Pasco County
Pasco County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°18′N 82°26′W / 28.3°N 82.44°W / 28.3; -82.44
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedJune 2, 1887
Named forSamuel Pasco
SeatDade City
Largest CDPWesley Chapel
Area
 • Total868 sq mi (2,250 km2)
 • Land747 sq mi (1,930 km2)
 • Water122 sq mi (320 km2)  14.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
553,947
 • Density704/sq mi (272/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.pascocountyfl.net

Pasco County is located on the west central coast of the U.S. state of Florida. According to the 2010 census, the population was 464,697.[1] Its county seat is Dade City,[2] and its largest city is New Port Richey. The county is named after Samuel Pasco.

Pasco County is included in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Tampa Bay Area and is primarily a bedroom community for Tampa.

It includes numerous parks and trails located along rivers, the Gulf of Mexico, lakes, and highway/railroad right-of-ways. Several nudist resorts are located in Pasco. It has become known as the "naturist capital of the United States," beginning with a development in 1941.[3] West Pasco includes retirement areas, commercial fishing, and suburbs of Tampa. The Suncoast Parkway as well as U.S. 19, U.S. 41, U.S. 98, U.S. 301, and Interstate 75 all pass through Pasco. The county is directly west of Polk and Sumter counties, north of Hillsborough and Pinellas counties, and south of Hernando County.

History

US Senator Samuel Pasco
US Senator Samuel Pasco

Pasco County was created on June 2, 1887, from the southern third of Hernando County. The same legislation also created Citrus County from the northern third of Hernando County. The county was named after Samuel Pasco, who had just been elected to the United States Senate.[4]

Dade City was named the temporary county seat until a popular vote was held in 1889, at which time voters made Dade City the permanent county seat. As early as 1917, residents of the western part of the county proposed forming a separate county or merging with Pinellas County, as Dade City was not centrally located in the county. The issue was finally resolved in the late 1970s with the construction of identical government centers in both Dade City and New Port Richey.

The earliest towns were Anclote, Blanton, Dade City, Earnestville, Fort Dade (not to be confused with Fort Dade on Egmont Key), Macon (Trilby), Lacoochee, St. Leo,[5] and San Antonio. Citrus was an important industry when the county was formed, although a decline followed a freeze in 1895. Several large sawmills operated in the county in the early part of the 20th century. During the Florida land boom of the 1920s, New Port Richey became the winter home of silent screen star Thomas Meighan and golfer Gene Sarazen; Meighan attempted to bring other Hollywood figures to the city. The county has experienced significant population growth since the 1960s. The growth began along the Gulf coast but is now occurring most rapidly in areas north of Tampa.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 868 square miles (2,250 km2), of which 747 sq mi (1,930 km2) is land and 122 sq mi (320 km2) (14.0%) is water.[6]

A portion of Eastern Pasco County contains rolling topography with elevations from 100 to 160 ft (30 to 49 m), along with San Antonio and St. Leo.

Adjacent counties

Climate

The county has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) and average temperatures in Dade City range from 59.2 °F in January to 82.1 °F in July and August while in Port Richey they range from 59.0 °F in January to 82.2 °F in August. [1]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18904,249
19006,05442.5%
19107,50223.9%
19208,80217.3%
193010,57420.1%
194013,98132.2%
195020,52946.8%
196036,78579.2%
197075,955106.5%
1980193,643154.9%
1990281,13145.2%
2000344,76522.6%
2010464,69734.8%
2019 (est.)553,947[7]19.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 344,765 people, 147,566 households, and 99,016 families residing in the county. The population density was 463 people per square mile (179/km2). There were 173,717 housing units at an average density of 233 per square mile (90/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.70% White, 2.07% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 5.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 147,566 households, out of which 23.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.20% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 26.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,969, and the median income for a family was $39,568. Males had a median income of $30,974 versus $23,802 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,439. About 7.60% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Though the county seat is in Dade City, duplicate county government offices and court facilities are also located in the New Port Richey area on the west side of the county.

Politically, the county has been a swing area over the past quarter century. However, three of the last four elections have trended strongly Republican in Presidential elections, with 2008 being the exception. Although the GOP had the most votes in 2008, it was by a much smaller margin than the previous 2004 election or the subsequent 2012 and 2016 elections.

