Lisbon, Ohio
Lisbon Historic District
Flag of Lisbon, Ohio
Location of Lisbon in Columbiana County and in the State of Ohio
Location of Lisbon in Columbiana County and in the State of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°46′26″N 80°46′3″W / 40.77389°N 80.76750°W / 40.77389; -80.76750Coordinates: 40°46′26″N 80°46′3″W / 40.77389°N 80.76750°W / 40.77389; -80.76750
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyColumbiana
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorPeter Wilson (I)[1]
Area
 • Total1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
 • Land1.68 sq mi (4.36 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation968 ft (295 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,597
 • Density1,542.16/sq mi (595.43/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44432
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-44030[4]
GNIS feature ID1065006[3]
School DistrictLisbon Exempted Village SD
Websitehttp://www.lisbonvillage.com/

Lisbon is a village in and the county seat of Columbiana County, Ohio, United States, along the Little Beaver Creek.[5] The population was 2,597 at the 2020 census.[6] It is a part of the Salem micropolitan area, about 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Youngstown.

History

Lisbon was platted on February 16, 1803, by Baptist minister Lewis Kinney, originally named New Lisbon after Lisbon, Portugal.[7] The village was incorporated under a special act of legislature on February 7, 1825.[8] Initially known for its iron and whiskey production, New Lisbon became an economic hub of many sorts into the first industrial revolution, and one of the largest towns on the Sandy and Beaver Canal.[9] During this time, the village claimed the county's first bank, the Columbiana Bank of New Lisbon; its first insurance company, and the first Ohio newspaper, The Ohio Patriot, founded by an Alsatian immigrant, William D. Lepper.[10]

Lisbon has the distinction of being the northernmost western town involved in military actions during the American Civil War. Confederate Army general John Hunt Morgan surrendered to New Lisbon militia forces in nearby West Point at the end of Morgan's Raid into Ohio.[11] After the failure of the canal, the town had to wait until the late 1860s to receive railroad access once the Niles and New Lisbon Railroad opened. It and the later Pittsburgh, Marion & Chicago Railway helped bring industry to the area, including the porcelain manufacturing R. Thomas and Sons Company.[9] The village was renamed to Lisbon in 1895.[12] In 1900, the modern drinking straw was invented and patented in Lisbon.[13][14]

Spirit Fruit Society Open House – Lisbon, Ohio, 1904
Spirit Fruit Society Open House – Lisbon, Ohio, 1904

In 1899, Jacob L. Beilhart founded the Spirit Fruit Society, an intentional community to practice his newly developed beliefs, in Lisbon.[15] Its goal was to "teach mankind how to apply the truths taught by Jesus Christ," which included a rejection of jealousy and materialism.[16][15] The commune only attracted about a dozen residents, mostly from outside the area.[15] However, views against marriage and promoting free love were not accepted well in Lisbon, and the group left for Chicago in late 1904.[15][17][16]

Lisbon became a qualified Tree City USA as recognized by the National Arbor Day Foundation in 1981.[18]

Geography

Lisbon is located at 40°46′26″N 80°46′3″W / 40.77389°N 80.76750°W / 40.77389; -80.76750 (40.773874, -80.767553).[19]

The following highways pass through Lisbon:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.69 square miles (4.38 km2), all land.[20]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1810303
1820746146.2%
18301,12951.3%
18601,381
18701,56913.6%
18802,02829.3%
18902,27812.3%
19003,33046.2%
19103,084−7.4%
19203,1130.9%
19303,4059.4%
19403,379−0.8%
19503,293−2.5%
19603,5798.7%
19703,521−1.6%
19803,159−10.3%
19903,037−3.9%
20002,788−8.2%
20102,8211.2%
20202,597−7.9%
source:[21]

2010 census

As of the census[22] of 2010, there were 2,821 people, 1,138 households, and 693 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,669.2 inhabitants per square mile (644.5/km2). There were 1,287 housing units at an average density of 761.5 per square mile (294.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.4% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 1,138 households, of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the village was 39.6 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,788 people, 1,133 households, and 696 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,521.1 people per square mile (969.8/km2). There were 1,253 housing units at an average density of 1,133.0 per square mile (435.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.74% White, 0.90% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

There were 1,133 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,841, and the median income for a family was $36,707. Males had a median income of $29,271 versus $19,826 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,097. About 10.1% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under the age of 18 and 5.2% of those 65 years or over.

