Bacon County
Bacon County Courthouse in Alma
Official logo of Bacon County
Map of Georgia highlighting Bacon County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°34′N 82°27′W / 31.56°N 82.45°W / 31.56; -82.45
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedJuly 27, 1914; 110 years ago (1914)
Named forAugustus Octavius Bacon
SeatAlma
Largest cityAlma
Area
 • Total286 sq mi (740 km2)
 • Land259 sq mi (670 km2)
 • Water27 sq mi (70 km2)  9.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,140
 • Density43/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st

Bacon County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,140.[1] The county seat is Alma.[2]

History

The constitutional amendment to create the county was proposed July 7, 1914, and ratified November 3, 1914. It is named after Augustus Bacon, a former United States senator from Georgia.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 259 square miles (670 km2) are land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (9.5%) are covered by water.[4]

The majority and western portion of Bacon County is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys River-Satilla River basin. The entire eastern and half of the southeastern edge of the county is located in the Little Satilla River sub-basin of the same St. Marys-Satilla River basin.[5] The county forms part of Southeast Georgia.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19206,460
19307,0559.2%
19408,09614.8%
19508,94010.4%
19608,359−6.5%
19708,233−1.5%
19809,37913.9%
19909,5662.0%
200010,1035.6%
201011,0969.8%
202011,1400.4%
2023 (est.)11,124[6]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1880[8]1890-1910[9]
1920-1930[10] 1930-1940[11]
1940-1950[12] 1960-1980[13]
1980-2000[14] 2010[15]
Bacon County racial composition as of 2020[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,103 72.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,747 15.68%
Native American 4 0.04%
Asian 40 0.36%
Pacific Islander 4 0.04%
Other/Mixed 367 3.29%
Hispanic or Latino 875 7.85%

According to the 1920 United States census, the county had a population of 6,460 which has increased since every decennial census except from 1960 and 1970; in 1960, its population declined from 8,940 to 8,359; and in 1970, its population declined to 8,233. In the 2020 United States census, there were 11,140 people, 3,874 households, and 2,706 families residing in the county, up from 10,103 in 2000.

Per the 2020 census, Bacon County's racial and ethnic makeup was 72.74% non-Hispanic white, 15.68% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.36% Asian American, 0.04% Pacific Islander American, 3.29% other or multiracial, and 7.85% Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2022 American Community Survey estimated its racial and ethnic composition was 73% White, 15% African American, 1% Asian, 3% multiracial, and 9% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[17]

In 2022, the median household income for the county was $43,938 with a per capita income of $24,654. An estimated 21.6% of the county population lived at or below the poverty line. With an estimated 4,807 housing units in the county, 72% were owner-occupied and the median value of an owner-occupied housing unit was $95,600. Approximately 53% of housing units were valued under $100,000.[17]

Religiously, as of 2020, the Association of Religion Data Archives determined the Southern Baptist Convention was the county's largest religious group, being within the Bible Belt.[18] The Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) was the second-largest Christian denomination in the county, followed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and National Association of Free Will Baptists. Among the county's predominantly Christian population, Methodists, Holiness, and Pentecostal Christians formed the remainder of its religious landscape.

Politics

United States presidential election results for Bacon County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,017 86.07% 625 13.39% 25 0.54%
2016 3,364 83.49% 608 15.09% 57 1.41%
2012 3,093 78.58% 791 20.10% 52 1.32%
2008 3,089 78.36% 817 20.73% 36 0.91%
2004 2,853 75.24% 930 24.53% 9 0.24%
2000 2,010 67.11% 956 31.92% 29 0.97%
1996 1,580 47.07% 1,360 40.51% 417 12.42%
1992 1,301 39.01% 1,423 42.67% 611 18.32%
1988 1,407 64.13% 780 35.55% 7 0.32%
1984 1,778 63.77% 1,010 36.23% 0 0.00%
1980 1,427 45.94% 1,622 52.22% 57 1.84%
1976 594 19.87% 2,395 80.13% 0 0.00%
1972 1,771 90.22% 192 9.78% 0 0.00%
1968 586 20.93% 279 9.96% 1,935 69.11%
1964 2,136 64.43% 1,179 35.57% 0 0.00%
1960 579 33.14% 1,168 66.86% 0 0.00%
1956 394 13.88% 2,445 86.12% 0 0.00%
1952 543 26.42% 1,512 73.58% 0 0.00%
1948 104 8.42% 785 63.56% 346 28.02%
1944 220 22.38% 763 77.62% 0 0.00%
1940 97 10.51% 821 88.95% 5 0.54%
1936 62 6.26% 929 93.74% 0 0.00%
1932 11 2.08% 515 97.54% 2 0.38%
1928 203 39.96% 305 60.04% 0 0.00%
1924 79 7.49% 961 91.09% 15 1.42%
1920 219 41.63% 307 58.37% 0 0.00%
1916 0 0.00% 287 86.19% 46 13.81%

Education

Main article: Alma, Georgia § Education

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Bacon County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Bacon County Board of Tax Assessors". Bacon County Board of Tax Assessors. Retrieved February 11, 2023.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Archived from the original on October 3, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2024.
  7. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "1880 Census Population by Counties 1790-1800" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1880.
  9. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1910.
  10. ^ "1930 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1930.
  11. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1940.
  12. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia -" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1950.
  13. ^ "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 1980.
  14. ^ "2000 Census of Population - Population and Housing Unit Counts - Georgia" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 2000.
  15. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Census profile: Bacon County, GA". Census Reporter. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  18. ^ "Congregational Membership Reports | US Religion". www.thearda.com. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 18, 2018.

31°34′N 82°27′W / 31.56°N 82.45°W / 31.56; -82.45