At the first World Series, held in 1903, the Boston Americans (front row) defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates (back row) in eight games.
At the first World Series, held in 1903, the Boston Americans (front row) defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates (back row) in eight games.

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) and concludes the MLB postseason. First played in 1903,[1] the World Series championship is a best-of-seven playoff and is a contest between the champions of baseball's National League (NL) and American League (AL).[2] Often referred to as the "Fall Classic",[3] the modern World Series has been played every year since 1903 with two exceptions: in 1904, when the NL champion New York Giants declined to play the AL champion Boston Americans; and in 1994, when the series was canceled due to the players' strike.[1][2][4][5]

The best-of-seven style has been the format of all World Series except in 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921, when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff.[1][2] Although the large majority of contests have been played entirely during the month of October, a small number of Series have also had games played during September and November. The Series-winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy.[6] Players, coaches and others associated with the team are generally given World Series rings to commemorate their victory; however, they have received other items such as pocket watches and medallions in the past.[7] The winning team is traditionally invited to the White House to meet the President of the United States.

A total of 117 World Series have been contested through 2021, with the AL champion winning 66 and the NL champion winning 51. The New York Yankees of the AL have played in 40 World Series, winning 27 – the most championship appearances and most victories by any team in the four major North American professional sports leagues. The Dodgers of the NL have the most losses with 14, while the Yankees have the most losses among AL teams with 13. The St. Louis Cardinals have won 11 championships, the most championships among NL clubs and second-most all-time behind the Yankees, and have made 19 total appearances, third-most among NL clubs.[3] The Dodgers have represented the NL the most World Series with 21 appearances.

The Seattle Mariners are the only current MLB franchise that has never appeared in a World Series; the San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies, Texas Rangers, Tampa Bay Rays, and Milwaukee Brewers have all played in the Series but have never won it. The Los Angeles Angels, Arizona Diamondbacks and Washington Nationals are the only teams who have won their only World Series appearance, and the Toronto Blue Jays and the Miami Marlins have won both of their World Series appearances. The Toronto Blue Jays are the only franchise from outside the United States to appear in and win a World Series, winning in 1992 and 1993. The Houston Astros are the only franchise to have represented both the NL (2005) and the AL (2017, 2019, 2021), winning the Series in 2017.

The current (2021) World Series champions are the Atlanta Braves.

World Series results

Numbers in parentheses in the table are World Series appearances as of the date of that World Series, and are used as follows:

  National League team
  American League team
Year Winning team Manager Games Losing team Manager
1903 Boston Americans (1, 1–0) Jimmy Collins 5–3[V] Pittsburgh Pirates (1, 0–1) Fred Clarke
1904 No World Series
1905 New York Giants (1, 1–0) John McGraw 4–1 Philadelphia Athletics (1, 0–1) Connie Mack
1906 Chicago White Sox (1, 1–0) Fielder Jones 4–2 Chicago Cubs (1, 0–1) Frank Chance
1907 Chicago Cubs (2, 1–1) Frank Chance 4–0–(1)[T] Detroit Tigers (1, 0–1) Hugh Jennings
1908 Chicago Cubs (3, 2–1) Frank Chance 4–1 Detroit Tigers (2, 0–2) Hugh Jennings
1909 Pittsburgh Pirates (2, 1–1) Fred Clarke 4–3 Detroit Tigers (3, 0–3) Hugh Jennings
1910 Philadelphia Athletics (2, 1–1) Connie Mack 4–1 Chicago Cubs (4, 2–2) Frank Chance
1911 Philadelphia Athletics (3, 2–1) Connie Mack 4–2 New York Giants (2, 1–1) John McGraw
1912 Boston Red Sox (2, 2–0) Jake Stahl 4–3–(1)[T] New York Giants (3, 1–2) John McGraw
1913 Philadelphia Athletics (4, 3–1) Connie Mack 4–1 New York Giants (4, 1–3) John McGraw
1914 Boston Braves (1, 1–0) George Stallings 4–0 Philadelphia Athletics (5, 3–2) Connie Mack
1915 Boston Red Sox (3, 3–0) Bill Carrigan 4–1 Philadelphia Phillies (1, 0–1) Pat Moran
1916 Boston Red Sox (4, 4–0) Bill Carrigan 4–1 Brooklyn Robins (1, 0–1) Wilbert Robinson
1917 Chicago White Sox (2, 2–0) Pants Rowland 4–2 New York Giants (5, 1–4) John McGraw
1918 Boston Red Sox (5, 5–0) Ed Barrow 4–2 Chicago Cubs (5, 2–3) Fred Mitchell
1919 Cincinnati Reds (1, 1–0) Pat Moran 5–3[V] Chicago White Sox (3, 2–1) Kid Gleason
1920 Cleveland Indians (1, 1–0) Tris Speaker 5–2[V] Brooklyn Robins (2, 0–2) Wilbert Robinson
1921 New York Giants (6, 2–4) John McGraw 5–3[V] New York Yankees (1, 0–1) Miller Huggins
1922 New York Giants (7, 3–4) John McGraw 4–0–(1)[T] New York Yankees (2, 0–2) Miller Huggins
1923 New York Yankees (3, 1–2) Miller Huggins 4–2 New York Giants (8, 3–5) John McGraw
1924 Washington Senators (1, 1–0) Bucky Harris 4–3 New York Giants (9, 3–6) John McGraw
1925 Pittsburgh Pirates (3, 2–1) Bill McKechnie 4–3 Washington Senators (2, 1–1) Bucky Harris
1926 St. Louis Cardinals (1, 1–0) Rogers Hornsby 4–3 New York Yankees (4, 1–3) Miller Huggins
1927 New York Yankees (5, 2–3) Miller Huggins 4–0 Pittsburgh Pirates (4, 2–2) Donie Bush
1928 New York Yankees (6, 3–3) Miller Huggins 4–0 St. Louis Cardinals (2, 1–1) Bill McKechnie
1929 Philadelphia Athletics (6, 4–2) Connie Mack 4–1 Chicago Cubs (6, 2–4) Joe McCarthy
1930 Philadelphia Athletics (7, 5–2) Connie Mack 4–2 St. Louis Cardinals (3, 1–2) Gabby Street
1931 St. Louis Cardinals (4, 2–2) Gabby Street 4–3 Philadelphia Athletics (8, 5–3) Connie Mack
1932 New York Yankees (7, 4–3) Joe McCarthy 4–0 Chicago Cubs (7, 2–5) Charlie Grimm
1933 New York Giants (10, 4–6) Bill Terry 4–1 Washington Senators (3, 1–2) Joe Cronin
1934 St. Louis Cardinals (5, 3–2) Frank Frisch 4–3 Detroit Tigers (4, 0–4) Mickey Cochrane
1935 Detroit Tigers (5, 1–4) Mickey Cochrane 4–2 Chicago Cubs (8, 2–6) Charlie Grimm
1936 New York Yankees (8, 5–3) Joe McCarthy 4–2 New York Giants (11, 4–7) Bill Terry
1937 New York Yankees (9, 6–3) Joe McCarthy 4–1 New York Giants (12, 4–8) Bill Terry
1938 New York Yankees (10, 7–3) Joe McCarthy 4–0 Chicago Cubs (9, 2–7) Gabby Hartnett
1939 New York Yankees (11, 8–3) Joe McCarthy 4–0 Cincinnati Reds (2, 1–1) Bill McKechnie
1940 Cincinnati Reds (3, 2–1) Bill McKechnie 4–3 Detroit Tigers (6, 1–5) Del Baker
1941 New York Yankees (12, 9–3) Joe McCarthy 4–1 Brooklyn Dodgers (3, 0–3) Leo Durocher
1942 St. Louis Cardinals (6, 4–2) Billy Southworth 4–1 New York Yankees (13, 9–4) Joe McCarthy
