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The flag of Ohio

Ohio (/ˈh/ ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. Ohio borders Lake Erie to the north, Pennsylvania to the east, West Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Indiana to the west, and Michigan to the northwest. Of the 50 U.S. states, it is the 34th-largest by area. With a population of nearly 11.8 million, Ohio is the seventh-most populous and tenth-most densely populated state. Its capital and largest city is Columbus, with other large population centers including Cleveland, Cincinnati, Dayton, Akron, and Toledo. Ohio is nicknamed the "Buckeye State" after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are also known as "Buckeyes". Its flag is the only non-rectangular flag of all U.S. states.

Ohio derives its name from the Ohio River that forms its southern border, which, in turn, originated from the Seneca word ohiːyo', meaning "good river", "great river", or "large creek". The state was home to several ancient indigenous civilizations, with humans present as early as 10,000 BCE. It arose from the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains that were contested by various native tribes and European colonists from the 17th century through the Northwest Indian Wars of the late 18th century. Ohio was partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the first frontier of the new United States, becoming the 17th state admitted to the Union on March 1, 1803, and the first under the Northwest Ordinance. It was the first post-colonial free state admitted to the union and became one of the earliest and most influential industrial powerhouses during the 20th century. Although it has transitioned to a more information- and service-based economy in the 21st century, it remains an industrial state, ranking seventh in GDP , with the third-largest manufacturing sector and second-largest automobile production.

Modeled on its federal counterpart, Ohio's government is composed of the executive branch, led by the governor; the legislative branch, consisting of the bicameral Ohio General Assembly; and the judicial branch, led by the state Supreme Court. Ohio occupies 15 seats in the United States House of Representatives, the seventh-largest delegation. Its politics has been described as moderate; the state is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Seven presidents of the United States have come from Ohio, earning it the moniker "the Mother of Presidents". (Full article...)

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Cleveland, officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. Located in Northeast Ohio along the southern shore of Lake Erie, it is situated across the U.S. maritime border with Canada and lies approximately 60 miles (97 km) west of Pennsylvania. Cleveland ranks as the most populous city on Lake Erie, the second-most populous city in Ohio, and the 54th-most populous city in the U.S. with a 2020 population of 372,624. The city anchors the Cleveland metropolitan area, the 33rd-largest in the U.S. at 2.18 million residents, as well as the larger Cleveland–Akron–Canton combined statistical area, the most populous in Ohio and the 17th-largest in the country with a population of 3.63 million in 2020.

Cleveland was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve by General Moses Cleaveland, after whom the city was named. Its location on the river and the lake shore allowed it to grow into a major commercial and industrial metropolis by the late 19th century, attracting large numbers of immigrants and migrants. It was among the top 10 largest U.S. cities by population for much of the 20th century, a period which saw the development of the city's cultural institutions. By the 1960s, Cleveland's economy began to slow down as manufacturing declined and suburbanization occurred. The city has since developed a diversified economy and gained a national reputation as a center for healthcare and the arts.

Cleveland is a port city, connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Its economy relies on diverse sectors that include higher education, manufacturing, financial services, healthcare, and biomedicals. The city serves as the headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, as well as several major companies. The GDP for the Greater Cleveland MSA was $138.3 billion in 2022. Combined with the Akron MSA, the eight-county Cleveland–Akron metropolitan economy was $176 billion in 2022, the largest in Ohio. (Full article...)

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Grant from West Point to Appomattox, an 1885 engraving presumably intended to commemorate Grant's achievements after his death.
Photo credit: Thure de Thulstrup

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Ben Hanford's 1904 presidential campaign


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Maverick is a steel roller coaster located at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio. Manufactured by Intamin at a cost of $21 million, it was the 500th roller coaster designed by German engineer Werner Stengel and the first to feature a twisted horseshoe roll element. There are two launch points along the 4,450-foot (1,360 m) track that utilize linear synchronous motors (LSM). Maverick features a beyond-vertical drop of 95 degrees and reaches a maximum speed of 70 mph (110 km/h).

Maverick was originally scheduled to open on May 12, 2007, but the opening was delayed after testing revealed that its heartline roll element, which followed the second launch, was too intense and placed excessive stress on the trains. It was replaced in favor of an s-curve element that joins two banked turns, and the coaster opened to public on May 26, 2007. The slogan used in the ride's promotion was "The Old West Was Never This Wild." (Full article...)

