Mableton, Georgia
From top to bottom, left to right: a residential street in Mableton, Robert Mable's home built in 1843, the Mableton Post Office, the Atlanta skyline from Mt. Harmony Memorial Gardens in Mableton
Location in Cobb County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cobb County and the state of Georgia
Mableton is located in Metro Atlanta
Mableton
Mableton
Location within the Atlanta Metropolitan Area
Coordinates: 33°49′06″N 84°34′34″W / 33.81833°N 84.57611°W / 33.81833; -84.57611
State Georgia
CountyCobb
SettledSeptember 11, 1843
Incorporated (town)August 19, 1912
DisincorporatedAugust 17, 1916
Incorporated (city)May 11, 2023
Founded byRobert Mable
Government
 • MayorMichael Owens (D)
 • District CommissionerMonique Sheffield
 • BodyCobb County Board of Commissioners
Area
 • Total36.56 sq mi (94.7 km2)
 • Land36.46 sq mi (94.43 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.27 km2)
Elevation
978 ft (298 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total37,115
 • Density2,133.48/sq mi (823.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30126
Area code770/678/404
FIPS code13-48288[2]
GNIS feature ID0332295[3]
Websitemableton.gov

Mableton (/ˈmbəltən/) is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. Voters of the unincorporated area of Mableton approved a referendum to incorporate on November 8, 2022, and six council members were elected on March 21, 2023, with Michael Owens elected as mayor of Mableton in the 2023 Mableton mayoral election. According to the 2020 census, the census-designated area Mableton had a population of 37,115; the city has more. Upon Brookhaven's cityhood in December 2012, Mableton was previously the largest unincorporated CDP in Metro Atlanta. With boundaries described in Appendix A of House Bill 839, Mableton is the largest city in Cobb County in terms of population and includes historical Mableton, along with the Six Flags area, areas of unincorporated Smyrna, and parts of unincorporated South Cobb.

History

Early history (1843-1912)

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, most of the land in present-day southern Cobb County belonged to the Cherokee and Creek. Two Native American villages were established near the area that will later become known as Mableton - the settlements of Sweet Water Town and Nickajack. Both tribes coinhabited the area peacefully, with one legend claiming that eventual ownership of the area by the Cherokee was settled via a ball game.[4] One of the early known records of white Europeans being aware of the inhabitants is an 1839 map depicting a 'Nickajack Creek' converging with the Chattahoochee River south and west of the Standing Peachtree settlement.[5]

Robert Mable

The town was named after Scottish immigrant Robert Mable (October 18, 1803 - July 7, 1885), who on September 11, 1843, bought 300 acres (approximately 120 hectares or 1.2 km2) of land in southern Cobb County from the Georgia Land Lottery of 1832. Mable was a millwright and farmer who grew cotton, corn, potatoes, and sorghum in the area; he owned between 11 and 48 slaves by 1860. According to oral interviews, Mable was a "fair and kind" enslaver who educated slave children alongside his own, and eventually also liberated his slaves before any government mandate ordered him to.[4] The Robert Mable House and Cemetery, located off U.S. 78 on Floyd Road just north of Clay Road, now includes an amphitheater which hosts public events.[6]

More white settlers moved into the northern edge of Mableton by Nickajack Creek, near Smyrna, in the mid-1800s. They formed a community initially known as Mill Grove and later Nickajack. The creek provided ample power to run grist, saw, cotton, and woolen mills. A covered bridge, originally built c. 1848–1850, traverses the stream and is now part of a historical district. It is one of the few remaining covered bridges in Georgia, and still highly active today after it was later buttressed to handle automobile traffic. A notable resident of the area during that period was John Gann, Cobb County's first state senator. His home, built in 1841, still stands today and is also part of the historical district.[5]

During the Atlanta campaign of the Civil War, Union officers Walter Q. Gresham and Francis P. Blair Jr. of the XVII Corps reached Mableton on July 3, 1864, after the Union defeat at Kennesaw. Gresham replenished his troops' supplies and received medical care at Robert Mable's house, and camped for the night before advancing to Atlanta.[7] The house was spared from the carnage of Sherman's March to the Sea.[8]

The Mableton train depot, constructed 1881

The Georgia Pacific Railway (later absorbed by Southern Railway and today known as the Norfolk Southern Railway) opened a railroad station in Mableton in December 1881. The chief engineer erected a sign displaying 'Mableton' upon completion of the station in honor of Robert. The first train from Atlanta arrived at the station just before Christmas. Shortly after, the post office was established on June 28, 1882. This replaced the post office in Bryantville, a former settlement about two miles (3.2 km) southeast. The arrival of the railroad allowed Mableton to act as a commercial hub for then-rural Cobb County.[9] Cotton export flourished throughout the county from the 1890s until the Great Depression.[10]

