This article provides a list of political scandals that involve officials from the government of the United States, sorted from oldest to most recent.

Scope and organization of political scandals

This article is organized by presidential terms in order, older to recent, and then divided into scandals of the federal Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of government. Members of both parties are listed under the term of the president in office at the time the scandal took place, even though they may not be connected with the presiding president.

In this article, the term "politician" (a person who is professionally involved in politics) includes not only those elected, but also party officials, candidates for office, their staffs and appointees. Please note that every president directly selects, appoints or hires several thousand people. Each of them selects thousands more. Private citizens should only be mentioned when they are closely linked to the scandal or politician, such as Jack Abramoff. This list also does not include crimes that occur outside the politician's tenure (such as before or after his term in office) unless they specifically stem from acts made while in office and discovered later.

Scandal is defined as "loss of or damage to reputation caused by actual or apparent violation of morality or propriety". Scandals are separate from 'controversies', (which implies two differing points of view) and 'unpopularity'. Many decisions are controversial, many decisions are unpopular, that alone does not make them scandals. Breaking the law is a scandal. The finding of a court is the sole method used to determine a violation of law, but it is not the sole method of determining a scandal. Also included as scandals are politicians who resign, quit, run, or commit suicide while being investigated or threatened with investigation.

Notoriety is a major determinant of a scandal, that is, the amount of press dedicated to it. Misunderstandings, breaches of ethics, unproven crimes or cover-ups may or may not result in inclusion depending on the standing of the accused, the amount of publicity generated, and the seriousness of the crime, if any. Drunk driving may be a conviction, but is usually too minor and too common to mention unless there are multiple convictions and/or jail time.

Given the political nature of Congress in which the leading party has determining power, politicians who are rebuked, denounced, censured, admonished, condemned, suspended, reprimanded, found in contempt, found to have acted improperly, or used poor judgement are not included unless the scandal is exceptional or leads to expulsion or conviction.

Government under the Articles of Confederation (1777–1789)

George Washington administrations (1789–1797)

Legislative branch

John Adams administration (1797–1801)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Thomas Jefferson administrations (1801–1809)

Executive branch

Judicial branch

James Monroe administrations (1817–1825)

Legislative branch

Andrew Jackson administrations (1829–1837)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

John Tyler administration (1841–1845)

Legislative branch

Zachary Taylor administration (1849–1850)

Executive branch

Franklin Pierce administration (1853-1857)

Legislative branch

James Buchanan administration (1857–1861)

Legislative branch

Abraham Lincoln administration (1861–1865)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Andrew Johnson administration (1865–1869)

Executive branch

Ulysses S. Grant administrations (1869–1877)

Executive branch

  1. Orville E. Babcock (R), a personal secretary to Grant, was indicted in the Whiskey Ring scandal and ten days later in the Safe Burglary Conspiracy. He was acquitted both times.[45]
  2. John J. McDonald (R), Supervisor of the Internal Revenue Service, was convicted and sentenced to three years.[45]
  3. W.O. Avery, Chief Clerk of the Treasury Department, was convicted.[45]
  4. Eastern Wisconsin Federal Attorney Levi Hubbell (R) was suspended from office for his involvement with the Whiskey Ring through contact with Milwaukee brewers. (1875)[46][47]

Legislative branch

  1. Oakes Ames (R-MA) bribed Congress with Union Pacific stock.[55]
  2. James Brooks (D-NY) also implicated; both were censured for their involvement. (1872)[56]
  3. James W. Patterson (R-NH) US Senator, was found to have given false testimony to both the House and Senate Ethics Committees, both of whom found him guilty of bribery in the Crédit Mobilier Scandal. They both recommended his expulsion from the Senate, but Patterson's term expired before such action could be taken. (1873)[57]
  4. See also William Belknap (R) Secretary of War under Republican U. S. Grant
  5. See also Schuyler Colfax (R-IN) Vice President under Republican U. S. Grant

Judicial branch

Rutherford B. Hayes administration (1877–1881)

Executive branch

Judicial branch

James A. Garfield administration (1881)

Legislative branch

Chester A. Arthur administration (1881–1885)

Executive branch

Grover Cleveland administration (1885–1889)

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

William McKinley administration (1897–1901)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Theodore Roosevelt administrations (1901–1909)

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

William Howard Taft administration (1909–1913)

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Woodrow Wilson administrations (1913–1921)

Executive branch

Judicial branch

Warren G. Harding administration (1921–1923)

Executive branch

  1. Albert Fall, Secretary of the Interior, was bribed by Harry F. Sinclair for control of the Teapot Dome federal oil reserves in Wyoming. He was the first U.S. cabinet member to ever be convicted; he served two years in prison. (1922)[124]
  2. Edwin C. Denby, Secretary of the Navy, resigned for his part in the Teapot Dome oil reserve scandal.[125]
  3. Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty resigned on March 28, 1924, because of an investigation about a bootlegging kickback scheme by his chief aide Jess Smith. Found not guilty. (1924)[126]
  4. Jess Smith, aide to Attorney General Daugherty, destroyed incriminating papers and then committed suicide.[126]
  5. Charles R. Forbes was appointed by Harding as the first director of the new Bureau of Veterans Affairs. After constructing and modernizing VA hospitals, he was convicted of bribery and corruption and sentenced to two years in jail.[127]
  6. Charles Cramer, Forbes's general counsel, committed suicide. (1923)[128]
  7. Thomas W. Miller, Head of the Office of Alien Property, was convicted of fraud by selling valuable German patents seized after World War I for far below market price as well as bribery. Served 18 months.[129]

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Calvin Coolidge administrations (1923–1929)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Herbert Hoover administration (1929–1933)

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Franklin Delano Roosevelt administrations (1933–1945)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial Branch

Harry S. Truman administrations (1945–1953)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Dwight D. Eisenhower administrations (1953–1961)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

John F. Kennedy administration (1961–1963)

Legislative branch

Lyndon B. Johnson administrations (1963–1969)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Richard Nixon administrations (1969–1974)

Executive branch

  1. John N. Mitchell (R) Attorney General of the United States, was convicted of perjury and served nineteen months of a one- to four-year sentence.[208]
  2. Richard Kleindienst (R) Attorney General that replaced Mitchell, was convicted of "refusing to answer questions" given one month in jail.[209]
  3. Jeb Stuart Magruder (R) Head of Committee to Re-elect the President, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy, August 1973[210]
  4. Frederick C. LaRue (R) Advisor to John Mitchell, was convicted of obstruction of justice.[210]
  5. H. R. Haldeman (R) CoS for Nixon, was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.[211]
  6. John Ehrlichman (R) Counsel to Nixon, was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.[212]
  7. Egil Krogh (R) aide to John Ehrlichman, was sentenced to six years.[210][213][214]
  8. John W. Dean III (R) counsel to Nixon, was convicted for obstruction of justice.[210]
  9. Dwight L. Chapin (R) deputy assistant to Nixon, was convicted of perjury.[210]
  10. Herbert W. Kalmbach (R) personal attorney to Nixon, was convicted of illegal campaigning.[210]
  11. Charles W. Colson (R) special counsel to Nixon, was convicted for obstruction of justice.[209]
  12. Herbert L. Porter (R) aide to the Committee to Re-elect the President, was convicted of perjury.[210]
  13. G. Gordon Liddy (R) Special Investigations Group, was convicted of burglary.[210]
  1. Harry Shuler Dent (R) Presidential Counsel and Strategist, pleaded guilty to violations of Federal election law for his part in the illegal fundraising operation.[221]
  2. Herbert W. Kalmbach (R) Nixon's Personal Attorney, raised $3.9 million for a secret Republican slush fund.[222] He also promised an ambassador a better post in exchange for $100,000, which led to conviction and imprisonment.[223] Kalmbach pleaded guilty to violation of the Federal Corrupt Practices Act and one count of promising federal employment.[224]
  3. Jack A. Gleason (R) White House Aide, pleaded guilty to violations of Federal election law concerning an illegal fund raising operation run by the White House.[225]
  4. Wendell Wyatt (R-OR) US Representative, was found guilty on one count of failing to report outlays from a secret cash fund called he controlled while heading the Richard Nixon campaign in Oregon. Fined $750. (1975)[226][227][228]

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Gerald Ford administration (1974–1977)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Jimmy Carter administration (1977–1981)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

  1. Richard T. Hanna (D-CA) pleaded guilty[281] and sentenced to 6–30 months in federal prison.[282] Wound up serving a year in prison.[283]
  2. John J. McFall, Edward Roybal, and Charles H. Wilson, all (D-CA), were involved. Roybal was censured and Wilson was reprimanded,[284] while McFall was reprimanded.[285]

Judicial branch

Ronald Reagan administrations (1981–1989)

See also: Reagan administration scandals

Executive branch

  1. Melvyn Paisley, appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1981 by Republican President Ronald Reagan,[289] was found to have accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes. He pleaded guilty to bribery, resigned his office and served four years in prison.[290][291]
  2. James E. Gaines Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy, took over when Paisley resigned his office.[292] He was convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, and theft and conversion of government property. He was sentenced to six months in prison.[293]
  3. Victor D. Cohen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force, was the 50th conviction obtained under the Ill Wind probe when he pleaded guilty to accepting bribes and conspiring to defraud the government.[294]
  1. Samuel Pierce, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, was not charged because he made "full and public written acceptance of responsibility".[297]
  2. James G. Watt, the Secretary of Interior from 1981 to 1983, was charged with 25 counts of perjury and obstruction of justice, sentenced to five years' probation, fined $5,000 and 500 hours of community service.[298]
  3. Deborah Gore Dean (R), Executive Assistant to Samuel Pierce (Secretary of HUD from 1981 to 1987, and not charged), was convicted of 12 counts of perjury, conspiracy, bribery. Sentenced to 21 months in prison. (1987)[299]
  4. Phillip D. Winn, Assistant Secretary of HUD from 1981 to 1982, pleaded guilty to bribery in 1994.[299]
  5. Thomas Demery, Assistant Secretary of HUD, pleaded guilty to bribery and obstruction.[299]
  6. Joseph A. Strauss, Special Assistant to the Secretary of HUD, was convicted of accepting payments to favor Puerto Rican land developers in receiving HUD funding.[300][301]
  7. Silvio D. DeBartolomeis was convicted of perjury and bribery.[299]
  1. Edwin Meese (R) Attorney General resigned, but was never convicted.[302]
  2. Lyn Nofziger (R) White House Press Secretary had a conviction of lobbying that was overturned.[303]
  3. Mario Biaggi (D-NY) was sentenced to 2+12 years in prison.[304]
  1. Caspar Weinberger (R) Secretary of Defense, was indicted on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice on June 16, 1992.[311] Weinberger received a pardon from George H. W. Bush on December 24, 1992, before he was tried.[312]
  2. William Casey (R) Director of the CIA is thought to have conceived the plan, but was stricken ill hours before he would testify. Reporter Bob Woodward records that Casey knew of and approved the plan.[313]
  3. Robert C. McFarlane National Security Adviser was convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years' probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush[314]
  4. Elliott Abrams (R) Assistant Secretary of State, was convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years' probation. He was later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush[315][316]
  5. Alan D. Fiers Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force, was convicted of withholding evidence and sentenced to one year's probation. Later pardoned by President George H. W. Bush[317]
  6. Clair George Chief of Covert Ops-CIA was convicted on two charges of perjury, but was pardoned by President George H. W. Bush before sentencing.[318]
  7. Oliver North (R) Deputy Director of the National Security Council, was convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, obstruction of a congressional inquiry, and destruction of documents, but the convictions were vacated, after the appeals court found that witnesses in his trial might have been impermissibly affected by his immunized congressional testimony.[319]
  8. Fawn Hall, Oliver North's secretary, was given immunity from prosecution on charges of conspiracy and destroying documents in exchange for her testimony.[320]
  9. John Poindexter (R) National Security Advisor, was convicted of five counts of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, perjury, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence. The Supreme Court overturned this ruling.[321]
  10. Duane Clarridge Ex-CIA senior official, was indicted in November 1991 on seven counts of perjury and false statements relating to a November 1985 shipment to Iran. He was pardoned before trial by President George H. W. Bush.[322][323]
  11. Richard V. Secord an ex-major general in the Air Force, who organized the Iran arms sales and Contra aid, pleaded guilty in November 1989 to making false statements to Congress. He was sentenced to two years of probation.[324][325]
  12. Albert Hakim Businessman, pleaded guilty in November 1989 to supplementing the salary of Oliver North by buying him a $13,800 fence. Hakim was given two years of probation and a $5,000 fine, while his company, Lake Resources Inc. was ordered to dissolve.[324][326]
  13. Thomas G. Clines a former intelligence official, who became an arms dealer, was convicted in September 1990 on four income tax counts, including under-reporting of income to the IRS and lying about not having foreign accounts. He was sentenced to 16 months of prison and fined $40,000.[324][327]
  14. Carl R. Channell (R) a fund-raiser for conservative causes, pleaded guilty in April 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization to fund the Contras.[328] He was sentenced to two years' probation.[324][329]
  15. Richard R. Miller associate to Carl R. Channell, pleaded guilty in May 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization led by Channell. More precisely, he pleaded guilty to lying to the IRS about the deductibility of donations to the organization. Some of the donations were used to fund the Contras.[330] Sentenced to two years of probation and 120 hours of community service.[324]
  16. Joseph F. Fernandez CIA Station Chief of Costa Rica, was indicted on five counts in 1988.[331] The case was dismissed when Attorney General Dick Thornburgh refused to declassify information needed for his defense in 1990.[332]
  1. Anne Gorsuch Burford, Head of the EPA, cut the EPA staff by 22% and refused to turn over documents to Congress about withholding funds, citing presidential "executive privilege",[334] whereupon she was found in Contempt and resigned with twenty of her top employees. (1980)[335][336]
  2. Rita Lavelle a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, misused "superfund" monies and was convicted of perjury. She served six months in prison, was fined $10,000 and given five years' probation.[337]

