Plaques of numbers retired by the New York Yankees in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium
Plaques of numbers retired by the New York Yankees in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium

Major League Baseball (MLB) and its participating clubs have retired various uniform numbers over the course of time, ensuring that those numbers are never worn again and thus will always be associated with particular players or managers of note. The use of numbers on uniforms to better identify one player from another, and hence to boost sales of scorecards, was tried briefly by the Cleveland Indians of 1916, but this failed. The first team to permanently adopt the practice was the New York Yankees of 1929. By 1932, all 16 major league clubs were issuing numbers, and by 1937, the leagues passed rules requiring it.

The Yankees' original approach was to simply assign the numbers 1 through 8 to the regular starting lineup in their normal batting order. Hence, Babe Ruth wore number 3 and Lou Gehrig number 4. The first major leaguer whose number was retired was Gehrig, in July 1939, following his retirement due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which became popularly known in the United States as Lou Gehrig's Disease.

Since then, over 150 other people have had their numbers retired, some with more than one team. This includes managers and coaches, as MLB is the only one of the major North American professional leagues in which the coaching staff wear the same uniforms as players. Three numbers have been retired in honor of people not directly involved on the playing field – all three for team executives. Some of the game's early stars, such as Ty Cobb and Christy Mathewson, retired before numbers came into usage. Teams often celebrate their retired numbers and other honored people by hanging banners with the numbers and names. Early stars, as well as honored non-players, will often have numberless banners hanging along with the retired numbers. Because fewer and fewer players stay with one team long enough to warrant their number being retired, some players believe that getting their number retired is a greater honor than going into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Ron Santo, upon his number 10 being retired by the Chicago Cubs on the last day of the 2003 regular season, enthusiastically told the Wrigley Field crowd as his #10 flag was hoisted, "This is my Hall of Fame!"[1] However, Santo would be inducted into the Hall of Fame in July 2012, nearly two years after his death, after being voted in by the Veterans Committee.

