|City of Newnan|
City of Homes
|Incorporated (city)||December 20, 1828|
|• Total||19.82 sq mi (51.34 km2)|
|• Land||19.48 sq mi (50.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.35 sq mi (0.90 km2)|
|Elevation||971 ft (296 m)|
|• Density||2,184.80/sq mi (843.58/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||770, 678|
|GNIS feature ID||0332499|
Newnan is a city in Metro Atlanta and the county seat of Coweta County, Georgia, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Atlanta. Its population was 42,549 at the 2020 census, up from 33,039 in 2010.
Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County (replacing the defunct town of Bullsboro) in 1828, and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan. It quickly became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, doctors, other professionals, and merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry, which relied on slavery.
Newnan was largely untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city (for both Union and Confederate troops), and as a result still features much antebellum architecture. Celebrated architect Kennon Perry designed many of the town's 20th-century homes. During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill.
On April 23, 1899, a notorious lynching occurred after an African-American man by the name of Sam Hose (born Tom Wilkes) was accused of killing his boss, Alfred Cranford. Hose was abducted from police custody, paraded through Newnan, tortured, and burned alive just north of town by a lynch mob of roughly 2,000 citizens of Coweta County.
Newnan was also host to the trial in 1948 of wealthy landowner John Wallace, the first White man in the South to be condemned to death by the testimony of African Americans, two field hands who were made to help with burning the body of murdered white sharecropper Wilson Turner. These events were portrayed in the novel Murder in Coweta County. The film version starred Johnny Cash, Andy Griffith, and June Carter.
In 1968, Kmart opened a warehouse in Newnan, which slowly established it as a major hub for distribution in the area. Around this time, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters attempted to unionize the warehouse, but the attempt was defeated when the employees voted 329 to 201 in favor of remaining union-free. In 2015, the distribution center closed with a loss of 164 jobs.
In the early morning hours of March 26, 2021, Newnan was directly impacted by a violent EF4 tornado, which caused substantial structural damage and indirectly killed one person. The tornado was one of the strongest on record in Georgia since 1950, and directly impacted the historic downtown area. 
The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses mainly on African-American history. The Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, unmarked slave cemetery. It has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records. The museum also houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920.
The first Black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.
The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, and may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan.
Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at(33.376411, -84.788648). U.S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Palmetto and south 7 miles (11 km) to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41, 44, and 47. I-85 leads northeast 40 miles (64 km) to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles (201 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. U.S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles (35 km) to Carrollton.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Newnan has a total area of 18.6 square miles (48.3 km2), of which 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 1.88%, is covered by water.
The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3°F (45.8° in the winter and 79.1° in the summer). The average annual rainfall is 51.84 inches.
|Climate data for Newnan, Georgia|
|Average high °F (°C)||52
|Average low °F (°C)||31
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||5.49
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.8
|Source: The Weather Channel|
Until the mid-1950s the Central of Georgia operated two trains daily in each direction, through Newnan from Atlanta to Columbus, in its Man O' War service. The Central continued a single Man O' War train until 1971 when Amtrak took over most interstate passenger service. Until 1970, the city was a stop on the Southern Railway's Crescent from New Orleans to New York City, via Atlanta. Into the mid-1960s, the Southern's Crescent and Piedmont Limited made stops in both directions in Newnan.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||13,033||30.63%|
|Hispanic or Latino||4,521||10.63%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,549 people, 15,135 households, and 10,013 families residing in the city.
As of 2010, Newnan's population was approximately 33,039 and Coweta County's population was approximately 127,400. From 2000 to 2010, the population of Coweta County grew by 42.7% as compared to from 1990 to 2000, when the its population grew by 65.7%. Newnan's population grew by 30% from 1990 to 2000 and by 103.4% from 2000 to 2010.
The ethnic makeup of the city was 50.8% White, 37.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.6% from some other race, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.4% of the population.
Of the 13,783 households, 34.4% had children under 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were not families. About 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61, and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the age distribution was 30.8% under 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.3 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,175 and for a family was $64,615. Males had a median income of $50,753 versus $39,691 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,081. About 17.3% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
The Coweta County School District holds preschool to grade 12, and consists of 19 elementary schools, seven middle schools, and three high schools. The district has 1,164 full-time teachers and over 18,389 students.
Mercer University has a regional academic center in Newnan. The center opened in 2010, and offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies.
The University of West Georgia has a campus located in Newnan, near downtown. This campus currently has two undergraduate programs - bachelor of science in nursing and early childhood education.
Newnan is also home to a campus of West Georgia Technical College.
College Temple, a non-sectarian women's school, operated during the period of 1854-1888.