Kendall, Florida
Dadeland forms the business area of Kendall.
Dadeland forms the business area of Kendall.
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendall showing boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendall showing boundaries
Coordinates: 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667
Country United States of America
State Florida
County Miami-Dade
Government
 • Governing bodyMiami-Dade County
 • MayorDaniella Levine Cava
Area
 • Total16.60 sq mi (43.00 km2)
 • Land16.10 sq mi (41.70 km2)
 • Water0.50 sq mi (1.30 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 • Total80,241
 • Density4,984.22/sq mi (1,924.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
33156, 33173, 33176, 33183, 33186 (Miami)
Area code(s)305, 786, 645
FIPS code12-36100[3]
GNIS feature ID0285050[4]

Kendall is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Miami-Dade County, Florida. It is part of the Miami metropolitan area of South Florida. At the 2020 census, the area had a population of 80,241.[2]

History

Much of what is now Kendall was purchased from the State of Florida in 1883 by the Florida Land and Mortgage Company. It was named for Henry John Broughton Kendall, a director of the company, who moved to the area in the 1900s to manage the company's land. As the land was not open to homesteading, development was slow well into the 20th century. A post office opened in 1914, and the first school opened in 1929. After the end of the land boom in 1926, some residents left. Two Seminole camps were in the Kendall area, and Seminoles continued to live there into the 1940s.[5]

Prior to the 1950s, the term "Kendall" was used to describe a region centered around U.S. Route 1, bounded by Snapper Creek to the north, the Everglades to the west, Old Cutler Road to the east, and the former community of Rockdale to the south. This area was largely uninhabited, generally consisting of pine rockland interspersed with fields and groves. As the region experienced rapid development in the 1950s, the moniker "Kendall" came to refer to the various communities built in the vicinity of present-day Pinecrest and the eastern half of the current Kendall CDP. When growth shifted west in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, the usage of the term steadily shifted west concurrently, and today it is most often applied to the area more formally known as West Kendall. Prior to incorporation in 1996, the Village of Pinecrest was still included in the official boundaries of Kendall CDP.

Dadeland Mobile Home Park neighborhood near Kendall destroyed by Hurricane Andrew in 1992.

In August 1992, Kendall and the surrounding South Dade area were severely damaged by Hurricane Andrew. Many of the homes and businesses in the area were destroyed. In the subsequent years, the area was slowly rebuilt.[6]

Geography

Kendall is located 14 miles (23 km) southwest of downtown Miami at 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667 (25.666781, −80.356533).[7] It is bordered to the east by the village of Pinecrest, to the southeast by the village of Palmetto Bay, to the south by Palmetto Estates and Richmond Heights, to the southwest by Three Lakes, to the west by The Crossings, to the northwest by Kendale Lakes, to the north by Sunset, and to the northeast by Glenvar Heights.

U.S. Route 1 forms the eastern boundary of Kendall; it leads northeast to Miami and southwest 16 miles (26 km) to Homestead. The Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike forms the western boundary of Kendall, leading north 10 miles (16 km) to Doral and south 18 miles (29 km) to its southern terminus at Florida City. The Don Shula Expressway (Florida State Road 874) crosses Kendall from northeast to southwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Kendall CDP has a total area of 16.6 square miles (43 km2); 16.1 square miles (42 km2) of it are land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (3.03%) are water.[1]

Climate

Kendall has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) which is similar to the remainder of Miami-Dade County, although its inland location does make it cooler at night and warmer during the day.