Legislative branch

  1. Senator Alan Cranston (D-CA) was reprimanded.[371]
  2. Senator Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) acted improperly.[372]
  3. Senator Don Riegle (D-MI) acted improperly.[372]
  4. Senator John Glenn (D-OH) used poor judgment.[372]
  5. Senator John McCain (R-AZ) used poor judgment.[372]
  1. Senator Harrison A. Williams (D-NJ) was convicted on nine counts of bribery and conspiracy, and was sentenced to three years in prison.[374]
  2. Representative John Jenrette (D-SC) was sentenced to two years in prison for bribery and conspiracy.[375]
  3. Richard Kelly (R-FL) accepted $25K and then claimed he was conducting his own investigation into corruption. Served 13 months.[376]
  4. Raymond Lederer (D-PA) said that "I can give you me" after accepting $50,000. He was sentenced to three years in prison.[377]
  5. Michael Myers (D-PA) accepted $50,000, saying "... money talks and bullshit walks." He was sentenced to three years in prison and was expelled from the House.[378]
  6. Frank Thompson (D-NJ) was sentenced to three years in prison.[379]
  7. John M. Murphy (D-NY) served 20 months of a three-year sentence.[380]
  8. Also arrested were NJ State Senator Angelo Errichetti (D)[381] and members of the Philadelphia City Council.

Judicial branch

George H. W. Bush administration (1989–1993)

Executive branch

  1. Caspar Weinberger, Secretary of Defense under Ronald Reagan, pardoned before trial[402]
  2. Robert C. McFarlane, National Security Advisor to Ronald Reagan, guilty of withholding information,[402]
  3. Elliott Abrams, Assistant Secretary of State to Ronald Reagan, guilty of withholding information,[402]
  4. Clair George, CIA Chief of Covert Ops, guilty of perjury[402]
  5. Alan D. Fiers, Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force, guilty of withholding information[402]
  6. Duane Clarridge, CIA Operations Officer, pardoned before trial[402]

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Bill Clinton administrations (1993–2001)

Executive branch

Legislative branch

  1. Buzz Lukens (R-OH) was convicted of bribery and conspiracy.[436]
  2. Carl C. Perkins (D-KY) pleaded guilty to a check-kiting scheme involving several financial institutions (including the House Bank).[436]
  3. Carroll Hubbard (D-KY) was convicted of illegally funneling money to his wife's 1992 campaign to succeed him in congress.[437]
  4. Mary Rose Oakar (D-OH) was charged with seven felonies, but pleaded guilty only to a misdemeanor campaign finance charge not related to the House Bank.[436]
  5. Walter Fauntroy (D-DC) was convicted of filing false disclosure forms in order to hide unauthorized income.[436]
  6. Jack Russ, House Sergeant-at-Arms, was convicted of three counts.[436]
  1. Dan Rostenkowski (D-IL) was convicted and sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1995.[439]
  2. Joe Kolter (D-PA) was convicted of one count of conspiracy[440] and sentenced to 6 months in prison.[441]
  3. Postmaster Robert V. Rota was convicted of one count of conspiracy and two counts of embezzlement.[438]
  1. Rhonda Carmony (R) Campaign Manager and wife of State Representative Dana Rohrabacher (R) was the key instigator of a Republican effort to manipulate the 67th California State District election by fostering the candidacy of decoy candidate Laurie Campbell (D) to undermine the candidacy of popular Democrat Linda Moulton-Patterson. Carmony pled guilty and was sentenced to three years of probation and 300 hours of community service and was fined. (1996)[447][448]
  2. Jack Wenpo Wu (R) Campaign Treasurer for Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) US Representative, embezzled over $300K. He was repaying the money when he was found guilty and sentenced to 1 year and 5 years' probation (2015)[449][450]
  3. Enid Greene Mickelsen (Waldholtz) (R) U.S. Representative, was found guilty on four counts of violating FEC rules and paid $100,000 in fines for campaign violations. (1994)[451]
  4. Joe Waldholtz (R) Campaign Manager and husband of Enid Greene Waldholtz (R) pled guilty to federal charges of tax, bank, and campaign fraud, embezzling and forgery(1995)[452] and then, while out on parole, was subsequently convicted of forging insurance and Veterans Affairs checks from his stepmother and his late father.[453][454]

George W. Bush administrations (2001–2009)

Executive branch

  1. Francis J. Harvey (R) Secretary of the Army, appointed by G. W. Bush, resigned[465][466][467]
  2. Maj. Gen. George Weightman ( ) was fired for failures linked to the scandal[468][469][470][471]
  3. Lt. Gen. Kevin C. Kiley (R) appointed by G. W. Bush, was relieved of command resigned for failures linked to the scandal.[472][473]
  1. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales[491]
  2. Karl Rove, Advisor to President Bush[492]
  3. Harriet Miers, Legal Counsel to President Bush, was found in Contempt of Congress[493]
  4. Michael A. Battle, Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys in the Justice Department[494]
  5. Bradley Schlozman, Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys who replaced Battle[495]
  6. Michael Elston, Chief of Staff to Deputy Attorney General Paul McNulty[496]
  7. Paul McNulty, Deputy Attorney General to William Mercer[497]
  8. William W. Mercer, Associate Attorney General to Alberto Gonzales[498]
  9. Kyle Sampson, Chief of Staff to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales[494]
  10. Monica Goodling, Liaison between President Bush and the Justice Department[499]
  11. Joshua Bolten, Deputy Chief of Staff to President Bush was found in Contempt of Congress[493]
  12. Sara M. Taylor, Aide to Presidential Advisor Karl Rove[500]
  1. David Safavian (R) CoS of the GSA (General Services Administration) was convicted of making false statements as part of the Jack Abramoff lobbying and corruption scandal and was sentenced to one year in prison. (2005)[518][519] found guilty of blocking justice and lying,[520] and sentenced to 18 months[521]
  2. Roger Stillwell (R) staff in the Department of the Interior, pleaded guilty and received two years suspended sentence.[522]
  3. Susan B. Ralston (R) Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to Karl Rove, resigned on October 6, 2006, after it became known that she accepted gifts and passed information to her former boss Jack Abramoff.[523]
  4. J. Steven Griles (R) Deputy to the Secretary of the Interior pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and was sentenced to 10 months[507]
  5. Italia Federici (R) staff to the Secretary of the Interior and President of the Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, pled guilty to tax evasion and obstruction of justice. She was sentenced to four years' probation.[524][525][526]
  6. Jared Carpenter (R) Vice President of the Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, was discovered during the Abramoff investigation and pled guilty to income tax evasion. He got 45 days, plus 4 years' probation.[527]
  7. Mark Zachares (R) staff in the Department of Labor, bribed by Abramoff, guilty of conspiracy to defraud.[517]
  8. Robert E. Coughlin (R) Deputy Chief of Staff of the Criminal Division of the Justice Department, pleaded guilty to conflict of interest after accepting bribes from Jack Abramoff. (2008)[528]
  1. suspend sections of the ABM Treaty without informing Congress[561]
  2. bypass the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act allowing warrantless wiretapping of US Citizens within the United States by the National Security Agency.[561]
  3. state that the First Amendment and Fourth Amendments and the Takings Clause do not apply to the president in time of war as defined in the USA Patriot Act[561]
  4. allow enhanced interrogation techniques (torture) because provisions of the War Crimes Act, the Third Geneva Convention, and the Torture convention do not apply.[561]

Many of his memos have since been repudiated and reversed.[561][562] Later review by the Justice Department reported that Yoo and Jay Bybee used "poor judgement" in the memos, but no charges were filed.[563]

Legislative branch

  1. Tom DeLay (R-TX) US Representative and House Majority Leader was reprimanded twice by the House Ethics Committee and his aides indicted (2004–2005); eventually DeLay himself was investigated in October 2005 in connection with the Abramoff scandal, but not indicted. DeLay resigned from the House June 9, 2006.[592] DeLay was found to have illegally channeled funds from Americans for a Republican Majority to Republican state legislator campaigns. He was convicted of two counts of money laundering and conspiracy in 2010.[593] His conviction was overturned on appeal.
  2. Michael Scanlon (R) Communications Director to Tom DeLay, worked for Abramoff and pled guilty to bribery.[516][517]
  3. Tony Rudy (R) Deputy CoS to Tom DeLay, pleaded guilty to conspiracy.[517]
  4. Jim Ellis (R) Executive Director of Tom DeLay's Political Action Committee Americans for a Republican Majority (ARMPAC), was found guilty of money laundering.[594][595]
  5. John Colyandro (R) Executive Director of Tom DeLay's political action committee, Texans for a Republican Majority (TRMPAC), was indicted by Texas for money laundering[594]
  6. Bob Ney (R-OH) US Representative pleaded guilty to conspiracy and making false statements as a result of his receiving trips from Abramoff in exchange for legislative favors. Ney received 30 months in prison.[517][596]
  7. William Heaton (R) CoS to Bob Ney, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit fraud[597] admitting to conspiring with Ney, Jack Abramoff and others to accept vacations, meals, tickets, and contributions to Ney's campaign in exchange for Ney benefitting Abramoff's clients. (2006)[598]
  8. Neil Volz (R) former CoS to Bob Ney, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy in 2006 charges stemming from his work for Bob Ney. In 2007 he was sentenced to two years' probation, 100 hours' community service, and a fine of $2,000.[599]
  9. John Albaugh (R) former CoS to Ernest Istook (R-OK), pled guilty to accepting bribes connected to the Federal Highway Bill. Istook was not charged. (2008)[600]
  10. James Hirni (R) former staff to Tim Hutchinson (R-AR), was charged with wire fraud for giving a staffer for Don Young (R) of Alaska a bribe in exchange for amendments to the Federal Highway Bill. (2008)[601]
  11. Kevin A. Ring (R) former staff to John Doolittle (R-CA), was convicted of five charges of corruption and honest services fraud. sentenced to 20 months.[602][603]
  12. Fraser Verrusio (R) Policy Director for US Senator Don Young (R-AK) of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee was investigated during the Jack Abramoff scandals. Verrusio drafted favorable federal legislation for equipment rental companies through the Abramoff firm. He was accused of accepting bribes, such as tickets to the World Series and then lying about it. He was sentenced to a half day in jail, 2 years probation and fined. (2011)[604][605][606]
  1. Mitchell Wade private contractor and "co-conspirator" with Cunningham
  2. Kyle Foggo Director of the CIA and friend to Wilkes, convicted of fraud
  3. Brent R. Wilkes private contractor

Barack Obama administrations (2009–2017)

Executive branch

  1. Lois Lerner, head of the IRS Office of Exempt Organizations, stated she had not done anything wrong and then took the Fifth before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.[633] She retired in 2013 after an internal IRS investigation found that she had neglected her duties and was going to call for her ouster.[634]
  2. Joseph H. Grant, Commissioner of the IRS Tax-exempt and Government Entities division, resigned on May 16, 2013.[635]

