Pittsburgh Pirates
2022 Pittsburgh Pirates season
Pittsburgh Pirates logo 2014.svg
Team logo
Major league affiliations
Current uniform
MLB-NLC-PIT-Uniforms.png
Retired numbers
Colors
  • Black, gold, white[1][2][3]
         
Name
  • Pittsburgh Pirates (1891–present)
  • Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1887–1890)
  • Allegheny (1882–1886)
Other nicknames
  • Bucs
  • Buccos
Ballpark
Major league titles
World Series titles (5)
NL Pennants (9)
NL Central Division titles (0)None
NL East Division titles (9)
Wild card berths (3)
Front office
Principal owner(s)Bob Nutting
PresidentTravis Williams
General managerBen Cherington
ManagerDerek Shelton
Mascot(s)Pirate Parrot

The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh. The Pirates compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. Founded as part of the American Association in 1881 under the name Pittsburgh Allegheny, the club joined the National League in 1887 and was a member of the National League East from 1969 through 1993. The Pirates have won five World Series championships, nine National League pennants, nine National League East division titles and made three appearances in the Wild Card Game.

Despite struggling in the 1880s and 1890s, the Pirates were among the best teams in baseball shortly after the turn of the 20th century. They won three consecutive NL titles from 1901 to 1903, played in the inaugural World Series in 1903 and won their first World Series in 1909 behind Honus Wagner. The Pirates took part in arguably the most famous World Series ending, winning the 1960 World Series against the New York Yankees on a walk-off home run by Bill Mazeroski, the only time that Game 7 of the World Series has ever ended with a home run. They also won the 1971 World Series, led by the talent of Roberto Clemente, and the 1979 World Series under the slogan "We Are Family", led by "Pops" Willie Stargell. After a run of regular-season success in the early 1990s, the Pirates struggled mightily over the following decades with 20 consecutive losing seasons from 1993 to 2012—the longest such streak in American professional sports history.[4] The Pirates returned to the postseason in 2013 and advanced to the NLDS. The team qualified for the postseason again in 2014 and 2015. The Pirates currently have the sixth-longest World Series championship drought (behind the Cleveland Guardians, Texas Rangers, Milwaukee Brewers, San Diego Padres, and Seattle Mariners—all of which except the Guardians have never won a World Series), second-longest World Series appearance drought in Major League Baseball (behind only the Mariners, who have never appeared in a World Series), the longest pennant drought in the National League[5] (their most recent showing being their victory in the 1979 World Series) the longest League Championship Series appearance drought in either league and are tied for the longest MLB division championship drought with the Colorado Rockies and Miami Marlins (the latter two teams having never won a division title and who joined the NL as expansion teams the season immediately following the Pirates' most recent division title). From 1882 to 2021, the Pirates have an overall record of 10,625–10,547 (.502 winning 'percentage').[6]

The Pirates are also often referred to as the "Bucs" or the "Buccos" (derived from buccaneer, a synonym for pirate). Since 2001 the team has played its home games at PNC Park, a 39,000-seat stadium along the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh's North Side. The Pirates previously played at Forbes Field from 1909 to 1970 and at Three Rivers Stadium from 1970 to 2000. Since 1948 the Pirates' colors have been black, gold and white, matching the other major professional sports teams in Pittsburgh, the Steelers and the Penguins (and the minor league Pittsburgh Riverhounds SC). These colors are derived from the flag of Pittsburgh, and Pittsburgh is the only North American city where all the professional sports teams share the same colors.

Franchise history

Main article: History of the Pittsburgh Pirates

The 1909 Pirates in a poster celebrating their National League pennant. Frank Chance of Chicago and John McGraw of  New York, two teams the Pirates beat for the pennant, are being made to Walk the plank.
The 1909 Pirates in a poster celebrating their National League pennant. Frank Chance of Chicago and John McGraw of New York, two teams the Pirates beat for the pennant, are being made to Walk the plank.

Professional baseball in the Pittsburgh area began in 1876 with the organization of the Allegheny Base Ball Club, an independent (non-league) club based in a then-separate city called Allegheny City, across the Allegheny River from Pittsburgh. The team joined the minor league International Association in 1877, only to fold the following season.[7] On October 15, 1881, Denny McKnight held a meeting at Pittsburgh's St. Clair Hotel to organize a new Allegheny club,[8] which began play in 1882 as a founding member of the American Association. Chartered as the Allegheny Base Ball Club of Pittsburgh,[9] the team was listed as "Allegheny" in the standings, and was sometimes called the "Alleghenys" (rarely the "Alleghenies") in that era's custom of referring to a team by its pluralized city or club name. After five mediocre seasons in the A.A., Pittsburgh became the first A.A. team to switch to the older National League in 1887. At the time, William A. Nimick was club president and Horace Phillips manager.[10]

Before the 1890 season, almost all of the Alleghenys' best players bolted to the Players' League's Pittsburgh Burghers. The Players' League collapsed after the season, and the players were allowed to go back to their old clubs. However, the Alleghenys also scooped up highly regarded second baseman Lou Bierbauer, who had previously played with the AA's Philadelphia Athletics. Although the Athletics had failed to include Bierbauer on their reserve list, they loudly protested the Alleghenys' move. In an official complaint, an AA official claimed the Alleghenys' signing of Bierbauer was "piratical".[11] This incident (discussed at some length in The Beer and Whisky League, by David Nemec, written in 1994) quickly accelerated into a schism between the leagues that contributed to the demise of the A.A. Although the Alleghenys were never found guilty of wrongdoing, their allegedly "piratical" act gained them the occasional nickname "Pirates" starting in 1891. Within a few years, the nickname caught on with Pittsburgh newspapers.[12] The nickname was first acknowledged on the team's uniforms in 1912.

After almost two decades of mediocre baseball, the Pirates' fortunes began to change at the turn of the 20th century. The Pirates acquired several star players from the Louisville Colonels, who were slated for elimination when the N.L. contracted from 12 to 8 teams. (The franchises did not formally consolidate; the player acquisitions were separate transactions.)[13] Among those players was Honus Wagner, who would become one of the first players inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame. The Pirates were among the best teams in baseball in the early 1900s, winning three consecutive National League pennants from 1901 to 1903 and participating in the first modern World Series ever played, which they lost to Boston. The Pirates returned to the World Series in 1909, defeating the Detroit Tigers for their first-ever world title. That year, the Pirates moved from Exposition Park to one of the first steel and concrete ballparks, Forbes Field.

As Wagner aged, the Pirates began to slip down the National League standings in the 1910s, culminating in a disastrous 51–103 record in 1917; however, veteran outfielder Max Carey and young players Pie Traynor and Kiki Cuyler, along with a remarkably deep pitching staff, brought the Pirates back to relevance in the 1920s. The Pirates won their second title in 1925, becoming the first team to come back from a 3–1 deficit in the World Series.[14] The Pirates returned to the World Series in 1927 but were swept by the Murderer's Row Yankees. The Pirates remained a competitive team through the 1930s but failed to win the pennant, coming closest in 1938 when they were passed by the Chicago Cubs in the final week of the season.

Pittsburgh clinching the Division Title, 1990
Pittsburgh clinching the Division Title, 1990

Despite the prowess of Ralph Kiner as a slugger, the Pirates were mostly miserable in the 1940s and 1950s. Branch Rickey was brought in to rebuild the team, which returned to the World Series in 1960. They were outscored over the course of the series by the Yankees, yet the Pirates won on a walk-off home run by Bill Mazeroski in the bottom of the 9th inning in Game 7. As of 2022, it is the only Game 7 walk-off home run in World Series history.