Original incorporation (1912-1916)

Homer A. Glore and his wife in Mableton Drug Store and Post Office in 1925

On August 19, 1912, Mableton was incorporated as a town but was disincorporated on August 17, 1916.[11] In that year, the town suffered from a heavy flood, resulting in an unexpected tax burden being placed upon the residents for repairs.[8] But after locals successfully demanded that a tax on storm drains be shared by all of Cobb County instead, the town's charter was revoked and Mableton was disincorporated.[12] Homer A. Glore, a medical doctor served as the first mayor of Mableton.[4][13]

Unincorporated area (1916-2023)

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (December 2023)

Restored municipality (2023-)

In 2020, a local initiative known as the South Cobb Alliance fostered a debate for cityhood.[14] A feasibility study conducted by the Carl Vinson Institute of Government stated that the potential city would generate $11.3 million in operating expenses and $14.6 million in revenue.[15] Alternatively, nearby Smyrna considered annexing parts of Mableton. This move would have made Smyrna the largest city in Cobb County, surpassing the county seat of Marietta, and ultimately disrupt Mableton's cityhood efforts.[16]

Following the 2022 midterm elections, a referendum on cityhood was passed, with 13,162 in favor of Mableton's cityhood and 11,675 rejecting it.[17] It is the largest city in Cobb County in terms of population, with the new city incorporating about 47,000 residents.[18] The city limits also include areas of unincorporated Smyrna and Austell.

The City of Mableton was approved by the voters in a referendum on the General Election Ballot on November 8, 2022.[19]

The referendum was the result of the General Assembly's passage of House Bill (HB-839), which set the boundaries of the city, established city council districts, and laid out the powers of the Mayor and Council. The law also established March 21, 2023, as the date for a special election for the first council members and mayor of Mableton.

In 2023 Mableton mayoral election, Michael Owens defeated Aaron Carman in the runoff election and became the city's mayor.[20]

Geography

Mableton is located at 33°49′06″N 84°34′34″W / 33.81833°N 84.57611°W / 33.81833; -84.57611 (33.818333, -84.576111).[21] The Chattahoochee River acts as the southeast border, separating Cobb County from west Fulton County — where the historic African-American neighborhood of Collier Heights and the former site of the Bankhead Courts housing project are nearby. Two suburban cities directly border Mableton: Austell in the west and Smyrna in the north. Lithia Springs, an unincorporated community, is directly southwest.

Mableton is approximately 15 miles west-northwest from the city of Atlanta, and approximately 20 miles from Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19607,127
198024,894
199025,1371.0%
200029,73318.3%
201037,11524.8%
202040,83410.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]
1850-1870[23] 1870-1880[24]
1890-1910[25] 1920-1930[26]
1940[27] 1950[28] 1960[29]
1970[30] 1980[31] 1990[32]
2000[33] 2010[34] 2020[35]

Mableton appeared as an unincorporated place in the 1960 U.S. Census.[29] It was not listed in the 1970 U.S. Census.[30] It was listed as a census designated place in the 1980 U.S. Census.[31]

2020 census

Mableton, Georgia – Racial and ethnic composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2000[36] Pop 2010[34] Pop 2020[35] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 17,165 14,090 10,944 57.73% 37.96% 26.80%
Black or African American alone (NH) 8,633 14,424 17,982 29.04% 38.86% 44.04%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 72 101 61 0.24% 0.27% 0.15%
Asian alone (NH) 401 810 677 1.35% 2.18% 1.66%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 6 7 0.01% 0.02% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 112 113 271 0.38% 0.30% 0.66%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH) 432 707 1,455 1.45% 1.90% 3.56%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,915 6,864 9,437 9.80% 18.49% 23.11%
Total 29,733 37,115 40,834 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

2000 census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 11,339 housing units at an average density of 550.8 per square mile (212.7/km2). There were 10,894 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.9% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

Government

Mableton, Georgia was incorporated as a city on August 19, 1912, before being disincorporated on August 17, 1916 as a result of a flood overwhelming the city's sewer system.[37][38] In November 2023, the city was reincorporated in an election.[19]

The mayor is the highest elected official in the city and the current mayor is Michael Owens who was elected in the 2023 Mableton mayoral election.