List of all-time retired numbers

dagger Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
double-dagger Ford C. Frick Award winner
No. Player or other figure Team Date
1 Billy Meyer Pirates 1954
1 Bud Seligdagger[Notes 1] Brewers April 6, 2015
1 Pee Wee Reesedagger Dodgers July 1, 1984
1 Bobby Doerrdagger Red Sox May 21, 1988
1 Fred Hutchinson Reds October 19, 1964
1 Ozzie Smithdagger Cardinals September 26, 1996
1 Richie Ashburndagger Phillies August 24, 1979
1 Billy Martin Yankees August 10, 1986
1 Lou Whitaker Tigers August 6, 2022
2 Red Schoendienstdagger Cardinals May 11, 1996
2 Nellie Foxdagger White Sox May 1, 1976
2 Tommy Lasordadagger Dodgers August 15, 1997
2 Charlie Gehringerdagger Tigers June 12, 1983
2 Derek Jeterdagger Yankees May 14, 2017
3 Babe Ruthdagger Yankees June 13, 1948
3 Earl Averilldagger Guardians June 8, 1975
3 Bill Terrydagger Giants April 5, 1983
3 Harmon Killebrewdagger Twins May 4, 1975
3 Dale Murphy Braves June 13, 1994
3 Harold Bainesdagger White Sox August 20, 1989
3 Alan Trammelldagger Tigers August 26, 2018
4 Luke Applingdagger White Sox June 7, 1975
4 Earl Weaverdagger Orioles September 19, 1982
4 Duke Sniderdagger Dodgers July 6, 1980
4 Ralph Kinerdagger Pirates September 19, 1987
4 Lou Gehrigdagger Yankees July 4, 1939
4 Paul Molitordagger Brewers June 11, 1999
4 Mel Ottdagger Giants July 17, 1948
4 Joe Cronindagger Red Sox 1984
5 Brooks Robinsondagger Orioles April 14, 1978
5 Lou Boudreaudagger Guardians July 9, 1970
5 George Brettdagger Royals May 14, 1994
5 Johnny Benchdagger Reds August 11, 1984
5 Hank Greenbergdagger Tigers June 12, 1983
5 Joe DiMaggiodagger Yankees April 18, 1952
5 Jeff Bagwelldagger Astros August 26, 2007
6 Johnny Pesky Red Sox September 28, 2008
6 Steve Garvey Padres April 16, 1988
6 Stan Musialdagger Cardinals September 29, 1963
6 Al Kalinedagger Tigers August 17, 1980
6 Tony Olivadagger Twins July 14, 1991
6 Bobby Coxdagger Braves August 12, 2011
6 Joe Torredagger Yankees August 23, 2014
7 Mickey Mantledagger Yankees June 8, 1969
7 Craig Biggiodagger Astros August 17, 2008
7 Iván Rodríguezdagger Rangers August 12, 2017
7 Joe Mauer Twins June 15, 2019
8 Willie Stargelldagger Pirates September 6, 1982
8 Joe Morgandagger Reds June 6, 1998
8 Yogi Berradagger Yankees July 22, 1972
8 Bill Dickeydagger Yankees July 22, 1972
8 Cal Ripken Jr.dagger Orioles October 6, 2001
8 Carl Yastrzemskidagger Red Sox August 6, 1989
9 Ted Williamsdagger Red Sox September 1960
9 Reggie Jacksondagger Athletics May 22, 2004
9 Minnie Miñosodagger White Sox May 8, 1983
9 Enos Slaughterdagger Cardinals September 6, 1996
9 Bill Mazeroskidagger Pirates August 7, 1987
9 Roger Maris Yankees July 21, 1984
10 Sparky Andersondagger Reds May 28, 2005
10 Dick Howser Royals July 3, 1987
10 Phil Rizzutodagger Yankees August 4, 1985
10 Ron Santodagger Cubs September 28, 2003
10 Tony La Russadagger Cardinals May 11, 2012
10 Tom Kelly Twins September 8, 2012
10 Chipper Jonesdagger Braves June 28, 2013
10 Michael Young Rangers August 31, 2019
11 Carl Hubbelldagger Giants 1944
11 Jim Fregosi Angels August 1, 1998
11 Luis Apariciodagger[Notes 2] White Sox August 14, 1984
11 Paul Wanerdagger Pirates July 21, 2007
11 Sparky Andersondagger Tigers June 26, 2011
11 Barry Larkindagger Reds August 25, 2012
11 Edgar Martínezdagger Mariners August 12, 2017
11 Ryan Zimmerman Nationals June 18, 2022
12 Wade Boggsdagger Rays April 7, 2000
12 Roberto Alomardagger Blue Jays July 31, 2011[a]
13 Dave Concepción Reds August 25, 2007
14 Ernie Banksdagger Cubs August 22, 1982
14 Kent Hrbek Twins August 13, 1995
14 Larry Dobydagger Guardians July 3, 1994
14 Ken Boyer Cardinals May 20, 1984
14 Gil Hodgesdagger Mets June 9, 1973
14 Jim Bunningdagger Phillies April 16, 2001
14 Jim Ricedagger Red Sox July 28, 2009
14 Paul Konerko White Sox May 23, 2015
14 Pete Rose Reds June 26, 2016
14 Gil Hodgesdagger Dodgers June 4, 2022
15 Dick Allen Phillies September 3, 2020
15 Thurman Munson Yankees August 3, 1979
16 Ted Lyonsdagger White Sox July 25, 1987
16 Whitey Forddagger Yankees August 3, 1974
16 Hal Newhouserdagger Tigers July 27, 1997
17 Dizzy Deandagger Cardinals September 22, 1974
17 Todd Helton Rockies August 17, 2014
17 Keith Hernandez Mets July 9, 2022
18 Ted Kluszewski Reds July 18, 1998
18 Mel Harder Guardians July 28, 1990
19 Bob Fellerdagger Guardians December 28, 1956
