 721 16.51%
1988 2,178 59.52% 1,461 39.93% 20 0.55%
1984 2,583 59.65% 1,747 40.35% 0 0.00%
1980 1,490 40.67% 2,117 57.78% 57 1.56%
1976 1,176 35.17% 2,168 64.83% 0 0.00%
1972 2,402 80.69% 575 19.31% 0 0.00%
1968 916 22.04% 1411 33.94% 1,830 44.02%
1964 2,260 60.98% 1,446 39.02% 0 0.00%
1960 957 39.11% 1,490 60.89% 0 0.00%
1956 521 28.12% 1,332 71.88% 0 0.00%
1952 692 30.40% 1,584 69.60% 0 0.00%
1948 172 11.37% 838 55.39% 503 33.25%
1944 197 18.04% 895 81.96% 0 0.00%
1940 100 7.82% 1,174 91.79% 5 0.39%
1936 61 6.05% 933 92.47% 15 1.49%
1932 46 8.26% 508 91.20% 3 0.54%
1928 706 70.18% 300 29.82% 0 0.00%
1924 288 25.15% 821 71.70% 36 3.14%
1920 260 28.92% 639 71.08% 0 0.00%
1916 98 12.91% 625 82.35% 36 4.74%
1912 138 22.29% 460 74.31% 21 3.39%


See also

References

Dixon Hollingsworth, ed., The History of Screven County, Georgia (Dallas, Tex.: Curtis Media Corporation, 1989).

http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13251.html Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "The City of Sylvania, Georgia". Mayor and Council Sylvania, GA. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 248. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°45′N 81°37′W / 32.75°N 81.61°W / 32.75; -81.61