1943 New York Yankees (14, 10–4) Joe McCarthy 4–1 St. Louis Cardinals (7, 4–3) Billy Southworth
1944 St. Louis Cardinals (8, 5–3) Billy Southworth 4–2 St. Louis Browns (1, 0–1) Luke Sewell
1945 Detroit Tigers (7, 2–5) Steve O'Neill 4–3 Chicago Cubs (10, 2–8) Charlie Grimm
1946 St. Louis Cardinals (9, 6–3) Eddie Dyer 4–3 Boston Red Sox (6, 5–1) Joe Cronin
1947 New York Yankees (15, 11–4) Bucky Harris 4–3 Brooklyn Dodgers (4, 0–4) Burt Shotton
1948 Cleveland Indians (2, 2–0) Lou Boudreau 4–2 Boston Braves (2, 1–1) Billy Southworth
1949 New York Yankees (16, 12–4) Casey Stengel 4–1 Brooklyn Dodgers (5, 0–5) Burt Shotton
1950 New York Yankees (17, 13–4) Casey Stengel 4–0 Philadelphia Phillies (2, 0–2) Eddie Sawyer
1951 New York Yankees (18, 14–4) Casey Stengel 4–2 New York Giants (13, 4–9) Leo Durocher
1952 New York Yankees (19, 15–4) Casey Stengel 4–3 Brooklyn Dodgers (6, 0–6) Charlie Dressen
1953 New York Yankees (20, 16–4) Casey Stengel 4–2 Brooklyn Dodgers (7, 0–7) Charlie Dressen
1954 New York Giants (14, 5–9) Leo Durocher 4–0 Cleveland Indians (3, 2–1) Al Lopez
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers (8, 1–7) Walter Alston 4–3 New York Yankees (21, 16–5) Casey Stengel
1956 New York Yankees (22, 17–5) Casey Stengel 4–3 Brooklyn Dodgers (9, 1–8) Walter Alston
1957 Milwaukee Braves (3, 2–1) Fred Haney 4–3 New York Yankees (23, 17–6) Casey Stengel
1958 New York Yankees (24, 18–6) Casey Stengel 4–3 Milwaukee Braves (4, 2–2) Fred Haney
1959 Los Angeles Dodgers (10, 2–8) Walter Alston 4–2 Chicago White Sox (4, 2–2) Al Lopez
1960 Pittsburgh Pirates (5, 3–2) Danny Murtaugh 4–3 New York Yankees (25, 18–7) Casey Stengel
1961 New York Yankees (26, 19–7) Ralph Houk 4–1 Cincinnati Reds (4, 2–2) Fred Hutchinson
1962 New York Yankees (27, 20–7) Ralph Houk 4–3 San Francisco Giants (15, 5–10) Alvin Dark
1963 Los Angeles Dodgers (11, 3–8) Walter Alston 4–0 New York Yankees (28, 20–8) Ralph Houk
1964 St. Louis Cardinals (10, 7–3) Johnny Keane 4–3 New York Yankees (29, 20–9) Yogi Berra
1965 Los Angeles Dodgers (12, 4–8) Walter Alston 4–3 Minnesota Twins (4, 1–3) Sam Mele
1966 Baltimore Orioles (2, 1–1) Hank Bauer 4–0 Los Angeles Dodgers (13, 4–9) Walter Alston
1967 St. Louis Cardinals (11, 8–3) Red Schoendienst 4–3 Boston Red Sox (7, 5–2) Dick Williams
1968 Detroit Tigers (8, 3–5) Mayo Smith 4–3 St. Louis Cardinals (12, 8–4) Red Schoendienst
1969 New York Mets (1, 1–0) Gil Hodges 4–1 Baltimore Orioles (3, 1–2) Earl Weaver
1970 Baltimore Orioles (4, 2–2) Earl Weaver 4–1 Cincinnati Reds (5, 2–3) Sparky Anderson
1971 Pittsburgh Pirates (6, 4–2) Danny Murtaugh 4–3 Baltimore Orioles (5, 2–3) Earl Weaver
1972 Oakland Athletics (9, 6–3) Dick Williams 4–3 Cincinnati Reds (6, 2–4) Sparky Anderson
1973 Oakland Athletics (10, 7–3) Dick Williams 4–3 New York Mets (2, 1–1) Yogi Berra
1974 Oakland Athletics (11, 8–3) Alvin Dark 4–1 Los Angeles Dodgers (14, 4–10) Walter Alston
1975 Cincinnati Reds (7, 3–4) Sparky Anderson 4–3 Boston Red Sox (8, 5–3) Darrell Johnson
1976 Cincinnati Reds (8, 4–4) Sparky Anderson 4–0 New York Yankees (30, 20–10) Billy Martin
1977 New York Yankees (31, 21–10) Billy Martin 4–2 Los Angeles Dodgers (15, 4–11) Tommy Lasorda
1978 New York Yankees (32, 22–10) Bob Lemon 4–2 Los Angeles Dodgers (16, 4–12) Tommy Lasorda
1979 Pittsburgh Pirates (7, 5–2) Chuck Tanner 4–3 Baltimore Orioles (6, 2–4) Earl Weaver
1980 Philadelphia Phillies (3, 1–2) Dallas Green 4–2 Kansas City Royals (1, 0–1) Jim Frey
1981 Los Angeles Dodgers (17, 5–12) Tommy Lasorda 4–2 New York Yankees (33, 22–11) Bob Lemon