19 Billy Pierce White Sox July 25, 1987
19 Jim Gilliam Dodgers October 10, 1978
19 Tony Gwynndagger Padres September 4, 2004
19 Robin Yountdagger Brewers May 29, 1994
20 Luis Gonzalez Diamondbacks August 7, 2010
20 Monte Irvindagger Giants June 26, 2010
20 Lou Brockdagger Cardinals September 9, 1979
20 Jorge Posada Yankees August 22, 2015
20 Frank Robinsondagger Orioles March 10, 1972
20 Frank Robinsondagger Reds May 22, 1998
20 Frank Robinsondagger Guardians May 27, 2017
20 Pie Traynordagger Pirates April 18, 1972
20 Mike Schmidtdagger Phillies May 26, 1990
20 Don Suttondagger Dodgers August 14, 1998
20 Frank White Royals May 2, 1995
21 Bob Lemondagger Guardians June 20, 1998
21 Warren Spahndagger Braves December 11, 1965
21 Roberto Clementedagger Pirates April 6, 1973
21 Paul O'Neill Yankees August 21, 2022
22 Jim Palmerdagger Orioles September 1, 1985
22 Will Clark Giants July 30, 2022
23 Ryne Sandbergdagger Cubs August 28, 2005
23 Don Mattingly Yankees August 31, 1997
23 Willie Horton Tigers July 15, 2000
23 Ted Simmonsdagger Cardinals July 31, 2021
24 Whitey Herzogdagger Cardinals July 31, 2010
24 Tony Pérezdagger Reds May 27, 2000
24 Willie Maysdagger Giants May 12, 1972
24 Walter Alstondagger Dodgers June 5, 1977
24 Ken Griffey Jr.dagger Mariners August 6, 2016[Notes 3]
24 Jimmy Wynn Astros June 25, 2005
24 Rickey Hendersondagger Athletics August 1, 2009
24 Willie Maysdagger Mets August 27, 2022
25 José Cruz Astros October 3, 1992
25 Barry Bonds Giants August 11, 2018
25 Jim Thomedagger Guardians August 18, 2018
26 Billy Williamsdagger Cubs August 13, 1987
26 Gene Autry[Notes 4] Angels August 3, 1982
26 Johnny Oates Rangers August 5, 2005
26 Wade Boggsdagger Red Sox May 26, 2016
27 Carlton Fiskdagger Red Sox September 4, 2000
27 Catfish Hunterdagger Athletics June 9, 1991
27 Juan Marichaldagger Giants July 10, 1983
28 Bert Blylevendagger Twins July 16, 2011
29 Rod Carewdagger Angels August 6, 1991
29 Rod Carewdagger Twins July 19, 1987
29 John Smoltzdagger Braves June 8, 2012
29 Adrián Beltré Rangers June 8, 2019
30 Orlando Cepedadagger Giants July 11, 1999
30 Nolan Ryandagger Angels June 16, 1992
31 Dave Winfielddagger Padres April 14, 2001
31 Greg Madduxdagger Cubs May 3, 2009
31 Greg Madduxdagger Braves July 17, 2009
31 Ferguson Jenkinsdagger Cubs May 3, 2009
31 Mike Piazzadagger Mets July 30, 2016
32 Steve Carltondagger Phillies July 29, 1989
32 Sandy Koufaxdagger Dodgers June 4, 1972
32 Elston Howard Yankees July 21, 1984
32 Jim Umbricht Astros April 12, 1965
32 Roy Halladaydagger Blue Jays March 29, 2018
33 Mike Scott Astros October 3, 1992
33 Eddie Murraydagger Orioles June 7, 1998
33 Honus Wagnerdagger Pirates February 16, 1952
33 Larry Walkerdagger Rockies September 25, 2021
34 Rollie Fingersdagger Brewers August 9, 1992
34 Rollie Fingersdagger Athletics July 5, 1993
34 Nolan Ryandagger Rangers September 15, 1996
34 Nolan Ryandagger Astros September 29, 1996
34 Kirby Puckettdagger Twins May 25, 1997
34 David Ortizdagger Red Sox June 23, 2017
34 Roy Halladaydagger Phillies August 8, 2021
34 Dave Stewart Athletics September 11, 2022
35 Randy Jones Padres May 9, 1997
35 Phil Niekrodagger Braves August 6, 1984
35 Frank Thomasdagger White Sox August 29, 2010
36 Gaylord Perrydagger Giants July 23, 2005
36 Robin Robertsdagger Phillies March 21, 1962
36 Jerry Koosman Mets August 28, 2021
36 Jim Kaatdagger Twins July 16, 2022
37 Casey Stengeldagger Yankees August 8, 1970
37 Casey Stengeldagger Mets September 2, 1965
39 Roy Campanelladagger Dodgers June 4, 1972
40 Don Wilson Astros April 13, 1975
40 Danny Murtaugh Pirates April 7, 1977
41 Eddie Mathewsdagger Braves July 26, 1969
41 Tom Seaverdagger Mets June 24, 1988
42 Mariano Riveradagger[Notes 5] Yankees September 22, 2013
42 Jackie Robinsondagger Dodgers June 4, 1972
42 Jackie Robinsondagger All MLB April 15, 1997
42 Bruce Sutterdagger[Notes 5] Cardinals September 17, 2006
43 Dennis Eckersleydagger Athletics August 13, 2005
44 Hank Aarondagger Braves April 15, 1977
44 Hank Aarondagger Brewers October 3, 1976
44 Reggie Jacksondagger Yankees August 14, 1993
44 Willie McCoveydagger Giants September 21, 1980
45 Bob Gibsondagger Cardinals September 1, 1975
45 Pedro Martínezdagger Red Sox July 28, 2015
46 Andy Pettitte Yankees August 23, 2015
47 Tom Glavinedagger Braves August 6, 2010
