|Penn State Nittany Lions football|
|Athletic director||Patrick Kraft|
|Head coach||James Franklin |
9th season, 78–36 (.684)
|Field surface||Kentucky Bluegrass|
|Location||University Park, Pennsylvania|
|Conference||Big Ten Conference|
|Division||East (since 2014)|
|Past conferences||Independent (1887–1890,1892–1992) |
|All-time record||920–406–42 (.688)|
|Bowl record||31–19–2 (.615)|
|Claimed national titles||2 (1982, 1986)|
|Unclaimed national titles||5 (1911, 1912, 1969, 1981, 1994)|
|Conference titles||5 (PIFA 1891, Big Ten 1994, 2005, 2008, 2016)|
|Division titles||2 (2011, 2016)|
Michigan State (rivalry)
Ohio State (rivalry)
West Virginia (rivalry)
|Colors||Blue and white|
|Fight song||Fight On, State|
|Marching band||Penn State Blue Band|
The Penn State Nittany Lions team represents the Pennsylvania State University in college football. The Nittany Lions compete in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision as a member of the Big Ten Conference, which they joined in 1993 after playing as an Independent from 1892 to 1992.
Established in 1887, the Nittany Lions have achieved numerous on-field successes, the most notable of which include two consensus national championships (1982 and 1986), four Big Ten Conference Championships (in 1994, 2005, 2008, and 2016), 13 undefeated seasons (1887, 1894, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1920, 1921, 1947, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1986 and 1994) and 52 appearances in college bowl games, with a postseason bowl record of 31-19-2. The team is also #7 in all-time total wins. The Nittany Lions play their home games at Beaver Stadium, located on-campus in University Park, Pennsylvania. With an official seating capacity of 106,572, Beaver Stadium is the second-largest stadium in the western hemisphere, behind only Michigan Stadium. The team is coached by James Franklin.
The first recorded game in Penn State football history occurred on November 12, 1881, when Penn State traveled to Lewisburg, Pennsylvania to play Bucknell, known until 1886 as the University at Lewisburg. Penn State won 9–0, which was nine goals to none. At the time, this was really a game of "American rugby." The father of American football, Walter Camp, did not develop the "scrimmage", the "first down" and the "gridiron" (yard markings) until 1882. Although this game was reported in two State College newspapers and the Mirror (University at Lewisburg campus newspaper), Bucknell denies that this game ever happened. Penn State did not field teams from 1882 through 1886. Penn State played its first season in 1887, but had no head coach for their first five years, from 1887 to 1891. The teams played its home games on the Old Main lawn on campus in State College, Pennsylvania. They compiled a 12–8–1 record in these seasons, playing as an independent from 1887 to 1890. In 1891, the Pennsylvania Intercollegiate Football Association (PIFA) was formed. It consisted of Bucknell (University at Lewisburg), Dickinson, Franklin & Marshall, Haverford, Penn State and Swarthmore. Lafayette and Lehigh were excluded because it was felt they would dominate the Association. Penn State won the championship with a 4–1–0 record. Bucknell's record was 3–1–1 (losing to Franklin & Marshall and tying Dickinson). The Association was dissolved prior to the 1892 season.
George W. Hoskins was the first head football coach at Penn State. He posted a 17–4–4 record in his from 1892 to 1895 as head coach, and his .760 winning percentage ranks highest in program history. His first team played its home game on the Old Main lawn on campus in State College, Pennsylvania, before the 500-seat Beaver Field opened in 1893. He was succeeded by Samuel B. Newton, who posted a 12–14 (.462) record in three seasons, 1896–1898. Sam Boyle coached for only one year in 1899 and compiled a 4–6–1 record (.409). Pop Golden coached the Nittany Lions for three seasons from 1900 to 1902, tallying a record of 16–12–1 (.569). Daniel A. Reed took over for the 1903 season and went 5–3 (.625).
Tom Fennell coached the Nittany Lions for five seasons from 1904 to 1908, posting a 33–17–1 (.657) record. In 1907 the school adopted the Nittany Lion mascot, a mountain lion named after nearby Mount Nittany.[page needed] An early mascot was "Old Coaly", a mule that hauled stone for the original Old Main (completed in 1863 and demolished in 1929). Bill Hollenback took over the Nittany Lions as head coach for the 1909 season and went undefeated at 5–0–2, but left for Missouri for 1910. Bill's older brother Jack Hollenback took over for the 1910 season and went 5–2–1 (.688), but Bill returned to Penn State from 1911 to 1914. Bill went 23–9–2 in his second tenure for a combined record of 28–9–4 (.732). In 1911 and 1912, his teams went 8–0–1 and 8–0 and were awarded retroactive national championships by the National Championship Foundation which are recognized by the NCAA. Head coach Dick Harlow brought a new form of defense, trying to go in-between or around offensive blockers rather than try to overpower them.[non-primary source needed] Harlow's Nittany Lions compiled a 20–8 (.714) record in his three seasons (1915–1917) and was later inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach for his accomplishments.