1982 St. Louis Cardinals (13, 9–4) Whitey Herzog 4–3 Milwaukee Brewers[L1] (1, 0–1) Harvey Kuenn
1983 Baltimore Orioles (7, 3–4) Joe Altobelli 4–1 Philadelphia Phillies (4, 1–3) Paul Owens
1984 Detroit Tigers (9, 4–5) Sparky Anderson 4–1 San Diego Padres (1, 0–1) Dick Williams
1985 Kansas City Royals (2, 1–1) Dick Howser 4–3 St. Louis Cardinals (14, 9–5) Whitey Herzog
1986 New York Mets (3, 2–1) Davey Johnson 4–3 Boston Red Sox (9, 5–4) John McNamara
1987 Minnesota Twins (5, 2–3) Tom Kelly 4–3 St. Louis Cardinals (15, 9–6) Whitey Herzog
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers (18, 6–12) Tommy Lasorda 4–1 Oakland Athletics (12, 8–4) Tony La Russa
1989 Oakland Athletics (13, 9–4) Tony La Russa 4–0 San Francisco Giants (16, 5–11) Roger Craig
1990 Cincinnati Reds (9, 5–4) Lou Piniella 4–0 Oakland Athletics (14, 9–5) Tony La Russa
1991 Minnesota Twins (6, 3–3) Tom Kelly 4–3 Atlanta Braves (5, 2–3) Bobby Cox
1992 Toronto Blue Jays (1, 1–0) Cito Gaston 4–2 Atlanta Braves (6, 2–4) Bobby Cox
1993 Toronto Blue Jays (2, 2–0) Cito Gaston 4–2 Philadelphia Phillies (5, 1–4) Jim Fregosi
1994 No World Series due to a players' strike.
1995 Atlanta Braves (7, 3–4) Bobby Cox 4–2 Cleveland Indians (4, 2–2) Mike Hargrove
1996 New York Yankees (34, 23–11) Joe Torre 4–2 Atlanta Braves (8, 3–5) Bobby Cox
1997 Florida Marlins[W] (1, 1–0) Jim Leyland 4–3 Cleveland Indians (5, 2–3) Mike Hargrove
1998 New York Yankees (35, 24–11) Joe Torre 4–0 San Diego Padres (2, 0–2) Bruce Bochy
1999 New York Yankees (36, 25–11) Joe Torre 4–0 Atlanta Braves (9, 3–6) Bobby Cox
2000 New York Yankees (37, 26–11) Joe Torre 4–1 New York Mets[W] (4, 2–2) Bobby Valentine
2001 Arizona Diamondbacks (1, 1–0) Bob Brenly 4–3 New York Yankees (38, 26–12) Joe Torre
2002 Anaheim Angels[W] (1, 1–0) Mike Scioscia 4–3 San Francisco Giants[W] (17, 5–12) Dusty Baker
2003 Florida Marlins[W] (2, 2–0) Jack McKeon 4–2 New York Yankees (39, 26–13) Joe Torre
2004 Boston Red Sox[W] (10, 6–4) Terry Francona 4–0 St. Louis Cardinals (16, 9–7) Tony La Russa
2005 Chicago White Sox (5, 3–2) Ozzie Guillén 4–0 Houston Astros[W][L2] (1, 0–1) Phil Garner
2006 St. Louis Cardinals (17, 10–7) Tony La Russa 4–1 Detroit Tigers[W] (10, 4–6) Jim Leyland
2007 Boston Red Sox (11, 7–4) Terry Francona 4–0 Colorado Rockies[W] (1, 0–1) Clint Hurdle
2008 Philadelphia Phillies (6, 2–4) Charlie Manuel 4–1 Tampa Bay Rays (1, 0–1) Joe Maddon
2009 New York Yankees (40, 27–13) Joe Girardi 4–2 Philadelphia Phillies (7, 2–5) Charlie Manuel
2010 San Francisco Giants (18, 6–12) Bruce Bochy 4–1 Texas Rangers (1, 0–1) Ron Washington
2011 St. Louis Cardinals[W] (18, 11–7) Tony La Russa 4–3 Texas Rangers (2, 0–2) Ron Washington
2012 San Francisco Giants (19, 7–12) Bruce Bochy 4–0 Detroit Tigers (11, 4–7) Jim Leyland
2013 Boston Red Sox (12, 8–4) John Farrell 4–2 St. Louis Cardinals (19, 11–8) Mike Matheny
2014 San Francisco Giants[W] (20, 8–12) Bruce Bochy 4–3 Kansas City Royals[W] (3, 1–2) Ned Yost
2015 Kansas City Royals (4, 2–2) Ned Yost 4–1 New York Mets (5, 2–3) Terry Collins
2016 Chicago Cubs (11, 3–8) Joe Maddon 4–3 Cleveland Indians (6, 2–4) Terry Francona
2017 Houston Astros (2, 1–1) A. J. Hinch 4–3 Los Angeles Dodgers (19, 6–13) Dave Roberts
2018 Boston Red Sox (13, 9–4) Alex Cora 4–1 Los Angeles Dodgers (20, 6–14) Dave Roberts
2019 Washington Nationals[W] (1, 1–0) Dave Martinez 4–3 Houston Astros (3, 1–2) A. J. Hinch
2020 Los Angeles Dodgers (21, 7–14) Dave Roberts 4–2 Tampa Bay Rays (2, 0–2) Kevin Cash
2021 Atlanta Braves (10, 4–6) Brian Snitker 4–2 Houston Astros (4, 1–3) Dusty Baker
Legend