Legislative branch

  1. Paul Seewald worked for McCotter as his district director of the Michigan's 11th congressional district. He pleaded guilty to nine counts of falsely signing a nominating petition as circulator. He was sentenced to two years' probation and 100 hours of community service, and ordered to pay court costs and fees.[679]
  2. Don Yowchuang worked for McCotter as Deputy District Director of the Michigan 11th Congressional District. He pleaded guilty to ten counts of forgery and six counts of falsely signing a nominating petition and was sentenced to three years of probation, 200 hours of community service, court costs and fees.[680]
  3. Mary M. Turnbull was McCotter's Representative to the Michigan 11th Congressional District. She was convicted of conspiring to commit a legal act in an illegal manner and falsely signing a nominating petition. She was sentenced to two years of probation, a day in jail, and 200 hours of community service. Turnbull was also ordered to pay a $1,440 fine. In addition, she is forbidden from any participation in elections or the political process.[681]
  4. Lorianne O'Brady worked as a scheduler for McCotter in the Michigan 11th Congressional District. She pleaded no contest to charges that she falsely claimed to have legally collected signatures to get McCotter on the ballot when she actually had not. She was sentenced to 20 days in jail and a work program plus $2,625 in fines and court costs.[682]
  1. Ana Alliegro (R), the Campaign Manager for David Rivera (R-FL), pleaded guilty to violation of US campaign laws. She was given six months in jail and six months of house arrest plus two years of probation. (2014)[685]
  1. John G. Rowland (R) Campaign Consultant to Candidate for US Representative, Republican Lisa Wilson-Foley. Rowland was found guilty of conspiring to make illegal campaign contributions, making false statements and conspiracy. He was sentenced to 30 months in prison. (2012)[695][696][697]
  1. Doug Hampton (R) aide to Ensign in what became the John Ensign scandal reached a separate plea deal with prosecutors in May 2012, the details of which have not yet been released.[712]
  1. Jesse Benton (R) Campaign Chairman for Ron Paul (R-TX) concealed over $73,000 in payments to Iowa State Senator Kent Sorenson to convince him to flip his presidential endorsement from Michele Bachmann to Ron Paul. He was convicted of conspiring to cause false records. He was sentenced to 6 months' home confinement, fined $10,000 and given two years' probation. (2016)[715][716][717]
  2. John Tate (R) Campaign Manager for US Representative Ron Paul (R-TX) was indicted for concealing over $73,000 in payments to Iowa State Senator Kent Sorenson to convince him to flip his presidential endorsement from Michele Bachmann to Paul. He was convicted of conspiracy. He was sentenced to 6 months' home confinement, 2 years' probation and fined $10,000 in 2016.[718][719]
  3. Dimitri Kesari Deputy Campaign Manager for US Representative Ron Paul (R-TX) was convicted of causing false records concerning charges of hiring Iowa State Senator Sorensen, during the 2012 presidential campaign. He was sentenced to three months in jail. (2012)[720][721]
  1. Ronnie Simmons (D) CoS to U.S. Representative Corrine Brown (D-FL) pled guilty to fraud. (2017)[738][739]

Judicial branch

Donald Trump administration (2017–2021)

Further information: Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, 2017–18 United States political sexual scandals, Donald Trump sexual misconduct allegations, List of lawsuits involving Donald Trump, Trump–Ukraine scandal, Special Counsel investigation (2017–2019), Timeline of investigations into Donald Trump and Russia (2019), Timeline of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, Impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump, First impeachment of Donald Trump, Second impeachment of Donald Trump, and 2021 storming of the United States Capitol

Executive branch

  1. Albert Kelly (R) EPA Superfund Task Force Director and top aide to EPA Chief Scott Pruitt (R), resigned amid scrutiny of his previous actions as leader of a bank in Oklahoma which led to $125,000 fine and lifetime ban from banking. (2018)[776][777][778]
  2. Pasquale "Nino" Perrotta, EPA Security Administrator, resigned after allegations of lavish spending and improper contracts (2018)[779]
  3. Samantha Dravis (R) EPA Associate Administrator and Senior Counsel in the Office of Policy resigned abruptly after allegations of being a no show employee. (2018)[780][781][782]

Legislative branch

  1. Margaret Hunter (R) Campaign Manager and wife to US Representative Duncan D. Hunter (R) was indicted for misuse of $200,000 in campaign donations. She pled guilty to one count of conspiracy and was sentenced to 8 months of house arrest and three years of probation.[851][852][853][854]
  1. Jason T. Posey (R) Director of Special Projects and Campaign Treasurer for Stephen E. Stockman at the personal direction and supervision of Stockman, Posey took almost one million dollars from various sources and illegally funneled it into Stockman's 2014 Senate campaign. He pled guilty to mail fraud, wire fraud, money laundering and conduit contributions. (2013)[868][869]
  2. Thomas Dodd (R) Special Assistant to Steve Stockman pled guilty to two conspiracy charges and agreed to cooperate with prosecutors. (2013)[868][869][870]

Judicial branch

Joseph R. Biden administration (2021– )

