Columbiana County
Columbiana County Courthouse
Flag of Columbiana County
Official seal of Columbiana County
Map of Ohio highlighting Columbiana County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°46′N 80°47′W / 40.77°N 80.78°W / 40.77; -80.78
Country United States
State Ohio
FoundedMay 1, 1803[1]
Named forChristopher Columbus
SeatLisbon
Largest citySalem
Area
 • Total535 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Land532 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Water2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total101,877
 • Density190/sq mi (74/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.columbianacounty.org

Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 101,877.[2] The county seat is Lisbon.[3] The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.[4]

Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered a part of Appalachian Ohio. While northern communities are more associated with Northeast Ohio, southern communities generally share more in common culturally with Greater Pittsburgh and the Upper Ohio Valley. The largely rural county sits midway between the two urban clusters.

Officially considered part of the Youngstown media market, the Steubenville market media stations regularly report in the area as well.

History

The principal historic Native American peoples in the area were the Lenape, Mingo, and Wyandot. The Wyandot had an encampment where the city of Salem now stands.[5] Several important indigenous trails ran through the county, the most important being the Great Trail which ran through the southern parts of the county towards Sandusky. Throughout the second half of the 18th century, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, American colonists explored the area as the Ohio Company surveyed. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in October 1770.[5]

In the 1780s the Native Americans relinquished control of the area, and the region was surveyed in accordance with the Land Ordinance of 1785. The ensuing Public Land Survey System of the United States started by surveyor Thomas Hutchins on north bank of the Ohio River in present-day East Liverpool resulted in the Seven Ranges, believed to be "the first mathematically designed system and nationally conducted cadastral survey in any modern country."[6]

The first permanent settlement in the area was in 1792 or 1793, by hunter John Quinn, who settled near present-day Calcutta in St. Clair Township.[5] Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, combining his surname with the suffix -iana. It was settled early on by Quakers and Scotch-Irish from Pennsylvania, but was later settled primary by Germans.[5] The county was the scene of one of the northernmost action fought during the American Civil War; on July 26, 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces at the Battle of Salineville.

The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries.[7][8] Other chief industries included iron and brick making, as well as transportation via the Ohio River, Sandy and Beaver Canal, and Pennsylvania Railroad system.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
181010,878
182022,033102.5%
183035,59261.5%
184040,37813.4%
185033,621−16.7%
186032,836−2.3%
187038,29916.6%
188048,60226.9%
189059,02921.5%
190068,59016.2%
191076,61911.7%
192083,1318.5%
193086,4844.0%
194090,1214.2%
195098,9209.8%
1960107,0048.2%
1970108,3101.2%
1980113,5724.9%
1990108,276−4.7%
2000112,0753.5%
2010107,841−3.8%
2020101,877−5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2020 [14]
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".

2000 census

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81 per km2). There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 42,973 households, out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 202.7 inhabitants per square mile (78.3/km2). There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 88.5 per square mile (34.2/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, and 7.6% were American.[18]

Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Politics

Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Salem, the county's largest city.
Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Salem, the county's largest city.

Unlike most counties in Northeast Ohio, Columbiana County has been predominantly Republican throughout most of its history. In only eight elections from 1856 to the present has a Democratic Party candidate won the county, the most recent being Bill Clinton in 1996. Despite this, the county was a swing county in the latter half of the 20th century, voting for the national winner in all but two elections from 1952 to 2004. However, it has trended strongly Republican in recent elections, with the party's candidates garnering increasing amounts of the vote in each presidential election from 2000 on. This trend was most apparent in 2016 when Donald Trump posted the best showing by a Republican in the county since Herbert Hoover in 1928 with a 41.4 point margin of victory over Hillary Clinton.