Source for this Table [9]

Series records by franchise

Series wins by franchise

In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of wins, then by number of appearances, and finally by year of first appearance. In the "Season(s)" column, bold years indicate winning appearances.

Apps Team Wins Losses Win % Season(s)
40 New York Yankees 27 13 .675 1921, 1922, 1923, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2009
19 St. Louis Cardinals 11 8 .579 1926, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1934, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1982, 1985, 1987, 2004, 2006, 2011, 2013
14 Philadelphia / Kansas City / Oakland Athletics 9 5 .643 1905, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1988, 1989, 1990
13 Boston Red Sox 9 4 .692 1903, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1918, 1946, 1967, 1975, 1986, 2004, 2007, 2013, 2018
20 New York / San Francisco Giants 8 12 .400 1905, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1917, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1933, 1936, 1937, 1951, 1954, 1962, 1989, 2002, 2010, 2012, 2014
21 Brooklyn / Los Angeles Dodgers 7 14 .333 1916, 1920, 1941, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1988, 2017, 2018, 2020
9 Cincinnati Reds 5 4 .556 1919, 1939, 1940, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1976, 1990
7 Pittsburgh Pirates 5 2 .714 1903, 1909, 1925, 1927, 1960, 1971, 1979
11 Detroit Tigers 4 7 .364 1907, 1908, 1909, 1934, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1968, 1984, 2006, 2012
10 Boston / Milwaukee / Atlanta Braves 4 6 .400 1914, 1948, 1957, 1958, 1991, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2021
11 Chicago Cubs 3 8 .273 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1918, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, 1945, 2016
7 St. Louis Browns / Baltimore Orioles 3 4 .429 1944, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1979, 1983
6 Washington Senators / Minnesota Twins 3 3 .500 1924, 1925, 1933, 1965, 1987, 1991
5 Chicago White Sox 3 2 .600 1906, 1917, 1919, 1959, 2005
7 Philadelphia Phillies 2 5 .286 1915, 1950, 1980, 1983, 1993, 2008, 2009
6 Cleveland Indians 2 4 .333 1920, 1948, 1954, 1995, 1997, 2016
5 New York Mets 2 3 .400 1969, 1973, 1986, 2000, 2015
4 Kansas City Royals 2 2 .500 1980, 1985, 2014, 2015
2 Toronto Blue Jays 2 0 1.000 1992, 1993
2 Miami Marlins 2 0 1.000 1997, 2003
4 Houston Astros 1 3 .250 2005, 2017, 2019, 2021
1 Arizona Diamondbacks 1 0 1.000 2001
1 Los Angeles Angels 1 0 1.000 2002
1 Montreal Expos / Washington Nationals 1 0 1.000 2019
2 San Diego Padres 0 2 .000 1984, 1998
2 Tampa Bay Rays 0 2 .000 2008, 2020
2 Texas Rangers 0 2 .000 2010, 2011
1 Milwaukee Brewers 0 1 .000 1982
1 Colorado Rockies 0 1 .000 2007
0 Seattle Mariners 0 0