Executive Branch

Legislative Branch

See also

References

  1. ^ Ferling, John. The First of Men: A Life of George Washington, p. 225
  2. ^ "Silas Deane Online". Archived from the original on March 15, 2010.
  3. ^ "Blount, William – Biographical Information". Archived from the original on July 8, 2008. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
  4. ^ T. M. Iiams, Peacemaking from Vergennes to Napoleon: French Foreign Relations in the Revolutionary Era, 1774–1814 (1979); A. Duff Cooper, Talleyrand (1932); E. Wilson Lyon, "The Directory and the United States", American Historical Review, Vol. 43, No. 3 (April 1938), pp. 514–532 in JSTOR
  5. ^ "Matthew Lyon, the Hampden of Congress by James Fairfax McLaughlin, p. 257".
  6. ^ "Matthew Lyons". Retrieved August 31, 2010.[dead link]
  7. ^ Linklater, Andro (September 29, 2009). An artist in treason: the extraordinary double life of General James Wilkinson. Walker & Company. ISBN 978-0-8027-1720-7.
  8. ^ "Aaron Burr and the Definition of Treason (1783–1815)". American Eras. 8 vols. Gale Research, 1997–1998. Student Resource Center. Thomson Gale. October 24, 2005
  9. ^ "Burr's Conspiracy, 1805–1807". DISCovering U.S. History. Online Edition. Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center. Thomson Gale. October 24, 2005.
  10. ^ Jerry W. Knudson, "The Jeffersonian Assault on the Federalist Judiciary, 1802–1805: Political Forces and Press Reaction", American Journal of Legal History 1970 14(1): 55–75; Richard Ellis, "The Impeachment of Samuel Chase", in American Political Trials, ed. by Michael R. Belknap (1994) pp. 57–76, quote on p. 64.
  11. ^ John Pickering at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  12. ^ Western Kentucky University (November 24, 2014). "Sebastian, Benjamin, 1741-1832 (MSS 523), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives". digitalcommons.wku.edu.
  13. ^ The report of the Select Committee: to whom was referred the information communicated to the House of Representatives, charging Benjamin Sebastian, one of the judges of the Court of Appeals of Kentucky, with having received a pension from the Spanish government. from the Press of J.M. Street. December 29, 1806. OCLC 15453899 – via Open WorldCat.
  14. ^ McNamara, Robert J (September 6, 2019). "The Election of 1824 Was Decided in the House of Representatives". ThoughtCo. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  15. ^ Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the course of American democracy, 1833–1845 (1984) p. 449
  16. ^ "Floride Bonneau Colhoun Calhoun". Clemson University. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016.
  17. ^ a b "Robert and Harriet Potter". texasescapes.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2010.
  18. ^ Clay, Henry (1988). The Papers of Henry Clay: The Whig Leader, January 1, 1837–December 31, 1843. University Press of Kentucky. p. 519. ISBN 0-8131-3051-4.
  19. ^ Baker, J. H.; Wilson, J. H. (December 24, 1873). "The Lockport Union Has a Bit of History to Tell". Houston Daily Mercury. Vol. 6, no. 92 (1st ed.). p. 1. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via texashistory.unt.edu.
  20. ^ Gouge, William M. (1842). The Journal of Banking, from July 1841 to July 1842. p. 183.
  21. ^ Report of the Prison Association of New York. The Association. 1845. p. 51.
  22. ^ "General Sessions, July 15" (PDF). New York Spectator. July 15, 1842. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2017 – via fultonhistory.com.
  23. ^ Samuel Eliot Morison, The Oxford History of the American People (1965) p. 573
  24. ^ Hoffer, Williamjames Hull (2010). The Caning of Charles Sumner. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8018-9469-5.
  25. ^ Puleo, Stephen (March 29, 2015). "The US Senate's Darkest Moment: An Excerpt from Stephen Puleo's Book, "The Caning", About an Infamous Fight Between Two Senators". The Boston Globe. Boston, MA.
  26. ^ "Capitol Punishment". American Heritage. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  27. ^ a b c d e "GovTrack.us - Legislator Misconduct Database". GovTrack.us.
  28. ^ Matteson, Ken. "Matteson.us: Orsamus B. Matteson". Mattesons in the USA since 1666. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  29. ^ "Simon Cameron: Biography from". Answers.com. Archived from the original on March 1, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  30. ^ Carlos A. Schwantes (1989). The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History, page 137. ISBN 0803292287.
  31. ^ Merle W. Wells (October 1970). "Caleb Lyon's Indian Policy". The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 61 (4): 193–200. JSTOR 40488834 – via jstor.org.
  32. ^ "Jesse Bright Expulsion Case". U.S. Senate.
  33. ^ "U.S. Senate: Friendship or Treason?". U.S. Senate.
  34. ^ "U.S. Senate: Expulsion and Censure". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010.
  35. ^ "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress – Retro Member details".
  36. ^ "U.S. Senate: Civil War Cases Expulsion". U.S. Senate.
  37. ^ "ROUSSEAU, Lovell Harrison – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016.
  38. ^ Iowa Journal of History. State Historical Society of Iowa. 1912. p. 394.
  39. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (December 29, 2013). "Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Kentucky". The Political Graveyard. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014.
  40. ^ "Andrew Johnson Trial: The Consciences of Seven Republicans Save Johnson".
  41. ^ Hinds' Precedents, Volume III, Chapter LXXVII, section 2444, pp. 903–904.
  42. ^ U.S. Senate Historical Office (1995). "James Patterson Explusion Case". U.S. Senate.
  43. ^ Johnson, Rossiter (December 29, 1906). "Biographical dictionary of America ." Boston: American Biographical Society – via Internet Archive.
  44. ^ "Schuyler Colfax, Vice President of the United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. January 9, 2020.
  45. ^ a b c d "Grant, Babcock, and the Whiskey Ring". Prologue. Vol. 32, no. 3. Fall 2000. Retrieved September 15, 2019 – via National Archives.
  46. ^ Stark, Jack (2011). The Wisconsin State Constitution. Oxford University Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-19-977918-5.
  47. ^ "Levi Hubbell". Wisconsin State Journal. Madison. December 9, 1876. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  48. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (August 19, 2019). "Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Massachusetts". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  49. ^ "William A. Richardson (1873–1874)". Department of the Treasury.
  50. ^ "1874 Ways and Means Report Urges Repeal of Private Tax Debt Collection Law (Copyright, 2004, Tax Analysts)". taxhistory.org. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.
  51. ^ "On This Day: October 16, 1869". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 27, 2010.
  52. ^ Leonard Alexander Swann (August 1, 1980). John Roach, Maritime Entrepreneur. Arno Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-405-13078-6.
  53. ^ Salinger, Lawrence M. (August 3, 2004). Encyclopedia of White-Collar & Corporate Crime. SAGE Publications. ISBN 978-0-7619-3004-4.
  54. ^ Ames brothers celebrate "Golden Spike"
  55. ^ "Ames Brothers Celebrate 'Golden Spike' May 10, 1869". Mass Moments. Archived from the original on November 26, 2010.
  56. ^ "James Brooks". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  57. ^ The Expulsion Case of James W. Patterson of New Hampshire (1873) (Crédit Mobilier Scandal) "U.S. Senate: James Patterson Explusion Case". Archived from the original on October 1, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  58. ^ "U.S. Senate: The Election Case of Samuel C. Pomeroy and Alexander Caldwell of Kansas (1873)". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017.
  59. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). Political Corruption in America: An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power, and Greed. ABC-CLIO. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4.
  60. ^ "Deweese, John Thomas | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov.
  61. ^ "Deweese, John Thomas". NCpedia. July 4, 1906. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  62. ^ "Whittemore, Benjamin Franklin (1824-1894)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 to present.
  63. ^ Michael Zak (May 18, 2019). "Grand Old Partisan, celebrating the heritage of the Republican Party". grandoldpartisan.typepad.com.
  64. ^ "James G. Blaine, Politics and Public Service, 1830-1893". u-s-history.com.
  65. ^ Jesse William Weik, The real Lincoln: a portrait (1922).
  66. ^ Emily Field Van Tassel, Paul Finkelman, Impeachable offenses: a documentary history from 1787 to the present (1999), p. 120.
  67. ^ a b "Chapter LXXIX. Impeachment Proceedings Not Resulting in Trial" (PDF). Precedents of the House of Representatives. Asher Hinds. 1907. pp. 1011–1016.
  68. ^ "Richard Busteed, 1822–1898" (PDF). uscourts.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2019. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  69. ^ Hinds, Asher Crosby; Cannon, Clarence (1907). Hinds' precedents of the House of Representatives of the United States: including references to provisions of the Constitution, the laws, and decisions of the United States Senate. U.S. G.P.O. p. 1020.
  70. ^ "Busteed, Richard". Federal Judicial Center.
  71. ^ "Retired Supreme Court Justices". Wisconsin Court System. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  72. ^ "Federal Attorneys Protecting Civil Rights: The Road Since the Civil War". WisBar. September 14, 2019. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  73. ^ Grant, Marilyn (1980). "Judge Levi Hubbell: A Man Impeached". The Wisconsin Magazine of History. 64 (1): 28–39. JSTOR 4635473.
  74. ^ Smith, Mailing Address: 301 Parker Ave Fort; Us, AR 72901 Phone:783-3961 Contact. "I.C. Parker, U.S. District Judge – Fort Smith National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service)". nps.gov.
  75. ^ "United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas – Encyclopedia of Arkansas".
  76. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Van Tassel, Emily Field; Wirtz, Beverly Hudson; Wonders, Peter A. (January 1, 1993), Why Judges Resign: Influences on Federal Judicial Service, 1789 to 1992, Federal Judicial History Office, Federal Judicial Center, retrieved April 11, 2020
  77. ^ Trefousse, Hans L., Carl Schurz: A Biography, (U. of Tenn. Press, 1982)
  78. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). "Hayt, Ezra Ayres (1823–1902)" (PDF). Political Corruption in America: An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power and Greed. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4.
  79. ^ "District Judge Edward Henry Durell". LAED US Courts. United States District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana, n.d. April 4, 2013.
  80. ^ "Edward Henry Durell". OpenJurist.
  81. ^ Lane, Charles. "Edward Henry Durell: A Study in Reputation" (PDF). Green Bag. 13 (2).
  82. ^ "Exhibits – North Dakota Governors – Nehemiah G. Ordway". State Historical Society of North Dakota. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  83. ^ Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America. Order of the Senate of the United States. 1901. p. 149.
  84. ^ "Collector Jarrard Sentenced". The New York Times. April 30, 1884. p. 5.
  85. ^ "Jarrard Held for Extradition; the Canadian Courts Hold That the Prisoner Was Guilty of Forgery". The New York Times. December 18, 1883.
  86. ^ Jarrard Convicted of Forgery. April 27, 1884.
  87. ^ "Ended His Days in Prison; Death of Ex-collector Jarrard, of Middlesex County, N.J." The New York Times. April 27, 1886.
  88. ^ Cannon, Joseph A.; Fish, Rick (1994). "Cannon, George Q.". In Allan Kent Powell (ed.). Utah History Encyclopedia. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. ISBN 978-0-87480-425-6. OCLC 30473917. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017.
  89. ^ "Trailblazers of the Reconstruction Era". Coastal Heritage Magazine. Vol. 30, no. 1. 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via S.C. Sea Grant Consortium.
  90. ^ "Robert Smalls". Biography.
  91. ^ "Judge Edward Henry Durell". OpenJurist. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  92. ^ Lane, Charles (Winter 2010). "Edward Henry Durell: A Study in Reputation" (PDF). The Green Bag. 13 (2D): 153–168. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  93. ^ a b Greenberg, Gerald S. (2000). Historical Encyclopedia of U.S. Independent Counsel Investigations. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 164–166. ISBN 978-0-313-30735-5.
  94. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (March 10, 2005). "List of Politicians Who Were Pardoned". The Political Graveyard. Archived from the original on July 20, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
  95. ^ "Section 2: Alexander McKenzie". North Dakota Studies. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  96. ^ "From magnate to first pardon". Bismarck Tribune. August 20, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  97. ^ "Manuscripts by Subject – Family / Local History #11100". State Historical Society of North Dakota. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  98. ^ "San Francisco Call 31 August 1900 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu.
  99. ^ "Senator Detrich's Trial Comes to Sudden Ending". San Francisco Call. January 9, 1904. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  100. ^ "Dietrich Wins in First Fight". Chicago Tribune. January 5, 1904. p. 14. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  101. ^ Byrd, Robert C. (1993). Wolff, Wendy (ed.). Senate, 1789–1989, V. 4: Historical Statistics, 1789–1992. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 667. ISBN 978-0-16-063256-3.
  102. ^ https://www.senate.gov |The Election Case of William A. Clark of Montana (1900) |Source: Adapted from Anne M. Butler and Wendy Wolff. United States Senate Election, Expulsion, and Censure Cases, 1793-1990. S. Doc. 103-33. Washington, GPO, 1995 |[1]
  103. ^ Everett, Dianna. "Jenkins, William Miller (1856-1941)". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. Accessed March 4, 2018.
  104. ^ Oklahoma Hall of Fame, Gaylord – Pickens Museum (2016). "Jenkins, William M. | 1932". oklahomahof.com.
  105. ^ The Daily Oklahoman (April 17, 1932). "1901-Gov Jenkins, sanitarium company and corruption, How a Territorial Governor Was handed a Raw Deal by Roosevelt". newspapers.com.
  106. ^ September 29, 1904 |Accuses Consul Goodnow; Lawyer of Shanghai Makes Charges Against Our Representative
  107. ^ Report on Inspection of United States Consulates in the Orient: Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting a Communication from the Secretary of State. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1906. p. 271.
  108. ^ "The Political Graveyard: Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Minnesota". Political Graveyard.
  109. ^ "4 Briefing on Expulsion and Censure". senate.gov. May 30, 2014. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010.
  110. ^ Frank W. Blackmar, ed. (1912). "Burton, Joseph Ralph". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... Vol. I. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. pp. 259–260. Archived from the original on May 4, 2011.
  111. ^ "reachinformation.com". reachinformation.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  112. ^ a b "Indictments-A Grand Congressional Tradition Since 1798". Los Angeles Times. June 5, 1994. Archived from the original on December 2, 2016.
  113. ^ Chicago Tribune, December 26, 2008, Section 1, p. 43, "An Illinois civics lesson from an early scandal' by Nina Owen
  114. ^ Strong, Douglas H. (January 1, 1978). "Ralph H. Cameron and the Grand Canyon (Part I)". Arizona and the West. 20 (1): 41–64. JSTOR 40168675.
  115. ^ "Willett, William Forte Jr". Political Corruption in America: An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power & Greed. Amenia: Grey House Publishing, 2008. Credo Reference. Web. August 15, 2012.
  116. ^ Suz (March 17, 2011). "Father calls me William, sister calls me Will, Mother calls me Willie, but the fellers call me Bill". The Hunt for Henrietta.
  117. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (August 19, 2019). "Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Bribery". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  118. ^ Robert Wodrow Archbald at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  119. ^ "Hanford Resigns; No Impeachment; By Agreement with Congressional Committee Federal Judge Withdraws Under Fire" (PDF). The New York Times. July 23, 1912. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  120. ^ The Providence Journal: Mark Arsenault, "1919 Newport sting targeted gay sailors, ended in scandal" April 13, 2009, accessed December 6, 2009
