Somerset County
Somerset County Courthouse
Somerset County Courthouse
Official seal of Somerset County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Somerset County
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°58′N 79°02′W / 39.97°N 79.03°W / 39.97; -79.03
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
FoundedApril 17, 1795
Named forSomerset
SeatSomerset
Largest boroughSomerset
Area
 • Total1,081 sq mi (2,800 km2)
 • Land1,074 sq mi (2,780 km2)
 • Water6.6 sq mi (17 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
73,952
 • Density70/sq mi (30/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.co.somerset.pa.us
Somerset County Courthouse
Somerset County Courthouse

Somerset County (Pennsylvania German: Somerset Kaundi) is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,742.[1] Its county seat is Somerset.[2] The county was created from part of Bedford County on April 17, 1795, and named after the county of Somerset in England.

Somerset County comprises the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Johnstown–Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area.

History

Formation of Somerset County

Southwestern Pennsylvania began as a huge area called Cumberland County. As population increased, the area was split into smaller counties. Bedford County was formed from part from Cumberland in 1771 and is referred to as "Old Bedford County" and contained what are now 20 smaller counties. In 1773 part of Bedford County was split off to form Westmoreland County. In 1787 Bedford County was split in half with the northern part becoming Huntingdon County and the southern part remained as a smaller Bedford County. Somerset County was split off from the western part of Bedford County on 17 April 1795, and the new county's name was taken from Somerset, England.[3] In 1804 the northern half of Somerset County was split off to form Cambria County. No further splits from Somerset County have occurred since 1804.[4]

Colonial History

George Washington passed through the area of Somerset County on a scouting expedition in late 1753, just before the outbreak of the French and Indian War.[5] The Forbes Road was cut through Somerset County several years later. This 200-mile stretch from Carlisle to what is now Pittsburgh was created by Brigadier General John Forbes in the British Expedition of 1758 to capture the French Fort Duquesne. Forbes Road was one of two great western land routes cut through the wilderness to create supply lines from the east.[6] It was later the primary route of pioneers travelling to the Ohio Country.

Fur trappers and hunters were first to stay in the region. The earliest permanent white settlement in what is now Somerset County is a region known as Turkeyfoot. People of "The Jersey Settlement" emigrated from Essex and Morris Counties, New Jersey, about 1770.[7]

Somerset County in the Modern Day News

Somerset County gained worldwide attention in 2001 when a hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed in Stonycreek Township, near the town of Shanksville as part of the September 11 attacks. The first confirmed report of the plane's crash came from Somerset County Airport as reported on NBC's The Today Show.[8] The most likely target of this flight was the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. Flight 93's cockpit voice recorder revealed crew and passengers tried to seize control of the plane from the hijackers after learning through phone calls that Flights 11, 77, and 175 had been crashed into buildings that morning. Once it became evident that the passengers might gain control, the hijackers rolled the plane and intentionally crashed it. Their actions is honored and the crash site, which is the final resting place of the passengers and crew, is now protected as part of the Flight 93 National Memorial, under the care of the National Park System. See also USS Somerset, a U.S. Navy warship which was named in commemoration of the Flight 93 tragedy.

In July 2002, Somerset County again made worldwide news when nine coal miners were rescued from several hundred feet underground at the Quecreek mine after an intense multi-day struggle.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,081 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,074 square miles (2,780 km2) is land and 6.6 square miles (17 km2) (0.6%) is water.[9] Somerset County is one of the far southern counties of Pennsylvania, along its straight southern edge. The county borders Garrett and Allegany Counties in Maryland, and the Pennsylvania counties of Fayette, Westmoreland, Cambria, and Bedford.

Climate

Somerset County along with Garrett County is one of the snowiest inhabited locations in the United States, with the highest elevations of the county averaging 150+ inches of snow each winter.[10][citation needed] The county's elevation and general proximity to both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean causes snow from both Nor'easters and lake effect upslope snow events to fall from late October through early April. Snow has been recorded in Somerset County in every month except July, although local lore has it that even July saw snow in 1816, "the year without a summer." Mount Davis, the highest natural point in the state of Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet (979 m), is located in the southern part of the county.