Presidential election results
Pasco County vote
by party in presidential elections
[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 59.3% 179,621 39.3% 119,073 1.3% 3,927
2016 58.4% 142,101 37.0% 90,142 4.5% 11,022
2012 52.4% 112,427 45.8% 98,263 1.6% 3,558
2008 51.0% 110,104 47.5% 102,417 1.4% 3,068
2004 54.0% 103,230 44.3% 84,749 1.5% 2,937
2000 48.0% 68,607 48.7% 69,576 3.2% 4,586
1996 36.2% 48,355 49.8% 66,475 13.9% 18,641
1992 35.1% 47,735 39.0% 53,130 25.8% 35,097
1988 55.5% 63,820 43.8% 50,385 0.5% 598
1984 61.9% 66,618 38.0% 40,962 0.0% 8
1980 56.6% 50,120 38.5% 34,054 4.8% 4,268
1976 45.1% 28,306 53.7% 33,710 1.1% 731
1972 71.9% 29,249 27.8% 11,330 0.2% 97
1968 42.3% 9,743 27.3% 6,292 30.2% 6,966
1964 48.3% 7,606 51.6% 8,135
1960 55.2% 7,188 44.7% 5,832
1956 56.8% 5,501 43.1% 4,181
1952 56.2% 4,562 43.7% 3,549
1948 37.6% 1,839 48.6% 2,375 13.6% 667
1944 34.8% 1,352 65.1% 2,523
1940 30.5% 1,362 69.4% 3,091
1936 34.2% 1,159 65.7% 2,229
1932 24.3% 806 75.6% 2,504
1928 54.2% 1,591 44.6% 1,308 1.1% 33
1924 32.4% 472 53.5% 780 14.0% 204
1920 33.4% 630 61.8% 1,166 4.6% 88
1916 19.8% 236 65.4% 779 14.7% 176
1912 8.3% 60 67.4% 485 24.2% 174
1908 14.2% 81 76.4% 436 9.3% 53
1904 16.8% 96 79.4% 453 3.6% 21
1900 5.5% 32 84.6% 492 9.8% 57
1896 12.4% 70 85.7% 482 1.7% 10
1892 83.2% 471 16.7% 95

Transportation

Aviation

Bus service

Pasco County Public Transportation provides bus service throughout Pasco County.[18]

Railroads

CSX operates three rail lines within the county. Dade City and Zephyrhills are served with a line from Plant City. Amtrak formerly provided passenger rail service to Dade City on that line, but the stop was terminated in late 2004.[19] The other two lines include the Brooksville Subdivision which runs close to US 41 and the Vitis Subdivision, which runs southeast into Lakeland.

Notable abandoned railroad lines include a former branch of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad northwest of Trilacoochee (formerly Owensboro Junction) that became part of the Withlacoochee State Trail, a segment of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad branch stretching from Zephyrhills to Trilacoochee, the former Tampa and Thonotosassa Railroad along the east side of US 301 that spanned from Sulphur Springs to Zephyrhills, part of the Orange Belt Railway which became the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad which ran from St. Petersburg and entered the county in what is today Trinity to Trilby (abandoned during the early to mid-1970s), and a branch of the Seaboard Air Line that ran through Holiday, Elfers and into New Port Richey.

The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad until 1957 ran the Southland through Trilby and Tarpon Springs, en route to St. Petersburg. The train was unusual for providing passenger service direct from Chicago (via the Pennsylvania), Cincinnati and Atlanta on a direct route through the western part of the Florida peninsula, bypassing Jacksonville.[20][21] The Seaboard Coast Line (a merged line from the Atlantic Coast Line and the Seaboard Coast Line) until 1971 ran a local train (the last passenger train for the region north of St. Petersburg and west of Dade City) through those towns from Jacksonville and Gainesville, bound for St. Petersburg.[22] Prior to the 1967 merger for the SCL that service had been the western branch of the ACL's Champion from New York City.[23]

The SAL Tarpon Springs branch line from Tarpon Junction 14 miles west of Tampa to Elfers and thence to Newport Richey to New Port Richey was lost its passenger service and became listed as freight only between 1932 and 1938.[24][25] The freight branch was truncated to Elfers in 1943. The tracks from Elfers and Chemical (an industrial area in the extreme southwest part of the county along the Anclote River west of Holiday) to Tarpon Springs were removed in the late 1980s, leaving the western half of the county without freight rail service.

