Newnan, Georgia
Coweta County Courthouse
Flag of Newnan, Georgia
Official seal of Newnan, Georgia
Official logo of Newnan, Georgia
Motto: 
City of Homes
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Newnan is located in Metro Atlanta
Newnan
Newnan
Location of Newnan in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyCoweta
Incorporated (city)December 20, 1828
Area
 • Total19.82 sq mi (51.34 km2)
 • Land19.48 sq mi (50.44 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.90 km2)
Elevation
971 ft (296 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total42,549
 • Density2,184.80/sq mi (843.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
30263-30265, 30271
Area code(s)770, 678
FIPS code13-55020[2]
GNIS feature ID0332499[3]
Websitenewnanga.gov

Newnan is a city in and the county seat of Coweta County, Georgia, United States, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Atlanta. Its population was 42,549 at the 2020 census,[4] up from 33,039 in 2010.

History

"Heart of Newnan Motel", postcard from the 1960s

Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County (replacing the defunct town of Bullsboro) in 1828, and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan. It quickly became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, doctors, other professionals, and merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry, which relied on slavery.

Newnan was largely untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city (for both Union and Confederate troops), and as a result still features much antebellum architecture.[5] During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill. Subsequently, architect Kennon Perry (1890-1954) designed many of the town's early 20th-century homes.

On April 23, 1899, a lynching occurred after an African-American man by the name of Sam Hose (born Tom Wilkes) was accused of killing his boss, Alfred Cranford. Hose was abducted from police custody, paraded through Newnan, tortured, and burned alive just north of town by a lynch mob of roughly 2,000 citizens of Coweta County.

Newnan was also host to the trial in 1948 of wealthy landowner John Wallace, the first White man in the South to be condemned to death by the testimony of African Americans, two field hands who were made to help with burning the body of murdered white sharecropper Wilson Turner. These events were portrayed in the novel Murder in Coweta County.

In 1968, Kmart opened a warehouse in Newnan, which slowly established it as a major hub for distribution in the area.[6] The International Brotherhood of Teamsters attempted to unionize the warehouse, but the attempt was defeated when the employees voted 329 to 201 in favor of remaining union-free.[7] In 2015, the distribution center closed with a loss of 164 jobs.[8]

2021 tornado

See also: List of F4 and EF4 tornadoes (2020–present)

In the early morning hours of March 26, 2021, Newnan was directly impacted by a violent EF4 tornado, which caused substantial structural damage and indirectly killed one person. The tornado was one of the strongest on record in Georgia since 1950, and directly impacted the historic downtown area.[9] Newnan High School will be re-built after sustaining serious damage.[10]

Geography

Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861 (33.376411, -84.788648).[11] U.S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Palmetto and south 7 miles (11 km) to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41, 44, and 47. I-85 leads northeast 40 miles (64 km) to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles (201 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. U.S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles (35 km) to Carrollton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Newnan has a total area of 18.6 square miles (48.3 km2), of which 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 1.88%, is covered by water.[12]

Climate

The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3 °F (45.8° in the winter and 79.1° in the summer). The average annual rainfall is 51.84 inches.

Climate data for Newnan, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 52
(11)
58
(14)
65
(18)
73
(23)
80
(27)
86
(30)
89
(32)
88
(31)
83
(28)
73
(23)
64
(18)
55
(13)
72
(22)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 31
(−1)
33
(1)
40
(4)
47
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
68
(20)
67
(19)
62
(17)
49
(9)
41
(5)
33
(1)
49
(10)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.49
(139)
5.14
(131)
5.95
(151)
4.17
(106)
4.37
(111)
3.99
(101)
4.66
(118)
4.00
(102)
3.24
(82)
2.86
(73)
4.18
(106)
4.27
(108)
52.32
(1,329)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.8
(2.0)
0.5
(1.3)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2
(5.06)
Source: The Weather Channel[13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18602,546
18701,917−24.7%
18802,0064.6%
18902,85942.5%
19003,65427.8%
19105,54851.8%
19207,03726.8%
19306,386−9.3%
19407,18212.5%
19508,21814.4%
196012,16948.1%
197011,205−7.9%
198011,4492.2%
199012,4979.2%
200016,24230.0%
201033,039103.4%
202042,54928.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
Newnan racial composition as of 2020[15]
Race Number Percent
White (non-Hispanic) 21,206 49.84%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 13,033 30.63%
Hispanic or Latino 4,521 10.63%
Asian 1,879 4.42%
Other/mixed 1,819 4.28%
Native American 69 0.16%
Pacific Islander 22 0.05%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,549 people, 15,135 households, and 10,013 families residing in the city.