  121. ^ "Justice Wright Resigns. Accused Jurist Prevents Impeachment by Giving Up Office". The New York Times. October 7, 1914. p. 8. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  122. ^ "Justice Wright Resigns Office". The Journeyman Barber. Journeymen Barbers' International Union of America. 10 (3): 581. April 1914.
  123. ^ "Ohio History Central". Ohio History Central. April 28, 2013. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  124. ^ "Senate Investigates the "Teapot Dome" Scandal". Historical Minutes: 1921–1940. Art & History, United States Senate. "U.S. Senate: Senate Investigates the "Teapot Dome" Scandal". Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  125. ^ Edwin Denby at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on February 24, 2008.
  126. ^ a b "Harry M. Daugherty". Ohio History Central. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  127. ^ "Charles Forbes – Ohio History Central". ohiohistorycentral.org. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011.
  128. ^ Joplin News Herald (March 20, 1926), p. 1; The Charleston Gazette (February 13, 1924), pp. 1, 9; Time (April 21, 1952), Milestones; administration of Veterans' Affairs (excluding Health and Insurance), (2010); Dean (2004), Warren G Harding, pp. 140, 141
  129. ^ Time, March 31, 1930, "National Affairs: Ohio Gangster"
  130. ^ "Blanton Censured, Falls Later in Faint; House Is Unanimous for Formal Rebuke after Expulsion Proposal Fails". The New York Times. October 28, 1921. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  131. ^ "Truman Handy Newberry". US House of Representatives, Office of History and Preservation. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2008.
  132. ^ a b "January 12, 1922 Senator "Condemned" for Excessive Campaign Expenditures". U.S. Senate: Art & History; Historical Minute Essays. Archived from the original on November 3, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  133. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press – Google News Archive Search". Google News.
  134. ^ "Judge Winslow Resigns". Poughkeepsie Eagle-News. April 4, 1929. p. 6. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  135. ^ Miller v. United States, 24 F.2d 353 (2nd Cir. 1928)
  136. ^ Carman, Harry J.; Graper, Elmer D. (1921). "Record of Political Events From July 1, 1920 to June 30, 1921". Political Science Quarterly. 36: 21.
  137. ^ "Commissioner Frederick A. Fenning". Public Service Commission of the District of Columbia. p. 16.
  138. ^ "CCII. Impeachment Proceedings Not Resulting in Trial" (PDF). Precedents of the House of Representatives. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 786.
  139. ^ "Langley, Katherine Gudger". U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on June 25, 2016.
  140. ^ "He wears the breeches but the lady has the brains". Appalachian History. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016.
  141. ^ "VARE, William Scott – Biographical Information". congress.gov. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012.
  142. ^ "Smith, Frank Leslie – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  143. ^ "Frank Lloyd Wright". steinerag.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2017.
  144. ^ George W. English at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  145. ^ "Impeachment of Judge George W English Dismissed After Resignation". Constitutional Law Reporter. May 17, 2017.
  146. ^ "Impeachment Trials by the Senate". CQ Researcher by CQ Press.
  147. ^ "U.S. Senate: Art & History Home > The Censure Case of Hiram Bingham of Connecticut (1929)". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  148. ^ "Rowbottom Guilty in Postal Job Sales; Ex-Indiana Representative Gets Year in Leavenworth on BribeTaking Charges". The New York Times. April 16, 1931. p. Business & Opportunity 52.
  149. ^ Long, Kim (2008). The Almanac of Political Corruption, Scandals, and Dirty Politics. Random House Publishing Group. p. 319. ISBN 978-0-307-48134-4.
  150. ^ "Jno. W. Brady Takes Seat as Member 3D Civil Appeals". The Austin American. November 21, 1918 – via newspapers.com.
  151. ^ Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light, XLV (May 20, 1930). "Jury in Famous Case Gives Former Jurist Sentence in Prison" – via newspapers.com.
  152. ^ "Hogan Convicted of Taking Bribes; Ex-Representative Gets Year and a Day in Prison in Naturalization Fraud Case". The New York Times. October 16, 1935. p. 19.
  153. ^ "Syracuse Herald Newspaper Archives, Apr 10, 1935, p. 38". April 10, 1935.
  154. ^ "Wilson Daily Times Newspaper Archives, Apr 10, 1935". April 10, 1935.
  155. ^ Lee, David D. (1991). "Senator Black's Investigation of the Airmail, 1933–1934". The Historian. 53 (3): 423–442. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6563.1991.tb00815.x.
  156. ^ "Jurney v. MacCracken, 294 U.S. 125 (1935)".
  157. ^ Johnson, Frederick L. (Spring 1989). "From Leavenworth to Congress: The Improbable Journey of Francis H. Shoemaker" (PDF). Minnesota History. Minnesota Historical Society: 167–177. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  158. ^ "Tucker Is Fourth California Congressman to Be Convicted Since 1936". Los Angeles Times. December 9, 1995. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015.
  159. ^ "SNOW, Donald Francis – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on August 12, 2016.
  160. ^ "Donald F. Snow". U.S. Congress. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016.
  161. ^ "Snow, Donald F." Maine Encyclopedia. March 25, 2012. Archived from the original on June 1, 2016.
  162. ^ "Donald F. Snow". Maine Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on September 19, 2016.
  163. ^ "Impeachment of District Court Judge Halsted L Ritter". Constitutional Law Reporter. May 31, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  164. ^ "14.18 Impeachment of Judge Ritter" (PDF). Deschler's Precedents. Precedents of the United States House of Representatives. p. 2205. ISBN 978-0-16-051043-4.
  165. ^ "Strange Impeachment of Halsted L. Ritter". DePauw University – Archives. April 16, 1936. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  166. ^ "Halsted Lockwood Ritter". OpenJurist.
  167. ^ Halsted L. Ritter at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
  168. ^ "Ex-Judge Manton Of U.S. Bench Here. Head of the Appeals Court Who Served Time for Accepting $186,000 Dies Up-State". The New York Times. Associated Press. November 18, 1946. Retrieved December 24, 2010. Martin T. Manton, former United States Circuit Court of Appeals Judge and central figure in a scandal unique in the history of the Federal bench, died today at the home of a son here. He was 66 years old.
  169. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (August 19, 2019). "Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Connecticut". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  170. ^ "Thomas, Edwin Stark". Federal Judicial Center.
  171. ^ "History of Century City". Century City Chamber of Commerce. November 5, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  172. ^ Smaltz, Donald C. (July 1998). "Independent Counsel: A View from Inside". The Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 86, No. 6.
  173. ^ Eleonora W. Schoenebaum, ed. Political Profiles: The Truman Years (1978) pp 48–49
  174. ^ J. Parnell Thomas at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  175. ^ "J. Parnell Thomas".
  176. ^ Time magazine, "Artful Dodger", December 5, 1949.
  177. ^ Beatty, Jack (August 23, 2000). The Rascal King: The Life and Times of James Michael Curley, 1874–1958. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81704-5.
  178. ^ "NH Senator Convicted of Blackmailing Lester Hunt". September 17, 2013. Archived from the original on July 7, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  179. ^ Storrow, Benjamin. "A Death Untold: The Suicide of Wyoming Sen. Lester Hunt". Casper Star-Tribune Online. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  180. ^ "Uniquely Nasty: The blockbuster novel that haunted gay Washington". Yahoo News. June 16, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  181. ^ Primary Sources: Checkers speech, pbs.org, Richard M. Nixon (September 23, 1952). "Checkers Speech". American Experience. PBS. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  182. ^ Time, September 29, 1958, The administration: Exit Adams
  183. ^ Kang, Cecilia (October 31, 2011). "Obama names FCC commissioners, both agency, Hill veterans". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  184. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (December 29, 2013). "Politicians in Trouble or Disgrace: Florida". The Political Graveyard. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014.
  185. ^ "How Doerfer's Hopes Died ..." (PDF). Broadcasting. March 14, 1960. p. 31 – via worldradiohistory.com.
  186. ^ "The Censure Case of Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin (1954)". United States Senate Historical Office. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
  187. ^ Caute, David (1978). The great fear: the anti-Communist purge under Truman and Eisenhower. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-22682-4.
  188. ^ Viser, Matt (November 4, 2009). "Embattled Turner calls easy reelection victory 'significant'". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010.
  189. ^ "Trials: Congressman Convicted". Time. January 10, 1972. Archived from the original on August 8, 2013.
  190. ^ Rosenzweig, David (December 9, 1995). "Tucker Is Fourth California Congressman to Be Convicted Since 1936". Los Angeles Times.
  191. ^ "Historical Highlights | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". Artandhistory.house.gov. Archived from the original on December 13, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  192. ^ "Thomas Johnson, 78; Lost Post in Congress". The New York Times. Associated Press. February 3, 1988. p. B6. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011.
  193. ^ "Boykin, Frank William – Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on July 9, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  194. ^ "Two Former Congressmen Are Sentenced". Beaver County Times. Beaver, Pennsylvania. United Press International. October 8, 1963. p. 4. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  195. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (November 18, 2017). "Bobby Baker, String-Puller Snared in Senate Scandal, Dies at 89". The New York Times. p. D6.
  196. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). Political corruption in America: an encyclopedia of scandals, power, and greed. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4 – via Google Books.
  197. ^ "Former Senator Fined in Lengthy Bribe Case". The Victoria Advocate. Victoria, TX. Associated Press. June 26, 1975. p. 10A. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  198. ^ "Ex-Senator Convicted on Lesser Count". The Portsmouth Times. Portsmouth, Ohio. Associated Press. November 18, 1972. p. 7. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  199. ^ "Brewster Gets Six-Year Term". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Lewiston, Idaho. Associated Press. February 3, 1973. p. 20. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  200. ^ "Brewster Conviction Overturned". Tri City Herald. Kennewick, Washington. Associated Press. August 2, 1974. p. Second Page One. Retrieved January 14, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  201. ^ a b "U.S. Is Suing Legislator to Get $50,000 Returned". The New York Times. Associated Press. March 27, 1977. p. 39. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  202. ^ Richard Phalon (June 16, 1973). "Gallagher Gets 2 Years and $10,000 Fine". The New York Times.
  203. ^ Kalman, Laura (1990). Abe Fortas: a Biography. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-17369-7.
  204. ^ Time, October 22, 1973, "The Nation: The Fall of Spiro Agnew"
  205. ^ Binder, David (May 9, 1998). "Charles (Bebe) Rebozo, 85; Longtime Nixon Confidant". The New York Times. p. A12. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016.
  206. ^ "Charles G. Rebozo". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on February 5, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  207. ^ Marsh, Bill (October 30, 2005). "Ideas and Trends: When Criminal Charges Hit the White House". The New York Times. p. 4.4.
  208. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com Archived February 8, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, November 10, 1988, "John N. Mitchell, Principal in Watergate, Dies at 75" by Lawrence Meyer
  209. ^ a b "The Law: Watergate Bargains: Were They Necessary?". Time. June 24, 1974. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  210. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Nation: The Other Nixon Watergate Men". Time. March 11, 1974. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  211. ^ "washingtonpost.com – watergate scandal and deep throat update, h.r. haldeman". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014.
  212. ^ Stout, David (February 16, 1999). "John D. Ehrlichman, Nixon Aide Jailed for Watergate, Dies at 73". The New York Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013.
  213. ^ Krogh, Egil (June 30, 2007). "Op-Ed: The Break-In That History Forgot". The New York Times.
  214. ^ "Egil Krogh". Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum. Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  215. ^ Rohde, David (April 15, 1998). "Maurice Stans Dies at 90; Led Nixon Commerce Dept". The New York Times. p. D23. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  216. ^ "Cook Quoted as Saying He Quit S.E.C. in Fear of Impeachment". The New York Times. Washington. Associated Press. May 26, 1973. p. 10.
  217. ^ Kenneth Durr (May 8, 2007). "Interview with G. Bradford Cook" (PDF). Securities and Exchange Commission Historical Society. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  218. ^ "Cook, Former S.E.C. Chief, Cited in Bar Complaint". The New York Times. September 28, 1974. p. 40.
  219. ^ "The Nixon administration and Watergate: 'Townhouse Operation'". History Commons. Archived from the original on August 13, 2016.
  220. ^ Gerth, Jeff; Pear, Robert (June 11, 1992). "Files Detail Aid to Bush By Nixon White House". The New York Times. Washington. p. B9. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016.
  221. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (October 3, 2007). "Harry Dent; Advised Key Republicans". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016.
  222. ^ James R. Polk. "Top money manager: unpublicized fund-raiser may hold key for Nixon", originally in The Washington Star, reprinted in The Dallas Morning News, February 3, 1972, page 2A.
  223. ^ Miller and Morris, "Donations flood a loophole", Los Angeles Times, October 11, 1992.
  224. ^ Stanley Kutler (ed.), Watergate: the fall of Richard Nixon, (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2010), pp. 215–216
  225. ^ Thomothy S. Robinson Date=January 18, 1975. "Ex-Aide Gets Probation in Fund-Raising Case" (PDF). The Washington Post. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 9, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
  226. ^ Kutler, Stanley I. (January 15, 2010). Watergate: A Brief History with Documents. ISBN 9781444318319.
  227. ^ "Members in Trouble: a Roll Call". The Washington Post.
  228. ^ Alison McSherry (February 4, 2009). "Former Oregon Rep. Wendell Wyatt Dies at 91". Roll Call.
  229. ^ "Remembering the Criminal Conviction of the Director of the CIA". The Future of Freedom Foundation. September 12, 2014. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016.
  230. ^ Marquis, Christopher (October 24, 2002). "Richard Helms, Ex-C.I.A. Chief, Dies at 89". The New York Times. p. B9. Archived from the original on April 23, 2016.
  231. ^ Swint, Kerwin C. (2006). Mudslingers: the top 25 negative political campaigns of all time: countdown from no. 25 to no. 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-275-98510-3.
  232. ^ Carl Bernstein; Bob Woodward (October 10, 1972). "FBI Finds Nixon Aides Sabotaged Democrats". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
  233. ^ Russell, Jenna (February 17, 2009). "Chapter 3: Chappaquiddick: Conflicted ambitions, then, Chappaquiddick". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  234. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). Political Corruption in America: An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power, and Greed. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  235. ^ a b c d Beers, Paul B. (1980). Pennsylvania Politics Today and Yesterday: The Tolerable Accommodation. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-271-00238-5.