Led by right fielder Roberto Clemente, the Pirates remained a strong team throughout the 1960s but did not return to the World Series until 1971. Playing in the new Three Rivers Stadium, the Pirates defeated the favored Baltimore Orioles behind Clemente's hitting and the pitching of Steve Blass. In the same year on September 1, the Pirates became the first team to field an all-Black and Latino lineup.[15] Despite Clemente's death after the 1972 season, the Pirates were one of the dominant teams of the decade, winning the newly created National League East in 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, and 1979. Powered by sluggers such as Willie Stargell, Dave Parker, and Al Oliver, the team was nicknamed "The Lumber Company." Behind Stargell's leadership and the disco song "We Are Family" (which the team adopted as its theme song), the Pirates came back from a 3–1 deficit to once again defeat the Orioles in the 1979 World Series for the franchise's fifth championship. During the 1979 championship season, a Pittsburgh player was designated as Most Valuable Player in every available category: All-Star Game MVP (Dave Parker), NLCS MVP (Willie Stargell), World Series MVP (Willie Stargell), and National League MVP (Willie Stargell, shared with Keith Hernandez of St. Louis).

The Pirates sank back into mediocrity in the 1980s and returned to post-season play in the early 1990s behind young players like Barry Bonds, Bobby Bonilla, and Doug Drabek. The Pirates won three straight division titles from 1990 to 1992 but lost in the National League Championship Series each time, notably coming within one out of advancing to the World Series in 1992. Several of the team's best players, including Bonds and Drabek, left as free agents after that season.

With salaries rising across baseball, the small-market Pirates struggled to keep pace with the sport and they posted a losing record for 20 consecutive seasons, a record among North American professional sports teams. Even the opening of a new stadium in 2001, PNC Park, did little to change the team's fortunes. The Pirates finally returned to the postseason in 2013 behind National League MVP Andrew McCutchen, defeating the Cincinnati Reds in the Wild Card Game. They were eliminated in five games in the next round by the St. Louis Cardinals. That season, the Pirates also became the seventh MLB team to reach 10,000 all-time wins.[16] On Opening Day 2015 the Pirates' loss was the team's 10,000th[17] making the Pirates the fourth MLB team to achieve this distinction, following the Philadelphia Phillies, Atlanta Braves, and the Chicago Cubs.[18] The Pirates returned to the postseason in 2014 and 2015 and lost the Wild Card game both times and have not qualified for the playoffs since then.

Ballpark

Since 2001, the Pirates have played their home games at PNC Park, located on the banks of the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh's North Side neighborhood. The park was built as a replacement for the aging Three Rivers Stadium, a dual-purpose stadium that had been designed for functionality rather than aesthetics.[19] Funded mainly through taxpayer money, the ballpark cost $216 million to construct and is named for Pittsburgh-based PNC Financial Services.[20] PNC Park's listed capacity is 38,747 for baseball, although standing-room only space can accommodate more than 40,000 fans; the biggest crowd in stadium history was the 2015 National League Wild Card Game, when 40,889 fans saw the Cubs defeat the Pirates 4–0.

PNC Park prior to a game in 2014
PNC Park prior to a game in 2014

Widely considered to be among the best baseball stadiums in the country, several outlets have praised PNC Park for its location, limestone and steel façade, and views of both the action on the field and the Pittsburgh skyline.[21][22][23][24] PNC Park was the first two-deck ballpark to be built in the United States since Milwaukee County Stadium opened in 1953;[25] as a result, fans in the upper deck are closer to the action than at most ballparks, with the highest seat in the stadium 88 feet (27 m) above the playing surface. Fans in the lower deck are also closer to the field: the batter is closer to the seats behind home plate than to the pitcher,[26] and seating along the baselines is 45 feet from the bases at their closest point. A four-level steel rotunda down the left field line offers extensive standing room only space, and action on the field can be seen from the first-level concourse. PNC Park has a reputation as a pitcher's park, with a deep left field that juts out to more than 410 feet from home plate. Right field is closer, but the wall is 21 feet high, nicknamed the Clemente Wall after former right-fielder Roberto Clemente, who wore number 21. Statutes of Clemente, Willie Stargell, Bill Mazeroski and Honus Wagner are located at several entrances to the stadium. In addition to hosting Pirate games, PNC Park hosted the 2006 MLB All-Star Game and has been the site of several concerts.

PNC Park is located near several major highways and parking is available in the blocks around the ballpark. Fans can also walk to the stadium from downtown Pittsburgh via the Clemente Bridge, or take Pittsburgh Light Rail to the system's North Side station, located just outside the stadium's home plate entrance.

Former ballparks

The Pirates' first home was Exposition Park, located a couple blocks west of the PNC Park. The Pirates split their early years between that ballpark and Recreation Park, which was located further inland from the flood-prone Allegheny River. The Pirates moved back to Exposition Park for good in 1891, and remained there until the 1909 season.[27] The park hosted the first modern World Series ever played in 1903 but by the end of the decade the wooden structure was too small for the Pirates' growing fanbase. Exposition Park hosted several minor league teams before being razed prior to 1920.[28] The site is currently occupied by a parking lot and several restaurants, although a historical marker near the intersection of West Gen. Robinson Street and Tony Dorsett Drive notes it was the location of the first World Series.

Forbes Field, the Pirates' home ballpark from 1909 to 1970
Forbes Field, the Pirates' home ballpark from 1909 to 1970

In the middle of the 1909 season, the Pirates moved into Forbes Field in Oakland, which would serve as the club's home for the next 61 years. Built at a cost of $1 million, the park was the first three-tiered steel-and-concrete ballpark in the nation.[29] Forbes Field was expanded several times over the decades, with capacity almost doubled from its initial 23,000 in 1909 to 41,000 in 1925 (although it was reduced to 35,000 in its later years). Pirates owner Barney Dreyfuss "hated cheap home runs and vowed he'd have none in his park", which led him to design a large playing field for Forbes Field.[30] When a large grandstand was constructed down the right field line in the early 1920s, reducing the distance to 300 feet from home plate, Dreyfuss had a 28-foot screen erected.[31][32][33] Despite this, Forbes Field is remembered for several famous home runs: the final three homers of Babe Ruth's career on May 25, 1935[34] and Bill Mazeroski's championship-winning blast in Game 7 of the 1960 World Series. The park also hosted football games for the Pittsburgh Steelers and University of Pittsburgh "Pitt" Panthers. Located in a sparsely populated area of the city when it opened in 1909, by the 1960s Forbes Field was surrounded by the University of Pittsburgh campus. The Pirates left the ballpark midway through the 1970 season and the stadium was demolished the following year. Sections of the outfield wall remain standing along Roberto Clemente Drive, and the home plate used in the stadium's final game remains preserved in the University of Pittsburgh's Posvar Hall.[35][36]

