Cito Gaston
Cito.jpg
Outfielder / Manager
Born: (1944-03-17) March 17, 1944 (age 78)
San Antonio, Texas
Batted: Right
Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 14, 1967, for the Atlanta Braves
Last MLB appearance
October 1, 1978, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
MLB statistics
Batting average.256
Home runs91
Runs batted in387
Managerial record894–837
Winning %.516
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the Canadian
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2002

Clarence Edwin "Cito" Gaston (/ˈst ˈɡæstən/; born March 17, 1944) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder and manager. His major league career as a player lasted from 1967 to 1978, most notably with the San Diego Padres and Atlanta Braves. He spent his entire managerial career with the Toronto Blue Jays, becoming the first African-American manager in Major League Baseball history to win a World Series title.

Cito Gaston managed the Toronto Blue Jays from 1989 to 1997, then again from 2008 to 2010. During this time, he managed the Blue Jays to four American League East division titles (1989, 1991, 1992 and 1993), two American League pennants (1992 and 1993) and two World Series titles (1992 and 1993).

Personal life

Gaston grew up in San Antonio and Corpus Christi, Texas, where his father was a semi-truck driver. His career ambitions were either to be a truck driver like his father, or make it into the Major Leagues. He adopted his nickname 'Cito' in preference to his given name 'Clarence'. Gaston later told Toronto Blue Jays broadcasters the name was taken from a Mexican-American wrestler he watched as a young man in Texas. Other reports state Gaston was given this nickname from a friend named Carlos Thompson who thought Gaston resembled a well known Mexican wrestler named "Cito".[1][2]

As a player with the Atlanta Braves, he was the roommate of Hank Aaron. Gaston credits Aaron with teaching him "how to be a man; how to stand on my own."[3]

Gaston has been married three times. His first marriage ended in divorce with Gaston citing his baseball career as the reason.[1] His second marriage to a Canadian woman, Denise, lasted from the early 80s to the early 2000s.[1] Since 2003, Gaston has been married to Lynda,[4] both residing in Oldsmar, Florida.[1][5] When in Toronto, Gaston lives in a downtown condominium which he sublets to former Toronto Maple Leafs assistant coach Tim Hunter.[5]

Playing career

United States

Primarily a center fielder, Gaston began his decade-long playing career in 1967 with the Atlanta Braves, appearing in nine games. The following year he was selected by the San Diego Padres in the expansion draft, first playing for them in 1969. He had his best individual season in 1970, when he batted .318 (the highest batting average by a Padre prior to Tony Gwynn's arrival[6]) with 29 home runs, 92 runs scored and 93 RBI, and was selected to the National League All-Star team. The rest of Gaston's career did not live up to his All-Star season success. Gaston never hit more than 17 home runs or knocked in more than 61 runs in any season with the Padres (until 1974) or the Braves (19751978).[7]

Venezuela

In the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League, Cito Gaston played with the Cardenales de Lara (1967–68), the Navegantes del Magallanes (1968–72, 1975–76) and the Tiburones de La Guaira (1976–77).[8] Gaston hit 31 home runs and drove in 207 runs in 310 games (regular season).[8]

Managerial career

Cito Gaston is a member of the Toronto Blue Jays' Level of Excellence.
Cito Gaston is a member of the Toronto Blue Jays' Level of Excellence.

Pre-World Series seasons

Gaston became the hitting coach for the Toronto Blue Jays in 1982, and remained the hitting instructor until 15 May 1989, when he took over managerial duties from Jimy Williams, when the team was suffering through an unexpectedly bad start. Gaston originally declined the offer to be manager when Williams was fired. He told Ebony magazine: "When I was offered the job as manager, I didn't want it. I was happy working as the team's hitting instructor".[3] It was only when his players encouraged him to take the job did he reconsider the offer.

The Blue Jays won their first division title in 1985 with Gaston as hitting coach. Gaston was able to take superstars and mold them into a team. Under Gaston's leadership, Toronto transformed from a sub-.500 team (12–24 under Jimy Williams) to the eventual division winners, going 89–73 (77–49 under Gaston).[9] Toronto's success under Gaston was not short-lived, as they finished second in the division behind Boston the following year and won the division again in 1991, 1992 and 1993.[9]

World Series seasons

As a coach and manager, Gaston was considered a player's manager. He was a soft-spoken and steady influence during years that saw a large group of talented, high-salaried players grace the Blue Jays uniform. The franchise led the Major Leagues in attendance each year from 1989 to 1992, setting new records each of the latter three years, riding high from a dedicated fan base and following the Blue Jays' move into the SkyDome a few weeks after Gaston became manager. The resulting financial success allowed for major free agent signings, including Jack Morris and Dave Winfield ahead of the 1992 season, and Dave Stewart and Paul Molitor for 1993. The Blue Jays also retained core All-Stars such as Joe Carter, Devon White, Roberto Alomar, and John Olerud. Carter credits Gaston for the team's championships:

Cito knows how to work with each individual, treating everyone like a human being. He knows exactly what to say, when to say it, what to do and how to go about doing it. When you have a manager like that, it makes you want to play for the guy. We'd go to war for him. What Cito has done for the Blue Jays can't be taken lightly.[3]

