Ashland, Ohio
East Main Street, downtown
East Main Street, downtown
Motto: 
"Someplace Special"[1]
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Location of Ashland in Ashland County
Ashland is located in Ohio
Ashland
Ashland
Ashland is located in the United States
Ashland
Ashland
Coordinates: 40°52′30″N 82°19′05″W / 40.87500°N 82.31806°W / 40.87500; -82.31806
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyAshland
Area
 • Total11.35 sq mi (29.39 km2)
 • Land11.28 sq mi (29.22 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total19,225
 • Density1,703.74/sq mi (657.84/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44805
Area codes419, 567
FIPS code39-02568[4]
GNIS feature ID1085702[3]
Websiteashland-ohio.com

Ashland is a city in and the county seat of Ashland County, Ohio, United States,[5] about 66 miles (106 km) southwest of Cleveland and 82 miles (132 km) northeast of Columbus. The population was 19,225 at the 2020 census. It is the center of the Ashland Micropolitan statistical area, which includes all of Ashland County.

History

Ashland was laid out by Daniel Carter in 1815. Ashland was originally called Uniontown, but in 1822 the city was compelled to adopt a new name because another city in Ohio was already named Uniontown. The new name of Ashland was selected by supporters of the Kentucky congressman Henry Clay, from Ashland, his estate near Lexington.[6][7] Later, "Henry Clay High School" was considered as a name for what is now known as Ashland High School.

In the mid-1800s, Ashland pioneers traveled to Oregon, naming a settlement after the town. In 1878, with financial assistance from the city, the German Baptist Brethren Church opened Ashland College.[8] Ashland became an early center of manufacturing in Ohio. In 1870, brothers Francis E. Myers and Philip A. Myers went into business selling farm equipment and operating a repair shop. They secured the patent for a double-action pump that delivered water in a steady stream rather than spurts. By 1915, F.E. Myers & Bro. had 800 workers. Myers was the largest of the 47 factories in Ashland at that time.[9][10] Other factories included Reliable Match Co. ("Strike Anywhere Matches"), Kauffman Mfg. Co. (manufacturer of folding chairs used in Union Army encampments), Dr. Hess & Clark (veterinary supplies and disinfectants) and T.W. Miller's Faultless Rubber Co. (rubber sundries, surgical goods and bicycle tires).[9]

In 1912, Harry Ross Gill, an Ashland native, invented the way to make cigar-shaped balloons (until then they were only round).[11] He started the Eagle Rubber Company in 1913 and the National Latex company in 1929.[12] The industry that Gill developed in Ashland led to the city becoming known as "the balloon capital of the world."[12] Ashland still celebrates its balloon heritage with its annual BalloonFest.[13]

Ashland was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation in 1984.

In June 2020 residents of the city took to the streets to stand up for and in support of justice reform as George Floyd, a black man, had been killed by four Minneapolis police officers.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the city has an area of 11.23 square miles (29.1 km2), of which 11.17 square miles (28.9 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.[14]

The city has 85.6 miles (137.8 km) of streets, one hospital, two fire stations,[15] one police station, and five parks.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18501,264
18601,74838.3%
18702,60148.8%
18803,00415.5%
18903,56818.8%
19004,08714.5%
19106,79566.3%
19209,24936.1%
193011,14120.5%
194012,45311.8%
195014,28714.7%
196017,41921.9%
197019,87214.1%
198020,2521.9%
199020,079−0.9%
200021,2495.8%
201020,362−4.2%
202019,225−5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

[17]