The Pirates moved into the multipurpose Three Rivers Stadium in 1970, which they shared with the Steelers. Like other multi-purpose stadiums popular at the time, Three Rivers featured extensive box seats, a turf playing field, and moveable seating sections to accommodate both football and baseball. Three Rivers ended up being much better suited for the former than the latter, and the Pirates struggled to draw fans despite their on-field success in the 1970s. By the 1990s, the Pirates were threatening to leave Pittsburgh unless a new, baseball-only stadium was constructed. The Pirates played their final game at Three Rivers on October 1, 2000, and the stadium was demolished the following winter. The site is currently occupied by parking lots and Stage AE, although one of the stadium's entrance markers remains standing near Heinz Field. In 2012, members of the Society for American Baseball Research marked and painted the home plate and first base of the former stadium on the 40th Anniversary of Roberto Clemente's 3,000th hit.[37]

LECOM Park, which hosts the Pirates' Spring Training games
LECOM Park, which hosts the Pirates' Spring Training games

Spring Training

Since 1969, the Pirates have held Spring Training at LECOM Park in Bradenton, Florida, which is also used for the Pirates' minor league team, the Bradenton Marauders. Constructed in 1923, LECOM Park is the oldest stadium still in use for Spring Training and the second-oldest minor league park, behind only Jackie Robinson Ballpark in Daytona Beach, which dates to 1914.[38] It is also the third oldest stadium currently used by a major league team after Fenway Park, built in 1912, and Wrigley Field, built in 1914.[39] Built in a Florida Spanish Mission style, LECOM Park underwent two major renovations in 1993 and 2008, the latter of which added lights.[40] The park was formerly named "McKechnie Field," for Bradenton resident and Baseball Hall of Fame great Bill McKechnie, who led the Pirates in 1925; since 2017 it has been named for the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, which has its main campus in Erie, Pennsylvania, and also a campus in Bradenton.[41] Pirate City, the site of the Pirates' Spring Training complex, is located a few miles east of LECOM Park.

Logos and uniforms

Uniform design in the 1940s
Uniform design in the 1940s

The Pirates have had many uniforms and logo changes over the years, with the only consistency being the "P" on the team's cap. It was adopted in 1948. Aside from style changes in the cap itself, the "P" logo has remained since.

Like other teams in Major League Baseball, the Pirates predominantly favored a patriotic red, white and blue color scheme through the first half of the 20th Century.[42] During this time, the Pirates predominantly wore a blue cap, with either a red or white P. The uniforms were plain, often including a simple "P" if anything at all. The team's name was first acknowledged in 1912, with a pinstripe jersey that had "Pirates" running vertically down the placket.[42] The team's name would not appear on the club's uniforms again until they were added to the road uniforms in 1933, this time written horizontally in a more ornate style. An image of a pirate's head appeared on the home and road jerseys for the 1940 and 1941 seasons (this image would be reused for the team's logo in the 1980s and 1990s), and "Pittsburgh" first appeared on the road uniforms in 1942.[42]

In 1948, the team broke away from the patriotic "Red, White, & Blue" color scheme when they adopted the current black & gold color scheme, to match that of the colors of the Flag of Pittsburgh and, to a lesser extent at the time, the colors of the then-relatively unknown Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League. The Pirates had made a similar change to black and gold in 1924,[43][44][45] but the change did not last beyond that season.[46][47] Along with the San Francisco Giants, the Pirates are one of two pre-expansion National League teams that completely changed their colors, although red returned as an "accent color" in 1997 and remained until 2009.

In the late 1950s, the team adopted sleeveless jerseys. While not an innovation by the team (the honor goes to the Cincinnati Reds), the Pirates helped popularize the look. Coinciding with the move into Three Rivers Stadium in 1970, the team switched to a darker shade of gold and changed their caps from black to gold with a black brim; they also introduced pullover nylon/cotton jerseys and beltless pants as part of their new uniform set (later to become polyester doubleknit).[42] The Pirates became the first team in baseball to sport such a look, but it quickly became popular throughout the league, and the pullover style would become the prominent look of 1970s and 1980s baseball. The Pirates ditched the pullover style in favor of the traditional button-down style in 1991, one of the last teams to switch.

Willie Stargell wearing the black top and gold pants combo, posing with Pittsburgh native Fred Rogers
Willie Stargell wearing the black top and gold pants combo, posing with Pittsburgh native Fred Rogers

In 1976, the National League celebrated its 100th anniversary. To coincide with it, certain NL teams wore old-style pillbox hats complete with horizontal pinstripes. After the season, the Pirates were the only team to adopt the hats permanently, alternating between a black hat and a gold hat for several seasons.[42] The Pirates switched back to a brighter shade of gold for the 1977 season, and became one of the first teams to wear third jerseys, following the Oakland Athletics. Starting in 1977, the Pirates had uniform styles which included two different caps and three different uniforms: an all-black set, an all-gold set, and a white set with black-and-gold pinstripes. The pants, tops and caps could all be worn interchangeably for different looks; the Pirates wore four different uniform combinations in the 1979 World Series. The pinstripes came off the white uniforms in 1980, but the Pirates continued to utilize the three uniform set until the 1985 season, when the team returned to the straightforward home whites/road grays combination. The solid black cap with a gold "P" returned in 1987 and has been the team's primary cap ever since.[42]

After Kevin McClatchy purchased the team in 1996, the Pirates added a third jersey and utilized red as an accent color, including red brims on the team's caps. A sleeveless white jersey with pinstripes was worn as an alternate home jersey from 2005 to 2010, and a red alternate jersey was added for the 2007 and 2008 seasons. In 2009, the Pirates began wearing an alternate black jersey with a gold "P" at both home and on the road.[42] From 2013 to 2019, the Pirates wore throwback uniforms for Sunday home games: the early 70s pullover uniforms from 2013 to 2015, and the gold top/black pants from the late 70s from 2016 to 2019.[48]

Since the 2015 season, the Pirates have worn an alternate camo jersey for select home games.[49] The camouflage alternates were updated for the 2018 season, now white with camo green wordmarks, numbers, piping, and patches.[50]

Ahead of the 2020 season, the Pirates revived the script "Pittsburgh" wordmarks on their gray road and new black alternate road jerseys, which were unveiled on January 24, 2020. Script wordmarks had previously been seen on the road jerseys from 1990 until 2000. The alternate road jersey also features a Pirate wearing a re-colored bandana, yellow to match the theme of the jersey, and is worn with a black cap featuring the "P" logo outlined in black and yellow.[51] In addition to these road uniforms, the Pirates continue to wear their white uniforms, the black alternate with the gold "P", and the camo alternate for games played at PNC Park.

Rivalries

Philadelphia Phillies

Main article: Phillies–Pirates rivalry

The rivalry between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Pirates was considered by some to be one of the best rivalries in the National League until 1994.[52][53][54] It began when the Pittsburgh Pirates entered the NL in 1887, four years after the Phillies.[55]

The Phillies and the Pirates remained together after the National League split into two divisions in 1969. During the period of two-division play (1969–1993), the two National League East division rivals won the two highest numbers of division championships, reigning almost exclusively as NL East champions in the 1970s and again in the early 1990s.[54][56][57] The Pirates nine, the Phillies six; together, the two teams' 15 championships accounted for more than half of the 25 NL East championships during that span.[56]

After the Pirates moved to the National League Central in 1994, the teams face each other only in two series each year and the rivalry has diminished.[53][54] However, many fans, especially older ones, retain their dislike for the other team, with regional differences between Eastern and Western Pennsylvania still fueling the rivalry.[58]

Within the Central Division

Arguably the Pirates' biggest rival is the Cincinnati Reds, given the two teams' proximity, the carryover of the cities' football rivalry, and the fact that the Reds and Pirates have met six times in the postseason,[59] most recently in the 2013 National League Wild Card Game. In the 2010s, the two teams frequently hit each other with pitches, occasionally resulting in brawls.[60]

From 2013 to 2015, the Pirates battled with the St. Louis Cardinals for the Central Division title, with the Cardinals narrowly winning the division each year. The two teams faced off in the 2013 National League Division Series, which the Cardinals won in five games. The Pirates had a contentious[61] battle with the Milwaukee Brewers for a Wild Card spot in 2014 and faced off against the Chicago Cubs in the 2015 National League Wild Card Game. The Cubs were major rivals for the Pirates earlier in their history, as both were among the best teams in baseball in the early 1900s and the Cubs eliminated the Pirates from the pennant race in the last week of the 1938 season.

