Lawrence County
Lawrence County Courthouse
Lawrence County Courthouse
Flag of Lawrence County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lawrence County
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°59′N 80°20′W / 40.99°N 80.33°W / 40.99; -80.33
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
FoundedMarch 20, 1849
Named forUSS Lawrence
SeatNew Castle
Largest cityNew Castle
Area
 • Total363 sq mi (940 km2)
 • Land358 sq mi (930 km2)
 • Water4.5 sq mi (12 km2)  1.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
85,083
 • Density246/sq mi (95/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district16th
Websitewww.co.lawrence.pa.us

Lawrence County is a county in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 91,108.[1] The county seat is New Castle.[2]

Lawrence County comprises the entire New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Lawrence County was created on March 20, 1849, from parts of Beaver and Mercer counties due to the rapid growth of New Castle, which was primarily in Mercer County but was rapidly expanding into Beaver County. The former borders between Beaver and Mercer Counties are still evident in Lawrence County today, as the northern borders of North Beaver Township, Shenango Township, and Slippery Rock Township with (respectively) the southern borders of Mahoning Township, Hickory Township, and Scott Township make up the former boundaries between Beaver and Mercer Counties. In addition, County Line Road in New Castle where the Lawrence County Courthouse is located also marks the former boundaries.

The county was named after the flagship of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, the USS Lawrence, which was disabled in the 10 September 1813 Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. The ship's complement included local raw recruits. That niagara-class brig (more correctly: snow) was itself a namesake, of Perry's friend and naval officer James Lawrence, who died during the War of 1812.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km2), of which 358 square miles (930 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4] Major waterways are the Shenango River, Neshannock Creek and the Mahoning River which form the Beaver River. Also, the Slippery Rock Creek and Connoquenessing Creak empty into the Beaver River. It has a humid continental climate (Dfa/Dfb) and average monthly temperatures in New Castle range from 27.7 °F in January to 72.2 °F in July. [1]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
185021,079
186022,9999.1%
187027,29818.7%
188033,31222.0%
189037,51712.6%
190057,04252.0%
191070,03222.8%
192085,54522.2%
193097,25813.7%
194096,877−0.4%
1950105,1208.5%
1960112,9657.5%
1970107,374−4.9%
1980107,150−0.2%
199096,246−10.2%
200094,639−1.7%
201091,108−3.7%
202086,070−5.5%
[5]

As of the 2000 census[6] there were 94,643 people, 37,091 households, and 25,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 263 people per square mile (101/km2). There were 39,635 housing units at an average density of 110 per square mile (42/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.98% White, 3.61% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.2% English or Welsh, 14.6% were of Italian, 12.4% American, 9.0% German, 8.1% Irish, and 6.8% Scotch-Irish, 2.5% Polish, and 1.9% African ancestry.

There were 37,091 households, out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.90 males.

2020 Census

Lawrence County Racial Composition[7]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 75,811 88.1%
Black or African American (NH) 3,546 4.12%
Native American (NH) 75 0.1%
Asian (NH) 321 0.37%
Pacific Islander (NH) 4 0.01%
Other/Mixed (NH) 4,658 5.4%
Hispanic or Latino 1,655 2%

Micropolitan Statistical Area

Map of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
Map of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area (CSA)

The United States Office of Management and Budget[8] has designated Lawrence County as the New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census[9] the micropolitan area ranked 3rd most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 48th most populous in the United States with a population of 91,108. Lawrence County is also a part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the population of Lawrence, as well as the Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Indiana, Washington and Westmoreland county areas in Pennsylvania. In West Virginia the counties included are Brooke and Hancock. And in Ohio, Jefferson County. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 4th in the State of Pennsylvania and 20th most populous in the United States with a population of 2,660,727.