Major roads

See also: List of county roads in Pasco County, Florida

Education

Public schools in the county are operated by Pasco County Schools.

The county has seen explosive growth in student enrollment, increasing from 46,458 students in the 1999-2000 year to 65,126 in the 2007-2008 year, an increase of 18,668 or 40.2%. The projected enrollment for the 2007-2008 was 64,674, so the actual enrollment was 452 students over the projection.[26][27][needs update] Yearly, the school district has grown 2,489 or 5.4%, which has led to the building of one new school a year.[citation needed] The enrollment in 2017 is up to 73,538.

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

Special education centers

Private schools

Colleges and universities

Libraries

Pasco County Library Cooperative

The Pasco County Library Cooperative (PCLC) is the public library system that serves residents of Pasco County.[28] It consists of seven branch libraries and one cooperative partner, the Zephyrhills Public Library.[29] The Pasco County Libraries operated on a budget of $6,205,291 for fiscal year 2016–2017. Pasco Libraries circulated 2,623,024 items during that period.[30] The head of library services reports to the Assistant County Administrator for Public Services.[31]

Pasco County Library Cooperative Libraries

New Port Richey Public Library

The New Port Richey Public Library[40] is located in the New Port Richey area of Pasco County. It is the only public library in Pasco County that is not a part of the Pasco County Library Cooperative. Since the library is independent, it issues its own library cards. Cards are free for all Pasco County residents and for those who pay property taxes to the city of New Port Richey. Members of libraries which have reciprocal borrowing agreements with the NPR library are also issued free cards.[41]

Parks and recreation

Recreational areas include Hudson Beach, The New Port Richey Recreation & Aquatic Center, Odessa Community Park, Moon Lake Park, Land o' Lakes Heritage Park, Land o' Lakes Recreation Complex, Robert K Rees Memorial Park, Veterans Memorial Park, J. Ben Harrill Recreation Complex, the Jay Starkey Preserve, Werner-Boyce Salt Springs State Park, a section of the Suncoast Trail, a section of the Withlacoochee State Trail, Conner Preserve, Cypress Creek Preserve, Withlacoochee River Park, and Crews Lake Wilderness Park.[42] Kayaking, canoeing, sailing, power boating, jet skiing, and fishing are popular along the coast, and large tracts are preserved from development.

Environmental lands acquired for preservation include Aripeka Sandhills Preserve, Boy Scout Preserve, Cypress Creek Preserve, Pasco County, Jumping Gully Preserve, Pasco Palms Preserve, Tierra Del Sol Preserve and Upper Pithlachascotee River Preserve.

Communities

Incorporated municipalities of Pasco County.
Incorporated municipalities of Pasco County.
County map from https://www.census.gov
County map from https://www.census.gov
Name Type of community Population (2010)
Aripeka Census-designated place
Bayonet Point Census-designated place 23 467[43]
Beacon Square Census-designated place 7 224[44]
Connerton Census-designated place
Crystal Springs Census-designated place
Dade City City 6 437[45]
Dade City North Census-designated place
Elfers Census-designated place 13 986[46]
Heritage Pines Census-designated place
Holiday Census-designated place 22 403[47]
Hudson Census-designated place 12 158[48]
Jasmine Estates Census-designated place 18 989[49]
Key Vista Census-designated place
Lacoochee Census-designated place
Land o' Lakes Census-designated place 31 996[50]
Meadow Oaks Census-designated place
Moon Lake Census-designated place
New Port Richey City 14 911[51]
New Port Richey East Census-designated place 10 036[52]
Odessa Census-designated place 7 267[53]
Pasadena Hills Census-designated place 7 570[54]
Port Richey City
Quail Ridge Census-designated place
River Ridge Census-designated place 13 494[55]
San Antonio City
Shady Hills Census-designated place 11 523[56]
St. Leo Town
Trilby Census-designated place
Trinity Census-designated place 10 907[57]
Wesley Chapel Census-designated place 44 092[58]
Zephyrhills City
Zephyrhills North Census-designated place
Zephyrhills South Census-designated place 5 276[59]
Zephyrhills West Census-designated place 5 865[60]

