Lincoln County
Lincoln County Courthouse in Lincolnton
Map of Georgia highlighting Lincoln County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°47′N 82°27′W / 33.79°N 82.45°W / 33.79; -82.45
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedFebruary 20, 1796; 228 years ago (1796-02-20)
Named forBenjamin Lincoln
SeatLincolnton
Largest cityLincolnton
Area
 • Total257 sq mi (670 km2)
 • Land210 sq mi (500 km2)
 • Water47 sq mi (120 km2)  18.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,690
 • Density37/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.lincolncountyga.com

Lincoln County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,690.[1] The county seat is Lincolnton.[2] The county was created on February 20, 1796.

Lincoln County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC metropolitan statistical area, the Savannah River forming its northeastern border. Located above the fall line, it is part of the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA) and a member of the CSRA Regional Development Center.

History

On February 20, 1796, Lincoln County was established as the twenty-fourth county in the state of Georgia. Before then, its territory was part of Wilkes County, now on its western side. The new county was named after General Benjamin Lincoln (1733-1810), a Revolutionary War hero notable for receiving Gen. Cornwallis's sword at Yorktown, Virginia.

On January 22, 1852, the legislature changed the location of the line between Wilkes County and Lincoln County, although there is no extant record as to why the legislature made the change.[citation needed]

From before the American Revolutionary War until the 1950s, Lincoln County was primarily a farming and agricultural area. The development and creation of Clarks Hill Dam created a large reservoir that covered portions of Lincoln and nearby counties. Developers have created many residential neighborhoods and subdivisions in areas near the lake.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 257 square miles (670 km2), of which 210 square miles (540 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (18.2%) is water.[3] The county is located in the Piedmont region of the state just above the fall line of the eastern United States.

The bulk of Lincoln County, from just south of Lincolnton heading north, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with the exception of a tiny sliver of the northernmost section of the county, which is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The southern portion of the county is located in the Little River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Communities

City

Unincorporated community

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18004,766
18104,555−4.4%
18206,45841.8%
18306,145−4.8%
18405,895−4.1%
18505,9981.7%
18605,466−8.9%
18705,413−1.0%
18806,41218.5%
18906,146−4.1%
19007,15616.4%
19108,71421.8%
19209,73911.8%
19307,847−19.4%
19407,042−10.3%
19506,462−8.2%
19605,906−8.6%
19705,895−0.2%
19806,71613.9%
19907,44210.8%
20008,34812.2%
20107,996−4.2%
20207,690−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1880[6] 1890-1910[7]
1920-1930[8] 1930-1940[9]
1940-1950[10] 1960-1980[11]
1980-2000[12] 2010[13]
Lincoln County racial composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White 5,196 67.57%
Black or African American 2,116 27.52%
Native American 18 0.23%
Asian 20 0.26%
Pacific Islander 3 0.04%
Other/Mixed 245 3.19%
Hispanic or Latino 92 1.2%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,690 people, 3,475 households, and 2,142 families residing in the county.

Recreation and historical sites

Since the creation of Clarks Hill Lake, recreation has contributed to Lincoln County's growth. It is a main destination for tourists, providing fishing, boating, and other water sports opportunities for visitors and nearby residents.

Toward the eastern part of Lincoln County, just before the South Carolina line, is Elijah Clarke State Park. This park is roughly 447 acres (1.81 km2). In May of every year, Elijah Clarke holds a bluegrass festival which has become a major attraction in the last 20 years. Several well-known bluegrass musicians play at this event each year, including Lincoln County natives, The Lewis Family. Also held annually at Elijah Clarke is an Arts and Crafts Festival and a Log Cabin Christmas.

There are many historic places to visit in Lincoln County. They include:

Economy

Economic growth has been associated with development of the J. Strom Thurmond Dam and Clarks Hill Lake. In Lincoln County, logging is a multimillion-dollar industry. More than 20 logging businesses produce most of the jobs for Lincoln County residents. The county has attracted new companies, such as Hero Metal, LLC; Top Grill, LLC; and Charles Owen, Inc.[citation needed]

Notable people

Politics

United States presidential election results for Lincoln County, Georgia[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,173 68.37% 1,432 30.86% 36 0.78%
2016 2,759 67.26% 1,273 31.03% 70 1.71%
2012 2,807 63.36% 1,586 35.80% 37 0.84%
2008 2,731 61.73% 1,650 37.30% 43 0.97%
2004 2,309 63.12% 1,337 36.55% 12 0.33%
2000 1,807 58.23% 1,275 41.09% 21 0.68%
1996 1,391 47.33% 1,334 45.39% 214 7.28%
1992 1,149 38.84% 1,327 44.86% 482 16.29%
1988 1,417 60.97% 893 38.43% 14 0.60%
1984 1,357 54.89% 1,115 45.11% 0 0.00%
1980 806 33.03% 1,617 66.27% 17 0.70%
1976 576 26.68% 1,583 73.32% 0 0.00%
1972 1,246 78.56% 340 21.44% 0 0.00%
1968 408 18.64% 491 22.43% 1,290 58.93%
1964 943 72.76% 353 27.24% 0 0.00%
1960 197 22.75% 669 77.25% 0 0.00%
1956 155 18.21% 696 81.79% 0 0.00%
1952 327 33.68% 644 66.32% 0 0.00%
1948 32 4.39% 99 13.58% 598 82.03%
1944 165 27.09% 444 72.91% 0 0.00%
1940 67 12.45% 466 86.62% 5 0.93%
1936 88 13.21% 561 84.23% 17 2.55%
1932 3 0.45% 660 99.40% 1 0.15%
1928 413 48.14% 445 51.86% 0 0.00%
1924 121 9.57% 847 67.01% 296 23.42%
1920 3 0.59% 509 99.41% 0 0.00%
1916 56 14.21% 333 84.52% 5 1.27%
1912 27 9.28% 264 90.72% 0 0.00%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Lincoln County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". United States Census Bureau.
  6. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1880.
  7. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1910.
  8. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930.
  9. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1940.
  10. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1950.
  11. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  12. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 21, 2018.

Further reading

33°47′N 82°27′W / 33.79°N 82.45°W / 33.79; -82.45