The county has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) and average monthly temperatures in Somerset borough range from 24.5 °F in January to 67.1 °F in July. [2]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected areas

Geology

Somerset County is situated along the eastern border of the Allegheny Plateau physiographic province, which is characterized by gently folded to flat-lying sedimentary rocks of middle to late Paleozoic age. The eastern border of the county is approximately at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Allegheny Plateau and the Ridge and Valley Province (characterized by folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of early to middle Paleozoic age).[11]

The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Devonian Scherr Formation to the Pennsylvanian Monongahela Formation. Most of these rocks are clastics (conglomerate, sandstone, shale), and there is little or no limestone exposed at the surface. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county.

Structurally, Somerset County has many gentle folds, the axes of which trend roughly north-northeast. Synclines include the Youghiogheny Syncline, New Lexington/Johnstown Syncline, Somerset Syncline, Berlin Syncline, and Wellersburg Syncline (called the George's Creek Syncline in Maryland). The southern end of Wilmore Syncline is at the town of Windber. Anticlines include the Laurel Hill Anticline, Centerville Dome, Boswell Dome, Negro Mountain Anticline, and an unnamed anticline between the Berlin and Wellersburg Synclines.

The primary mountains within the county are (from west to east) Laurel Hill (which forms part of the western border), Negro Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Savage Mountain, and Allegheny Mountain. Negro Mountain also includes Mount Davis, the highest peak in Pennsylvania. Each mountain trends northeast.

All of Somerset County lies far to the south of the glacial boundary, and thus it was never glaciated.[12] However, during the Pleistocene epoch (the Ice Age), periglacial processes dominated. Most of the county was most likely a tundra during the Pleistocene. Patterned ground typical of tundra is still visible at Mount Davis, although it is somewhat obscured by vegetation.

The main drainages in southwestern Somerset county are the Casselman River and Laurel Hill Creek which flow into the Youghiogheny River along the southwest border. In the northwest, Stonycreek River, Shade Creek, and Quemahoning Creek (which flows into the Quemahoning Reservoir) are tributaries of the Conemaugh River. All these drainages are part of the Mississippi River Watershed. In the southeast, Wills Creek flows east into Bedford County and then into Maryland where it joins the Potomac River. Also, the headwaters of the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River are to the east of the town of Somerset. Both the Potomac and Juniata rivers are part of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Coal fields exist within Somerset County. The coal is entirely bituminous, and much of it has been mined or is being mined by Strip mining. Most of the coal is within the Main Bituminous Field, which stretched north and west to adjacent counties and southward into Maryland and West Virginia. The rest is within the Georges Creek Field.[13]

There are many abandoned mines in the county, and acid mine drainage is an environmental problem in many areas. Fishless streams exist as a result of the discharge from the abandoned mines. These include parts of the Casselman River, Shade Creek, Stonycreek River, and Quemahoning Creek, as well as many of their tributaries.[14]

There are many small, deep natural gas fields in the northwestern part of the county.[15]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
180010,188
181011,28410.8%
182013,97423.8%
183017,76227.1%
184019,65010.6%
185024,41624.3%
186026,7789.7%
187028,2265.4%
188033,11017.3%
189037,31712.7%
190049,46132.5%
191067,71736.9%
192082,11221.3%
193080,764−1.6%
194084,9575.2%
195081,813−3.7%
196077,450−5.3%
197076,037−1.8%
198081,2436.8%
199078,218−3.7%
200080,0232.3%
201077,742−2.9%
202074,129−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1790–1960[17] 1900–1990[18]
1990–2000[19] 2010–2017[1] 2010-2020[20]

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 80,023 people, 31,222 households, and 22,042 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km2). There were 37,163 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.39% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.5% were of German, 10.4% American, 7.4% Italian, 6.4% Irish, 6.4% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry.

