WPBT
MiamiFort Lauderdale
Palm Beaches, Florida
United States
CityMiami, Florida
ChannelsDigital: 29 (UHF)
(shared with WXEL-TV and WURH-CD[1])
Virtual: 2
BrandingSouth Florida PBS WPBT
KidVision (PBS Kids programming)
SloganExplore Your Possibilities
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
OwnerSouth Florida PBS, Inc.
WXEL-TV
WURH-CD
History
FoundedNovember 1953
First air date
August 12, 1955 (65 years ago) (1955-08-12)
Former call signs
WTHS-TV (shared operation, 1955–1979)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 2 (VHF, 1955–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 18 (UHF, 2001–2019)
NET (1955–1970)
Call sign meaning
West Palm
Beach
Television
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID13456
ERP1000 kW
HAAT306 m (1,004 ft)
Transmitter coordinates25°57′31″N 80°12′43″W / 25.95861°N 80.21194°W / 25.95861; -80.21194Coordinates: 25°57′31″N 80°12′43″W / 25.95861°N 80.21194°W / 25.95861; -80.21194
Translator(s)W31DC-D 31 Fort Pierce
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websitewww.wpbt2.org

WPBT, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 29), is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Miami, Florida, United States. It serves as the flagship station of South Florida PBS, which also owns Boynton Beach-licensed fellow PBS member WXEL-TV (channel 42, serving the West Palm Beach market) and Miami-licensed Class A station WURH-CD (channel 13). The three stations share transmitter facilities on Northwest 199th Street in Andover; WPBT's studios are located on Northeast 20th Avenue in North Miami. In addition to serving the Miami–Fort Lauderdale market, the station has significant viewership in much of the West Palm Beach market (alongside WXEL-TV), and is the only Miami area television station to serve the entire South Florida metropolis.

WPBT is one of two PBS member stations serving the Miami–Fort Lauderdale market, alongside WLRN-TV (channel 17), owned by Miami-Dade County Public Schools.

On cable, WPBT is available on Comcast Xfinity channel 2 in standard definition and channel 438 in high definition, and on Atlantic Broadband channels 2 (SD) and 802 (HD).

History

The Community Television Foundation of South Florida was formed in November 1953. It immediately jumped into the bidding for Florida's first non-commercial educational television station. The only major competition came from the Dade County School Board. Ultimately, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) awarded licenses to both groups in a time-share arrangement. They signed on channel 2 as a shared operation on August 12, 1955, operating as a member station of National Educational Television (NET) under the call letters WTHS-TV.

WPBT logo used from 2015 to 2017. The "2" was first used in 1995.
WPBT logo used from 2015 to 2017. The "2" was first used in 1995.
WPBT logo used from 2017 to December 2020; this variation was used in 2020
WPBT logo used from 2017 to December 2020; this variation was used in 2020

Under the arrangement, the school board and the foundation alternated airtime on channel 2 airing their programming from separate studios. The school board would air five hours of educational programming during the day, while Community Television Foundation was responsible for evening programming.

Gradually, Community Television Foundation expanded nighttime broadcasting hours, especially after the school board began WSEC-TV (channel 17) as a secondary station. WTHS-TV's broadcast day increased further after the formation of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 1969. At that time, the foundation began using the WPBT call letters for its programming. WTHS-TV continued to share the channel with WPBT until the Dade County Schools moved all instructional programming to WSEC-TV.

As both PBS and South Florida grew during the 1970s, it became apparent that a time-share arrangement was no longer feasible for what had become a major market. Finally, in 1979, the Dade County School Board relinquished its share of channel 2 and returned the WTHS license to the FCC. The board moved WTHS' programming inventory to channel 17, which changed its calls to WLRN-TV.

Until WXEL-TV signed on as the PBS member for West Palm Beach in 1982, WPBT served as the default PBS member for the Palm Beaches and Treasure Coast. For some time after WXEL signed on, WPBT continued to claim the Palm Beaches as part of its primary coverage area, going as far as to identify as "Miami/Fort Lauderdale/Palm Beaches" in 1986. The analog channel 2 signal traveled a very long distance under normal conditions.

In 2010, WPBT rebranded as "2 HD" along with its children's program block KidVision.

On July 15, 2015, the Community Television Foundation announced an agreement with the WXEL Public Broadcasting Corporation, owner of WXEL, to merge the two stations' operations into a new entity, to be known as "South Florida PBS". The merger, which was formally filed with the FCC on July 16, would enable the two stations to pool resources and fundraising efforts to offer more program content.[2][3] However, the two stations have separate governing boards and conduct separate fundraising efforts. With the FCC's repack program, WXEL-TV would relocate its signal to WPBT's transmitter after relinquishing its digital channel 27 license to the FCC. WXEL will continue to broadcast as a digital subchannel on WPBT's signal.

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[4]
2.1 1080i 16:9 WPBT-HD Main WPBT programming / PBS
2.2 480i Create Create
2.3 WPBTHC The Health Channel
2.4 KIDS360 South Florida PBS Kids

Translator

City of license Callsign Channel ERP HAAT Facility ID Transmitter coordinates
Fore Pierce W31DC-D 31 15 kW 98 m (322 ft) 167891 27°32′47″N 80°22′07″W / 27.54639°N 80.36861°W / 27.54639; -80.36861 (W31DC-D)

Analog-to-digital conversion

WPBT ended programming on its analog signal, on VHF channel 2 on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal continued to broadcast on its pre-transition UHF channel 18.[5] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 2.

Original programming

Some of WPBT's notable national programs include the science program Star Gazers, the bilingual sitcom ¿Qué Pasa, USA?, the film show film-maker and its most well known program, the business news and analysis program Nightly Business Report (which was widely distributed by public television stations, mainly those that are members of PBS and had its production responsibilities assumed by CNBC in 2013, and ended its run in December 2019[citation needed]). Locally produced programs that are seen exclusively on the station include Check, Please! South Florida, a restaurant review show based on the series Check, Please! that originated on fellow PBS station WTTW in Chicago.

The station also produces Your South Florida, a weekly half-hour public affairs and news program hosted by Pam Giganti that addresses issues in the local community.

WPBT has also produced two nature series, Wild Florida[6] (hosted by Hunter Reno, which explored Florida's ecosystems and wildlife) and Changing Seas (which was narrated by Peter Thomas and explores the world's oceans along with leading experts who study the Earth's "last frontier").[7] It also produces several documentaries about the South Florida area; projects in development include Stranahan House, Florida’s State Parks, Into the Wild and Lost in Florida.

Since October 5, 1992 (one month before the 24th season of Sesame Street, six months after the debut of Barney & Friends and nine months after the debut of Lamb Chop's Play-Along), WPBT has had its very own children's programming block called KidVision which was a local version of PBS' children's strand (and later as PTV) until 1999 when it was turned into a local version of PBS Kids.

References

  1. ^ SFPBS channel sharing resolution
  2. ^ Mike Janssen (July 15, 2015). "South Florida TV stations announce merger". Current.org. Current LLC. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
  3. ^ Donna Gehrke-White; Johnny Diaz (July 16, 2015). "Two PBS television stations to merge". Sun Sentinel. Tribune Publishing.
  4. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WPBT
  5. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  6. ^ Wild Florida
  7. ^ Changing Seas Media Kit