|Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area|
|Other cities|| - Warren|
- East Liverpool
|Elevation||660–3,001 ft (200–915 m)|
|• MSA||541,243 (107th)|
|• CSA||643,120 (80th)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
16xxx to 44xxx
|Area code(s)||330, 234, 724|
The Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, typically known as the Mahoning Valley (and historically the Steel Valley), is a metropolitan area in Northeast Ohio and Western Pennsylvania the United States, with the city of Youngstown, Ohio, at its center. According to the US Census Bureau, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes Mahoning and Trumbull counties in Ohio and Mercer County in Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the region had a population of 541,243, making it the 107th largest metro area in the country.
Taking its name from the Mahoning River, the area has a large commuter population that works in Cleveland and Pittsburgh and their metropolitan areas. It is located in the Rust Belt, the former industrial region of the northern United States. The Youngstown–Warren combined statistical area adds the Salem micropolitan area and Columbiana County, Ohio to the region, increasing the total population to 643,120. The Youngstown–Warren media market serves all three counties in the CSA, as well as the New Castle micropolitan area.
Although steel has been produced in the Mahoning Valley since the mid-1800s, after the Civil War, the valley was primarily known for its iron production. Conversion to steel manufacturing began during the economic depression of the 1890s. The Mahoning Valley is suitable for steel manufacture because of "its proximity to the Lake Erie ports that receive iron ore…the coal fields of Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia; and to limestone deposits." The "25-mile stretch of steel mills and related industries" along the Mahoning River is similar to the Ruhr Valley in Germany." Historically, it was the largest steel producing region in the world (including all of Northeast Ohio and Western Pennsylvania).
The local steel industry declined during the 1970s steel crisis. A notable plant closure occurred on September 19, 1977, when Youngstown Sheet and Tube abruptly closed its Campbell Works and furloughed 5,000 workers. Today the area produces little steel, and is home to many scrap metal yards and aluminum plants. A 2009 documentary titled "Steel Valley: Meltdown" describes "the past, present and future of the Mahoning Valley" through the eyes of local experts, including one local organizer who stated, "We are the first generation completely removed from the days when steel mills were active."
The Mahoning Valley Economic Development Corporation, founded in 1979, is active in economic revitalization and diversification. It owns two industrial parks, and has purchased local rail lines, including the Youngstown and Austintown Railroad and the Warren and Trumbull Railroad.
|Population rank||City||County||State||2020 census||2010 census||Change||Peak population (year)|
|10||East Liverpool||Columbiana||Ohio||9,958||11,195||−11.05%||26,243 (1970)|
Columbiana County (CSA)
Columbiana County (CSA)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 602,978 people, 238,319 households, and 162,896 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 86.88% White, 10.78% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.
The median income for a household in the MSA was $36,071, and the median income for a family was $44,055. Males had a median income of $35,626 versus $23,186 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,547.
|County||2020 Census||2010 Census||Change||Area||Density|
|Mahoning County||228,614||238,823||−4.27%||425 sq mi (1,100 km2)||538/sq mi (208/km2)|
|Trumbull County||201,977||210,312||−3.96%||637 sq mi (1,650 km2)||317/sq mi (122/km2)|
|Mercer County||110,652||116,638||−5.13%||683 sq mi (1,770 km2)||162/sq mi (63/km2)|
|Columbiana County||101,877||107,841||−5.53%||535 sq mi (1,390 km2)||190/sq mi (74/km2)|
The Youngstown–Warren area is served by one regional and several county and local airports, including:
The Western Reserve Transit Authority (WRTA) operates a metropolitan public busing system in Mahoning and Trumbull counties. In Columbiana County, the Community Action Rural Transit System (CARTS) operates a rural public busing system.
The Mahoning Valley is home to a number of higher education facilities, including:
Main article: Youngstown, Ohio § Sports
|Mahoning Valley Scrappers||Baseball||New York–Penn League||Eastwood Field||Niles|
|Youngstown Phantoms||Ice hockey||United States Hockey League||Covelli Centre||Youngstown|
|Youngstown Nighthawks||Indoor soccer||Premier Arena Soccer League||Farmer Jim's Sports Complex||Cortland|
|Youngstown State University Penguins||various||NCAA (Horizon League, MVFC)||various, including Stambaugh Stadium||Youngstown|
NCAA Division I sports are played in the region, with Youngstown State University fielding eight men's and ten women's teams.