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The Cleveland Guardians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland. The Guardians compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) Central division. Since 1994, the team has played its home games at Progressive Field. Since their establishment as a Major League franchise in 1901, the team has won 11 Central Division titles, six American League pennants, and two World Series championships (in 1920 and 1948). The team's World Series championship drought since 1948 is the longest active among all 30 current Major League teams. The team's name references the Guardians of Traffic, eight monolithic 1932 Art Deco sculptures by Henry Hering on the city's Hope Memorial Bridge, which is adjacent to Progressive Field. The team's mascot is named "Slider". The team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Goodyear, Arizona.

The franchise originated in 1896 as the Columbus Buckeyes, a minor league team based in Columbus, Ohio, that played in the Western League. The team renamed to the Columbus Senators the following year and then relocated to Grand Rapids, Michigan in the middle of the 1899 season, becoming the Grand Rapids Furniture Makers for the remainder of the season. The team relocated to Cleveland in 1900 and was called the Cleveland Lake Shores. The Western League itself was renamed the American League prior to the 1900 season while continuing its minor league status. When the American League declared itself a major league in 1901, Cleveland was one of its eight charter franchises. Originally called the Cleveland Bluebirds or Blues, the team was also unofficially called the Cleveland Bronchos in 1902. Beginning in 1903, the team was named the Cleveland Napoleons or Naps, after team captain Nap Lajoie. (Full article...)

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Lachey in March 2012
Nicholas Scott Lachey (/ləˈʃ/ lə-SHAY; born November 9, 1973) is an American singer, dancer, actor, television personality, and host. He rose to fame as the lead singer of the multi-platinum-selling boyband 98 Degrees and later starred in the reality series Newlyweds: Nick and Jessica with his then-wife, Jessica Simpson. He has released four solo albums: SoulO, What's Left of Me, A Father's Lullaby, and Soundtrack of My Life. He also had a recurring role on the television series Charmed. He hosted NBC's The Sing-Off, co-hosted VH1's Big Morning Buzz Live from 2014 to 2015, and Nickelodeon's America's Most Musical Family, and co-hosts the Netflix shows Love Is Blind and The Ultimatum with his wife Vanessa Lachey. He is also the sole host of Perfect Match for Netflix. In 2021, Lachey won the fifth season of The Masked Singer. (Full article...)
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1898 United States Senate elections in OhioLeelah AlcornNeil ArmstrongKroger BabbNatalie Clifford BarneyBring Us TogetherNancy CartwrightSS ChoctawCincinnati Musical Center half dollarCleveland Centennial half dollarClevelandRichard CordrayC. J. CreggSS Edmund FitzgeraldJoseph B. ForakerJames A. GarfieldJohn GlennUlysses S. GrantMark HannaWarren G. HardingBenjamin HarrisonJohn HayRutherford B. HayesInterstate 470 (Ohio–West Virginia)Hurricane IsabelRobert KaskeMaynard James KeenanKent, OhioKenesaw Mountain LandisJim LovellJimmy McAleerMcKinley Birthplace Memorial gold dollarWilliam McKinleyEzra MeekerMillennium ForceNine Inch NailsNine Inch Nails live performancesSS Ohioan (1914)William F. RaynoldsJudith ResnikJ. Havens RichardsAntonin ScaliaThe Shawshank RedemptionJohn ShermanWilliam Howard TaftTecumsehJim ThorpePaul TibbetsJack L. WarnerJames B. WeaverWendell WillkieYoungstown Ohio Works

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List of Cincinnati Reds Opening Day starting pitchersCleveland Blues (NL) all-time rosterList of Cleveland Cavaliers head coachesList of Cleveland Guardians Opening Day starting pitchersList of tallest buildings in Columbus, OhioList of Cincinnati Reds first-round draft picksList of Cincinnati Reds managersList of Cleveland Browns first-round draft picksList of Cleveland Browns head coachesList of Cleveland Browns seasonsList of Cleveland Guardians first-round draft picksList of Columbus Blue Jackets playersList of tallest buildings in ClevelandList of tallest buildings in Dayton, OhioNine Inch Nails discographyList of governors of Ohio