  236. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). Political Corruption in America: An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power, and Greed. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  237. ^ Haldane, David (June 13, 2001). "Richard Hanna: Congressman Sent to Prison in Bribery Scandal". Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  238. ^ Ostrow, Ronald J. (February 4, 1976). "Prosecutor Decides Not to Appeal Reinecke Case". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 157967633. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  239. ^ "United States of America v. Howard Edwin Reinecke, Appellant, 524 F.2d 435 (D.C. Cir. 1975)". law.justia.com. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  240. ^ "Death of a Jovial Guy". Time. June 4, 1973. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016.
  241. ^ "Mills, William Oswald – Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017.
  242. ^ Franklin, Ben A. (May 25, 1973). "A House Member Apparent Suicide". The New York Times. p. 1.
  243. ^ Vitello, Paul (August 20, 2014). "George Hansen, Idaho Congressman and Convicted Swindler, Dies at 83". The New York Times. p. B9.
  244. ^ Matt Schudel (August 17, 2014). "George V. Hansen, Idaho congressman sentenced to federal prison, dies at 83". Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  245. ^ a b "James Jones: a power in D.C." The Oklahoman. May 2, 1982. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  246. ^ "United States v. John Dowdy :: Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit :: Appeal No. 72-1614". plainsite.org.
  247. ^ "TRIALS: Congressman Convicted". Time. January 10, 1972. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  248. ^ https://www.nytimes.com |December 31, 1971 |Dowdy Convicted of Taking a Bribe |[2]
  249. ^ "New York Magazine". February 18, 1980.
  250. ^ "Herbert Allan Fogel". OpenJurist.
  251. ^ Nicholas Gage (November 11, 1976). "U.S. Reportedly Asks Resignation of Judge". The New York Times.
  252. ^ "The Nation: Exit Earl, Not Laughing". Time. October 18, 1976. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  253. ^ http://www.sfgate.com Archived October 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, March 4, 2006, "Sentences of other congressmen convicted of crimes" by the AP,
  254. ^ Oelsner, Lesley (January 30, 1976). "Rep. Jones is Guilty of Failing To Report Receipt of Donation (Published 1976)". The New York Times.
  255. ^ Larry Welborn (November 16, 2009). "Day 15: A congressman is convicted". Orange County Register.
  256. ^ "California Congressman Booked For Bribery and Embezzlement". The New York Times. May 9, 1975.
  257. ^ "CONGRESS: Indecent Exposure on Capitol Hill". Time. June 7, 1976. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  258. ^ "Frank J. Horton". nndb.com. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016.
  259. ^ Cahn, Emily (July 6, 2012). "Former Rep. Richard Tonry of Louisiana Dead at 77". Roll Call.
  260. ^ "8 Louisiana Officials Plead Guilty To Vote Fraud in Congress Race". The New York Times. February 12, 1977.
  261. ^ Alexander-Bloch, Benjamin (July 6, 2012). "Former U.S. Rep. Richard "Rick" A. Tonry dies at 77 years old". The Times-Picayune. New Orleans.
  262. ^ St. Petersburg Times, January 23, 1974, "Ex-Congressman Ordered to Prison" by UPI
  263. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com Archived February 8, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, August 22, 2005, Obituary, "Convicted Politician Bertram Podell, 79"
  264. ^ "Congressman Wilbur Mills and Stripper Fanne Foxe – 1974". The Washington Post. July 21, 1998. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  265. ^ Burlington Times News Newspaper Archives (May 14, 1982). "State representative linked to burning of senator's warehouses" – via newspaperarchive.com.
  266. ^ Cullen Browder (February 1, 2008). "Invitation to Controversy: Hackney, Other Lawmakers Linked to Felon". WRAL.
  267. ^ King, Seth S. (July 29, 1974). "Otto Kerner Goes to Jail Today, His Once Shining Career at End". The New York Times. Chicago. p. 47. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  268. ^ "Reagan Assures Casey He Can Stay as CIA Chief in New Term?", The Washington Post, September 11, 1984.
  269. ^ Rudin, Ken (June 6, 2007). "The Equal-Opportunity Culture of Corruption". NPR. Archived from the original on February 13, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  270. ^ Green, Mark (February 18, 1980). "Congress after the Sting". New York. p. 60. ISSN 0028-7369.
  271. ^ a b Bauman, Robert E. (September 19, 1983). "A Former Congressman, Once a Staunch Foe of Gay Rights, Confronts His Own Homosexuality". People. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017.
  272. ^ a b Saperstein, Saundra; Baker, Donald P. (October 26, 1980). "Bauman in the Balance". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  273. ^ "Heading South", p. 6, New York Post, February 24, 2009
  274. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, August 26, 1998, "Charles Diggs, 75, Congressman Censured Over Kickbacks" by Byron Molotsky
  275. ^ http://georgiaencyclopedia.org/article/jsp?id+h-590[permanent dead link]
  276. ^ Binda, Lawrance (July 1, 2003). The Big, Bad Book of Mike: Rogues, Rascals and Rapscallions Named Michael, Mike and Mickey. iUniverse. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-595-28772-7.
  277. ^ "CQ-Roll Call | Congress 101 – Disciplining Members". Corporate.cqrollcall.com. May 29, 2008. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  278. ^ Time, April 28, 1975, "Trials: Big John Connolly Acquitted"
  279. ^ "United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Richard A. Tonry, Defendant-appellant – 605 F.2d 144 – Justia US Court of Appeals Cases and Opinions". Cases.justia.com. October 9, 1979. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  280. ^ Time, February 18, 1980, "Nation: Rogues Gallery"
  281. ^ "Hanna Says He Accepted Park Bribes". Lakeland Ledger. Lakeland, FL. Associated Press. March 17, 1978. pp. 1A, 7A. Retrieved November 19, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  282. ^ "Ex-Rep. Hanna handed term in Korean influence scandal". The Bulletin. Bend, OR. Associated Press. April 24, 1978. p. 1. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  283. ^ Grossman, Mark (2003). Political corruption in America: an encyclopedia of scandals, power, and greed. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-060-4.
  284. ^ "House panel censures one congressman, reprimands another". Gadsden Times. Gadsden, AL. Associated Press. September 28, 1978. p. 5. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  285. ^ "John McFall, 88, Representative Tied to Bribery Scandal in 1970's". The New York Times. Associated Press. March 18, 2006. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  286. ^ "Biographical Directory of Article III Federal Judges, 1789-present | Federal Judicial Center". Archived from the original on February 2, 2013.
  287. ^ "Federal judge pleads guilty to 2 drug charges". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Associated Press. November 19, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  288. ^ "Jack Tarpley Camp Jr. | OpenJurist".
  289. ^ "Dealmaker Melvyn Paisley's True Colors Are Questioned in a Defense Corruption Probe". People. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  290. ^ Critelli, Anthony (June 14, 2011). "This Day in GovCon History, June 14, 1988: "Operation Ill Wind" Raids". GovWin Network. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  291. ^ Frantz, Douglas (October 19, 1991). "Paisley Gets 4-Year Term in Ill Wind Case : Pentagon: He is the highest-ranking target and his sentence is the stiffest yet in the defense procurement scandal". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2015.
  292. ^ "Regular Navy Appointments". Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
  293. ^ "Ex-Official Sentenced". The New York Times. Alexandria, Virginia. Associated Press. June 1, 1992. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016.
  294. ^ Jackson, Robert L. (August 23, 1991). "Ex-Official Enters 'Ill Wind' Guilty Plea : Defense: It marks the 50th conviction obtained under the probe of Pentagon procurement fraud. He faces 20 years in jail at sentencing December 6". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 8, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  295. ^ Shenon, Philip (November 3, 2000). "Samuel R. Pierce Jr., Ex-Housing Secretary, Dies at 78". The New York Times. p. B13.
  296. ^ "HUD Fertile Ground for Wrongdoing". The Washington Post. June 18, 1989. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  297. ^ Janofsky, Michael (October 29, 1998). "Long Inquiry on Abuse in the Housing Department Is Completed". The New York Times. p. A18.
  298. ^ RollingStone.com, November 18, 2003, "Crimes Against Nature" by Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
  299. ^ a b c d Labaton, Stephen (October 27, 1993). "Ex-Official Is Convicted In HUD Scandal of 80's". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  300. ^ The Washington Post, October 15, 1999, "Strauss Convicted" by Toni Locy
  301. ^ "In The Matter Of: Joseph A. Strauss, The Phoenix Associates, Ltd" (PDF). Department of Housing and Urban Development. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  302. ^ Jeff Gerth (July 8, 1988), "Prosecutor Shines New Light on Meese", The New York Times.
  303. ^ Marcus, Ruth (December 12, 1989). "Court Refuses to Review Nofziger Case". The Washington Post.
  304. ^ George Lardner Jr. (August 5, 1988). "Rep. Biaggi, 4 Others Guilty in Wedtech Case". The Washington Post.
  305. ^ Timothy Curry and Lynn Shibut, The Cost of the Savings and Loan Crisis: Truth and Consequences FDIC, December 2000.
  306. ^ Robert L. Jackson; Zack Nauth (February 27, 1985). "Fedders Resigns as SEC Chief of Enforcement, Apologizes to Agency". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  307. ^ Durr, Kenneth (August 9, 2006). "Interview with John Fedders" (PDF). Securities and Exchange Commission Historical Society. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via rackcdn.com.
  308. ^ "Federal Housing Official Quits after Inquiry Cites Abuses of Office". The New York Times. UPI. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016.
  309. ^ Ronald Reagan (February 23, 1981). "Nomination of Emanuel S. Savas To Be Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Development". Archived from the original on January 20, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015 – via The American Presidency Project.
  310. ^ "The Iran-Contra Affair". American Experience. The Presidents. PBS. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  311. ^ "Weinberger charged in Iran-Contra matter". Federation of American Scientists. June 16, 1992. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
  312. ^ "Bush Pardons Weinberger, Five Others Tied to Iran-Contra". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on April 21, 2008.
  313. ^ Zoglin, Richard (October 12, 1987). "Did A Dead Man Tell No Tales?". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  314. ^ Pichirallo, Joe (March 12, 1988). "McFarlane Enters Guilty Plea Arising From Iran-Contra Affair; Former Reagan Adviser Withheld Information From Congress". The Washington Post.
  315. ^ Walsh, Lawrence E. (August 4, 1993). "Final Report of the Independent Counsel For Iran/Contra Matters Vol. I: Investigations and Prosecutions". Summary of Prosecutions. U. S. Court of Appeal for the District of Columbia.
  316. ^ "Walsh Iran / Contra Report: Summary of Prosecutions". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on February 25, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  317. ^ "Walsh Iran / Contra Report – Obtaining Copies". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015.
  318. ^ "Walsh Iran / Contra Report – Chapter 17 United States v. Clair E. George". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  319. ^ "Walsh Iran/Contra Report – Chapter 2 United States v. Oliver L. North". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  320. ^ Hall, North Trial Testimony, 3/22/89, pp. 5311–16, and 3/23/89, pp. 5373–80, 5385–87; Chapter 5 Fawn Hall 147
  321. ^ Greenhouse, Linda (December 8, 1992). "Supreme Court Roundup; Iran-Contra Appeal Refused by Court". The New York Times. p. A22.
  322. ^ Johnston, David (November 27, 1991). "Ex-C.I.A. Official Charged on Iran Arms". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  323. ^ "Iran-Contra Pardons". Bangor Daily News. Associated Press. December 24, 1992. p. 2. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  324. ^ a b c d e "The Iran-Contra Defendants". The Milwaukee Journal. Journal wire services. September 17, 1991. p. A6. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  325. ^ Johnston, David (November 9, 1989). "Secord is Guilty Of One Charge in Contra Affair". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
  326. ^ Martin, Douglas (May 1, 2003). "Albert Hakim, Figure in Iran-Contra Affair, Dies at 66". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  327. ^ Johnston, David (September 19, 1990). "Ex-C.I.A. Agent Is Convicted in Iran-Contra Affair". The New York Times.
  328. ^ Johnston, David (March 9, 1989). "Fund-Raising Trip by North Detailed". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  329. ^ Wines, Michael (May 9, 1990). "Carl Channell, 44, Fund-Raiser for Conservatives, Dies of Injuries". The New York Times.
  330. ^ Ostrow, Ronald J. (May 7, 1987). "Channell Associate Pleads Guilty in Iran-Contra Case". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on December 26, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  331. ^ Engelberg, Stephen (June 21, 1988). "Ex-C.I.A. Officer Is Indicted In Iran-Contra Investigation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  332. ^ "Iran Contra secrets blocked". The Tuscaloosa News. October 13, 1990. p. 2A. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  333. ^ Deaver, Michael. "Guide to Federal Records". National Archives. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
  334. ^ Sullivan, Patricia. Anne Gorsuch Burford, 62, Dies; Reagan EPA Director, The Washington Post, July 22, 2004; p. B06.
  335. ^ "Burford Resigns As Administrator of Embattled EPA", Toledo Blade, March 10, 1983, p. 1
  336. ^ "Anne Burford, 62; Embattled EPA Chief for President Reagan". Los Angeles Times. July 22, 2004.
  337. ^ "Conviction of Ex-Official Of E.P.A. Is Upheld". The New York Times. UPI. January 19, 1985. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  338. ^ "FEMA Chief Resigns Before House Panel Vote". Ocala Star-Banner. Vol. 41, no. 328. July 25, 1985. p. 2A. ISSN 0163-3201. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via Google News.[permanent dead link]
  339. ^ a b "Travel, Reimbursements and Perquisites". The Washington Post. April 27, 1986. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015.
  340. ^ Miller, Wilbur R. (June 29, 2012). "White House Press Briefing on the Reagan Assassination Attempt". The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: A-De. SAGE. p. 2427. ISBN 978-1-4129-8876-6 – via Google Books.
  341. ^ "Key FEMA Official Accused Of Sexually Harassing Aide". The Washington Post. August 2, 1984. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  342. ^ Weber, Bruce (December 14, 2011). "J. Lynn Helms, Who Led the F.A.A., Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  343. ^ Woo, Elaine (December 20, 2011). "J. Lynn Helms dies at 86; FAA chief fired striking air controllers". Archived from the original on January 19, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  344. ^ "Unpopular chief of Veterans administration resigns". The Bulletin. Bend, Oregon. UPI. October 6, 1982. p. D4 – via Google News.
  345. ^ Keith F. Girard (September 25, 1985). "Emotional Fedders Describes Bid to Reconcile With Wife". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 13, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  346. ^ Nathaniel C. Nash (February 27, 1985). "S.E.C. Enforcement Chief Quits, Citing Publicity on Divorce Trial". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  347. ^ Jackson, Robert L.; Nauth, Zack (February 27, 1985). "Fedders Resigns as SEC Chief of Enforcement, Apologizes to Agency". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  348. ^ William Hershey (October 25, 1986). "Ex-postal Service Official Sentenced To 4 Years On Theft And Payoff Counts". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  349. ^ "Ex-Postal Officer Gets Prison Term". The New York Times. October 25, 1986. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016.