Climate data for Kendall, Florida (Miami Executive Airport), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1998–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
91
(33)
92
(33)
97
(36)
97
(36)
98
(37)
99
(37)
99
(37)
95
(35)
96
(36)
92
(33)
89
(32)
99
(37)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 84.9
(29.4)
87.3
(30.7)
90.0
(32.2)
92.2
(33.4)
94.4
(34.7)
95.2
(35.1)
94.9
(34.9)
95.7
(35.4)
93.9
(34.4)
92.1
(33.4)
87.5
(30.8)
85.2
(29.6)
96.7
(35.9)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 76.9
(24.9)
79.6
(26.4)
81.9
(27.7)
85.1
(29.5)
88.2
(31.2)
90.3
(32.4)
91.2
(32.9)
91.7
(33.2)
89.8
(32.1)
87.0
(30.6)
81.9
(27.7)
78.8
(26.0)
85.2
(29.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 66.9
(19.4)
69.1
(20.6)
71.5
(21.9)
75.0
(23.9)
78.9
(26.1)
82.1
(27.8)
83.1
(28.4)
83.6
(28.7)
82.3
(27.9)
79.2
(26.2)
73.1
(22.8)
69.4
(20.8)
76.2
(24.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 56.8
(13.8)
58.6
(14.8)
61.1
(16.2)
64.9
(18.3)
69.5
(20.8)
74.0
(23.3)
74.9
(23.8)
75.4
(24.1)
74.7
(23.7)
71.3
(21.8)
64.3
(17.9)
60.0
(15.6)
67.1
(19.5)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 40.0
(4.4)
44.6
(7.0)
47.1
(8.4)
54.4
(12.4)
61.7
(16.5)
69.9
(21.1)
71.5
(21.9)
72.5
(22.5)
70.6
(21.4)
62.3
(16.8)
51.4
(10.8)
46.8
(8.2)
37.4
(3.0)
Record low °F (°C) 30
(−1)
32
(0)
35
(2)
44
(7)
53
(12)
66
(19)
68
(20)
69
(21)
67
(19)
52
(11)
38
(3)
31
(−1)
30
(−1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.74
(44)
1.96
(50)
2.03
(52)
2.86
(73)
5.16
(131)
8.82
(224)
7.19
(183)
8.28
(210)
8.42
(214)
5.25
(133)
2.09
(53)
2.28
(58)
56.08
(1,424)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.4 8.0 7.3 7.4 11.2 18.7 18.9 18.1 18.0 12.6 8.9 10.1 148.6
Source: NOAA (mean maxima/minima 2006–2020)[8][9]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
197035,497
198073,758107.8%
199087,27118.3%
200075,226−13.8%
201075,3710.2%
202080,2416.5%
source:[10]

2010 and 2020 census

Kendall racial composition
(Hispanics excluded from racial categories)
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race Pop 2010[11] Pop 2020[12] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 21,432 16,781 28.44% 20.91%
Black or African American (NH) 2,680 2,339 3.56% 2.91%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 37 31 0.05% 0.04%
Asian (NH) 2,190 2,087 2.91% 2.60%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian (NH) 24 13 0.03% 0.02%
Some other race (NH) 232 369 0.31% 0.46%
Two or more races/Multiracial (NH) 738 1,558 0.98% 1.94%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 48,038 57,063 63.74% 71.11%
Total 75,371 80,241

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 80,241 people, 27,691 households, and 19,077 families residing in the CDP.[13]

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 75,371 people, 27,287 households, and 18,812 families residing in the CDP.[14]

2000 census

In 2000, 33.4% households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.

In 2000, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

In 2000, the median household income was $51,330 and the median family income was $61,241. Males had a median income of $42,875 and females $31,416. The per capita income was $27,914. About 5.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, 52.46% of residents spoke Spanish at home, while those who spoke only English comprised 40.38%. Speakers of Portuguese were 1.49% of the population, French 1.12%, and French Creole 0.95%.[15]

Transportation

See also: Transportation in South Florida

Kendall is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Metrorail at:

Both stations provide metro service from Dadeland to nearby commercial centers like the city of Coral Gables, Downtown Miami, and Miami International Airport. Dadeland South station is a major transit depot in the area, connecting the southernmost cities of Homestead and Florida City to Metrorail via limited-stop bus rapid transit along the South Miami-Dade Busway.

Economy

Pollo Tropical has its headquarters in Dadeland,[16] Kendall.[17][18][19] The headquarters moved to Dadeland in 1994.[16]

Kendall is the site of Dadeland Mall, an upscale indoor shopping mall in East Kendall with Macy's, Saks Fifth Avenue and JCPenney as anchor stores. In South Kendall, directly south of Dadeland Mall on US-1 is The Falls (mall), an open-air shopping mall with Macy's as anchor store as well as a Regal Cinema.