47 Jack Morrisdagger Tigers August 12, 2018
49 Larry Dierker Astros May 19, 2002
49 Ron Guidry Yankees August 23, 2003
50 Jimmie Reese Angels August 2, 1995
51 Randy Johnsondagger Diamondbacks August 8, 2015
51 Trevor Hoffmandagger Padres August 21, 2011
51 Bernie Williams Yankees May 24, 2015
53 Don Drysdaledagger Dodgers July 1, 1984
56 Mark Buehrle White Sox June 24, 2017
66 Don Zimmer Rays April 6, 2015
72 Carlton Fiskdagger White Sox September 14, 1997
85 August Busch, Jr.[Notes 6] Cardinals April 13, 1984
455 Indians fans[Notes 7] Guardians May 29, 2001
KSM Keli McGregor[Notes 8] Rockies September 28, 2010
NY Christy Mathewsondagger[Notes 9] Giants August 17, 1986
NY John McGrawdagger[Notes 10] Giants August 17, 1986
P Grover Cleveland Alexanderdagger[Notes 11] Phillies 2001
P Chuck Kleindagger[Notes 12] Phillies 2001
SHEA William Shea[Notes 13] Mets April 8, 2008
SL Rogers Hornsbydagger[Notes 14] Cardinals 1997
Exquisite-microphone.png
Jack Buckdouble-dagger[Notes 15] Cardinals 2002
Exquisite-microphone.png
Jaime Jarríndouble-dagger[Notes 16] Dodgers September 21, 2018
Exquisite-microphone.png
Vin Scullydouble-dagger[Notes 17] Dodgers May 3, 2017
Exquisite-microphone.png
Ralph Kinerdagger[Notes 18] Mets March 31, 2014
  1. ^ Team founder and former MLB Commissioner. Number selected symbolically.
  2. ^ Aparicio's number was temporarily unretired with his approval for fellow Venezuelan shortstop Omar Vizquel. Vizquel played the 2010 and 2011 seasons with the White Sox.
  3. ^ Date of formal ceremony; number retirement took effect at the start of the 2016 MLB season. The number was also retired for all Mariners minor league affiliates at that time.
  4. ^ Team founder. The number represents the "26th man"—At the time of the number's retirement, Major League Baseball rosters were limited to 25 players prior September 1, when rosters expanded to 40.
  5. ^ a b Number was already retired league-wide.
  6. ^ Served as president, chairman, or CEO of the Cardinals from the team's purchase by Anheuser-Busch in 1953 until his death in 1989. The number represents his age at the time the number was retired in 1984.
  7. ^ Number was selected symbolically. The number 455 was retired in honor of the fans after the Indians sold out 455 consecutive games.
  8. ^ Rockies president Keli McGregor was honored by having his initials "KSM" displayed in a manner similar to a retired number after his death.
  9. ^ Christy Mathewson played in the era before uniform numbers were used. He was honored for his tenure with the then-New York Giants with the letters "NY" displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  10. ^ John McGraw played in the era before uniform numbers were used. He was honored for his tenure with the then-New York Giants with the letters "NY" displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  11. ^ Grover Cleveland Alexander only played in the era before uniform numbers were used. Alexander was honored with a Phillies letter "P" logo displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  12. ^ Chuck Klein first played in the era before uniform numbers were used. He later frequently changed his number. Instead of retiring a number, Klein was honored with a Phillies letter "P" logo displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  13. ^ William Shea was the attorney who was in large part responsible for the creation of the Mets in 1961. The team's second home, Shea Stadium, was named for him. He was honored with the name "SHEA" displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  14. ^ Rogers Hornsby played most of his career in the era before uniform numbers were used. He wore number 4 with the Cardinals late in his career. Hornsby was honored with the letters "SL" displayed in a manner similar to a retired number.
  15. ^ Broadcaster Jack Buck was honored by the Cardinals with a microphone displayed in a similar manner to a retired number.
  16. ^ Broadcaster Jaime Jarrín was honored by the Dodgers with a microphone displayed in a similar manner to a retired number.
  17. ^ Broadcaster Vin Scully was honored by the Dodgers with a microphone displayed in a similar manner to a retired number.
  18. ^ Ralph Kiner was honored by the Mets as a broadcaster with a microphone displayed in a similar manner to a retired number.