Interleague

The Pirates play an annual interleague series against the Detroit Tigers. While the Pirates and Tigers only became "natural rivals" because the other AL and NL Central teams were already paired up, it has become popular with fans of both teams, possibly due to the rivalry between the National Hockey League's Detroit Red Wings and Pittsburgh Penguins. The two teams have several other connections as well. The Tigers' AA Minor League affiliate, the Erie SeaWolves, located near Pittsburgh, is a former affiliate of the Pirates and has retained the logo of a wolf wearing a pirate bandanna and eye patch. Additionally, Jim Leyland, former manager of both the Pirates (1986–1996) and the Tigers (2005–2013), remains popular in Pittsburgh where he resides. The Pirates led the regular-season series, 36–29. The two teams played in the 1909 World Series.

An on-and-off rivalry with the Cleveland Guardians stems from the close proximity of the two cities, and features some carryover elements from the longstanding rivalry in the National Football League between the Cleveland Browns and Pittsburgh Steelers. Because the Guardians' designated interleague rival is the Reds and the Pirates' designated rival is the Tigers, the teams have only played periodically. The teams played one three-game series each year from 1997–2001 and periodically between 2002 and 2022, generally only in years in which the AL Central played the NL Central in the former interleague play rotation. The teams played six games in 2020 as MLB instituted an abbreviated schedule focusing on regional match-ups. Beginning in 2023, the teams will play a three-game series each season as a result of the new "balanced" schedule. The Pirates lead the series 21–18. [62]

Roster

40-man roster Non-roster invitees Coaches/Other

Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders







Manager

Coaches

60-day injured list

Restricted list

39 active, 0 inactive, 0 non-roster invitees

Injury icon 2.svg
7-, 10-, or 15-day injured list
* Not on active roster
Suspended list
Roster, coaches, and NRIs updated November 6, 2022
Transactions Depth chart
All MLB rosters

Players of note

See also: Pittsburgh Pirates award winners and league leaders

Hall of Famer Roberto Clemente collected 3,000 hits and was named World Series MVP in 1971
Hall of Famer Roberto Clemente collected 3,000 hits and was named World Series MVP in 1971
Hall of Famer Ralph Kiner led the NL in home runs for seven straight seasons (1946–1952)
Hall of Famer Ralph Kiner led the NL in home runs for seven straight seasons (1946–1952)
Hall of Famer Bill Mazeroski hit a ninth-inning walk-off home run that decided the 1960 World Series
Hall of Famer Bill Mazeroski hit a ninth-inning walk-off home run that decided the 1960 World Series
Hall of Famer Willie Stargell was named World Series MVP in 1979
Hall of Famer Willie Stargell was named World Series MVP in 1979
Honus Wagner is considered to be one of the greatest shortstops of all time and was a member of the MLB Hall of Fame's Inaugural Class in 1936. The 1909 American Tobacco Company card (pictured) is one of the rarest and most expensive baseball cards in the world.
Honus Wagner is considered to be one of the greatest shortstops of all time and was a member of the MLB Hall of Fame's Inaugural Class in 1936. The 1909 American Tobacco Company card (pictured) is one of the rarest and most expensive baseball cards in the world.

Retired numbers

See also: List of Major League Baseball retired numbers

Along with the league-wide retired number of 42, there are nine retired Pirates jersey numbers to date. As of June 12, 2019, Bill Mazeroski is the lone survivor of the Pittsburgh Pirates whose numbers are retired.

1
Billy
Meyer

Mgr
 
Retired
 1954
4
Ralph
Kiner

LF
 
Retired September 19, 1987
8
Willie
Stargell

LF, 1B
Coach
Retired September 6, 1982
9
Bill
Mazeroski

2B
Mgr
Retired August 7, 1987
11
Paul
Waner

RF
 
Retired
July 21, 2007
20
Pie
Traynor

3B
Mgr
Retired
April 18, 1972
21
Roberto
Clemente

RF
 
Retired
April 6, 1973
33
Honus
Wagner

SS
Mgr, Coach[a]
Retired
 1956
40
Danny
Murtaugh

2B
Coach, Mgr
Retired
April 7, 1977
42
Jackie
Robinson
[b]

All MLB
Honored April 15, 1997
  1. ^ This was Wagner's uniform number only during his tenure as coach. Wagner played before there were uniform numbers.
  2. ^ Robinson's number is retired throughout all Major League Baseball

Baseball Hall of Famers

Pittsburgh Pirates Hall of Famers
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Pittsburgh Pirates

Jake Beckley *
Bert Blyleven
Jim Bunning
Max Carey *
Jack Chesbro
Fred Clarke *
Roberto Clemente *
Joe Cronin

Kiki Cuyler
Barney Dreyfuss *
Frankie Frisch
Pud Galvin
Goose Gossage
Hank Greenberg
Burleigh Grimes
Ned Hanlon
Billy Herman

Waite Hoyt
Joe Kelley
George Kelly
Ralph Kiner *
Chuck Klein
Freddie Lindstrom
Al López
Connie Mack
Heinie Manush

Rabbit Maranville
Bill Mazeroski *
Bill McKechnie
Hank O'Day
Branch Rickey
Ted Simmons
Billy Southworth
Willie Stargell *
Casey Stengel
Pie Traynor *

Dazzy Vance
Arky Vaughan *
Rube Waddell
Honus Wagner *
Lloyd Waner *
Paul Waner *
Deacon White
Vic Willis

  • Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Pirates or Alleghenys cap insignia.
  • * Pittsburgh Pirates listed as primary team according to the Hall of Fame

Ford C. Frick Award recipients

Pittsburgh Pirates Ford C. Frick Award recipients
Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Milo Hamilton

Al Helfer

Bob Prince

  • Names in bold received the award based primarily on their work as broadcasters for the Pirates.