There were 31,222 households, out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

Micropolitan Statistical Area

Map of the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), composed of the following parts: .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Johnstown, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area   Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area
Map of the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), composed of the following parts:

The United States Office of Management and Budget[22] has designated Somerset County as the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census[23] the micropolitan area ranked 7th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 77th most populous in the United States with a population of 77,742. Somerset County is also a part of the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the population of both Somerset County and the Cambria County areas. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 10th in the State of Pennsylvania and 130th most populous in the United States with a population of 221,421.

Government and politics

United States presidential election results for Somerset County, Pennsylvania[24]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 31,466 77.45% 8,654 21.30% 506 1.25%
2016 27,379 75.90% 7,376 20.45% 1,318 3.65%
2012 23,984 70.38% 9,436 27.69% 658 1.93%
2008 21,686 61.32% 12,878 36.41% 804 2.27%
2004 23,802 64.72% 12,842 34.92% 134 0.36%
2000 20,218 61.29% 12,028 36.47% 739 2.24%
1996 14,735 46.64% 12,719 40.26% 4,137 13.10%
1992 13,858 42.30% 12,493 38.14% 6,408 19.56%
1988 16,809 54.63% 13,815 44.90% 144 0.47%
1984 19,502 58.23% 13,900 41.50% 89 0.27%
1980 17,729 58.21% 11,695 38.40% 1,031 3.39%
1976 15,960 53.76% 13,452 45.32% 273 0.92%
1972 19,739 68.44% 8,743 30.31% 359 1.24%
1968 17,511 56.63% 11,515 37.24% 1,895 6.13%
1964 14,817 45.15% 17,934 54.65% 63 0.19%
1960 20,554 58.17% 14,739 41.71% 42 0.12%
1956 20,568 60.95% 13,163 39.00% 17 0.05%
1952 18,589 58.42% 13,167 41.38% 64 0.20%
1948 13,910 60.54% 8,727 37.98% 341 1.48%
1944 16,039 60.74% 10,287 38.96% 79 0.30%
1940 17,369 55.12% 14,085 44.70% 58 0.18%
1936 17,375 51.50% 16,184 47.97% 182 0.54%
1932 11,857 58.56% 7,919 39.11% 473 2.34%
1928 16,404 77.90% 4,489 21.32% 164 0.78%
1924 12,389 72.74% 2,315 13.59% 2,328 13.67%
1920 12,436 75.81% 2,912 17.75% 1,056 6.44%
1916 6,008 61.31% 2,957 30.17% 835 8.52%
1912 1,428 14.89% 2,164 22.57% 5,996 62.54%
1908 6,478 68.23% 2,246 23.65% 771 8.12%
1904 6,772 72.37% 1,686 18.02% 900 9.62%
1900 6,677 73.30% 2,151 23.61% 281 3.08%
1896 5,861 70.45% 2,295 27.59% 163 1.96%
1892 4,670 65.00% 2,262 31.48% 253 3.52%
1888 4,825 65.36% 2,319 31.41% 238 3.22%


As of November 1, 2021, there are 48,531 registered voters in Somerset County.[25]

County Commissioners

Commissioners Party First Elected
Gerald Walker, Chairman Republican 2015
Colleen R. Dawson, Vice-Chairman Republican 2019
Pamela Tokar-Ickes, Secretary Democratic 2019

Other county offices

Office Official Party First Elected
Clerk of Courts Rose Svonavec Republican 2011
Prothonotary Brian Fochtman Republican 2021
Coroner Cullen Swank Republican 2021
District Attorney Jeffrey L. Thomas Republican 2019
Recorder of Deeds Patricia Peifer Republican 2013 (appointed)
Register of Wills Sharon Ackerman Republican 2003
Sheriff Vacant
Treasurer Tony DeLuca Republican 2021
Auditor Jerry Lyons Republican 2003 (appointed)
Auditor JoAnne Walls Republican 2015
Auditor Shelley Glessner Democratic 2015

State Representatives

State Senator

United States Representative

United States Senate

Pennsylvania State Police

Education

Public school districts

Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania School Districts
Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Culture

The Mountain Playhouse in Jennerstown, Pennsylvania, was one of the nation's first "summer-stock" theaters. The Mountain Playhouse has maintained a full schedule of live theater productions nightly from May through October each year for the last sixty years.