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Lee Gregory, "History Unveiled: Pasco Nudism Begins With One Man" "Patch" June 7, 2012 https://patch.com/florida/landolakes/history-unveiled-pasco-nudism-begins-with-one-man
  4. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 33.
  5. ^ FL, Town of St. Leo. "Welcome to St. Leo, FL". www.townofstleo-fl.gov. Archived from the original on August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  14. ^ "zephyrhills-airport.com". www.zephyrhills-airport.com.
  15. ^ "Tampa Bay Airport - Pilot Country Airport". August 21, 2007. Archived from the original on August 21, 2007.
  16. ^ "Welcome to Tampa North Flight Center - Learn to Fly Here!! Aircraft Rental". www.tampanorth.com.
  17. ^ "Welcome to Hidden Lake, Florida's Premier Airport Community - New Port Richey, Florida". www.hiddenlakeairport.com.
  18. ^ "Pasco County Public Transportation (map)". www.pascocountyfl.net. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  19. ^ "St. Petersburg Times". Loss of Amtrak service shouldn't derail Dade City. Retrieved October 29, 2004.
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Railroad, January 1954, page 9, Table C http://streamlinermemories.info/PRR/PRR54-1TT.pdf
  21. ^ Maiken, Peter. Night Trains, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, p. 142.
  22. ^ "Seaboard Coast Line section, Table 15 , p. 295". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (12). May 1970.
  23. ^ April 1967 ACL Timetable, Table 14, reproduced http://www.thejoekorner.com/brochures/acl-timetable/
  24. ^ "Seaboard Air Line Railway, Table 10". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 64 (9). February 1932.
  25. ^ "Seaboard Air Line Railway, Table 16". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 71 (3). August 1938.
  26. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 11, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 11, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ Pasco County Library Cooperative. (2012). 2012-2015 strategic vision, www.pascolibraries.org/PascoLibraryStratPlanFinal2.pdf
  29. ^ "Zephyrhills Public Library - Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org.
  30. ^ "Strategic Plan 2018-2021". Pasco Libraries. October 30, 2019.
  31. ^ Pasco County Board of County Commissioners. (2012). Annual budget Pasco County FY 2013, http://www.pascocountyfl.net/Archive.aspx?ADID=644[permanent dead link]
  32. ^ "Centennial Park Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  33. ^ "Hudson Library\Administration & Support Services | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  34. ^ "Hugh Embry Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  35. ^ "Land o' Lakes Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  36. ^ "New River Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  37. ^ "Regency Park Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  38. ^ "South Holiday Branch Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  39. ^ "Zephyrhills Public Library | Pasco Libraries". www.pascolibraries.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  40. ^ "NPR Library". nprlibrary.org. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  41. ^ "FAQs". nprlibrary.org. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
  42. ^ "Browse Recreation Sites - WaterMatters.org". www.swfwmd.state.fl.us.
  43. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/bayonetpointcdpflorida
  44. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/beaconsquarecdpflorida
  45. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/dadecitycityflorida
  46. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/elferscdpflorida
  47. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/holidaycdpflorida
  48. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/hudsoncdpflorida
  49. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/jasmineestatescdpflorida
  50. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/landolakescdpflorida
  51. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/newportricheycityflorida
  52. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/newportricheyeastcdpflorida
  53. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/odessacdpflorida
  54. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/pasadenahillscdpflorida
  55. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/riverridgecdplouisiana
  56. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/shadyhillscdpflorida
  57. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/trinitycdpflorida
  58. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/wesleychapelcdpflorida
  59. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/zephyrhillssouthcdpflorida
  60. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/zephyrhillswestcdpflorida
  61. ^ https://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=GNISPQ:3:::NO::P3_FID:286213[bare URL]
  62. ^ Fiallo, Josh (February 1, 2020). "Can you see him? John Cena takes riding lesson in Pasco". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  63. ^ Betts (April 12, 2012). "Sex for money why not". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022.

Coordinates: 28°18′N 82°26′W / 28.30°N 82.44°W / 28.30; -82.44