St. Clairsville, Ohio
Downtown St. Clairsville
Downtown St. Clairsville
Nickname: 
Paradise On The Hilltop
Location of St. Clairsville, Ohio
Location of St. Clairsville, Ohio
Location of St. Clairsville in Belmont County
Location of St. Clairsville in Belmont County
Coordinates: 40°4′46″N 80°54′5″W / 40.07944°N 80.90139°W / 40.07944; -80.90139
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyBelmont
Area
 • Total2.44 sq mi (6.32 km2)
 • Land2.42 sq mi (6.27 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation1,273 ft (388 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,096
 • Density2,104.05/sq mi (812.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43950
FIPS code39-69526[3]
GNIS feature ID1082182[2]
Websitehttp://www.stclairsville.com/

St. Clairsville is a city in and the county seat of Belmont County, Ohio, United States.[4] The population was 5,096 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Wheeling metropolitan area.

History

The seat of justice of Belmont County was originally known as Newellstown, and under the latter name was laid out in the late 1790s by David Newell.[5] The name of the settlement was soon changed to St. Clairsville in honor of Northwest Territory Governor and Revolutionary War Major-General Arthur St. Clair.[6]

In 1833, St. Clairsville contained a brick courthouse and jail, five houses of worship, seventeen or eighteen mercantile stores, several groceries, a drug store, a book store, five taverns, three printing offices, four or five physicians, and fourteen or fifteen lawyers, and a large number of mechanics' shops.[7] CBS's well known Charles Kuralt's program..."On the Road With Charles Kuralt" drove through Saint Clairsville for a TV segment, in the 1960s.

Belmont County was also the venue for the world-famous Jamboree in the Hills outdoor country music festival. In 1986, the syndicated Paul Harvey Show featured a special election being held in Belmont County for purposes of Selecting a new official county seal and flag, created by then-county resident Michael A. Massa.

Geography

St. Clairsville is located at 40°4′46″N 80°54′5″W / 40.07944°N 80.90139°W / 40.07944; -80.90139 (40.079379, -80.901274).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.44 square miles (6.32 km2), of which 2.42 square miles (6.27 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[9] The Official Belmont County Seal, designed by county native Michael A. Massa, features 13 stars, denoting that the county was the 13th parcel to have originally been incorporated into what was the US Northwest Territory.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1810431
182064148.7%
183078923.1%
18408295.1%
18501,02523.6%
1860999−2.5%
18701,0565.7%
18801,1286.8%
18901,1915.6%
19001,2101.6%
19101,39315.1%
19201,56112.1%
19302,44056.3%
19402,79714.6%
19503,0408.7%
19603,86527.1%
19704,75423.0%
19805,45214.7%
19905,162−5.3%
20005,057−2.0%
20105,1842.5%
20205,096−1.7%
2021 (est.)5,048−0.9%
Sources:[3] [10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

2010 census

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 5,184 people, 2,386 households, and 1,407 families living in the city. The population density was 2,142.1 inhabitants per square mile (827.1/km2). There were 2,531 housing units at an average density of 1,045.9 per square mile (403.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 2.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 2,386 households, of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 49.7 years. 17.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.2% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 25.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.9% male and 54.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,057 people, 2,262 households, and 1,431 families living in the city. The population density was 2,354.2 inhabitants per square mile (909.0/km2). There were 2,430 housing units at an average density of 1,131.2 per square mile (436.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.48% White, 3.08% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.

There were 2,262 households, out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city the population was spread out, with 19.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,630, and the median income for a family was $47,808. Males had a median income of $40,597 versus $25,229 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,416. About 4.2% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions and Economy

The Clarendon Hotel

The city owns and intends to redevelop the Clarendon Hotel. Built in 1890, it lies along the National Road, a National Scenic Byway.

Murray Energy is based in St. Clairsville.

Arts and culture

The main shopping district is centered on the Ohio Valley Mall, which opened in 1978.

Another popular location in St. Clairsville is a bicycle path that runs approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) from the entrance to the Saginaw Mine to the Junior Sports complex. The Bike Path features a gazebo, two nature trails, two tunnels, a Wheeling & Lake Erie original railroad bridge, and countless scouts projects. The National Road Bikeway in St. Clairsville is the only bike trail in Ohio with a rail tunnel.

Education

The St. Clairsville school system serves students in grades pre-kindergarten to twelve at St. Clairsville High School,[19] Middle School, and Elementary School. The St. Clairsville mascot is a Red Devil, deriving from a nickname for local coal miners. The miners would emerge covered in red dust because of the red clay present at a local mine in an area dubbed Hell's Kitchen.[citation needed]

Located in the city is St. Mary's School which includes grades pre-kindergarten through eight. Their mascot is the Knights. St. Mary's School was a feeder school into St. John Central Academy in Bellaire, Ohio. The school is of the Roman Catholic affiliation.

Higher education includes Belmont College and the Ohio University Eastern Campus.[20][21]

Transportation

St. Clairsville lays along both Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 (the latter of which runs roughly parallel to the former National Road). The town is also served by Ohio State Route 9, and Interstate 470 has its western terminus nearby.

St. Clairsville is home to Alderman Airport, a private airport.[22] The nearest general aviation airport is Wheeling Ohio County Airport, and the nearest major commercial airport is Pittsburgh International Airport.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ McKelvey, A. T. (1903). Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens. Biographical Publishing Company. pp. 241.
  6. ^ Appalachian Ohio: County History Archived 2006-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. pp. 428. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ "State of Ohio, Population of Cities and Towns" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Ninth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Ninth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1870. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  12. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1880. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  14. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  15. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  16. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  17. ^ "St. Clairsville city, Ohio". census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2022.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  19. ^ "St. Clairsville-Richland City School District". www.stcs.k12.oh.us. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  20. ^ "Belmont College". Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  21. ^ "Eastern Campus | Ohio University". www.ohio.edu. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  22. ^ "FAA Information about Alderman Airport (2P7)". www.airport-data.com. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  23. ^ "MOH Citation for Sylvester Antolak". Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved December 16, 2018.
  24. ^ "John Jacob LENTZ, Congress, OH (1856-1931)". www.infoplease.com. Retrieved December 29, 2021.