  350. ^ "Hired to Eliminate Agency, Carlos Campbell Ended Up a Casualty". The Washington Post. July 4, 1986. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  351. ^ "Nomination of Carlos C. Campbell to be an Assistant Secretary of Commerce | the American Presidency Project".
  352. ^ Leslie Maitland Werner (October 3, 1984). "U.S. Attorney in Cleveland Is Discharged by President". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017.
  353. ^ "PN900 – Nomination of J. William Petro for Department of Justice, 97th Congress (1981–1982)". U.S. Congress. March 4, 1982. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016.
  354. ^ Pound, Edward T. (April 6, 1982). "U.S. Attorney in San Diego Dismissed". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016.
  355. ^ "Retired judge, former U.S. Attorney dies". May 30, 2014.
  356. ^ Anderson, Jack; Spear, Joseph (August 26, 1987). "U.S. paid for mom's trips". Ellensburg Daily Record. Vol. 86, no. 202. p. 4. ISSN 0163-3201. Retrieved September 14, 2019 – via Google News.
  357. ^ "Resignation of Population Official Ends Expense Account Probe".
  358. ^ "Deputy Resigns At Commerce in Sale of Satellite". The Washington Post. May 11, 1983. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  359. ^ "Ex-Commerce Deputy's Claim Questioned". The Washington Post.
  360. ^ New York Media, LLC (February 4, 1980). "New York Magazine".
  361. ^ Killen, John (February 12, 2015). "Throwback Thursday: Oregon has had its share of political scandals, large and small". oregonlive. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016.
  362. ^ Jeff Mapes (June 2, 2012). "Mark Hatfield was named as bribe target in secret 1985 indictment of Greek arms dealer, newly released FBI documents show". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  363. ^ Mark Zusman (January 24, 2017). "Mark Hatfield, 89, Dies. Lion of Oregon Politics". wweek.com.
  364. ^ David Durenberger at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  365. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, August 23, 1995, "Ex-Senator is Guilty of Expenses Abuses
  366. ^ Media Matters for America article, October 5, 2006, which cites the 'Boston Globe, July 27, 1990, as well as the Ethics Committee's report, July 20, 1990.
  367. ^ The Washington Post, March 16, 1996, "Lukens Convicted of Taking Bribes"
  368. ^ Oreskes, Michael (May 27, 1989). "Coelho to Resign His Seat in House in Face of Inquiry (Published 1989)". The New York Times.
  369. ^ "James C. Wright, Jr. (United States politician) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on September 29, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  370. ^ ChicagoTribune.com, October 7, 2008, "Q and A: The Keating Scandal"
  371. ^ "CRANSTON, Alan – Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  372. ^ a b c d "Excerpts of Statement By Senate Ethics Panel". The New York Times. February 28, 1991. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  373. ^ "Abscam Scandal". Nndb.com. Archived from the original on August 26, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  374. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, November 11, 2001, "Ex-Senator Harrison Williams Jr. Dies" by Douglas Martin,
  375. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, April 6, 1985, "Around the Nation" by the AP.
  376. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, August 26, 2005, "Richard Kelly, 81, Congressman Who Went to Prison in Scandal, Dies" by Wolfgang Saxon,
  377. ^ http://www.nytimes Archived July 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, December 3, 2008, "Raymond Lederer, Abscam Figure, Is Dead at 70" by the Associated Press
  378. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, June 23, 1983, "Around the Nation" by UPI
  379. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Archived January 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, July 24, 1989, "Frank thompson, 70 Career in Congress Ended with Abscam" by Joseph Fried
  380. ^ ""Abscam conspirator begins prison term", The New York Times, July 16, 1983". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013.
  381. ^ Jury convicts Camden mayor of corruption, by Brendan Schurr, AP, December 22, 2001.
  382. ^ The New York Times (August 6, 1988) "Biaggi Quits, Will Not Seek an 11th Term"
  383. ^ "Mario Biaggi, 97, Popular Bronx Congressman Who Went to Prison, Dies". The New York Times. June 26, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  384. ^ http://articles.latimes.com Archived May 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine |October 1, 1987 |Konnyu at Center of Political Storm Over Harassment |Karen Tumulty |Times Staff Writer October 1, 1987 [3]
  385. ^ Casey Tolan (October 26, 2017). "Internal Affairs: Former Rep. Ernie Konnyu says he won't run for Senate". mercurynews.com.
  386. ^ "Chronology of Congressional Sex Scandals". Findlaw.
  387. ^ The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, November 22, 2009, "Pat Swindall fights in court on multiple fronts" by Steve Visser
  388. ^ "Patrick Lynn Swindall". Congressional Bad Boys. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015.
  389. ^ "United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. George v. Hansen, Defendant-appellant.united States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. John F. Scoresby, Defendant-appellant – 19 F.3d 30 – Justia US Court of Appeals Cases and Opinions". Cases.justia.com. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  390. ^ http://www.nytimes Archived July 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, October 23, 1987, "Life After Jail; Politicians Get Help From Their Friends" by Frank Lynn
  391. ^ Johnston, David (October 21, 1989). "Hastings Ousted As Senate Vote Convicts Judge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  392. ^ "News: Ex-federal judge Claiborne kills self". Las Vegas Review-Journal. January 21, 2004. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  393. ^ Werner, Leslie Maitland (October 3, 1984). "U.S. Attorney in Cleveland Is Discharged by President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  394. ^ "Judge Walter L. Nixon Impeached After Perjury Conviction". Constitutional Law Reporter. June 21, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  395. ^ Lewis, Neil A. (November 4, 1989). "Senate Convicts U.S. Judge, Removing Him From Bench". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  396. ^ Nixon v. United States, 506 U.S. /224 / 224 (1993).
  397. ^ "Jury convicts federal judge of bribery". United Press International. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  398. ^ Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (September 10, 1992). "United States v. Robert F. Collins and John H. Ross, 972 F.2d 1385 (5th Cir. 1992)". courtlistener.com.
  399. ^ "The Iran-Contra Affair 20 Years On". George Washington University. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  400. ^ Office of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of Justice, "Former U.S. Treasurer Sentenced", (press release) DOJ.gov (September 1994).
  401. ^ Johnston, David (December 25, 1992). "Bush Pardons 6 in Iran Affair, Aborting a Weinberger Trial; Prosecutor Assails 'Cover-Up'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 10, 2009. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
  402. ^ a b c d e f Bush, George H. W. (December 24, 1992). "Proclamation 6518 – Grant of Executive Clemency". The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
  403. ^ a b c Burgess, Joel. "Taylor associates sentenced in case". Hendersonville Times-News. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  404. ^ "A Guide to the Albert Bustamante Papers, 1980–1992". University of Texas Libraries. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  405. ^ "2 'guilties' result of plea deal". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. May 22, 1993. p. 5B. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  406. ^ "Former U.S. Rep Smith sentenced to 3 months jail, fined $5,000". The News. Florida. Associated Press. August 3, 1993. p. 2B. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  407. ^ "Ex-congressman to go to prison". The New York Times. August 3, 1993.
  408. ^ ^ David Durenberger at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  409. ^ "Breaking News, World News & Multimedia". The New York Times.
  410. ^ "The Thomas Nomination; On the Hearing Schedule: Eight Further Witnesses", The New York Times (October 13, 1991)
  411. ^ http://www.jfc.gov/searchlet/tgetinfo?jid=1772[permanent dead link] Walter Nixon at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  412. ^ "Jury convicts federal judge of bribery". UPI. June 29, 1991. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  413. ^ "Habeas Corpus Denied". Cornell Legal Information Institute. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  414. ^ "U.S. Judge Is Given Prison Sentence". The New York Times. September 7, 1991. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  415. ^ WashingtonPost.com, February 13, 1999, p. A1, "Senate Acquits President Clinton" by Peter Baker and Helen Dewar,
  416. ^ "Supreme Court term packed with meaty cases". CNN. October 3, 2005. Archived from the original on January 28, 2011.
  417. ^ "Bill Clinton was Fined, Disbarred over the Monica Lewinsky Scandal".
  418. ^ "OIC Smaltz: Press Releases". Govinfo.library.unt.edu. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  419. ^ "White House Aide Resigns After Golf Trip by Helocopter". The Tech. May 27, 1994. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  420. ^ "The Rise And Fall of A Maverick". Government Executive. February 1, 2004. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  421. ^ "Ex-Official Goes to Prison". The New York Times. January 5, 2005. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  422. ^ "Cashing In For Profit?". CBS News. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  423. ^ "U.S. Treasurer Under Bush Pleads Guilty to 3 Felonies". The New York Times. February 18, 1994. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  424. ^ "Former Treasurer Guilty of Tax Evasion : Corruption: Bush Administration official also admits obstructing federal probe and concealing business links". Los Angeles Times. February 18, 1994. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  425. ^ "Ex-U.S. Treasurer Given Prison Term". Los Angeles Times. September 14, 1994. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  426. ^ "House Reprimands, Penalizes Speaker". The Washington Post. August 5, 1998. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  427. ^ The Speaker Steps Down, The New York Times, 11/8/98.
  428. ^ Broderick, Chris (January 29, 2009). "Wes Cooley indicted on federal fraud charges". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  429. ^ "Conduct Cases in the House of Representatives" (PDF). House Committee on Ethics. 2004.
  430. ^ Walsh, Edward (September 8, 1998). "Burton Fathered Child in Extramarital Affair". The Washington Post.
  431. ^ "Murphy Arraigned on Vote-fraud Charges". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 25, 1999. p. B-1. Retrieved February 21, 2015 – via Newsbank.
  432. ^ "Mavroules moves to halfway house Former congressman will finish his sentence in Boston". The Boston Globe. July 6, 1994. Archived from the original on March 22, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2010 – via HighBeam Research.
  433. ^ Chen, Edwin (September 8, 1995). "Senator Packwood Resigns". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  434. ^ "The 22 Worst". USA Today. April 17, 1992.
  435. ^ Yost, Pete (December 21, 2005). "Abramoff Case Has Lawmakers Scared". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 10, 2008.
  436. ^ a b c d e "Former delegate Fauntroy is charged, agrees to plead guilty". Department of Justice. March 22, 1995. Archived from the original on May 30, 2009.
  437. ^ "Carroll Hubbard announces for Representative's seat". Kentucky New Era. Associated Press. January 2, 1974. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  438. ^ Borger, Gloria (May 5, 1994). "Rostenkowski's Last Stand". U.S. News & World Report.
  439. ^ Locy, Toni (May 8, 1996). "Kolter Guilty in Post Office Scandal". The Washington Post.
  440. ^ "Ex-congressman Gets 6 Months in Prison". The New York Times. August 1, 1996.
  441. ^ "Kim Pleads Guilty to Illegal Donations". Asian Week. August 1998.
  442. ^ Lee Davidson, Washington Correspondent (July 3, 1997). "Cannon's chief of staff resigns". Deseret News.
  443. ^ Dan Harrie (December 19, 2017). "Allegations of sexual misconduct are nothing new in Utah politics — here are 8 big cases from the past". The Salt Lake Tribune.
  444. ^ Utah Court of Appeals Briefs (1999). "Crelley Mackey v. Chris Cannon, individually, The Office of Congressman Chris Cannon, Chris Cannon for Congress, Inc., Cannon Industries, Inc., The CI Group, and Cannon Engineering Technologies, Inc. : Brief of Appellee". digitalcommons.law.byu.edu.
  445. ^ Martinez, GEBE (October 26, 1996). "Rohrabacher Pays Fines for Not Filing Report". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  446. ^ "O.C. Grand Jury Indicts Baugh : Campaign Fraud Indictments". Los Angeles Times. March 23, 1996.
  447. ^ Warren, Peter M. (December 5, 1997). "Carmony Pleads Guilty in Baugh Campaign Case". Los Angeles Times.
  448. ^ "Rohrabacher's ex-treasurer sentenced to 1 year, but won't have to go to prison, judge says". Orange County Register. April 25, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  449. ^ "Rohrabacher's ex-treasurer pleads guilty to embezzling from campaign fund". Daily Pilot. January 17, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  450. ^ Bernick, Bob Jr. (July 30, 2003). "Enid Greene back in the public eye". Deseret News.
  451. ^ "Waldholtz enters guilty pleas". CNN. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  452. ^ McKinnon, Jim (May 14, 2004). "Ex-GOP strategist headed back to jail". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  453. ^ "Joe Waldholtz Sentenced to Prison".
  454. ^ William Neikirk; Mike Dorning (December 18, 1998). "Speaker-Elect Admits Illicit Sexual Affairs". Chicago Tribune.
  455. ^ "The History Place, The Great Speeches Collection". historyplace.com.
  456. ^ "Rep. Livingston Resignation". C-SPAN. December 19, 1998.
  457. ^ "Congressman Convicted of Sexual Assault". The New York Times. The Associated Press. August 23, 1995.
  458. ^ "Reynolds, Mel". history.house.gov.
  459. ^ Ben Grove and Paul de la Garza (August 23, 1995). "August 1995: Reynolds guilty of child pornography, obstruction, sexual abuse, sexual assault". Chicago Tribune.
  460. ^ "The Scrutinizer Finds Himself Under Scrutiny". Los Angeles Times. September 25, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  461. ^ T. Christian Miller (September 3, 2005). "Pentagon Investigator Resigning". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
  462. ^ a b "Pentagon Ousts Official Under FBI Investigation". Los Angeles Times. December 11, 2004. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  463. ^ "Senate" (PDF). Congressional Record. Vol. 151, no. 122. September 27, 2005. p. 35. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
  464. ^ Thompson, Mark (March 2, 2007). "Firing the Wrong General". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  465. ^ "Personnel Announcement". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov.
  466. ^ "Francis Harvey". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 31, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  467. ^ "Defense.gov News Article: Walter Reed Chief Relieved of Command". archive.defense.gov.
  468. ^ Vogel, Steve; Branigin, William (March 2, 2007). "Army Fires Commander of Walter Reed". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  469. ^ "Defense.gov News Article: Army Secretary Resigns in Wake of Walter Reed Outpatient-Care Shortfalls". archive.defense.gov. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  470. ^ "Top Army General Relieved of Command at Walter Reed Army Medical Center". Fox News. March 25, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  471. ^ "A Profile of Lieutenant General Kevin C. Kiley, MD: U.S. Army Surgeon General". EMS World.