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File:Aida poster colors fixed.jpgFile:Annie Oakley shooting glass balls, 1894.ogvFile:Art Tatum, Vogue Room 1948 (Gottlieb).jpgFile:Billy Strayhorn, New York, N.Y., between 1946 and 1948 (William P. Gottlieb 08211).jpgFile:CHASE, Samuel P-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:CORWIN, Thomas-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:CharlesGriffin.jpgFile:Cleveland Arcade, 1966.jpgFile:Democratic presidential ticket 1864b.jpgFile:EWING, Thomas-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:Edison and phonograph edit1.jpgFile:Eugene F. Kranz at his console at the NASA Mission Control Center.jpgFile:FOSTER, Charles-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:G a custer.jpgFile:GARFIELD, James A-President (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:HARRISON, William H-President (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:HAYES, Rutherford B-President (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:Hurricane Isabel 18 sept 2003 1555Z.jpgFile:Hurricane Isabel eye from ISS (edit 1).jpgFile:James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated.jpgFile:James Birdseye McPherson c. 1862 by Barr & Young.jpgFile:JesseBJackson.jpgFile:Lillian Gish-edit1.jpgFile:Michael Gernhardt in space during STS-69 in 1995.jpgFile:Ohio state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpgFile:Orville Wright 1905-crop.jpgFile:President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpgFile:Pullman dining car 1894.jpgFile:SHERMAN, John-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:Thomas Edison2.jpgFile:Thurston the Great Magician - Strobridge Litho. Co..jpgFile:US-$20-FRBN-1929-Fr.1870-D.jpgFile:US-$100-FRBN-1929-Fr.1890-D.jpgFile:US-NBN-OH-Cleveland-7-1875-50-1711-A.jpgFile:USS Johnston (DD-557) underway on 27 October 1943 (NH 63495).jpgFile:Ulysses S. Grant 1870-1880.jpgFile:Ulysses S. Grant from West Point to Appomattox.jpgFile:Victoria Claflin Woodhull by Mathew Brady - Oval Portrait.jpgFile:WINDOM, William-Treasury (BEP engraved portrait).jpgFile:Wilbur Wright-crop.jpg