2010 census

As of the census[18] of 2010, the city had 20,362 people, 8,063 households, and 4,813 families. The population density was 1,822.9 inhabitants per square mile (703.8/km2). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 798.0 per square mile (308.1/km2). The city's racial makeup was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,063 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The city's median age was 36.1 years. 21% of the city's population was under age 18; 15.7% was from age 18 to 24; 22.5% was from age 25 to 44; 23.1% was from age 45 to 64; and 17.7% was age 65 or older. The city's gender makeup was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, the city had 21,249 people, 8,327 households, and 5,262 families. The population density was 2,051.5 inhabitants per square mile (792.1/km2). There were 8,870 housing units at an average density of 856.4 per square mile (330.7/km2). The city's racial makeup was 96.35% White, 1.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 8,327 households, of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

22.6% of the city's population was under age 18, 15.4% was from age 18 to 24, 25.1% was from age 25 to 44, 20.3% was from age 45 to 64, and 16.6% was age 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The city's median household income was $34,250, and the median family income was $42,755. Males had a median income of $33,634 versus $21,781 for females. The city's per capita income was $16,760. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The city is governed by a mayor, Matt Miller, and a five-person city council.

As of 2022, the mayor's salary was $98,500.[19]

Police

The Ashland County Police Department's current sheriff as of 2024 is E. Wayne Risner. The Chief Deputy is David Blake. The Ashland County Jail holds on average 110 inmates a day and 1750 per year. [20]

Transportation

The Ashland County Airport is three nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.6 km) northeast of Ashland's central business district.[21]

Education

Ashland Public Library

The Ashland City School District enrolls 3,192 students in public primary and secondary schools as of the 2017–18 school year.3904350[22] The district operates five schools, including three elementary schools, one middle school, one high school. The Ashland City School District superintendent is Steve Paramore. The city is also home to Ashland Christian School, St. Edward Catholic School, and Ashland Montessori School.

The city is home to Ashland University and Ashland Theological Seminary. Both were established by the Brethren Church—an Evangelical Protestant church in the Anabaptist tradition—which is headquartered in Ashland.

Ashland contains the Ashland Public Library.[23] The Ashland Public Library provides free access to computers and wifi, reservable meeting rooms, materials, Golden Buckeye Card applications, tech coaching, voter registration, and library events. All programs held at the library are entirely free for patrons. The APL has three library vehicles; two act as bookmobiles for the community. Obtaining a library card is free and the library is now a fine free establishment. [24]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "City of Ashland, Ohio". City of Ashland, Ohio. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ashland, Ohio
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Baughman, Abraham J. (1909). History of Ashland County, Ohio, Volume 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 171.
  7. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 6.
  8. ^ "A Brief History of Ashland University | Administration | Ashland University". ashland.edu. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Shellhouse, Jan (November 2006). "A History of F.E. Myers and Bro. - Equipment". Farm Collector. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  10. ^ "Ashland County Historical Society - Myers Family". ashlandhistory.org. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  11. ^ Balzer, Mark. "The History of Balloons". balloonhq.com. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "History". Hedstrom Plastics. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  13. ^ "Historic Ashland - Balloon Festival was precursor to BalloonFest". Ashland Times-Gazette. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  14. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Ohio". United States Census. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  15. ^ "Photo Gallery: Ashland Fire Department's new Station 2". www.times-gazette.com. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/ashlandcityohio/PST045219 [dead link]
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  19. ^ Reporter, Tracy Leturgey, Staff (December 15, 2020). "Ashland Council approves pay increases for next mayor and council". Ashland Source. Retrieved June 6, 2023.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ "Corrections". Ashland County Sheriff Office. 2024. Retrieved March 18, 2024.
  21. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for 3G4 PDF. Federal Aviation Administration. effective 30 June 2011.
  22. ^ "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Ashland City". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  23. ^ "Location & Hours". Ashland Public Library. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  24. ^ "Ashland Public Library". Ashland Public Library. Retrieved March 18, 2024.
  25. ^ History of Strongsville, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, with illustrations. Republican Printing Company. October 1, 1901. pp. 4, 63–65, 133. Retrieved September 4, 2023 – via Archive.org.Open access icon
  26. ^ "AU Library Friends honor Thomas Olin", Ashland Times Gazette, March 20, 1991.