Former retired numbers

It is very rare for a team to reissue a retired number, and usually requires a special circumstance, such as the person for whom the number was retired returning to the team in a player, coach or manager role. Harold Baines provides one example of this when he returned to the White Sox multiple times.[3] The White Sox also re-issued Luis Aparicio's number 11, with his permission, to fellow countryman Omar Vizquel in 2010–11.[4]

In cases of franchise relocation, the handling of existing retired numbers is at the discretion of team management. The team may decide to continue honoring the retired numbers (as did the San Francisco Giants), or it may choose to make a "fresh start" and reissue the numbers (as the Washington Nationals have done).

The Cincinnati Reds returned Willard Hershberger's number 5 to circulation two years after his death. Cincinnati later re-retired the number to honor Johnny Bench.

When the Florida Marlins moved to their current stadium, LoanDepot Park, and were rebranded as the Miami Marlins, the number 5, which had been retired for the team's late first president Carl Barger, was returned to circulation because player Logan Morrison requested permission to wear the number to honor his father.[5]

No. Name Team Retirement date
5 Carl Barger[Notes 1] Marlins April 5, 1993
5 Willard Hershberger[Notes 2] Reds 1940
8 Gary Carterdagger[Notes 3] Expos July 31, 1993
10 Andre Dawsondagger[Notes 3] Expos July 6, 1997
30 Tim Rainesdagger[Notes 3] Expos June 19, 2004
10 Rusty Staub[Notes 3] Expos May 15, 1993
  1. ^ Placed into circulation in 2012 when the Marlins moved to their new park and decided to honor Barger instead with a plaque at the stadium. The first player to receive the number was Logan Morrison. Barger was the team's first president, but died in December 1992, four months before the team's first game. The Marlins chose to retire #5 because it was the number worn by Barger's favorite player, Joe DiMaggio.
  2. ^ The Reds retired Hershberger's #5 after his death in 1940, but returned it to circulation two years later. Cincinnati later re-retired the number 5 for Johnny Bench.
  3. ^ a b c d The Montreal Expos retired numbers in honor of four players (Carter #8, Dawson #10, Staub #10, Raines #30). When the franchise relocated to Washington, D.C., after the 2004 season, the newly christened Washington Nationals chose not to recognize any uniform number retired while in Montreal. On October 18, 2005, the NHL's Montreal Canadiens honored the departed team by raising an Expos commemorative banner listing the retired numbers to the rafters of Montreal's Bell Centre.