Government and politics

2020 Presidential Election Shaded by City and Township  Biden:      50–60%      60–70% Trump:     50–60%      60–70%      70–80%      80–90%
2020 Presidential Election Shaded by City and Township
Biden:      50–60%      60–70%
Trump:     50–60%      60–70%      70–80%      80–90%
United States presidential election results for Lawrence County, Pennsylvania[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 29,597 64.08% 15,978 34.59% 612 1.33%
2016 25,428 61.90% 14,009 34.11% 1,639 3.99%
2012 21,047 53.71% 17,513 44.69% 629 1.61%
2008 21,851 51.60% 19,711 46.54% 787 1.86%
2004 21,938 50.50% 21,387 49.23% 117 0.27%
2000 18,060 45.56% 20,593 51.95% 987 2.49%
1996 13,088 36.10% 18,993 52.38% 4,178 11.52%
1992 12,359 30.00% 20,830 50.55% 8,014 19.45%
1988 15,829 41.76% 21,884 57.74% 191 0.50%
1984 19,277 44.43% 23,981 55.27% 128 0.30%
1980 18,404 45.77% 19,506 48.51% 2,303 5.73%
1976 18,546 43.49% 23,337 54.73% 757 1.78%
1972 23,712 56.06% 17,595 41.60% 990 2.34%
1968 18,360 42.60% 21,027 48.78% 3,716 8.62%
1964 15,998 35.39% 29,092 64.35% 117 0.26%
1960 23,646 49.20% 24,309 50.58% 109 0.23%
1956 25,037 55.61% 19,923 44.25% 65 0.14%
1952 23,319 52.12% 21,164 47.31% 255 0.57%
1948 17,186 52.72% 14,632 44.88% 781 2.40%
1944 18,886 51.57% 17,331 47.33% 403 1.10%
1940 19,361 50.41% 18,814 48.99% 230 0.60%
1936 15,458 40.58% 21,994 57.74% 638 1.67%
1932 13,064 55.10% 9,390 39.61% 1,255 5.29%
1928 20,012 74.95% 6,417 24.03% 273 1.02%
1924 12,533 64.58% 1,880 9.69% 4,993 25.73%
1920 9,448 64.38% 2,720 18.53% 2,508 17.09%
1916 5,134 49.44% 3,966 38.19% 1,285 12.37%
1912 2,128 21.62% 1,976 20.07% 5,741 58.31%
1908 5,350 54.06% 2,656 26.84% 1,890 19.10%
1904 7,634 66.35% 1,894 16.46% 1,978 17.19%
1900 6,343 61.39% 2,754 26.66% 1,235 11.95%
1896 6,228 65.13% 3,013 31.51% 321 3.36%
1892 4,385 60.10% 2,336 32.02% 575 7.88%
1888 4,342 62.56% 2,113 30.44% 486 7.00%

As of February 21, 2022, there are 55,823 registered voters in Lawrence County.[11]

Chart of Voter Registration

  Republican (47.43%)
  Democratic (40.43%)
  Independent (8.18%)
  Third Party (3.97%)










County commissioners

Other county officials

State House of Representatives

State Senators

United States House of Representatives

United States Senate

Education

Colleges

Public school districts

Tech schools

Private schools

Per data provided at Pennsylvania EdNA

Libraries

Transportation

Airports

Public transit

Major roads and highways

Recreation

Parks

State Game Lands

Trails

Municipalities

Map of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).
Map of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lawrence County:

City

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Various unincorporated communities that lie within and are part of official municipalities.

Former community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lawrence County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 New Castle City 23,273
2 Ellwood City (partially in Beaver County) Borough 7,921
3 New Wilmington Borough 2,466
4 Oakwood CDP 2,270
5 Oakland CDP 1,569
6 New Beaver Borough 1,502
7 New Castle Northwest CDP 1,413
8 Ellport Borough 1,180
9 Bessemer Borough 1,111
10 New Bedford CDP 925
11 West Pittsburg CDP 808
12 Wampum Borough 717
13 South New Castle Borough 709
14 Frizzleburg CDP 602
15 Chewton CDP 488
16 Enon Valley Borough 306
17 Volant Borough 168
18 S.N.P.J. Borough 19

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  5. ^ "Census 2020".
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Lawrence County, Pennsylvania".
  8. ^ "Office of Management and Budget". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018.
  9. ^ "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018.
  11. ^ "Voter registration statistics by county". November 2, 2021.. Dos.state.pa.us. Retrieved on February 23, 2022.
  12. ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Archived from the original on April 28, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  13. ^ "Welcome To Big Beaver Borough - Big Beaver Borough". bigbeaverborough.org. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014.
  14. ^ CNMP, US Census Bureau. "U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.

Coordinates: 40°59′N 80°20′W / 40.99°N 80.33°W / 40.99; -80.33