Gaston had worked with players at an individual level as a hitting instructor and did the same as manager. He was known for his open communication with his players.[10] He was a successful game strategist, effectively handling National League rules during World Series games in Atlanta and Philadelphia. In the six road games during World Series play, the Jays went 4–2, including the title clincher in Game 6 of the 1992 World Series in Atlanta. The 1992 World Series victory was the first for a non-American team, and Gaston was the first African-American manager to win a World Series. The Blue Jays followed their 1992 success with a repeat victory in the 1993 World Series, an impressive feat, given that the Jays had lost starting position players Manuel Lee, Kelly Gruber, Candy Maldonado and Dave Winfield, starting pitchers Jimmy Key, David Cone and Dave Stieb, relievers Tom Henke and David Wells and bench players Derek Bell and Pat Tabler during the off-season following 1992.

All-Star manager

Gaston managed the American League team in the 1993 and 1994 All-Star Games, since he was the manager of the American League champions in 1992 and 1993. He was criticized for selecting six Blue Jays to the 1993 roster, but was unapologetic, stating all six were World Champions and two were future Hall of Famers. Gaston's prediction proved correct, as two of those players (Roberto Alomar and Paul Molitor) have been voted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

In the 1993 All-Star Game held at Oriole Park at Camden Yards, he was criticized for not getting Orioles pitcher Mike Mussina into the game. Mussina got up in the ninth inning to warm up in the bullpen.[11] Mussina later claimed that he was simply doing a between-start workout, but some interpreted it as an attempt to force Gaston to put him into the game. As angry fans jeered in dismay, incredulous that Gaston would not use the popular local player and believing Mussina had been sent to warm up for no reason, Gaston instead allowed Blue Jays pitcher Duane Ward to close out the victory for the American League. Orioles fans did not like this perceived snub, later wearing T-shirts that said "Cito sucks" and carrying signs with the phrase, "Will Rogers never met Cito Gaston", referencing Rogers' famous line, "I never met a man yet that I didn't like."[12]

Post-World Series

Gaston's fortunes, like those of the Blue Jays franchise as a whole, faded after the championship years. The World Series winning clubs had dissipated because of aging players, increased post-Series salary demands, and the failure of new owner Interbrew (which acquired founding owner Labatt in 1995) to raise the budget substantially. After Major League Baseball solved its labor problems in 1994, Pat Gillick and eventually Paul Beeston left the organization and annual attendance began to drop considerably, but the Blue Jays were still trying to compete in the American League East and in 1997 signed free agent Roger Clemens. When the team could barely break the .500 mark all season, Gaston was fired by Gillick's successor as general manager, Gord Ash. He had failed to lead the team to a winning record since 1993 and seemed uninterested in keeping his position.[13] Gaston forced Ash's hand by telling his boss that he was taking a vacation at season's end and would not be around for the usual post season evaluation process. He was replaced by then-pitching coach Mel Queen on an interim basis for the last week of the 1997 season. Joe Carter wore Gaston's No. 43 on his jersey for the remainder of the season in part to honor him and in part to express his displeasure at his firing.[14] Gaston finished his first stint as manager with a 683–636 regular season record and 18–16 post–season record.[9]

Gaston was a final candidate for the Detroit Tigers manager's job in the 1999–2000[15] season and was the runner-up in the Chicago White Sox manager position in the 2003–2004 off season. Sox GM Kenny Williams, who had played under Gaston in Toronto, had him as of two finalists for the job but decided to hire Ozzie Guillén.[16][17] Gaston had several offers to rejoin major league teams as a hitting instructor, namely the Kansas City Royals, but declined offers. After interviewing unsuccessfully for several other managerial jobs, Gaston said that he would only manage again if he were hired directly without an interview.[18][19] Gaston turned down an opportunity with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2004.[20]

Cito Gaston's name is honoured by the Toronto Blue Jays in Rogers Centre.
Cito Gaston's name is honoured by the Toronto Blue Jays in Rogers Centre.

Gaston rejoined the team as a hitting coach after the 1999 season under manager Buck Martinez but was not retained after a disappointing 2001 campaign and the sale of the franchise to Rogers Communications. In 2002, he was hired by the Jays for a third time, as special assistant to president and chief executive officer Paul Godfrey.[21]

Managerial return

On June 20, 2008, Gaston was rehired as the manager of the Blue Jays to replace John Gibbons. It was his first managerial job at the major-league level since being fired by the Blue Jays 11 years earlier, which was unusual for a World Series-winning manager.[22] The team's record was 35–39 when Gaston and his coaching staff took over, after which the Blue Jays went 51–37 for the remainder of the season which included a late ten-game winning streak and the team finished fourth in the American League East.[9] On September 25, 2008, it was announced that Gaston had signed a two-year extension that would keep him as manager until 2010.[23] He announced on October 30, 2009 that he would retire after the 2010 season.[24]