Retired in honor of multiple players

The following numbers have been retired in honor of multiple players:

Retired by multiple teams

A handful of players who had notable careers for multiple teams have had their numbers retired by each team.[11]

Excluding Jackie Robinson, only Frank Robinson and Nolan Ryan have had their number(s) retired by three teams. Managers Casey Stengel and Sparky Anderson have also had numbers retired by two teams. Stengel's #37 was retired by the Yankees and Mets. Anderson's #10 was retired by the Reds, and his #11 was retired by the Tigers.[12]

Alternative methods of recognition

A number of teams have formal or informal policies of only retiring numbers of players inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, although there is no league-wide uniformity and teams sometimes break their own guidelines.[13][14] As an alternative to retiring numbers, many teams have established other means of honoring former players, such as team-specific Halls of Fame (Angels, Astros, Athletics, Braves, Brewers, Cardinals, Indians, Mariners, Mets, Orioles, Padres, Rangers, Reds, Red Sox, and Twins) or Walls of Fame (Giants and Phillies), a Ring of Honor (Nationals) or Level of Excellence (Blue Jays). In addition, several teams have kept certain numbers out of circulation since a player left, but have not formally retired them.[15][16] The Rangers introduced a third means of honoring former players while preparing to open their current home of Globe Life Field in 2020. In December 2019, a few months before the park's opening, the team announced that all of its retired numbers would be incorporated into the park's posted dimensions.[17]

The Montreal Expos franchise retired jerseys in honor of four players, but returned the numbers to use upon moving to Washington, D.C., to begin play as the Washington Nationals in 2005, becoming the only MLB team with no retired numbers other than Jackie Robinson's No. 42. In 2010, the Nationals established a "Ring of Honor" which as of 2022 includes three of those Expos players (Gary Carter, Andre Dawson, and Tim Raines), along with the Expos' last and Nationals' first manager, Frank Robinson; Nationals players Iván "Pudge" Rodríguez, Jayson Werth, and Ryan Zimmerman; original Washington Senators (1901–1960) players Joe Cronin, Rick Ferrell, Goose Goslin, Bucky Harris, Walter Johnson, Heinie Manush, Sam Rice, Harmon Killebrew, and Early Wynn, as well as owner Clark Griffith; expansion Washington Senators (1961–1971) player Frank Howard; and Homestead Grays players Cool Papa Bell, Ray Brown, Josh Gibson, Buck Leonard, Cumberland Posey, and Jud Wilson.[18][19][20] The Nationals finally retired their first number, Ryan Zimmerman's No. 11, on June 18, 2022.

The Miami Marlins had previously retired #5 in honor of their first team president, the late Carl Barger, but returned it to use entering the 2012 season when they relocated to the venue now known as LoanDepot Park.

Numbers kept out of circulation

Some teams have not formally retired certain numbers, but nonetheless kept them out of circulation. For example, the Los Angeles Dodgers' current policy is only to retire the numbers of longtime club members if they are inducted into the Hall of Fame; the lone exception was longtime Dodger player and coach Jim Gilliam, whose #19 was retired when he died of a cerebral hemorrhage during the Dodgers' 1978 postseason run. Nevertheless, the Dodgers have informally kept Fernando Valenzuela's #34 out of circulation since he last played for the team in 1990.[21] The San Francisco Giants have a similar policy, and have kept Tim Lincecum's #55 out of circulation since he departed after the 2015 season, though it is not formally retired.[16]

The Miami Marlins have not issued José Fernández’s #16 since his death in September 2016.

The Milwaukee Brewers have not issued Jim Gantner’s #17 since his retirement.

The Seattle Mariners have kept the following numbers out of circulation since the departure of a popular member of the team who wore it: #19 (Jay Buhner), and #51 (initially for Randy Johnson, and later for Ichiro Suzuki).