Pirates Hall of Fame

In 2022, the Pirates formally established a team Hall of Fame to honor the "most influential ballplayers in Pittsburgh baseball history", as picked by an internal committee that had the help of team historian Jim Trdinich. [63][64] 19 individuals were part of the first class, which included every Pittsburgh Pirate inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame along with several other former players, broadcasters, and coaches. Like the Washington Nationals with the Ring of Honor, the Pirates inducted players that had played for the Negro league baseball team Homestead Grays, which had played in Forbes Field and Greenlee Field in Pittsburgh alongside their time in Washington; two of the first class also spent time with the Pittsburgh Crawfords, with a ceremony dedicated to "signing" the four to Pirates contracts. All inductees were honored with a plaque displayed in the concourse by the entrance with the statue of Roberto Clemente.[65][66]

Key
Bold Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
dagger
Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Pirate
Bold Recipient of the Hall of Fame's Ford C. Frick Award
Bold Member of the Homestead Grays / Pittsburgh Crawfords
Pirates Hall of Fame
Year No. Player Position Tenure
2022 9 Bill Mazeroskidagger 2B 1956–1972
21 Roberto Clementedagger RF 1955–1972
33 Honus Wagnerdagger SS
Manager
Coach
1900–1917
1917
1933–1951
8 Willie Stargelldagger LF
1B
1962–1982
21,3,5 Arky Vaughandagger SS 1932–1941
4 Ralph Kinerdagger LF 1946–1953
20 Pie Traynordagger 3B
Manager
1920–1935, 1937
1934–1939
Max Careydagger Outfielder 1910–1926
Jake Beckleydagger 1B 1888–1889, 1891–1896
Fred Clarkedagger Outfielder
Manager
1900–1911, 1913–1915
1900–1915
41 Paul Wanerdagger RF 1926–1940
Lloyd Wanerdagger CF 1927–1941, 1944-45
28 Steve Blass P
Broadcaster
1964, 1966–1974
1983-2019
39 Dave Parker RF 1973–1983
40 Danny Murtaugh 2B
Coach
Manager
1948–1951
1956–1957
1957–1964, 1967, 1970–1971, 1973–1976
- Josh Gibson C 1933–1936
1937–1946
- Oscar Charleston CF / Manager 1930–1938
- Ray Brown P 1932–1945, 1947–1948
- Buck Leonard 1B 1934–1950

Awards

Most Valuable Player Award

Cy Young Award

Rookie of the Year Award

Manager of the Year Award

Comeback Player of the Year Award

Roberto Clemente Award

Team captains

Franchise records

Career batting

Willie Stargell is the Pirates' all-time leader in Home runs and RBIs.
Willie Stargell is the Pirates' all-time leader in Home runs and RBIs.
Career batting records
Statistic Player Record Pirates career Ref
Batting average Jake Stenzel .360 1892–1896 [67]
On-base percentage Jake Stenzel .429 1892–1896 [67]
Slugging percentage Brian Giles .591 1999–2003 [68]
On-base plus slugging Brian Giles 1.018 1999–2003 [68]
Runs Honus Wagner 1,521 1900–1917 [69]
Plate appearances Honus Wagner 10,220 1900–1917 [69]
At bats Roberto Clemente 9,454 1955–1972 [70]
Hits Roberto Clemente 3,000 1955–1972 [70]
Total bases Roberto Clemente 4,492 1955–1972 [70]
Singles Roberto Clemente 2,154 1955–1972 [70]
Doubles Paul Waner 558 1926–1940 [71]
Triples Honus Wagner 232 1900–1917 [69]
Home runs Willie Stargell 475 1962–1982 [72]
RBI Willie Stargell 1,540 1962–1982 [72]
Walks Willie Stargell 937 1962–1982 [72]
Strikeouts Willie Stargell 1,936 1962–1982 [72]
Stolen bases Max Carey 688 1910–1926 [73]
Games played Roberto Clemente 2,433 1955–1972 [70]

Career pitching

Wilbur Cooper holds the Pirates record for most wins and complete games.
Wilbur Cooper holds the Pirates record for most wins and complete games.
Career pitching records
Statistic Player Record Pirates career Ref(s)
Wins Wilbur Cooper 202 1912–1924 [74]
Losses Bob Friend 218 1951–1965 [75]
Win–loss percentage Ed Doheny .731 1901–1903 [76]
Earned run average[a] Vic Willis 2.08 1906–1910 [77]
Saves Roy Face 188 1953–1968 [78]
Strikeouts Bob Friend 1,682 1951–1965 [75]
shutouts Babe Adams 44 1907–1926 [79]
Games Roy Face 802 1953–1968 [78]
Innings pitched Bob Friend 3,480+13 1951–1965 [75]
Games started Bob Friend 477 1951–1965 [75]
Games finished Roy Face 547 1953–1968 [78]
Complete games Wilbur Cooper 263 1912–1924 [74]
Walks Bob Friend 869 1951–1965 [75]
Hits allowed Bob Friend 3,610 1951–1965 [75]
Wild pitches Bob Veale 90 1962–1972 [80]
Hit batsmen Wilbur Cooper 93 1912–1924 [74]

Win–loss records

First-in-MLB accomplishments

Chief Wilson set the MLB all-time record for triples in a single season in 1912 with 36.
Chief Wilson set the MLB all-time record for triples in a single season in 1912 with 36.

Minor league affiliations

Main article: List of Pittsburgh Pirates minor league affiliates

The Pittsburgh Pirates farm system consists of seven minor league affiliates.[99]

Level Team League Location Years
Triple-A Indianapolis Indians International League Indianapolis, Indiana 2005–present
Double-A Altoona Curve Eastern League Altoona, Pennsylvania 1999–present
High-A Greensboro Grasshoppers South Atlantic League Greensboro, North Carolina 2019–present
Single-A Bradenton Marauders Florida State League Bradenton, Florida 2010–present
Rookie FCL Pirates Florida Complex League Bradenton, Florida 1968–present
DSL Pirates 1 Dominican Summer League Boca Chica, Santo Domingo 1990–present
DSL Pirates 2 2018–present

Civil rights advocacy

Throughout the 1940s Pirates owner William Benswanger was a leading advocate of integration of the Major Leagues, once planning a tryout for African American players to sign up for the club.[100]

The Pirates organization was the first in baseball to have both an African-American coach and manager, when Gene Baker broke the color line in 1961 and 1962 respectively. On September 21, 1963, the Pirates were the first MLB team to have an African-American manager in Gene Baker, as he filled in for Danny Murtaugh.[101]

On September 1, 1971, manager Murtaugh assembled a starting lineup that was completely composed of minority players for the first time in MLB history.[102]

Fanbase

Bing Crosby co-owned the Pirates from 1946 until his death in 1977.
Bing Crosby co-owned the Pirates from 1946 until his death in 1977.

Even though they have had some notable fans including former part-owner Bing Crosby, Michael Keaton, and Regis Philbin,[103] the Pirates are considered by most to be a distant third in Pittsburgh behind the Pittsburgh Steelers and Pittsburgh Penguins in popularity among Pittsburgh's three major professional sports teams.[104] However, due to their long history in Pittsburgh dating back to the 1882 season, the team has retained a strong loyal following in the Pittsburgh region, especially among older residents. Upon the team ending their 20-season losing season streak with a winning season in 2013, the fan support for the club has grown once again but still remaining a distant third behind the city's other 2 more successful franchises in the last half-century.

While the team's recent struggles compared to Pittsburgh's other two teams can be partly to blame (since the Pirates last World Series championship in 1979, the Steelers have won the Super Bowl 3 times (XIV, XL, and XLIII) and the Penguins the Stanley Cup five times in 1991, 1992, 2009, 2016, and 2017, including both in 2009), distractions off the field have also caused the team's popularity to slip in the city. While the team was ranked first in Pittsburgh as recent as the late 1970s,[105] the Pittsburgh drug trials in 1985 and two relocation threats since are believed to have also seen the team's popularity dipped.[106] The team's standing among fans has, however, improved along with the team on the field and the opening of PNC Park in 2001.[107] Following the Andrew McCutchen trade in 2018, fan relations have deteriorated despite the Pirates contending for the NL Central during 2018 due to backlash towards owner Robert Nutting, with the team ranking 27th among 30 MLB team in attendance that season.[108]

When the Penguins won the Stanley Cup in 2009 captain Sidney Crosby brought the cup to PNC Park on the Sunday following the team's victory in Detroit. When they won again in 2017 the cup was once again brought to PNC Park and the team threw out the first pitch. The team won the cup in 1992 and they held a celebration in the Pirates' old home Three Rivers Stadium.