Arts and culture

The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses mainly on African-American history. The Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, unmarked slave cemetery. It has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records.[16] The museum also houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920.[17]

The first Black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.[18]

The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, and may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan.

Education

Coweta County School District

The Coweta County School District holds preschool to grade 12, and consists of 19 elementary schools, seven middle schools, and three high schools.[19] The district has 1,164 full-time teachers and over 18,389 students.[20]

Elementary schools

Middle schools

High schools

Higher education

Mercer University has a regional academic center in Newnan. The center opened in 2010, and offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies.

The University of West Georgia has a campus located in Newnan, near downtown. This campus currently has two undergraduate programs - bachelor of science in nursing and early childhood education.[21]

Newnan is also home to a campus of West Georgia Technical College.[22]

College Temple, a non-sectarian women's school, operated during the period of 1854-1888.[23]

Transportation

Major roads

Pedestrians and cycling

Airports

Railroads

Until the mid-1950s the Central of Georgia operated two trains daily in each direction, through Newnan from Atlanta to Columbus, in its Man O' War service. The Central continued a single Man O' War train until 1971 when Amtrak took over most interstate passenger service.[25][26][27][28] Until 1970, the city was a stop on the Southern Railway's Crescent from New Orleans to New York City, via Atlanta.[29][30] Into the mid-1960s, the Southern's Crescent and Piedmont Limited made stops in both directions in Newnan.[31]

Notable people

Television and movies

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Newnan city, Georgia". www.census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
  5. ^ "History". www.ci.newnan.ga.us. City of Newnan. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  6. ^ Mike Clary (March 31, 1992). "Workers Say Kmart Short-Changed Them". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  7. ^ Kmart Corp, 316 N.L.R.B. 1175 (N.L.R.B. 1995)
  8. ^ Aaron Hutchins (February 25, 2015). "Sears & Kmart closing update, 25 February 2015". blindbatnews.com. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  9. ^ "Tornado emergency leaves extensive damage across Newnan". WSB-TV Channel 2 - Atlanta. March 26, 2021. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  10. ^ Leftwich, Rebecca (January 16, 2022). "A new start: Initial plans for rebuilding Newnan High School unveiled". Newnan-Times Herald. Retrieved November 8, 2022.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Newnan city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Newnan, GA". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  16. ^ Schindler, Madeline (July 24, 2017). "African American Museum remains open". The Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  17. ^ Dianne (March 30, 2008). "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia: Black Firsts in Coweta County". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  18. ^ "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  19. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  20. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  21. ^ "University of West Georgia- Newnan." University of West Georgia. N.p., 2011. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westga.edu/newnan/>.
  22. ^ "Coweta Campus Central Educational Center." West Georgia Technical College. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westgatech.edu/locations/coweta.htm Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine>.
  23. ^ Godey, Louis Antoine; Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell (1856). "COLLEGE TEMPLE, NEWNAN, GEORGIA". Godey's Magazine. 52–53. Godey Company: 154–55. Retrieved January 9, 2022. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  24. ^ "LINC construction set to begin". May 11, 2018.
  25. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 6". Official Guide of the Railways. 88 (4). National Railway Publication Company. September 1955.
  26. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway". Official Guide of the Railways. 99 (7). National Railway Publication Company. December 1956.
  27. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 3". Official Guide of the Railways. 102 (12). National Railway Publication Company. May 1970.
  28. ^ "Passenger Trains Operating on the Eve of Amtrak" Trains magazine http://ctr.trains.com/~/media/import/files/pdf/f/7/7/passenger_trains_operating_on_the_eve_of_amtrak.pdf
  29. ^ "Southern Railway, Table A". Official Guide of the Railways. 102 (5). National Railway Publication Company. October 1969.
  30. ^ "Southern Railway, Table A (rerouted west through Birmingham)". Official Guide of the Railways. 102 (12). National Railway Publication Company. May 1970.
  31. ^ "Atlanta and West Point Rail Road". Official Guide of the Railways. 98 (2). National Railway Publication Company. July 1965.
  32. ^ "Lynn Smith's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
  33. ^ a b c "Filming in Coweta". Coweta County. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  34. ^ "Good Reads Page for Murder in Coweta County book".
  35. ^ "Murder in Coweta County IMDB". IMDb. February 15, 1983.
  36. ^ "Movies". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2012. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012.
  37. ^ "Newnan Archives – The Walking Dead Locations". The Walking Dead Locations. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  38. ^ Campbell, Sarah Fay (March 24, 2017). "Two productions filming in downtown Newnan Wednesday". Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved August 10, 2018.