Prior to its dissolution, Air Florida was headquartered in the Dade Towers in what is now the Kendall CDP.[18][20]

Government and infrastructure

The Miami-Dade Police Department operates the Kendall District Station in the CDP.[18][21]

Notable people

Education

Primary, middle and secondary schools

Public schools

The first public school in Kendall was Kendall School, now renamed Kenwood K-8 Center. Kenwood is the site of the Kenwoods Hammock, a native forest planting which has become a world-renowned stop for bird watchers.

Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Kendall.

Kindergarten - 12th grade
High schools
Middle schools
Elementary schools

Private schools

Colleges and universities

Supplementary schools

Miami Hoshuko, a weekend school for Japanese citizens, previously held classes at the Kendall United Methodist Church,[31] now in Pinecrest but formerly in the Kendall CDP as of 1990.[32]

Media

Kendall is served by the Miami market for local radio and television. Kendall has its own newspaper, The Kendall Gazette, which is published twice monthly and is part of Miami Community Newspapers.

References

  1. ^ a b "2022 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  2. ^ a b "P1. Race – Kendall CDP, Florida: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ Taylor, Jean (1985). Villages of South Dade. St. Petersburg, Fla: B. Kennedy. pp. 39–49. LCCN 88132899. OCLC 18906834.
  6. ^ [1]
    - "Remembering the fury of Hurricane Andrew in South Florida". miamiherald.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  9. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  10. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
    - Kendall lost census territory when Pinecrest incorporated in 1996.
  11. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Kendall CDP, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Kendall CDP, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "S1101 HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES - 2020: Kendall CDP, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "S1101 HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES - 2010: Kendall CDP, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  15. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of Kendall, FL". Modern Language Association. Retrieved November 6, 2007.
  16. ^ a b "About Us." Pollo Tropical. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "Brothers Larry and Stuart Harris open first Pollo Tropical® in Miami at 741 NW 37th Avenue."
  17. ^ "Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. 2010 Annual Report Archived 2012-09-17 at the Wayback Machine." Carrols Restaurant Group. 38. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "We also lease approximately 13,500 square feet at 7300 North Kendall Drive, 8th Floor, Miami, Florida, which houses most of our administrative operations for our Pollo Tropical restaurants."
  18. ^ a b c "Kendall CDP, Florida[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  19. ^ "SOMERSET ACADEMY SHARKS TAKE A BITE AT FUNDRAISING, BENEFIT AT POLLO TROPICAL® ON APRIL 14 Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Pollo Tropical. April 6, 2010. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "7300 NORTH KENDALL DRIVE, EIGHTH FLOOR MIAMI, FLORIDA 33176"
  20. ^ 466 World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975.
  21. ^ "Kendall District Station." Miami-Dade Police Department. Retrieved September 8, 2012. "7707 SW 117th Avenue Miami, FL 33183-3899 USA"
  22. ^ Kaplan, member of boxing Hall of Fame, dies at 88
  23. ^ Malcolm, Andrew. "Janet Reno to be named for Alonzo Mourning or something like that", Los Angeles Times, June 17, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
  24. ^ "OJ Simpson cleared of 'road rage'", BBC News, October 21, 2001. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "School Reviews for Kendall". Zillow. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  26. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Kendall CDP, FL" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 26, 2015. Pages: 1, 2, and 3.
  27. ^ Home. Miami Killian High School. Retrieved on January 8, 2017. "Miami Killian Senior High School | 10655 SW 97TH AVENUE MIAMI, FL 33176" - Put the whole address in a map program and you will see it is in Kendall CDP.
  28. ^ " Furthermore, in West Kendall Miami Sunset High Schoolserves the community. Boundaries". Miami Palmetto High School. Accessed October 30, 2008.
  29. ^ "Home". St. John Neumann School. Retrieved May 6, 2020. 12115 SW 107th Ave Miami, Florida 33176 - Compare address to Kendall CDP map
  30. ^ "About CBT - Technology Degree and HVAC Technician degrees Miami".
  31. ^ Ortega, Cristina M. (February 16, 1997). "Lessons to bridge cultural differences". Miami Herald. Miami, Florida. pp. 1, 18–19. - Clipping of first and of second and third pages from Newspapers.com.
  32. ^