Community activities

Each year, the Pirates recognize six "Community Champions" during a special pregame ceremony.[109]

Piratefest is a yearly event that is held by the Pittsburgh Pirates in January. The event is, in essence, a baseball carnival for the whole family. It features autograph sessions from current and former Pirates players and coaches, live events and games, carnival booths, baseball clinics, "Ask Pirates Management", and appearances by the Pirate Parrot. Piratefest was once held at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center in downtown Pittsburgh[110] but is now held annually at the ballpark.

Media

Further information: Pittsburgh Pirates Radio Network and List of Pittsburgh Pirates broadcasters

Radio and TV

Map of Pirate radio affiliates
Map of Pirate radio affiliates

The Pirates broadcast the first ever baseball game over the radio on August 5, 1921. Harold Arlin, a foreman at Westinghouse, announced the game over KDKA from a box seat next to the first base dugout at Forbes Field.[111][112] KDKA had received its broadcasting license only nine months before, becoming the first commercially licensed radio station in the world. Pirate games would be sporadically broadcast over the radio for the next decade; regular broadcasts began in the mid-1930s, with Rosey Rowswell becoming the voice of the Pirates in 1936.[113] Except for a few years on WWSW in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Pirates were on KDKA for 61 years. KDKA's 50,000-watt clear channel enabled Pirates fans across the eastern half of North America at night to hear the games.

In 2007, the Pirates chose to end the longest relationship between a team and a radio station in American professional sports and moved to FM talk radio station WPGB. The Pirates cited the desire to reach more people in the 25–54 age bracket coveted by advertisers. The acquisition of the rights means that Clear Channel Communications holds the rights to every major sports team in Pittsburgh. The Pirates have long had a radio network that has extended across four states. Stations for the 2007 season included Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and Maryland radio broadcasters.[114]

On October 1, 2011, Clear Channel announced that they would not renew their deal with the Pirates, and the team shortly thereafter announced a deal to transfer back to CBS Radio via FM sports radio station KDKA-FM,[115] which became official on October 12.[116] On March 2, 2016, it was announced a new deal was reached for the Pirates to remain on KDKA-FM.[117] As part of the deal, KDKA-AM has returned as essentially the AM flagship of the team, simulcasting all weekday afternoon games, select other broadcasts, and serving as the backup station for any games that KDKA-FM can't air due to conflicts with Pittsburgh Panthers football and men's basketball.[118]

Games are televised on AT&T SportsNet Pittsburgh, the Pirates' cable television outlet since 1986, when it was known as KBL. During the 2016 season, the Pirates averaged a 7.22 rating and 83,000 viewers on primetime TV broadcasts.[119] Apart from any Pirates games aired nationally on Fox, there has been no over-the-air coverage of the Pirates since 2002. Previously, KDKA-TV aired Pirates games for 38 years (1957–1994). Games also aired on WPXI (1995–1996) and on WPGH-TV and WCWB (1997–2002).

Announcers

Current

The Pirates have no set broadcast team for radio or TV; instead, all announcers and analysts take turns working in both mediums over the course of a season. The longest-tenured broadcasters are play-by-play announcer Greg Brown and analyst Bob Walk, both of whom joined the broadcast booth in 1994. Former Pirate and Pittsburgh native John Wehner joined the crew in 2005 as an analyst,[120] while Joe Block became the team's second play-by-play announcer in 2016 after previously working for the Milwaukee Brewers.[121] Former Pirate players who have recently filled in as analysts include Matt Capps, Kevin Young, and Neil Walker.

Past

Westinghouse Electric foreman Harold Arlin called the first-ever radio broadcast of a baseball game, an 8-5 Phillies victory over the Pirates on August 5, 1921. A rotating group of announcers would call games over the next 15 years until Rosey Rowswell joined the broadcast team in 1936. Rowswell did not travel with the team for road games, instead re-creating the action in Pittsburgh after it came in over the teleprinter, usually an inning or so behind. After working solo for a decade, he was joined in the booth by Bob Prince in 1947; Prince would become the lead play-by-play man after Rowswell died in February 1955.[122] Prince's broadcasting style made him immensely popular with fans, and his almost 30-year run with the club coincided with the Pirates' rise to a championship-caliber team.[123][124] Nicknamed "The Gunner," Prince was known for his "Gunnerisms"—nicknames and quips—and created the Green Weenie in 1966. He also called the Pirates' championships in 1960 and 1971 as part of the national broadcast for NBC.

Prince and his broadcast partner Nellie King were fired in 1975, which drew the ire of the Pirates' fanbase. Milo Hamilton and Lanny Frattare took over as the new broadcast team in 1976. Hamilton was unhappy in Pittsburgh; he didn't get along with Frattare and felt that he was being criticized for not being Bob Prince.[125] Hamilton left to join the Chicago Cubs after the 1979 season, and Frattare was elevated to the lead play-by-play announcer. Frattare would continue to call Pirate games through the 2008 season, becoming the longest tenured play-by-play man in team history. In turn, he was replaced by Tim Neverett, who called Pirate games from 2009 through 2015.[126]

Former analysts include Don Hoak, Nelson Briles, and Jim Rooker. Former Pirate pitcher Steve Blass, who won Game 7 of the 1971 World Series, worked as a color analyst for the team from 1983 to 2019.[127]