On Opening Day of the 2012 season, the New York Mets unveiled a memorial "Kid 8" logo to honor the late Gary Carter. Although no Met has worn the number 8 since Carter's election to the Hall of Fame, it is not retired. Following Willie Mays' retirement in 1973, Mets owner Joan Payson promised him that the team would not reissue his #24. In the following four decades, three Met players ended up wearing it: Kelvin Torve (a minor-league callup mistakenly issued the number that wore it for ten days in 1990), Rickey Henderson (1999-2000), and Robinson Cano (2019).[22]). The Mets formally retired Willie Mays' #24 during the Mets Old Timers Day festivities on August 27, 2022. The Mets have not issued #5 since the retirement of David Wright.

The New York Yankees have not re-issued Paul O'Neill's #21 since he ended his career, except for a brief period in 2008 when Morgan Ensberg and then LaTroy Hawkins wore #21, before fan complaints led Hawkins to change his number to No. 22 in April.[23] However, O'Neill's #21 will be retired on August 21, 2022.

The Baltimore Orioles have not re-issued numbers 7, 44, and 46 since the passing of Cal Ripken, Sr., Elrod Hendricks, and Mike Flanagan respectively. The team has placed a moratorium on the three numbers in their honors.[24]

The Boston Red Sox have not re-issued uniform numbers 21 (Roger Clemens), 33 (Jason Varitek) and 49 (Tim Wakefield) since those players left the Red Sox or ended their careers.[25]

The St. Louis Cardinals have not re-issued Albert Pujols's #5 since he left the team after 2011. Pujols returned to the team in 2022, and was reissued his old #5.

After Darryl Kile's death in 2002, the teams he played for (Colorado Rockies, Houston Astros, and St. Louis Cardinals) took his #57 out of circulation.[15] The Cardinals first re-issued the number in 2021 Spring Training, to pitcher Zack Thompson.

The Colorado Rockies have not re-issued Carlos Gonzalez's #5 since he left the team after 2018.

The Tampa Bay Rays have not re-issued Evan Longoria's #3 since he left the team after 2017.

The Los Angeles Angels had not re-issued Nick Adenhart's #34, after he was killed in a car accident on April 9, 2009, although Noah Syndergaard requested and received the number when he joined the team in 2022. He stated that he wanted to wear his old Mets’ number as a tribute to Adenhart. The Angels have not re-issued Tim Salmon's #15 since his retirement at the end of the 2006 season. They have not retired Tyler Skaggs #45 since he died on July 1, 2019, although it is not in use anymore. For the remainder of the 2019 season, they put the 45 on the mound instead of the sponsor.

Number retired by Major League Baseball

(Left): The number 42 worn by Robinson on a plaque at Monument Park; (right): Mariano Rivera was the last player to wear the 42 on his shirt

Normally the individual clubs are responsible for retiring numbers. On April 15, 1997, Major League Baseball took the unusual move of retiring a number for all teams. On the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking the major league color barrier, his number 42 was retired throughout the majors, at the order of Commissioner Bud Selig. This meant that no future player on any major league team could wear number 42, although players wearing #42 at the time were allowed to continue wearing it (Mariano Rivera was the last active player to be grandfathered in, retiring after the 2013 season).[26]

Starting in the 2007 season, the 60th anniversary of Robinson's Major League debut, players and coaches have all worn the number 42 as a tribute to Robinson on Jackie Robinson Day, April 15.

There is a lobby to have uniform #21 retired in all of baseball to honor Roberto Clemente.[27]

Similar honors

Players who pre-date uniform numbers

Four teams have honored players who played before the advent of uniform numbers by placing their names among those of players whose numbers have been retired:

Broadcasters

See also: List of current Major League Baseball broadcasters and List of sports announcers § Baseball

The Ralph Kiner memorial logo (black), found adjacent to the New York Mets' retired numbers at Citi Field, 2018
The Ralph Kiner memorial logo (black), found adjacent to the New York Mets' retired numbers at Citi Field, 2018