Arts and culture

Lisbon is host to the annual Columbiana County Fair in the summer and the Lisbon Johnny Appleseed Festival in the fall; the real Appleseed had planted an apple tree nursery in the area in the 1800s.[23] The Dulci-More Festival, a music festival dedicated to the Appalachian dulcimer and other traditional musical instruments, formerly took place over Memorial Day weekend at Camp McKinley, a Boy Scout camp near Lisbon from 1995 to 2019.[24]

Folk band Bon Iver paid tribute to the village in the instrumental song "Lisbon, OH", from their 2011 Grammy Award-winning album Bon Iver, Bon Iver.

The village is home to the public Lepper Library, founded in 1897. The building site on Lincoln Way and a $10,000 grant were donated by Virginia Lepper in memory of her late husband.[25]

In 2020, Lisbon became an official North Country National Scenic Trail Town

Government

Lisbon operates under a mayor–council government, where there are six council members elected as a legislature in addition to an independently elected mayor who serves as an executive.[1] The current mayor is Peter Wilson (I).[1] Additionally, Lisbon has a Board of Trustees of Public Affairs, a three-member board elected separately from the village council.

Education

McKinley School, c. 1930-1945
McKinley School, c. 1930-1945

Children in Lisbon are served by the Lisbon Exempted Village School District. The current schools in the district are:

The school's athletic teams are known as the Blue Devils. The most heavily followed athletic programs at Lisbon's high school are football and basketball. Most notable is Lisbon's 1995 Division V State Championship in football, the only such championship in that sport ever to be held by a Columbiana County school. Other sports include track, swimming, golf, cross country, baseball, softball, volleyball, and cheerleading.

The Columbiana County Career and Technical Center is immediately south of city limits.

Media

Lisbon is home to the Morning Journal, a local newspaper serving Columbiana County. The result of multiple mergers, it began printing in 1909.[26]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c "2020 General Election Results for Columbiana County" (PDF). Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "Lisbon village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  7. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 76.
  8. ^ Mack, Horace (1879). History of Columbiana County, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Unigraphic. p. 107.
  9. ^ a b "Lisbon Village Website". Village of Lisbon. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  10. ^ Robert E. Cazden (1998). "The German Book Trade In Ohio Before 1848". Ohio History. 84: 57–77.
  11. ^ Mahoning Valley Civil War Round Table Archived 2005-10-18 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ McCord, William B. (1905). History of Columbiana County, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Biographical Publishing Company. pp. 269.
  13. ^ ""Sucker" U.S. Patent". United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  14. ^ "Lisbon Village History". Village of Lisbon. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  15. ^ a b c d Fogarty, Robert S.; Grant, H. Roger (Spring 1980). "Free Love in Ohio: Jacob Beilhart and the Spirit Fruit Colony". Ohio History. 89 (2): 206–21. PMID 11617838. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  16. ^ a b Murphy, James L. (1989). The Reluctant Radicals. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-8191-7423-9.
  17. ^ Murphy, James L. (July 1979). "Jacob Beilhart and the Spirit Fruit Society". Echoes. 18 (7): 1, 3. hdl:1811/38882. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  18. ^ "Tree Cities Ohio" [1]. " Arbor Day Foundation accessed 18 September 2020.
  19. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-20.
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  23. ^ "Johnny Appleseed: A Pioneer Hero". Harper's New Monthly Magazine. No. XLIII. 1871. pp. 830–831. Archived from the original on October 9, 2018. Retrieved October 8, 2018.. Full text of "Johnny Appleseed: a pioneer hero" at the Internet Archive
  24. ^ "Dulci-More Festival 14". billschillingmusic.googlepages.com. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  25. ^ "About Us". Lepper Library. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  26. ^ "Ogden Newspapers to Acquire Lisbon (OH) Morning Journal". Dirks, Van Essen & April. December 2, 2003. Retrieved January 15, 2023.