Figures with broadcasting resumés

See also

References

General
In-line citations
  1. ^ "Pirates Uniforms and Logos". Pirates.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved June 22, 2019. 1948: The team replaced the traditional blue and red with the present day black and gold.
  2. ^ Berry, Adam (January 8, 2021). "Why Pittsburgh's teams wear black and gold". Pirates.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  3. ^ Castrovince, Anthony (May 17, 2019). "Players poll: Who has MLB's best uniforms?". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved June 22, 2019. The Steel City’s steadiness in team tints is something to be celebrated. Be it on the ice at PPG Paints Arena, on the gridiron at Heinz Field or within the picture-perfect confines of PNC Park, Pittsburgh is bathed in black and gold. And because even the most garish styles tend to go and come around again, the bumblebee yellow jerseys, striped black pants and pillbox-style hats of the 1970s made a recent return as the go-to Sunday throwbacks.
  4. ^ "Most consecutive Major League Baseball losing seasons, team". GuinnessWorldRecords.com. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  5. ^ "World Series and MLB Playoffs".
  6. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  7. ^ Britcher, Craig (Spring 2014). "We are Now Pirates: The 1890 Burghers and Alleghenys". Western Pennsylvania History. 97 (1): 42.
  8. ^ "A Professional Ball Club". The Daily Post. Pittsburgh. October 17, 1881. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com. icon of an open green padlock
  9. ^ "Charter of Incorporation of Allegheny Base Ball Club of Pgh. Penna." 11 March 1882. Pennsylvania Department of State, Business Entity Search, entity number 6131816. Retrieved 28 March 2018. closed access
  10. ^ Benswanger, William E. (March–June 1947). "Professional Baseball in Pittsburgh". Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine. 30 (1–2).
  11. ^ Why is our baseball team called the Pirates? Pittsburgh City Paper, August 14, 2003.
  12. ^ Coen, Ed (Fall 2019). "Setting the Record Straight on Major League Team Nicknames". Baseball Research Journal. SABR. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  13. ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman. ISBN 0-7611-3943-5.
  14. ^ "From down 3-1, Cubs working on more history". MLB.com. October 29, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
  15. ^ "On this day in 1971, the Pittsburgh Pirates fielded the first all-black and Latino lineup". Andscape. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
  16. ^ "MLB Teams and Baseball Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  17. ^ a b Wilmoth, Charlie (April 6, 2015). "Johnny Cueto, Todd Frazier help Reds beat Pirates 5–2 on Opening Day". Bucs Dugout. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  18. ^ "MLB Teams and Baseball Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  19. ^ Bouma, Ben (1998). "Heading for Home". On Deck. 3 (3): 42–8.
  20. ^ "Stadium naming rights". Sports Business. ESPN.com. September 29, 2004. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  21. ^ PNC Park Voted Best Ballpark In America By Fans
  22. ^ How many ballparks have you visited? (Washington Post)
  23. ^ How does PNC Park rank in a list of MLB's 'best ball parks'?
  24. ^ All 30 MLB stadiums, ranked
  25. ^ "PNC Park at North Shore". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved April 10, 2008.
  26. ^ "New Ballpark Comparisons". New Ballpark. MinnesotaTwins.com. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
  27. ^ Finoli, David; Bill Ranier (2003). The Pittsburgh Pirates Encyclopedia. United States: Sports Publishing L.L.C. pp. 485–6. ISBN 1-58261-416-4.
  28. ^ Finoli, David; Bill Ranier (2003). The Pittsburgh Pirates Encyclopedia. United States: Sports Publishing L.L.C. pp. 486–7. ISBN 1-58261-416-4.
  29. ^ "Pirates' Timeline". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
  30. ^ Gershman, Michael (1993). Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark. Houghton Mifflin. p. 224. ISBN 9780395612125.
  31. ^ United News (March 20, 1930). "Barnard Plans to Check 'Cheap' Homers; Proposes Screen for All Sectors Less Than 350 Feet". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. "Three major league clubs already have taken to the screen idea, the Phillies and Cardinals erecting screens at their parks last season and the Pirates building one at Forbes Field this season." Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  32. ^ Davis, Ralph (March 22, 1950). "Plan to Cut Trick Homers is Sensible: Fandom Tires of Freak Four-Baggers, Which Have Robbed One of Game's Features of Its Most Pronounced Thrill". The Pittsburgh Press. "President Barney Dreyfuss has always been opposed to freak homers. He hesitated for a long time about increasing his seating capacity by encroaching on his playing area. He finally did it, because everyone else was doing it. But he is said to have regretted the move after it was made, and now has offset it by ordering a screen in front of the right field stands." Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  33. ^ Wertenbach, Fred (May 24, 1930). "Bucs Beat Cubs; Ens Shifts Line-Up; Comorosky Going Back to Old Post". The Pittsburgh Press. "Wilson was robbed of his thirteenth homer when his drive crashed into the new screen in right and went for a double in the sixth." Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  34. ^ Gershman 1993, p. 90
  35. ^ LaRussa, Tony (May 6, 2006). "Forbes Field Remnants Restored". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  36. ^ "Crosley Field and Forbes Field". CNN. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
  37. ^ "The Grandstander: Standing with Clemente". 30 September 2012.
  38. ^ Hill, Benjamin (February 18, 2021). "Been a while: Oldest Minor League ballparks". MiLB.com. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  39. ^ Whitt, Toni (February 8, 2012). "McKechnie Field to Get a Makeover". Bradenton Patch. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  40. ^ Cormier, Anthony (December 29, 2006). "McKechnie to get lights; Pirates to stay until 2038". The Herald-Times. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  41. ^ "Pirates and LECOM announce Bradenton ballpark naming-rights agreement". Pittsburgh Pirates. February 10, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g "Pittsburgh Pirates Logos - National League (NL) - Chris Creamer's Sports Logos Page - SportsLogos.Net".
  43. ^ "How About It, Buccos?". The Pittsburgh Post. April 5, 1924. p. 9 – via Newspapers.com.
  44. ^ "Post Clock Ticks". The Pittsburgh Post. April 25, 1924. p. 14 – via Newspapers.com.
  45. ^ Wollen, L.H. (March 30, 1924). "Pirates Defeat Frisco". The Pittsburgh Press. Sporting sec., p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  46. ^ Wollen, Lou (March 4, 1925). "Strenuous Work for Buccaneers". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 26 – via Newspapers.com.
  47. ^ Ballinger, Edward F. (April 12, 1925). "Grantham on First as Pirates Wallop Memphis Chicks, 8-0". The Pittsburgh Post. Sec. 3, p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ "Pirates announce a new Sunday alternate uniform". MLB.com (Press release). MLB Advanced Media. February 18, 2016. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  49. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Unveil New Camouflage Uniform". Sportslogos.net. SportsLogos.net. December 13, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  50. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Introduce New Camo Uniform for 2018". Sportslogos.net. SportsLogos.net. January 13, 2018. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  51. ^ "Pirates "Rewrite the Script", Unveil New Road, Alternate Uniforms". Sportslogos.net. SportsLogos.net. January 24, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  52. ^ Woolsey, Matt (April 28, 2009). "In Depth: Baseball's Most Intense Rivalries". Forbes.
  53. ^ a b Collier, Gene (July 4, 2005). "Pirates—Phillies: A Rivalry Lost and Missed". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. D1.
  54. ^ a b c Von Benko, George (July 7, 2005). "Notes: Phils–Pirates rivalry fading". Philadelphia Phillies. MLB. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
  55. ^ Stark, Jayson (September 10, 1993). "Baseball Owners Vote to Break Each League Into Three Divisions". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A1.
  56. ^ a b Collier, Gene (September 27, 1993). "Pirates, Phillies Have Owned the Outgoing NL East Division". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. D1.
  57. ^ "Pirates perform rare three-peat feat 4–2". USA Today. September 28, 1992. p. 5C.
  58. ^ "It's Philly vs. the Burgh". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. May 11, 2008. p. B1.
  59. ^ "The 10 most common postseason matchups". MLB.com. 8 October 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  60. ^ "Reds-Pirates brawl results in 40 games of bans". ESPN. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  61. ^ "Carlos Gomez, Travis Snider Ejected as Benches Clear During Brewers vs. Pirates". Bleacher Report. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  62. ^ "Head-to-head results for Cleveland Indians vs. Pittsburgh Pirates from 1901 to 2016". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. 2016. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