1912–1916

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (December 2023)
# Mayor Term start Term end
1 Homer A. Glore 1912 1913
2 W.H. Stroud[39] 1913 ????

2023–present

# Image Mayor Term start Term end Terms   Party
1 Michael Owens 2023 Incumbent 1 Democratic

Transportation

The public-use, general aviation Fulton County Airport (Brown Field) is adjacent to Mableton's southeast border with Fulton County. It includes two runways and handles approximately 65,000 operations annually.[40]

Recreation

Trails

The Silver Comet Trail intersecting Floyd Road in Mableton

The Silver Comet Trail runs through Mableton.[41] It is a 61.5 mile paved trail with a 2% grade, beginning in Smyrna and ending at the Georgia-Alabama state line near Cedartown, GA.

One of the Silver Comet Trail's connectors, located at South Hurt Road in Mableton and Smyrna

Heritage Park is a smaller trail running along Nickajack Creek that ultimately connects to the Comet. A notable landmark includes the ruins of a woolen mill built in the 1860s.[42]

Heritage Park in Mableton

Parks

Community Garden

The Historic Mableton Community Garden is located at 5178 Floyd Road.[43]

Amphitheater

Governor Roy Barnes provided a state grant for construction of a 2,500-seat amphitheater shortly after his appointment in 2000, fulfilling residents' desire dating back from the 1970s. The Mable House Barnes Amphitheater is a $7 million state and local investment and attracts numerous high-profile acts.[44]

Amusement park

Six Flags Over Georgia is located near Mableton's border with Austell, adjacent to I-20. The park is home to 11 roller coasters, the first "floorless" freefall tower ride in the world, and a fully-functional carousel from 1908 listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Education

The Cobb County School District operates several public schools in the area:

Elementary schools

Middle schools

High school

Private schools

The Georgia Japanese Language School (GJLS; ジョージア日本語学校 Jōjia Nihongo Gakkō), a part-time supplementary Japanese school, holds its classes at the Lindley 6th Grade Academy in Mableton;[45][46] Lindley was previously occupied by the W. H. Barnes Education Center.[47] The GJLS originally opened with nine students in 1974 at Oglethorpe University, serving grades 1 through 9. The school moved to W.H. Barnes in 2002.[46]

Whitefield Academy, a Christ-centered college preparatory school in Smyrna, is near Mableton.[48]

The SAE School is an "independent project-based learning school" for pre-school to 8th grade students located in Mableton.[49]

Primrose Schools, a private school for early preschool children, is in the Providence neighborhood of Mableton.[50]

Public library

Redevelopment

In the summer of 2010, more than a hundred residents, bureaucrats, politicians, architects, designers and traffic engineers spent a week designing a vision for a redeveloped downtown Mableton. It was then formalized by Duany Plater-Zyberk into a plan that was unanimously approved by Cobb County's Board of Commissioners in 2013.[51] The establishment of the new Mableton Town Center (MTC) is part of the county's 2040 Comprehensive Plan.[52]

A rendering of the proposed mixed-use development along Mableton Parkway

As of late 2020, Embry Development Company is in talks with the Cobb County Board of Commissioners to begin construction of a 31-acre mixed-use commercial/residential plaza at Mableton Parkway and Old Powder Springs Road.[53] The development calls for 81 town homes, 46 "courtyard cottage" style houses, 21 detached single-family homes, and 13,500 square feet of retail and restaurant space. The particular area, in addition to establishments along Veterans Memorial Highway (U.S. 78), is largely dated and rundown, with some businesses failing to adhere to building codes.[54]