  472. ^ White, Josh (March 13, 2007). "Surgeon General of the Army Steps Down". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 7, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  473. ^ Sarah Pulliam Bailey (November 3, 2011). "Q & A: Timothy Goeglein on Redemption After Plagiarism". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on December 10, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  474. ^ Elliott, Justin (April 27, 2010). "Ex-Bush Official Pleads Guilty To Contempt In Geeks On Call Case". Talking Points Memo. Archived from the original on April 30, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  475. ^ Hsu, Spencer S. (February 3, 2011). "Bush whistle-blower protector faces jail". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  476. ^ Marimow, Ann E. (June 24, 2013). "Former federal official sentenced to probation with a day in jail". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  477. ^ Michael J. Sniffen and Matt Apuzzo (Associated Press), "Libby Found Guilty in CIA Leak Trial: Ex-Cheney Aide Libby Found Guilty of Obstruction, Perjury, Lying to the FBI in CIA Leak Case", ABC News, March 6, 2007
  478. ^ Sniffen, Michael J.; Apuzzo, Matt (March 6, 2007). "Libby found guilty in CIA leak trial". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  479. ^ Karl de Vries (April 13, 2018). "Trump pardons ex-Cheney aide Scooter Libby". CNN. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  480. ^ Perez, Christine (May 7, 2006). "HUD secretary's blunt warning Alphonso Jackson says deal was scuttled after contractor admits not liking Bush". Dallas Business Journal. Archived from the original on December 13, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  481. ^ Hamburger, Tom (April 24, 2007). "Inquiry of Rove brings unit out of obscurity". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  482. ^ DeYoung, Karen (October 24, 2007). "State Dept. Ousts Its Chief of Security (archived copy)". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 23, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  483. ^ "Newsmeat ▷ Howard Krongard's Federal Campaign Contribution Report". Newsmeat.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  484. ^ Hess, Amanda. "Slate Magazine". Slate. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  485. ^ Richter, Paul (December 8, 2007). "State Dept.'s chief watchdog resigns". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  486. ^ Kessler, Glenn; DeYoung, Karen (September 19, 2007). "State IG Accused of Averting Probes". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  487. ^ "Gonzalez Admits 'Mistakes'". NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. PBS. March 13, 2007. Archived from the original on September 2, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
  488. ^ Bowermaster, David (May 9, 2007). "Charges may result from firings, say two former U.S. attorneys". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2007.
  489. ^ Eggen, Dan; Goldstein, Amy (May 14, 2007). "Voter-Fraud Complaints by GOP Drove Dismissals". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 19, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2007.
  490. ^ Jordan, Lara Jakes (September 15, 2007). "Attorney general bids farewell to Justice: Praises work of department". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
  491. ^ Rutenberg, Jim; Myers, Steven Lee (August 14, 2007). "Karl Rove, Top Strategist, Is Leaving the White House". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  492. ^ a b Shapiro, Ari (July 25, 2007). "Bush Aides in Contempt; Will They Be Prosecuted?". NPR. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  493. ^ a b Hartley, Allegra (March 21, 2007). "Timeline: How the U.S. Attorneys Were Fired". US News & World Report. Archived from the original on May 28, 2007. Retrieved May 28, 2007.
  494. ^ Totenberg, Nina (August 24, 2007). "Schlozman Leaves Justice Dept. Amid Questions". NPR. Retrieved January 14, 2009
  495. ^ Johnston, David (June 16, 2007). "Another Justice Department Official Resigns". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  496. ^ Dan Eggen (May 15, 2007). "Justice Dept.'s No. 2 to Resign: McNulty Is 4th to Quit Since Disputed Firings". The Washington Post. p. A01. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved May 15, 2007.
  497. ^ Eggen, Dan (June 23, 2007). "Third-in-Command at Justice Dept. Resigns: Mercer to Leave Washington Job but Keep U.S. Attorney's Position in Montana". The Washington Post. p. A04. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  498. ^ Jordan, Lara Jakes (April 6, 2007). "Gonzales aide Goodling resigns". Associated Press.
  499. ^ Michael A. Fletcher (May 28, 2007). "Another Top Bush Aide Makes an Exit". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  500. ^ "Advisers' E-Mail Accounts May Have Mixed Politics and Business, White House Says" by Sheryl Gay Stolberg, The New York Times, April 12, 2007
  501. ^ CREW Releases New Report – "Without A Trace: The Missing White House Emails and The Violations of The Presidential Records Act" by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, April 13, 2006
  502. ^ Harrow, Robert (May 1, 2008). "Doan Ends Her Stormy Tenure as GSA Chief". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  503. ^ Weisman, Jonathan (October 25, 2007). "White House Feels Waxman's Oversight Gaze". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  504. ^ Stout, David "Federal Contracting Chief Is Forced Out". The New York Times. (April 3, 2008)
  505. ^ "Report: Contracting head illegally political". USA Today.
  506. ^ a b Andrews, Edmund L. (March 24, 2007). "Former Interior Aide Pleads Guilty to Lying". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  507. ^ Andy Sullivan and James Vicini (March 23, 2007). "Interior Department's No. 2 Resigns After Controversial Tenure". Reuters.[dead link]
  508. ^ Schmitt, Richard B. (March 24, 2007). "Griles guilty in Abramoff case". Los Angeles Times.
  509. ^ "Former Housing Board Chairman Agrees to Plead Guilty". The Bismarck Tribune. Associated Press. March 23, 2005. Archived from the original on December 24, 2010.
  510. ^ "Korsmo, John T." Our Campaigns. May 22, 2003.
  511. ^ Piltz, Rick S. (June 1, 2005). "On Issues of Concern about the Governance of the Climate Change Science Program" (PDF). pp. 10–11. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
  512. ^ Revkin, Andrew (June 10, 2005). "Editor of Climate Report Resigns". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2008.
  513. ^ Lusetich, Robert (March 21, 2007). "Climate science was doctored". The Australian. Archived from the original on July 24, 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
  514. ^ "House Probe Turns to Role of Cheney's Office". March 20, 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
  515. ^ a b "US lobbyist jailed for corruption". BBC News. September 4, 2008. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015.
  516. ^ a b c d e Wilber, Del Quentin; Johnson, Carrie (September 4, 2008). "Abramoff Sentenced to 4 Years in Prison for Corruption". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 9, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  517. ^ "Former GSA Chief of Staff David Safavian Sentenced for Obstruction of Justice and Making False Statements" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice Office of Public Affairs. October 16, 2009.
  518. ^ "#08-1138: Former GSA Chief of Staff David Safavian Convicted of Obstruction, Making False Statements (2008-12-19)". Department of Justice. December 19, 2008. Archived from the original on August 26, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  519. ^ Birnbaum, Jeffrey H. (June 21, 2006). "Ex-Aide To Bush Found Guilty". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010.
  520. ^ Seidman, Joel (October 27, 2006). "Safavian sentenced to 18 months in jail". NBC News. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  521. ^ Seidman, Joel (January 9, 2007). "Abramoff's Interior link gets 2 years probation". MSNBC. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  522. ^ Baker, Peter; Grimaldi, James V. (October 7, 2006). "Rove Aid Linked to Abramoff Resigns". The Washington Post.
  523. ^ Apuzzo, Matt (June 6, 2007). "New Charges Filed in Abramoff Probe". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press.
  524. ^ Heilprin, Mark (June 8, 2007). "GOP fundraiser pleads guilty in probe". USA Today. Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008.
  525. ^ Schmidt, Susan (December 15, 2007). "Republican With Links to Abramoff Is Sentenced". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012.
  526. ^ Soraghan, Mike (July 14, 2007). "Abramoff investigation leads to another guilty plea". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 12, 2008.
  527. ^ Grimaldi, James (April 23, 2008). "Ex-Official Linked to Abramoff Pleads Guilty". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  528. ^ Baker, Debbi (September 29, 2008). "Randy 'Duke' Cunningham – Foggo pleads guilty to fraud". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013.
  529. ^ Williamson, Elizabeth (May 2, 2007). "Interior Dept. Official Facing Scrutiny Resigns". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  530. ^ Londoño, Ernesto; Fletcher, Michael A. (March 11, 2006). "Former Top Bush Aide Accused of Md. Thefts: Refund Scam Netted $5,000, Police Say". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
  531. ^ "Ex-FDA Chief Gets Probation, Fine for Lying About Stocks". The Associated Press. February 28, 2007.
  532. ^ Manning, David; Rycroft, Matthew (July 23, 2002). "Iraq: Prime Minister's Meeting, 23 July" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2019. reprinted as "The secret Downing Street memo". The Sunday Times. May 1, 2005. Archived from the original on November 2, 2010.
  533. ^ Ensor, David (March 14, 2003). "Fake Iraq documents 'embarrassing' for U.S". CNN.
  534. ^ After the war, more than 550 short tons (500 t) of yellowcake, which was cataloged pre-war by the IAEA and not conveniently suitable for atomic weapons was removed from Iraq and eventually shipped to Canada. Brianna Keilar; Larry Shaughnessy (July 7, 2008). "500 tons of uranium shipped from Iraq, Pentagon says". CNN. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
  535. ^ "U.S. Mismanaged Iraqi Funds". United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Archived from the original on December 27, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2007.
  536. ^ Pallister, David (February 8, 2007). "How the US sent $12bn in cash to Iraq. And watched it vanish". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 8, 2007.
  537. ^ Asthana, Anushka (January 26, 2006). "How US lost billions in Wild West gamble to rebuild Iraq". The Times. London. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
  538. ^ "How the US sent $12bn in cash to Iraq. And watched it vanish". The Guardian. London. February 8, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  539. ^ Pelofsky, Jeremy (February 7, 2007). "U.S. sent pallets of cash to Baghdad". Reuters.
  540. ^ Kurtz, Howard (January 26, 2005). "Writer Backing Bush Plan Had Gotten Federal Contract". The Washington Post. p. C01.
  541. ^ "Business People; Appointment At Commerce". The New York Times. September 13, 1991. p. D3. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  542. ^ "No FBI Charges for Defense Official in Iraq Case". Los Angeles Times. October 15, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  543. ^ "Pentagon ousts official who tied Russia, Iraq arms". The Washington Times.
  544. ^ Sevastopulo, Demetri; Dinmore, Guy; Harding, James (October 28, 2004). "Russians 'may have taken Iraq explosives'". Financial Times. Archived from the original on August 5, 2007.
  545. ^ Dolnick, Sam, Kerik Pleads Guilty in Corruption Case, The New York Times, November 5, 2009.
  546. ^ Freifeld, Karen (November 26, 2012). "LA money manager gets no jail in NY corruption case". Reuters. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  547. ^ The Associated Press (December 4, 2009). "Guilty Plea in Fraud Case Tied to New York Pension". The New York Times.
  548. ^ Michael J. Sniffen and Matt Apuzzo, "Libby Found Guilty in CIA Leak Trial", Associated Press, March 6, 2007
  549. ^ Smith, R. Jeffrey (September 8, 2006). "Armitage Says He Was Source of CIA Leak". The Washington Post. p. A03. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
  550. ^ Boehlert, Eric (April 5, 2004). "Lies, bribes and hidden costs". Salon.
  551. ^ Pear, Robert (July 7, 2004). "Inquiry Confirms Top Medicare Official Threatened Actuary Over Cost of Drug Benefits". The New York Times.
  552. ^ Risen, James & Lichtblau, Eric (December 16, 2005). "Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  553. ^ http://www.ap.org Archived March 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, March 31, 2010, "Bush wiretapping program takes a hit in Calif ruling" by Paul Elias
  554. ^ "Phillyburbs.com". Archived from the original on December 4, 2008.
  555. ^ "Office of Inspector General – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services". Archived from the original on April 6, 2011.
  556. ^ "Janet Rehnquist Under The Microscope". CBS News. January 22, 2003. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011.
  557. ^ "Janet Rehnquist Resigns". CBS News. March 4, 2003. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  558. ^ "Politics – News about Politics in America & the World". Rolling Stone.[dead link]
  559. ^ Golden, Tim (December 23, 2005). "A Junior Aide had a big role in Terror Policy". The New York Times. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
  560. ^ a b c d e "Memorandum regarding status of Certain OLC Opinions Issued in the Aftermath of the Terrorist Acts of September 11, 2001" (PDF). US Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel. January 15, 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  561. ^ Eggen, Dan (June 27, 2008). "Bush Policy Authors Defend Their Actions: House Panel Hearing Veers From Key Issue of Detainee Mistreatment". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
  562. ^ Serrano, Richard A. (February 20, 2010). "Waterboard memo 'poor judgement'". Chicago Tribune. p. 1/7.
  563. ^ Eggen, Dan (August 5, 2006). "ATF Director Resigns Amid Spending Probe". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  564. ^ "Report of Investigation Concerning Alleged Mismanagement and Misconduct by Carl J. Truscott, Former Director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives" (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General Oversight and Review Division. October 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 31, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  565. ^ "Our Campaigns – Candidate – Carl J. Truscott". ourcampaigns.com.
  566. ^ "Fed Caught In Sex Sting Found Dead In Cell". CBS News. October 5, 2007.
  567. ^ Goodnough, Abby (October 6, 2007). "U.S. Prosecutor Held in a Child Sex Sting Kills Himself". The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  568. ^ "J. D. Roy Atchison". NNDB.
  569. ^ "The Rise And Fall of A Maverick". Government Executive. February 1, 2004. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  570. ^ "Ex-Official Goes to Prison". The New York Times. January 5, 2005. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010.
  571. ^ "Cashing In For Profit?". CBS News. January 4, 2005. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012.
  572. ^ Neil A. Lewis (May 5, 2005). "Names Not worth mentioning, ABC Decides in Escort Case". The New York Times.
  573. ^ John King and Brianna Keilar (April 28, 2007). "State Department official resigns over 'D.C. madam'". CNN.
  574. ^ John Donnelly, Globe Staff (April 29, 2007). "Ex-AIDS chief in escort flap called hypocritical". The Boston Globe.
  575. ^ "Treffinger Pleads Guilty To Corruption". The New York Times. May 31, 2003. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014.
  576. ^ Chicago Tribune, section 1, p. 14, 'US to shelve Holder case' by Josh Meyer, April 2, 2009
  577. ^ Kocieniewski, David, "House Ethics Panel Expands Rangel Inquiry", The New York Times, December 10, 2008
  578. ^ "Rep. Cunningham won't seek re-election amid contractor probe". CNN. July 14, 2005. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
  579. ^ Patrow, Scot J. (April 27, 2006). "Prosecutors May Widen Congressional-Bribe Case; Cunningham Is Suspected Of Asking for Prostitutes; Were Others Involved?". The Wall Street Journal. p. A-6. OCLC 4299067. Retrieved May 1, 2006.(subscription required)
  580. ^ "Crooked congressman going to prison, Cunningham sentenced to 8 years, 4 months for taking bribes". CNN. March 3, 2006.
  581. ^ "Republican Arizona Congressman Rick Renzi indicted on multiple federal charges", AP, February 22, 2008
  582. ^ Kevin Conlon; Bill Mears (October 28, 2013). "Ex-U.S. Rep. Rick Renzi of Arizona sentenced to three years for corruption". CNN. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  583. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Johnston, David (October 11, 2006). "Hastert Vows to Fire Aides if a Cover-Up Is Discovered". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 18, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2006.
  584. ^