Martin County
Martin County Courthouse
Martin County Courthouse
Official seal of Martin County
Map of Florida highlighting Martin County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 27°05′N 80°24′W / 27.08°N 80.4°W / 27.08; -80.4
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedMay 30, 1925
Named forJohn W. Martin
SeatStuart
Largest communityPalm City
Area
 • Total753 sq mi (1,950 km2)
 • Land543 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Water209 sq mi (540 km2)  27.8%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total158,431[1]
 • Density295/sq mi (114/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district18th
Websitewww.martin.fl.us
The new Roosevelt Bridge

Martin County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region of the state of Florida, in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 158,431.[2] Its county seat is Stuart.[3] Martin County is in the Port St. Lucie, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Martin County was created in 1925 with the northern portion coming from St. Lucie County and southern portion coming from Palm Beach County. It was named for John W. Martin, Governor of Florida from 1925 to 1929.[4]

When the county was created, the western contour followed the shore of Lake Okeechobee, as did the borders of Glades, Okeechobee, and Hendry counties. Palm Beach County had historically claimed all of the surface of the lake as part of its area, to its benefit for the distribution of state and federal highway funds. The state representative of Martin County, William Ralph Scott of Stuart, initiated a bill to divide the lake among its adjacent counties, creating a more equitable distribution of state funds for road creation and maintenance. All bordering counties confirmed the justice of this change and supported its ratification, with the exception of Palm Beach County. Representatives from Palm Beach County later presented Representative William Scott with a jug of water, signifying "all the water Bill Scott left Palm Beach County." The jug is in the possession of Stuart Heritage.

Geography

Hobe Sound, FL[5]
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 753 square miles (1,950 km2), of which 543 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and (27.8%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Florida by land area, and fifty-third largest by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Environment

Martin County Shore Protection Project

According to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Martin County Shore Protection Project includes nourishment of approximately 3.75 miles of beach extending from the St. Lucie County line south to the Stuart Public Beach Park in Martin County. Included in the project is restoration of the primary dune and a 35-foot-wide protective berm. The renourishment interval for this project is every 7 years.[7]

The last renourishment of the Martin County Shore Protection Project was completed in May 2013 and included a Flood Control and Coastal Emergency component due impacts incurred with the passage of Hurricane Sandy in 2012. The next renourishment event is scheduled for 2019.[7]

The estimated total cost of this project is $69.9 million, $32.5 million of which is to be paid for by the U.S. Federal Government. In Fiscal Year 2015, no funding was appropriated to the project by the U.S. Congress. In the Fiscal Year 2016 U.S. President's Budget Request to the U.S. Congress, no funding dollars was requested for the project.[7]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19305,111
19406,29523.2%
19507,80724.0%
196016,932116.9%
197028,03565.6%
198064,014128.3%
1990100,90057.6%
2000126,73125.6%
2010146,31815.5%
2020158,4318.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[2]

2020 census

Martin County racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[12][13]
Race Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 117,532 119,216 80.33% 75.25%
Black or African American (NH) 7,493 7,277 5.12% 4.59%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 248 218 0.17% 0.14%
Asian (NH) 1,510 2,246 1.03% 1.42%
Pacific Islander (NH) 52 42 0.04% 0.03%
Some Other Race (NH) 139 525 0.09% 0.33%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,463 4,720 1.0% 2.98%
Hispanic or Latino 17,881 24,187 12.22% 15.27%
Total 146,318 158,431

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 158,431 people, 65,014 households, and 40,328 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 126,731 people, 55,288 households, and 36,213 families residing in the county. The population density was 228 per square mile (88/km2). There were 65,471 housing units at an average density of 118 per square mile (46/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.88% White, 5.27% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 7.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 55,288 households, out of which 21.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 18.60% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 28.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,083, and the median income for a family was $53,244. Males had a median income of $36,133 versus $27,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,584. About 5.60% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airports

Major highways

Trails

The Lake Okeechobee Scenic Trail, a segment of the Florida National Scenic Trail, passes through Martin County.