Managerial record

Team Year Regular season Postseason
Games Won Lost Win % Finish Won Lost Win % Result
TOR 1989 126 77 49 .611 1st in AL East 1 4 .200 Lost ALCS (OAK)
TOR 1990 162 86 76 .531 2nd in AL East
TOR 1991 129 72 57 .558 1st in AL East 1 4 .200 Lost ALCS (MIN)
TOR 1992 162 96 66 .593 1st in AL East 8 4 .667 Won World Series (ATL)
TOR 1993 162 95 67 .586 1st in AL East 8 4 .667 Won World Series (PHI)
TOR 1994 115 55 60 .478 3rd in AL East
TOR 1995 144 56 88 .389 5th in AL East
TOR 1996 162 74 88 .457 4th in AL East
TOR 1997 157 72 85 .459 fired
TOR 2008 88 51 37 .580 4th in AL East
TOR 2009 162 75 87 .463 4th in AL East
TOR 2010 162 85 77 .525 4th in AL East
Total[9] 1731 894 837 .516 18 16 .529

Controversies

Awards and honors

"Thank You Cito Night" on September 29, 2010 in Toronto
"Thank You Cito Night" on September 29, 2010 in Toronto

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "Cito Gaston – SABR". SABR. Archived from the original on 2010-07-13. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  2. ^ Elliott, Bob (September 28, 2010). "Cito Gaston: A baseball life". Canoe.com. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Leavy, Walter (March 1994). "Ebony: Cito Gaston: on top of the baseball world - baseball manager". Ebony. Archived from the original on June 1, 2005. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  4. ^ "Cito Gaston is comforted by his Wife Lynda Gaston". Global News. September 29, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Elliott, Bob (October 3, 2010). "What a ride for Cito". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on October 4, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  6. ^ "San Diego Padres Top 50 Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2008-05-17. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  7. ^ "Cito Gaston Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on 2002-01-16. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Cito Gaston". Pura Pelota (in Spanish). Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Cito Gaston". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 2000-09-25. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  10. ^ Craig, Tommy. "Words of advice from Tom Craig". Personal Management Coaching. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2007.
  11. ^ "1993 All-Star Game". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on 2002-03-07. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  12. ^ Loverro, Thom (1999). Home of the Game: The Story of Camden Yards. Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4616-2516-2. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  13. ^ Stanley, Diane. My Personal Shawn Green Biography (website). Available online at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 26, 2001. Retrieved March 6, 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). NOTE: This source is offered as a source although it is a personal website yet reflects common opinion at the time.
  14. ^ "Joe Carter". The Baseball Page. Archived from the original on July 18, 2009. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  15. ^ Stone, Mike and Bob Wojnowski. WDFN Sports Radio, Stoney & Wojo Show November–December 1999. Detroit Free Press and Detroit News reports citing Gaston's candidacy were discussed weekly while the Tigers searched for a replacement to Lance Parrish.
  16. ^ Greenstein, Teddy (October 22, 2003). "Two of the leading candidates for the White Sox's manager vacancy have their pluses--and minuses". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  17. ^ "Ozz-fest in Chicago: Guillen new Sox manager". ESPN. November 3, 2003. Archived from the original on 2016-08-04. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  18. ^ Brunt, Stephen. "The Game", The Globe and Mail, June 21, 2008, p. S1; Blair, Jeff. "Out with the New, In with the Old", June 21, 2008, p. S1
  19. ^ Bastian, Jordan (May 11, 2009). "Gaston's second act a lot like the first". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Archived from the original on May 12, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  20. ^ Chass, Murray (November 19, 2006). "ON BASEBALL; Managing Jobs: Recycling Seems Color Coded". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Gaston back with Blue Jays". CBC.ca. CBC Sports. February 25, 2002. Archived from the original on December 1, 2007. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  22. ^ Bastian, Jordan (June 20, 2008). "Gibbons out; Gaston returns to Jays". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  23. ^ Carroll, David (September 26, 2008). "Double Play: Gaston and Ricciardi back for 2009". TSN. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  24. ^ "Manager Gaston retiring after 2010". Sportsnet. October 30, 2009. Archived from the original on December 4, 2009. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
  25. ^ a b "Gaston apologizes, but doesn't back down, for racial comments". Associated Press. April 17, 1997. Archived from the original on 2020-05-17. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  26. ^ a b c Rosenthal, Ken (October 3, 2009). "Sources: Players don't want Cito back in '10". Fox Sports. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  27. ^ a b "Cito Gaston Surprised at Mutiny in Blue Jays Locker Room". NESN. October 4, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-10-08. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  28. ^ "Again?". The FAN 590. June 2, 2010. Archived from the original on August 9, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  29. ^ Dowbiggin, Bruce (June 6, 2010). "Confronting Gaston not a wise career move". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on June 9, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  30. ^ Lee, David (June 10, 2019). "From Roberta Bondar to Oscar Peterson: Here are 12 famous honorary degree recipients from U of T convocations past". University of Toronto. Archived from the original on 2019-06-10. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  31. ^ "Inductees". Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 26, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  32. ^ "Cito Gaston". oshof.ca. Ontario Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
Sporting positions Preceded byBobby DoerrGary Matthews Toronto Blue Jays hitting coach 1982–19892000–2001 Succeeded byGene TenaceMike Barnett