United States presidential election results for Columbiana County, Ohio[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 35,726 71.51% 13,359 26.74% 875 1.75%
2016 31,676 68.13% 12,432 26.74% 2,384 5.13%
2012 25,251 54.66% 19,821 42.90% 1,127 2.44%
2008 25,585 52.54% 21,882 44.93% 1,232 2.53%
2004 25,753 52.06% 23,429 47.36% 283 0.57%
2000 21,804 49.08% 20,657 46.50% 1,966 4.43%
1996 15,386 35.27% 20,716 47.48% 7,527 17.25%
1992 15,016 31.58% 19,765 41.56% 12,773 26.86%
1988 21,175 49.08% 21,581 50.03% 384 0.89%
1984 24,552 54.43% 20,155 44.68% 403 0.89%
1980 20,798 50.55% 17,459 42.43% 2,886 7.01%
1976 22,318 48.13% 23,096 49.81% 953 2.06%
1972 27,308 62.63% 15,683 35.97% 611 1.40%
1968 19,947 46.21% 19,382 44.90% 3,841 8.90%
1964 15,827 35.54% 28,706 64.46% 0 0.00%
1960 28,414 58.64% 20,037 41.36% 0 0.00%
1956 28,783 66.47% 14,516 33.53% 0 0.00%
1952 26,707 58.36% 19,057 41.64% 0 0.00%
1948 17,724 51.32% 16,588 48.03% 226 0.65%
1944 19,976 51.52% 18,796 48.48% 0 0.00%
1940 21,221 48.71% 22,349 51.29% 0 0.00%
1936 16,986 42.26% 22,664 56.38% 548 1.36%
1932 19,707 55.62% 14,284 40.32% 1,439 4.06%
1928 26,405 77.30% 7,461 21.84% 292 0.85%
1924 20,483 69.97% 4,685 16.01% 4,104 14.02%
1920 16,846 60.11% 9,774 34.88% 1,403 5.01%
1916 8,118 46.85% 7,788 44.95% 1,420 8.20%
1912 4,601 28.59% 4,816 29.93% 6,674 41.48%
1908 9,626 53.26% 6,736 37.27% 1,710 9.46%
1904 11,571 67.22% 4,203 24.42% 1,439 8.36%
1900 10,255 60.53% 5,997 35.40% 690 4.07%
1896 9,487 57.80% 6,598 40.20% 329 2.00%
1892 7,232 51.97% 5,573 40.05% 1,111 7.98%
1888 7,700 57.08% 5,154 38.21% 636 4.71%
1884 6,995 57.85% 4,472 36.99% 624 5.16%
1880 6,545 58.45% 4,273 38.16% 379 3.38%
1876 5,417 55.87% 4,000 41.25% 279 2.88%
1872 4,773 61.78% 2,897 37.50% 56 0.72%
1868 4,881 62.42% 2,938 37.58% 0 0.00%
1864 4,553 64.54% 2,501 35.46% 0 0.00%
1860 3,864 60.37% 2,130 33.28% 407 6.36%
1856 3,516 57.55% 2,497 40.87% 96 1.57%


Government

See also: Ohio county government


County commissioners

Commissioner Party Title
Tim Weigle Republican President
Mike Halleck Republican
Roy Paparodis Republican

County officials

Office Official Party
Auditor Nancy Milliken Republican
Clerk of Courts Anthony J. Dattilio Democratic
Coroner George Scott Wilson Republican
Engineer Bert Dawson Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Vito J. Abruzzino Republican
Recorder James Armeni, Sr. Republican
Sheriff Brian McLaughlin Republican
Treasurer Bryan Blakeman Republican

Judgeships

Court Judge Party
Court of Common Pleas Megan L. Bickerton Republican
Court of Common Pleas Scott Washam Republican
Court of Common Pleas Probate Division Thomas Baronzzi Republican
County Municipal Court Katelyn Dickey Republican
County Municipal Court Tim McNicol Republican
East Liverpool Municipal Court Mark Frost (Interim Administrator)
7th District Court of Appeals David A. D’Apolito Democratic
7th District Court of Appeals Gene Donofrio Democratic
7th District Court of Appeals Carol Ann Robb Republican
7th District Court of Appeals Cheryl L. Waite Democratic

Ohio House of Representatives

District Representative Party
05 Tim Ginter Republican

Ohio State Senate

District Senator Party
33 Michael Rulli Republican

United States House of Representatives

District Representative Party
06 Bill Johnson Republican

United States Senate

Senator Party
Sherrod Brown Democratic
Rob Portman Republican

Education

Colleges and universities

Community, junior, and technical colleges

Public school districts

High schools

Private schools

Communities

Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Columbiana County.[21]

* majority of municipality in Columbiana County
** minority of municipality in Columbiana County
county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2020 Census) Township Municipal type
1 Salem* 11,915 Perry, Salem City
2 East Liverpool 9,958 Liverpool City
3 Columbiana* 6,559 Fairfield, Unity City
4 East Palestine 4,761 Unity Village
5 Calcutta 3,941 St. Clair CDP
6 Minerva** 3,684 West Village
7 Wellsville 3,113 Yellow Creek Village
8 Lisbon 2,597 Center, Elkrun Village
9 Leetonia 1,833 Salem, Fairfield Village
10 Glenmoor 1,829 St. Clair CDP
11 Salineville 1,206 Washington Village
12 New Waterford 1,194 Unity Village
13 La Croft 1,078 Liverpool CDP
14 Washingtonville* 712 Salem Village
15 Lake Tomahawk 494 Middleton CDP
16 Homeworth 492 Knox CDP
17 Damascus** 418 Butler CDP
18 Hanoverton 354 Hanover Village
19 Negley 274 Middleton CDP
20 East Rochester 224 West CDP
21 Rogers 194 Middleton Village
22 Summitville 110 Franklin Village

Notable residents

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See also

References

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Columbiana County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 14, 2003. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Columbiana County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Historical Sketch of Columbiana County". Columbiana County Courts website. Retrieved April 16, 2022.
  6. ^ Joseph S. Mendinghall (December 27, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Beginning Point / Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey" (pdf). National Park Service. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ Museum of Ceramics
  8. ^ City of Easter Liverpool Website
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  14. ^ 2020 census
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  21. ^ "2020 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2022.


Coordinates: 40°46′N 80°47′W / 40.77°N 80.78°W / 40.77; -80.78