Another company, Garner Group, is also redeveloping a nearly 40 year old strip mall along Floyd Road and East-West Connector into a mixed-use, pedestrian-friendly plaza. There will be 360 luxury apartments and 42 townhomes on the 60-acre site, with the entire development occupying about 720,000 square feet. Planning Commission Chair Galt Porter, proponent of the plan, stated of the recent growth in the area: "It's probably been 15 to 20 years since there's been a market rate development of apartments anywhere close to this...you have to go to Smyrna to get something, or you have to go out all the way into Powder Springs to get something. There's just nothing in this area."[55] The project was approved by the Cobb County Board of Commissioners on October 21, 2020.[56]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c "The Mable House: Historic Structure Report" (PDF). 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Home, Gann Historical Society & Library, Inc". Gann Historical Society & Library, Inc. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  6. ^ "MABLETON, Cobb County. Incorporated as a town, August 19, 1912 to August 17, 1916. The post office was established June 28, 1882". Archive.is. Archived from the original on December 5, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "The Mable House". Georgia Historical Society. June 16, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  8. ^ a b Tiller, Katie. "Mableton's namesake still has ties to community". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  9. ^ "Mission & Vision Statement". Mableton Improvement Coalition. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
  10. ^ Acworth Society for Historic Preservation, Inc. (2003). Acworth. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. ISBN 0-7385-1479-9. OCLC 52982944.
  11. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 139. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  12. ^ "Historical Sites - Taste of South Cobb". Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  13. ^ "[Photograph of the Glore family, Mableton, Cobb County, Georgia, 1894] - Digital Library of Georgia". dlg.usg.edu. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  14. ^ "South Cobb Alliance". sites.google.com. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  15. ^ Kristal Dixon, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. "Study shows proposed city of Mableton is financially feasible". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  16. ^ Kristal Dixon, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. "Smyrna annexation could make it largest Cobb city, but stymie Mableton". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  17. ^ "Results - Election Night Reporting - Cityhood Question - Mableton". November 8, 2022.
  18. ^ "Cobb County voters decide on Mableton cityhood | Results". November 9, 2022.
  19. ^ a b Dillon, Denise (November 9, 2022). "Voters choose to incorporate Mableton, making it Georgia's newest city". FOX 5 Atlanta. Archived from the original on December 24, 2023. Retrieved December 24, 2023.
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  25. ^ "1910 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930.
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  27. ^ "1940 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1940.
  28. ^ "1950 Census of Population - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  29. ^ a b "1960 Census of Population - Population of County Subdivisions - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1960.
  30. ^ a b "1970 Census of Population - Population of County Subdivisions - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1970.
  31. ^ a b "1980 Census of Population - Number of Inhabitants - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1980.
  32. ^ "1990 Census of Population - Summary Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1990.
  33. ^ "2000 Census of Population - General Population Characteristics - Georgia" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000.
  34. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Mableton, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  35. ^ a b "P2: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Mableton, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  36. ^ "P004 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2000: DEC Summary File 1 – Mableton, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  37. ^ Johnson, Larry Felton (August 20, 2023). "When Mableton first was (and shortly thereafter wasn't) a city". Cobb County Courier. Archived from the original on December 23, 2023. Retrieved December 23, 2023.
  38. ^ "A Different Kind of Cityhood Movement in Metro Atlanta". Bloomberg. May 26, 2022. Archived from the original on December 25, 2023. Retrieved December 25, 2023 – via www.bloomberg.com.
  39. ^ "[Photograph of T.B. Dodgen and his home, Mableton, Cobb County, Georgia, ca. 1900-1939?] - Digital Library of Georgia". dlg.usg.edu. Archived from the original on December 23, 2023. Retrieved December 23, 2023.
  40. ^ "Airport". www.fultoncountyga.gov. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  41. ^ "Silver Comet Trail, Cobb County Information - Georgia". Silvercometga.com. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
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  44. ^ "About Us". mablehouse.org. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  45. ^ "ジョージア日本語学校/Georgia Japanese Language School". Georgia Japanese Language School. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  46. ^ a b "13handbook_en09.pdf" (Archive). Georgia Japanese Language Academy. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "C/O Lindley 6th Grade Academy 1550 Pebblebrook Circle Mableton, GA 30126 U.S.A."
  47. ^ "03yoran_english.pdf" (). Georgia Japanese Language Academy. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "C/O W. H. Barnes Education Center 1550-B Pebblebrook Circle Mableton, GA 30126 U.S.A."
  48. ^ "Welcome to Whitefield Academy". www.whitefieldacademy.com. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  49. ^ "Home Page". The SAE School. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  50. ^ "The Leader in Early Education and Care". www.primroseschools.com. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  51. ^ "Mableton Redevelopment District Now Has Master Plan". Patch. February 11, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  52. ^ "Ongoing and Completed Projects | Cobb County Georgia". www.cobbcounty.org. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  53. ^ Gilbert, Aleks (August 3, 2020). "Cobb Planning Commission to hear mixed-used, single-family proposals". Northwest Georgia News. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  54. ^ Johnson, Larry Felton (August 5, 2020). "Cobb Planning Commission holds decision on Mableton Parkway mixed-use development until September". Cobb County Courier. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  55. ^ Gilbert, Aleks (October 6, 2020). "Mixed-use development could give Mableton a boost, Planning Commissioners say". MDJOnline.com. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  56. ^ Lutz, Meris. "Cobb approves major redevelopment of South Cobb shopping center". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 23, 2020.