Owners and contributors

Umpires

See: Umpire (baseball) § Numbers retired by the National and American Leagues

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In light of an investigation of Alomar being in violation of MLB policy after being alleged to have engaged in sexual misconduct in 2014, the Blue Jays removed Alomar's banner on April 30, 2021 and cut ties with him. [2]

References

  1. ^ Jauss, Bill (September 29, 2003). "Santo: Flag 'my Hall of Fame'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
  2. ^ "Statement". MLB. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  3. ^ Schmuck, Peter (September 11, 1996). "Baines' hit season is designated delight DH: Unwanted by the Orioles, veteran shows he's far from through with an '80s-like year for the White Sox". The Baltimore Sun.
  4. ^ Gregor, Scot (February 8, 2010). "White Sox unretire Luis Aparicio's No. 11 for Vizquel". Daily Herald.
  5. ^ Capozzi, Joe (February 13, 2012). "Miami Marlins un-retire ex-team president Carl Barger's No. 5 for Logan Morrison, but Barger family unhappy". Palm Beach Post. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c baseball-almanac.com (2009). "Retired Uniform Numbers in the National League". baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  7. ^ MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Franchise Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  8. ^ MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Yankees Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  9. ^ MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Cardinals Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  10. ^ "A's announce plan to retire Stewart's No. 34". MLB.com.
  11. ^ Lukas, Paul. "Some numbers live on forever". ESPN.com. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  12. ^ "Baseball Players with Uniform #s Retired by Multiple Teams". The Pecan Park Eagle. August 18, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  13. ^ Jaffe, Jay (June 23, 2016). "Picking the best players whose numbers have yet to be retired in MLB". SI.com.
  14. ^ Baggarly, Andrew (September 13, 2015). "Commentary: It's time for Giants to retire Barry Bonds' number". Bay Area News Group.
  15. ^ a b Goold, Derrick (February 23, 2015). "Why McGwire's No. 25 is back off the rack". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
  16. ^ a b Schulman, Henry (May 7, 2016). "No one's getting Lincecum's No. 55 anytime soon". San Francisco Chronicle.
  17. ^ "Texas Rangers Unveil Globe Life Field Dimensions". Ballpark Digest. December 4, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  18. ^ "Washington Nationals 2016 Media Guide". MLB.com. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  19. ^ Steinberg, Dan (August 26, 2016). "Senators legend Frank Howard is humbled and thrilled to enter the Nats' Ring of Honor". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  20. ^ Finney, Blake (August 28, 2018). "Washington Nationals: Remembering Jayson Werth and his Nats legacy". districtondeck.com. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  21. ^ "Big Unit beats Dodgers 2-1 in Manny's LA debut". Yahoo.com. February 8, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
  22. ^ "Accidental 24: The Kelvin Torve Interview". Mets by the Numbers. February 11, 2008. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  23. ^ Cohen, Jason (February 26, 2015). "The Yankees need to reissue Paul O'Neill's no. 21". Pinstripe Alley.
  24. ^ "Orioles Insider: Guthrie wants to know whether he should keep No. 46 – Baltimore Orioles: Schedule, news, analysis and opinion on baseball at Camden Yards". Baltimore Sun. August 25, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
  25. ^ Cafardo, Nick (December 22, 2015). "Red Sox finally do right by Wade Boggs". The Boston Globe.
  26. ^ Araton, Harvey (April 14, 2010). "Yankees' Mariano Rivera Is the Last No. 42". The New York Times.
  27. ^ Ruiz, M. Teresa. "Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 27". State of New Jersey. State of New Jersey. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  28. ^ 2016 New York Mets yearbook, page 62
  29. ^ "Dave Niehaus Statue". Mariners.com. © 2020 MLB Advanced Media, LP. All rights reserved. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
  30. ^ McCullough, Andy (January 29, 2016). "Street is renamed to honor Dodgers broadcaster Vin Scully". LA Times. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  31. ^ Blair, Jeff (August 15, 1993). "This used to be his playground; Bronfman was always a fan; Original owner steps into Expos Hall of Fame". Montreal Gazette. pp. D.1.

Further reading