Mahoning Valley
Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH–PA MSA
Youngstown–Warren, OH–PA CSA
Cities shaded in dark blue, villages and boroughs shaded in light blue.
Cities shaded in dark blue, villages and boroughs shaded in light blue.
Steel Valley
Country United States
States Ohio
Largest cityYoungstown
660–3,001 ft (200–915 m)
 • Urban
 • MSA
541,243 (107th)
 • CSA
632,538 (80th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
16xxx to 44xxx
Area code(s)330, 234, 724

The Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, typically known as the Mahoning Valley or the Steel Valley, is a metropolitan area in Northeast Ohio and Western Pennsylvania the United States, with the city of Youngstown, Ohio, at its center. According to the US Census Bureau, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes Mahoning and Trumbull counties in Ohio and Mercer County in Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the metro area had a population of 541,243.[1] This area has a large commuter population that works in Cleveland and Pittsburgh and their metropolitan areas. It is located in the Rust Belt, a region which stretches from Minneapolis in the west to Scranton in the east.

Steel industry

Although steel has been produced in the Mahoning Valley since the mid-1800s, after the Civil War, the valley was primarily known for its iron production. Conversion to steel manufacturing began during the economic depression of the 1890s.[2] The Mahoning Valley is suitable for steel manufacture because of "its proximity to the Lake Erie ports that receive iron ore…the coal fields of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia; and to limestone deposits."[3] The "25-mile stretch of steel mills and related industries" along the Mahoning River is similar to the Ruhr Valley in Germany."[3] Historically, it was the largest steel producing region in the world (including all of Northeast Ohio and Western Pennsylvania).[citation needed]

The local steel industry declined during the 1970s steel crisis. A notable plant closure occurred on September 19, 1977, when Youngstown Sheet and Tube abruptly closed its Campbell Works and furloughed 5,000 workers.[4] Today the area produces little steel, and is home to many scrap metal yards and aluminum plants.[5] A 2009 documentary titled "Steel Valley: Meltdown" describes "the past, present and future of the Mahoning Valley" through the eyes of local experts, including one local organizer who stated, "We are the first generation completely removed from the days when steel mills were active."[6]

The Mahoning Valley Economic Development Corporation, founded in 1979, is active in economic revitalization and diversification. It owns two industrial parks, and has purchased local rail lines, including the Youngstown and Austintown Railroad and the Warren and Trumbull Railroad.[7]


Largest municipalities

2019 rank City County (state) 2019 estimate 2010 census Change Peak population (year)
1 Youngstown Mahoning (OH) 65,469 66,982 −2.26%[8] 170,002 (1930)
2 Warren Trumbull (OH) 38,752 41,557 −6.75%[8] 63,494 (1970)
3 Boardman Mahoning (OH) 35,376 35,376 0.00%[9] 39,161 (1980)
4 Austintown Mahoning (OH) 29,677 29,677 0.00%[10] 33,636 (1980)
5 Niles Trumbull (OH) 18,176 19,266 −5.66%[8] 23,072 (1980)
6 Hermitage Mercer (PA) 15,471 16,365 −5.46%[8] 16,365 (1980)
7 Sharon Mercer (PA) 12,933 14,038 −7.87%[8] 26,454 (1950)
8 Salem Columbiana (OH) 11,612 12,303 −5.62%[11] 14,186 (1970)
9 East Liverpool Columbiana (OH) 10,603 11,195 −5.29%[11] 26,243 (1970)
10 Struthers Mahoning (OH) 10,111 10,713 −5.62%[8] 15,631 (1960)

Cities, villages, and boroughs



Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 602,978 people, 238,319 households, and 162,896 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 86.88% White, 10.78% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $36,071, and the median income for a family was $44,055. Males had a median income of $35,626 versus $23,186 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,547.

Results from the past four Presidential elections in the Mahoning Valley
Results from the past four Presidential elections in the Mahoning Valley


Main article: Youngstown, Ohio § Sports

Mahoning Valley area teams
Club Sport League (Conf) Venue Location
Mahoning Valley Scrappers Baseball New York–Penn League Eastwood Field Niles
Youngstown Phantoms Ice hockey United States Hockey League Covelli Centre Youngstown
Youngstown Nighthawks Indoor soccer Premier Arena Soccer League Farmer Jim's Sports Complex Cortland
Youngstown State University Penguins various NCAA (Horizon League, MVFC) various, including Stambaugh Stadium Youngstown

College sports

NCAA Division I sports are played in the region, with Youngstown State University fielding eight men's and ten women's teams.

Combined statistical area

The Youngstown–Warren combined statistical area is made up of four counties – three in northeast Ohio and one in western Pennsylvania. The statistical area includes one metropolitan area and one micropolitan area.[14] The Youngstown-Warren media market serves all three counties in the CSA, as well as the New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

See also


  1. ^ a b "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Ohio: Rise and Fall of the Steel Industry in the Mahoning Valley". (Local Legacies: Celebrating Community Roots – Library of Congress). Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  3. ^ a b "Mahoning Valley". Ohio Turnpike and Infrastructure Commission. Archived from the original on 2014-03-15. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  4. ^ Christie, Les. "The incredible shrinking city". Retrieved 2004-04-24.
  5. ^ Linkon, Sherry Lee; John Russo (2002). Steeltown U.S.A: work and memory in Youngstown. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1161-4.
  6. ^ Libecco, Katie (2009-09-19). "Local documentary gathers expert insight". Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  7. ^ "Mahoning Valley Economic Development Corporation – Revitalizing the Mahoning Valley". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Struthers city, Ohio; Hermitage city, Pennsylvania; Sharon city, Pennsylvania; Niles city, Ohio; Warren city, Ohio; Youngstown city, Ohio". Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Decennials - Census of Population and Housing". 8 February 2006. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  10. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  11. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-02)". 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010-03-23. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 20, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-30.

Further reading

Coordinates: 41°15′N 80°43′W / 41.250°N 80.717°W / 41.250; -80.717