Frequent matchups

The following are the 20 matchups of teams that have occurred two or more times in the World Series. All teams that have participated in these were "Classic Eight" members of either the American or National League; no expansion team (created in 1961 or later) has faced the same opponent more than once in a World Series.

Count Matchup Record Years
11 New York Yankees vs. Los Angeles Dodgers Yankees, 8–3 1941, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1963, 1977, 1978, 1981
7 New York Yankees vs. San Francisco Giants Yankees, 5–2 1921, 1922, 1923, 1936, 1937, 1951, 1962
5 St. Louis Cardinals vs. New York Yankees Cardinals, 3–2 1926, 1928, 1942, 1943, 1964
4 Oakland Athletics vs. San Francisco Giants Athletics, 3–1 1905, 1911, 1913, 1989
4 New York Yankees vs. Atlanta Braves Yankees, 3–1 1957, 1958, 1996, 1999
4 Chicago Cubs vs. Detroit Tigers Tied, 2–2 1907, 1908, 1935, 1945
4 Boston Red Sox vs. St. Louis Cardinals Tied, 2–2 1946, 1967, 2004, 2013
3 St. Louis Cardinals vs. Detroit Tigers Cardinals, 2–1 1934, 1968, 2006
3 New York Yankees vs. Cincinnati Reds Yankees, 2–1 1939, 1961, 1976
2 Oakland Athletics vs. Chicago Cubs Athletics, 2–0 1910, 1929
2 Boston Red Sox vs. Los Angeles Dodgers Red Sox, 2–0 1916, 2018
2 New York Yankees vs. Chicago Cubs Yankees, 2–0 1932, 1938
2 New York Yankees vs. Philadelphia Phillies Yankees, 2–0 1950, 2009
2 Pittsburgh Pirates vs. Baltimore Orioles Pirates, 2–0 1971, 1979
2 Minnesota Twins vs. San Francisco Giants Tied, 1–1 1924, 1933
2 New York Yankees vs. Pittsburgh Pirates Tied, 1–1 1927, 1960
2 Oakland Athletics vs. St. Louis Cardinals Tied, 1–1 1930, 1931
2 Atlanta Braves vs. Cleveland Indians Tied, 1–1 1948, 1995
2 Cincinnati Reds vs. Oakland Athletics Tied, 1–1 1972, 1990
2 Los Angeles Dodgers vs. Oakland Athletics Tied, 1–1 1974, 1988

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Baseball-Reference Playoff and World Series Index". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "World Series Overview". Major League Baseball. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "World Series History: Championships by Club". Major League Baseball. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  4. ^ "History of the World Series – 1904". The Sporting News. Archived from the original on December 3, 2009. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Season interrupted". Sports Illustrated. August 26, 2002. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
  6. ^ "Phillies Announce World Series Trophy Tour Presented by Teva Pharmaceuticals and Comcast SportsNet". PR Newswire Association. January 9, 2009. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
  7. ^ Lukas, Paul (October 30, 2009). "World Series rings, the real scoop". ESPN. Retrieved December 9, 2009.
  8. ^ "Brewers switch leagues, join Reds in NL Central". The Kentucky Post (Associated Press). E. W. Scripps Company. November 6, 1997. Archived from the original on May 5, 2005.
  9. ^ "World Series Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 27, 2020.