  63. ^ "Tim Benz: 1st Pirates Hall of Fame class has an important inclusion, a glaring omission and a contentious debate -". 8 August 2022.
  64. ^ "Pirates Hall of Fame | Pittsburgh Pirates". MLB.com.
  65. ^ "Pirates induct 19 into team's inaugural HOF class". 3 September 2022.
  66. ^ "Pirates induct 19 baseball legends into inaugural HOF class". MLB.com.
  67. ^ a b "Jake Stenzel Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  68. ^ a b "Brian Giles Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  69. ^ a b c "Honus Wagner Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  70. ^ a b c d e "Roberto Clemente Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  71. ^ "Paul Waner Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  72. ^ a b c d "Willie Stargell Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  73. ^ "Max Carey Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  74. ^ a b c "Wilbur Cooper Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  75. ^ a b c d e f "Bob Friend Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  76. ^ "Ed Doheny Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  77. ^ "Vic Willis Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  78. ^ a b c "Roy Face Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  79. ^ "Babe Adams Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  80. ^ "Bob Veale Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  81. ^ "World Series 1–3 Comebacks – MLB". ESPN. October 27, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  82. ^ MLB.com (January 2, 2010). "LCS, World Series 3–1 comebacks | MLB.com: News". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  83. ^ "Oakland A's Fan Coalition – Athletics baseball enthusiasts dedicated to watching a winner". Oaklandfans.com. July 12, 1980. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  84. ^ "MLB approves protective cap for pitchers in time for 2014 season". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
  85. ^ "San Diego Padres reliever Alex Torres was the first pitcher to try out MLB's new protective hat". San Diego Padres.
  86. ^ "Dressed to the Nines: A History of the Baseball Uniform". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
  87. ^ John Perrotto (August 14, 2006). "Baseball Plog". Beaver County Times. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2006.
  88. ^ "Honoring First All-Minority Lineup". The New York Times. September 17, 2006. p. Sports p. 2.
  89. ^ "Five Great Moments at Three Rivers Stadium". Sporting News. Archived from the original on 2006-06-23.
  90. ^ Jenifer Langosch (January 2, 2010). "Indian hurlers' inking opens new market | pirates.com: News". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  91. ^ "Pirates find 2 pitchers from Indian reality show – Baseball- NBC Sports". Nbcsports.msnbc.com. November 25, 2008. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  92. ^ Jenifer Langosch (January 2, 2010). "Bucs sign pair of Indian hurlers | pirates.com: News". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  93. ^ Bruni, Frank (2012-02-22). "Coming Out in the World of Sports". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-09-22.
  94. ^ Ex-Pittsburgh Pirates owner Kevin McClatchy comes out as gay . ESPN. (2012-09-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  95. ^ Abrotsky, Justin L.; Stone, Avery (May 9, 2015). "Pittsburgh Pirates pull off first 4–5–4 triple play in MLB history against Cardinals". USA Today. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  96. ^ Nesbitt, Stephen J. (April 27, 2017). "Dovydas Neverauskas makes history for Lithuania; Adam Frazier to DL". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  97. ^ Pirates' Gift Ngoepe: Promoted by Pirates CBS Sports, 26 April 2017
  98. ^ Biertempfel, Bob (August 23, 2017). "History at PNC Park! Pirates' Josh Harrison ends Rich Hill's no-hit bid with walk-off homer". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  99. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Minor League Affiliates". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  100. ^ Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution – Neil Lanctot – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  101. ^ Let us not forget about Gene Baker. Thesouthern.com (2013-02-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  102. ^ Vascellaro, Charlie (September 1, 2011). "Bucs broke ground with first all-minority lineup". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  103. ^ "Pittsburgh PA News, Weather and Sports - WTAE-TV Pittsburgh Action News 4". WTAE. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05.
  104. ^ Anderson, Shelly (November 7, 2007). "Penguins Notebook: In this case, No. 20 ranking is huge". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 7, 2008.
  105. ^ America's Game: The Super Bowl Champions. The 1979 Pittsburgh Steelers
  106. ^ Cook, Ron (September 29, 2000). "The Eighties: A terrible time of trial and error". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  107. ^ "Pirates Fans Hopeful At Home Opener". 7 April 2011.
  108. ^ "2021 MLB Attendance - Major League Baseball - ESPN".
  109. ^ "Annual African American Heritage Weekend Friday, August 20 and Saturday, August 21 to be Hosted by Pitsburg Pirates". Ask Blackie: African American Entertainment, Music, News and Anything Afro-American. Ask Blackie. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2011. [People] all nominated by their fellow citizens for having positively contributed to the betterment of the diverse community in our region.
  110. ^ "Piratefest webpage".
  111. ^ Leventhal, Josh; Jessica MacMurray (2000). Take Me Out to the Ballpark. New York, New York: Workman Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 1-57912-112-8.
  112. ^ Smith, Curt (2005). Voices of Summer. New York City: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1446-8.
  113. ^ "Greensburg Daily Tribune. February 7, 1955, pp. 1".
  114. ^ "Pirates Radio Network | pirates.com: Schedule". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. January 2, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  115. ^ "Smizik on Sports – Pittsburgh Post-Gazette". Communityvoices.sites.post-gazette.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  116. ^ "Pirates, KDKA-FM agree to broadcasting deal". Pittsburgh.pirates.mlb.com. October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  117. ^ "Pirates, KDKA-FM agree to new contract". Post-Gazette.com. March 2, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  118. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates extend with KDKA-FM, return to KDKA - Radio Insight.com".
  119. ^ Here Are The 2016 MLB Prime Time Television Ratings For Each Team - Maury Brown, Forbes SportsMoney, 28 September 2016
  120. ^ "Broadcasters". Team. PittsburghPirates.com. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  121. ^ "Broadcasters". MLB.com.
  122. ^ "Rowswell, Prince still casting long shadows. The Pittsburgh Press, April 7, 1986".
  123. ^ Kohnfelder, Earl (June 11, 1985). "Prince lauded as broadcaster, human being". Pittsburgh Press. p. A1.
  124. ^ Golightly, John (June 11, 1985). "Bob Prince dies, Bucs broadcaster". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
  125. ^ "Mehno: Coghlan slide into Kang isn't dirty".
  126. ^ "Pirates broadcaster leaves for Boston". Post-Gazette.com. December 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  127. ^ "Steve Blass Tribute". mlb.com. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  128. ^ "The Team That Changed Baseball: Roberto Clemente and the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates". Westholme Publishing. April 3, 2006. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
Preceded byChicago Cubs 1907 and 1908Washington Senators 1924Los Angeles Dodgers 1959Baltimore Orioles 1970New York Yankees 1977 and 1978 World Series championsPittsburgh Pirates 19091925196019711979 Succeeded byPhiladelphia Athletics 1910 and 1911St. Louis Cardinals 1926New York Yankees 1961 and 1962Oakland Athletics 1972, 1973 and 1974Philadelphia Phillies 1980 Preceded byBrooklyn Superbas 1900 Chicago Cubs 1906, 1907, 1908 New York Giants 1921, 1922, 1923, and 1924St. Louis Cardinals 1926 Los Angeles Dodgers 1959 Cincinnati Reds 1970 Los Angeles Dodgers 1978 National League championsPittsburgh Pirates 1901, 1902, and 1903190919251927196019711979 Succeeded byNew York Giants 1904, 1905 Chicago Cubs 1910 St. Louis Cardinals 1926St. Louis Cardinals 1928 Cincinnati Reds 1961 Cincinnati Reds 1972 Philadelphia Phillies 1980 Preceded byNew York Mets 1969New York Mets 1973Philadelphia Phillies 1976, 1977, and 1978Chicago Cubs 1989 National League Eastern Division championsPittsburgh Pirates 1970, 1971, and 19721974 and 197519791990, 1991, and 1992 Succeeded byNew York Mets 1973Philadelphia Phillies 1976, 1977, and 1978Philadelphia Phillies 1980Philadelphia Phillies 1993