WHUT-TV
Washington, D.C.
United States
ChannelsDigital: 33 (UHF)
Virtual: 32 (PSIP)
BrandingWHUT
Programming
Affiliations32.1: PBS
32.2: PBS Kids
Ownership
OwnerHoward University
WHUR-FM
History
First air date
November 17, 1980 (40 years ago) (1980-11-17)
Former call signs
WHMM-TV (1980–1998)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
32 (UHF, 1980–2009)
Call sign meaning
Howard
University
Television
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID27772
ERP100 kW
265 kW (application)
HAAT254 m (833 ft)
Transmitter coordinates38°57′1″N 77°4′46″W / 38.95028°N 77.07944°W / 38.95028; -77.07944Coordinates: 38°57′1″N 77°4′46″W / 38.95028°N 77.07944°W / 38.95028; -77.07944
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websitewww.whut.org/home/

WHUT-TV, virtual channel 32 (UHF digital channel 33), is a secondary Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to the American capital city of Washington, District of Columbia. The station is owned by Howard University, a historically black college, and is sister to commercial urban contemporary radio station WHUR (96.3 FM). WHUT-TV's studios are located on the Howard University campus, and its transmitter is located in the Tenleytown neighborhood in the northwest quadrant of Washington.

WHUT airs a variety of standard PBS programming, as well as programs produced by Howard University, and international programs focusing on regions such as the Caribbean and Africa.

History

WHUT-TV studios on the Howard campus
WHUT-TV studios on the Howard campus

On June 25, 1974, Howard University was granted a construction permit to build a new television station on channel 32 in Washington, D.C.[1] It was more than six years before the station signed on November 17, 1980.[2] WHMM-TV (whose call letters stood for Howard University Mass Media[3]) turned Howard, owner of the only radio station owned by an HBCU at the time, into the owner of the first Black-owned public television station.[4] At the outset, the station suffered from some problems with its antenna and the need to train staff on the job.[5] It also faced issues carving out an identity for itself and its mission, with standard PBS fare airing during much of the day; in 1983, its budget was one-third that of WETA-TV.[6] However, within its first decade, it produced 1,000 Howard graduates trained in television production.[7] The long-running Evening Exchange public affairs program, which debuted with the station,[3] became a station staple; it was hosted by Kojo Nnamdi between 1985 and 2011.

Budget cuts at Howard in the late 1980s and 1990s prompted staff cuts in operations. Even as the station tried to significantly step up fundraising,[7] its treatment as another academic department, requiring a different style of management, often hurt WHMM-TV. Staff levels were cut from 90 in 1988 to 65 five years later, when a blue-ribbon panel was convened by PBS to discuss the station's problems; that year, it had to suspend production of Evening Exchange for four months because it had lost revenue from the rights to produce D.C. Lottery drawings.[8] In 1996, the station stopped running pledge drives when they became too expensive for the funds they raised—and would not try again until eight years later.[9]

The call letters were changed to the present WHUT-TV in 1998 to increase channel 32's identification with the university. At the time it had signed on, the WHUT call letters belonged to a radio station in Anderson, Indiana and were not available to Howard.[10]

Soon after the start of preparations for the 2016-17 spectrum reallocation auction, Howard University announced that it was considering the sale of WHUT-TV's channel 33 allocation in the auction in order to alleviate longstanding financial issues at the university. The station was entered into the auction when it began in March 2016. Because of WHUT-TV's status as the only black-owned public television station in the United States, the decision attracted sustained opposition from faculty and community members who feared the loss of a rare minority voice in public media.[11] Howard announced WHUT-TV was withdrawn from the auction on February 16, 2017; the official reason was that the station's asking price had become low enough through the reverse auction process that it was apparent selling would not produce sufficient proceeds to justify ending operations.[12]

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[13]
32.1 1080i 16:9 WHUT HD Main WHUT-TV programming / PBS
32.2 480i 4:3 WHUTKid PBS Kids

WHUT began broadcasting in digital in 2007. In July 2009, Washington, D.C. TV stations became a test market for Mobile DTV, and WHUT was one of the participating stations.[14]

Analog-to-digital conversion

WHUT-TV shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 32, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal continued to broadcasts on its pre-transition UHF channel 33.[15] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 32.

WHUT-TV commenced ATSC-M/H (Mobile DTV) broadcasting on February 27, 2011. WHUT-TV is the last remaining Washington-market broadcaster to broadcast an M/H signal. The signal nominally contains a feed of its main programming in standard definition on 32.1 and an audio feed of WAMU on 32.2, although neither stream contains audio or video data.[16]

References

  1. ^ FCC History Cards for WHUT-TV
  2. ^ Trescott, Jacqueline (November 18, 1980). "Prime Time for Howard: The University's New Television Station, WHMM, Signs On". Washington Post. pp. B1, B3. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Chesley, Roger (November 14, 1980). "WHMM Debuts Monday". The Hilltop. pp. 1, 11. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  4. ^ "Howard's WHMM-TV Making Progress". Washington Informer. May 15, 1980. p. 1.
  5. ^ Trescott, Jacqueline (November 19, 1981). "WHMM's Proud Birthday Party". Washington Post. p. C3. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  6. ^ Frankel, Mark (November 6, 1983). "Clear Signal: Channel 32's struggle to provide programming that really is different". Washington Post Magazine. p. 28.
  7. ^ a b Prakash, Snigdha (July 1, 1990). "Channel 32". Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  8. ^ Carmody, John (September 16, 1993). "The TV Column". Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  9. ^ Maynard, John (July 24, 2004). "WHUT Gears Up For Pledge Drive After 8-Year Break". Washington Post.
  10. ^ Childs-Johnson, Erica (February 13, 1998). "WHMM Changes Name After 17 Years". The Hilltop. p. A3.
  11. ^ "Howard University May Sell Rights to Its Public TV Station's Spectrum". The New York Times. December 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Howard University decides it won't sell WHUT in spectrum auction". Current.
  13. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WHUT
  14. ^ Dickson, Glen (July 13, 2009). "Special Report: Mobile DTV Heats Up". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
  15. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  16. ^ "WHUT TSReader Capture 02/26/2018". RabbitEars.info.