Laurel Arts is one of the few, full-service arts centers in rural Pennsylvania. Centered in Somerset borough, it serves all of Somerset County through two locations: one at the Philip Dressler Center for the Arts, and the second, an Education and Dance Center located in the Georgian Place. Founded in 1976, Laurel Arts is a 501(c)(3) that offers art classes, music lessons and dance classes, as well as hosting exhibits by local and regional artists throughout the year.

The Rockwood Opera House is located in Rockwood, Pennsylvania. The building is a historic landmark restored to reflect original design from 1890. Since reopening, Rockwood Opera House has hosted dinner theater since 2000. Productions vary from Tribute Artists of classic performers to community theater.

Communities

Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).
Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Somerset County:

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Somerset County.[23]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Somerset Township 12,122
2 Conemaugh Township 7,452
3 Somerset Borough 6,277
4 Windber Borough 4,683
5 Brothersvalley Township 4,184
6 Jenner Township 4,054
7 Paint Township 3,300
8 Shade Township 2,886
9 Summit Township 2,368
10 Elk Lick Township 2,293
11 Stonycreek Township 2,237
12 Meyersdale Borough 2,184
13 Quemahoning Township 2,180
14 Berlin Borough 2,104
15 Lincoln Township 1,669
16 Milford Twp Township 1,561
17 Friedens CDP 1,523
18 Jefferson Township 1,375
19 Boswell Borough 1,277
20 Lower Turkeyfoot Township 1,232
21 Davidsville CDP 1,130
22 Central City Borough 1,124
23 Paint Borough 1,023
24 Addison Township 1,019
25 Jerome CDP 1,017
26 Black Township 980
27 Rockwood Borough 890
28 Middlecreek Township 797
29 Confluence Borough 780
30 Salisbury Borough 727
31 Greenville Township 718
32 Jennerstown Borough 695
33 Lower Turkeyfoot Township 672
34 Southampton Township 655
35 Allegheny Township 654
36 Hooversville Borough 645
37 Larimer Township 590
38 Ogle Township 588
39 Cairnbrook CDP 520
40 Garrett Borough 456
41 Indian Lake Borough 394
42 Northampton Township 366
43 Stoystown Borough 355
44 Shanksville Borough 237
45 Ursina Borough 225
46 Addison Borough 207
47 Benson Borough 191
48 Wellersburg Borough 181
49 New Baltimore Borough 180
50 Fairhope Township 137
51 New Centerville Borough 133
52 Casselman Borough 94
53 Edie CDP 83
54 Callimont Borough 41
55 Seven Springs (partially in Fayette County) Borough 26

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Espenshade, A. Howry (1925). Pennsylvania Place Names. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State College. p. 52.
  4. ^ "State and County Maps of Pennsylvania". MapGeeks.org. Archived from the original on March 28, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  5. ^ "Washington and the French & Indian War". George Washington's Mount Vernon. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  6. ^ "Forbes Road Historical Marker". explorepahistory.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Chapter 4, Volume 2". www.pagenweb.org. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  8. ^ 9/11/01:The Today Show
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  10. ^ "Why Does Garrett County Get So Much Snow? | Garrett County Weather". garrettcountyweather.com. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  11. ^ "Geology, Map 13" (PDF). www.dcnr.state.pa.us. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  12. ^ "Geology, Map 59" (PDF). www.dcnr.state.pa.us. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  13. ^ "Geology, Map 11" (PDF). www.dcnr.state.pa.us. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  14. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Geology, Map 10" (PDF). www.dcnr.state.pa.us. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  16. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  18. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  20. ^ "Census 2020".
  21. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  22. ^ "Office of Management and Budget | The White House". The White House. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  23. ^ a b Bureau, US Census. "Decennial Census by Decades". www.census.gov. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  24. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  25. ^ "Voter registration statistics by county". www.dos.pa.gov.
  26. ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  27. ^ "MILLER, Howard Shultz, (1879–1970)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
Community Festivals

Coordinates: 39°58′N 79°02′W / 39.97°N 79.03°W / 39.97; -79.03