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104 (barge)1920 Akron Pros season1946 Cleveland Browns season1947 Cleveland Browns season1948 American League tie-breaker game1948 Cleveland Browns season1966 Dayton race riot1990 Toledo Rockets football teamMLS Cup 20012011–12 Columbus Blue Jackets season2013 Mudsummer Classic2015 Camellia Bowl2016 Camellia Bowl2022 USFL Championship GameAcer rubrumTony AdamleJohn Adams (drummer)Addie Joss Benefit GameJonathan AlderWalter AlstonThe American IsraeliteThe AmpsDouglas ApplegateRobert BacherBad Blood (2004)John Baldwin (educator)Banshee (roller coaster)Charles BassettPowhatan BeatyJacob L. BeilhartHalle BerryJustin BorenBowling Green State UniversityRoger BresnahanGeorge Brett (general)Paul BrownJennifer BrunnerBuckeye chickenPhil H. BucklewWilliam Heath ByfordJames Edwin Campbell (poet)Drew CareyCarol (film)SS CayugaCedar PointOba ChandlerBob ChappuisUSS Cincinnati (CL-6)Cincinnati Union TerminalCincinnati chiliCleveland Lakefront StationClydesdale Motor Truck CompanyJohn Alan CoeyLevi CoffinColumbus Buggy CompanyChris Columbus (filmmaker)Flag of Columbus, OhioColumbus nightclub shootingKatharine ComanArthur ComptonThom DardenWilliam H. Davis (educator)Dayton, OhioDayton ProjectDiamondback (Kings Island)Disaster TransportLarry DobyDominator (roller coaster)Dr. Samuel Mitchel Smith and Sons Memorial FountainSteve DriehausMike Echols (gridiron football)Clarence Ransom EdwardsRobert L. EichelbergerHugh Boyle EwingFirehawk (roller coaster)Sarah FisherFlag of OhioElmer FlickForest Fair VillageFort Steuben BridgeFostoria Glass CompanyLucretia GarfieldNed GarverGateKeeper (roller coaster)Atul GawandeElmer GedeonGlee (TV series)Graeter'sLou GrozaCaroline HarrisonJohn HeismanBrad HennesseyHerron GymnasiumThomas S. HindeHistory of Cincinnati Union TerminalMarty HoganGeorgia HopleySam Hornish Jr.David Hudson (pioneer)Aubrey HuffMiller HugginsTillinghast L'Hommedieu HustonImmaculate Conception Catholic Church (Celina, Ohio)India FerrahIndiana Glass CompanyIndiana TerritorySS Ira H. OwenSS IronsidesTemple Israel (Dayton, Ohio)LeBron JamesTommy James (American football)John Glenn Columbus International AirportUSS Johnston (DD-557)Brereton C. JonesJames McHenry JonesCharles KeatingMary Jo KilroyKing of the Ring (1993)Jordan KovacsSS Lac La BelleGeoffrey A. LandisJohn Lansdale Jr.Matt LanterDante LavelliLeVeque TowerFrances Spatz LeightonKilling of Chandra LevyJoseph LonardoMLS Cup 2008Magnum XL-200Marcellus FormationMark MatthewsMaverick (roller coaster)Arthur B. McBrideAngus McDonald (Virginia militiaman)Winsor McCayFrank MestnikDan Meyer (first baseman)The MizMount Carmel EastJon MoxleyJim MuellerAlbert G. MummaEd MuranskyMark Murphy (safety, born 1958)Kenneth NicholsCharles Francis O'ConnorUSS Ohio (BB-12)Ohio State Route 11Ohio State Route 85Ohio State Route 161Ohio State Route 167Ohio State Route 228Ohio State Route 249Ohio State Route 253Ohio State Route 257Ohio State Route 293Ohio State Route 319Ohio State Route 357Ohio State Route 364Ohio State Route 365Ohio State Route 368Ohio State Route 369Ohio State Route 370Ohio State Route 372Ohio State Route 500Ohio State Route 575Ohio State Route 605Ohio State Route 607Ohio State Route 633Ohio State Route 666Ohio State Route 701Ohio State Route 710Ohio State Route 716Ohio State Route 745Ohio State Route 750Ohio State Route 778Ohio State Route 822Ohio State Route 844Isaac Charles ParkerAra ParseghianHenry B. PayneRoger PeckinpaughPickawillanyJohn Pope (general)Ricky PowersPreggersPremier Health Miami Valley Hospital SouthProgressive FieldRaptor (Cedar Point)Madison RayneElizabeth Wagner ReedReynolds and ReynoldsTim RichmondGarland RiversEppa RixeyOscar RobertsonJohn D. RockefellerRolling Acres MallAaron RomeTheodore Roosevelt High School (Kent, Ohio)Arnold RossRed RuffingLouis B. SeltzerDanny ShayPaul ShueyZavier SimpsonGeorge SislerConnie SmithRichard Smith (silent film director)Son of BeastSouthworth House (Cleveland, Ohio)Spirit Fruit SocietyWilliam StacySteel VengeanceGloria SteinemSurvivor Series (1992)Survivor Series (2004)Swifton CenterHelen Herron TaftArt Tatum2005 Texas vs. Ohio State football gameHenry Adams ThompsonJack Thompson (activist)Nancy Thompson (A Nightmare on Elm Street)Salvatore Todaro (mobster)Top Thrill 2Traffic (2000 film)Tri-County MallEvan TurnerU.S. Route 223University of Dayton GhettoRick VolkWAKRWCPNWKSUWVIZMoses Fleetwood WalkerWeldy WalkerWarner and Swasey ObservatoryThe Watch (2012 film)Wildwater Kingdom (Ohio)Carrie WilliamsBill WillisSimeon WillisWindSeekerMartha WiseWhitey WistertWright brothersWSTR-TVWTRF-TVWVPX-TVWXIX-TVDwight YoakamKevin YoukilisCy YoungHoylande YoungRodger YoungZapp (band)Dolph ZigglerNorthern cardinal


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Cleveland skyline at night from Lake Erie
Cleveland skyline at night from Lake Erie
Credit: Erik Drost
Cleveland skyline at night from Lake Erie.

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