Government

Martin County is a non-chartered county and its form of government is prescribed by the Florida Constitution and Florida Statutes, as follows:

Board of County Commissioners

Tabebuia off Savanna Road in Jensen Beach. April 2010. Typical of such trees blooming throughout Martin county in the spring
Tabebuia off Savanna Road in Jensen Beach. April 2010. Typical of such trees blooming throughout Martin county in the spring

The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative body of the county and has charge of all county executive and administrative functions, except those assigned by the Constitution to independent county officers or to the independent school district. The board also has some quasi-judicial functions. Some of functions exercised by the board are county-wide, while others are applicable only in the unincorporated areas of the county, where the board has many of the functions of a municipality. The county commissioners are elected by county-wide vote, but each one represents a specific district. The board appoints the county administrator who is responsible to it for the day-to-day operations of the county government. The current county commissioners by district number are:

Constitutional officers

The elected Constitutional officers are:

School district

The independent Martin County School District has a board appointed superintendent of schools and an elected school board, as follows:

Electoral politics

Martin County is a long-standing Republican stronghold which has not supported a Democrat for the White House since Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1944.

Presidential election results
Martin County Presidential election results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2020 61.8% 61,168 37.3% 36,893 0.9% 881
2016 61.4% 53,204 34.8% 30,185 3.7% 3,244
2012 61.0% 48,183 38.1% 30,107 1.0% 747
2008 56.2% 44,143 42.7% 33,508 1.1% 871
2004 57.1% 41,362 41.7% 30,208 1.2% 883
2000 54.8% 33,972 42.9% 26,621 2.3% 1,423
1996 52.2% 28,522 38.2% 20,855 9.7% 5,279
1992 46.6% 24,800 27.8% 14,802 25.5% 13,582
1988 72.6% 31,279 26.7% 11,488 0.7% 316
1984 76.3% 28,900 23.7% 8,978 0.0% 9
1980 68.1% 20,521 26.8% 8,087 5.1% 1,546
1976 56.3% 11,682 42.3% 8,785 1.4% 289
1972 78.8% 11,296 20.6% 2,946 0.6% 88
1968 50.6% 5,179 25.2% 2,580 24.2% 2,471
1964 54.2% 4,292 45.8% 3,621
1960 58.2% 3,701 41.9% 2,664
1956 68.4% 2,997 31.6% 1,387
1952 64.7% 2,308 35.4% 1,262
1948 44.8% 948 38.6% 815 16.6% 351
1944 35.6% 530 64.4% 960
1940 36.9% 596 63.1% 1,018
1936 29.6% 327 70.4% 778
1932 31.5% 379 68.5% 825
1928 58.1% 703 39.1% 474 2.8% 34

Libraries

The Martin County Library System has 6 branches.

Attractions

Florida panther at Possum Long, September, 1992
Florida panther at Possum Long, September, 1992

Historic areas

On the National Register of Historic Places:

Other historic areas listed in 1989 by the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects:[22]

Other places listed in 2012 by the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in its Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places.[23]

Communities

Downtown Stuart, in the heart of the county seat
Downtown Stuart, in the heart of the county seat

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Sunset from the Intracoastal Waterway at Hobe Sound
Sunset from the Intracoastal Waterway at Hobe Sound

Other unincorporated places

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Martin County, Florida". US Census. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts Martin County, Florida". U.S Census Bureau QuickFacts: Martin County, FL. April 29, 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Governor John W. Martin House (Report). Washington, D.C.: National Park Service. 1985. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  5. ^ http://www.usa.com/hobe-sound-fl-weather.htm#HistoricalTemperature
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Fact Sheet - Martin County Shore Protection Project" (PDF).
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ "Naked Lady Ranch Airport". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  16. ^ "Meet the Clerk". Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  17. ^ "Jenny Fields, CFA Martin County Property Appraiser". Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  18. ^ "Superintendent". martinschools.org. Archived from the original on March 5, 2021. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  21. ^ Audubon of Martin County: Possum Long Nature Center Archived 2008-10-09 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ A Guide to Florida's Historic Architecture, 1989, Gainesville: University of Florida Press, p. 137, ISBN 0-8130-0941-3
  23. ^ "Start Voting for Your Favorite Florida Architecture!". 2017 People's Choice Award (Florida Architecture). Retrieved March 19, 2018.

Official website

Coordinates: 27°05′N 80°24′W / 27.08°N 80.40°W / 27.08; -80.40