Hugo Bezdek was Penn State's head football coach for 12 seasons and was the Nittany Lions' first athletics director. Bezdek posted a 65–30–11 record, which included two undefeated seasons and a berth in the 1922 Rose Bowl, a game they lost. Bezdek's Nittany Lions posted a losing record in only two of Bezdek's seasons, going 1–2–1 in 1918 and 3–5–1 in 1928. Bezdek retired after the 1929 season and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1954. Bob Higgins returned to his alma mater and served as Penn State's head football coach for 19 seasons. He compiled a 91–57–11 overall record, which included 11 winning seasons and only five losing seasons. Higgins' 1947 team tied SMU in the Cotton Bowl. Higgins was forced to retire due to poor health following the 1948 season. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1954. For one season, Joe Bedenk, also a Penn State alum, served as the Nittany Lions' head football coach. He was promoted from offensive line coach after the retirement of his predecessor. Bedenk posted a 5–4 record in his 1949, his lone season as head coach, before requesting to return to his previous post as offensive line coach.
Rip Engle came to Penn State from Brown. Engle posted a 104–48–4 record during his 16-season tenure as head coach and developed a game known as Angleball as a way for his players to maintain fitness in the off-season. Engle never had a losing season at Penn State, and his 5–5 final season was his only non-winning season. His 1959 and 1960 Nittany Lions teams won the Liberty Bowl, while his 1961 and 1962 teams reached the Gator Bowl, winning the first and losing the second. Engle retired following the 1965 season and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1973.
Penn State assistant Joe Paterno was promoted to head coach following the retirement of Engle. Paterno spent 46 seasons as the head football coach, the longest tenure of any head coach in the FBS, and 16 more seasons as an assistant, making his 62 total years coaching at Penn State the most of any coach at any school. Under Paterno, Penn State played as an Independent from 1966 to 1992, and he continued to coach them when they joined the Big Ten Conference in 1993–2011. He also served as Penn State's athletic director from 1980 to 1982. His final record is 409–136–3. His teams won national championships in 1982 and 1986, posted non-losing records in all seasons but five, and appeared in 37 bowl games with 24 wins. His teams also won the Orange Bowl in 1968, 1969, 1973 and 2005; the Fiesta Bowl in 1977, 1980, 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1996; the Sugar Bowl in 1982; and the Rose Bowl in 1994. In June 1990, Penn State's athletics program, after a century as a Division I-A independent, joined the Big Ten Conference. Beaver Stadium was expanded six times during Paterno's tenure. He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in 2006 and was a major reason why the longtime rule of waiting until retirement to be inducted into the Hall of Fame was changed to any coach over 75 years of age. Players including Kerry Collins, Charlie Zapiec, Matt Millen, Shane Conlan, Jack Ham, Dennis Onkotz, Franco Harris, Greg Buttle, Keith Dorney, John Cappelletti, Curt Warner, Larry Johnson, LaVar Arrington and Ted Kwalick played collegiately for him. He won numerous coaching and sportsman honors during his long run at Penn State.
Paterno has the most wins in FBS football (409).
Following the Pennsylvania Attorney General's release of a grand jury summary of child sexual abuse charges involving former assistant Jerry Sandusky, the Penn State board of trustees fired Paterno in November 2011. Defensive coordinator Tom Bradley finished out the 2011 season as interim head coach after Paterno's ouster. In July 2012, the NCAA decided to vacate all of the team's wins from 1998 to 2011. Paterno's statue outside Beaver Stadium was also taken down. The revised record dropped Paterno from first to twelfth on the all-time wins list, but on January 16, 2015, the NCAA restored Paterno's vacated wins, and thus his record as the winningest FBS football coach. To many he is "The best Penn State head coach ever."
New England Patriots offensive coordinator Bill O'Brien was hired as the 15th head football coach at Penn State, taking over the Nittany Lions football program in January 2012. Early in O'Brien's tenure, the NCAA sanctioned Penn State with a four-season postseason ban and a loss of 40 scholarships due to the child sex abuse scandal. O'Brien posted an 8–4 record in his first season as head coach of the Nittany Lions.
O'Brien's 2013 Nittany Lions team posted a 7–5 record in the second of four years they were ineligible for the postseason. In January 2014, Bill O'Brien left Penn State to accept the head coaching position with the NFL's Houston Texans.
On January 11, 2014, Vanderbilt head coach James Franklin was hired as the 16th Penn State head football coach. He is the first African American head football coach at Penn State. In Franklin's first year, the NCAA lifted Penn State's postseason ban and the Nittany Lions were bowl eligible. The Nittany Lions were named to the Pinstripe Bowl where they won against Boston College on December 27, 2014, at Yankee Stadium.
To start off the 2015 season, Penn State lost to Temple 27–10, its first loss to the Owls since 1941. The loss was followed by victories against Buffalo, Rutgers, San Diego State, Army and Indiana. The Nittany Lions then lost to Ohio State 38–10 in Columbus before winning, 31–30, at Maryland. The victory against Maryland brought the Nittany Lions to six wins, making them bowl eligible for the second year since the postseason ban was lifted. Penn State then shut out the Illinois 39–0 in the second to last home game of the 2015 season. They then lost to Michigan in Happy Valley 28–16 and to Michigan State 55–16 at MSU. The win–loss record for Penn State in the 2015 regular season was 7–5, and 7–6 after a loss to Georgia in the Taxslayer Bowl in Jacksonville.
The 2016 season featured an upset over No. 2 Ohio State during a "White-Out" in State College. Following the win, Penn State was ranked 24th in the AP Poll, its first ranking since 2011. Penn State finished the regular season 10–2, 8–1 in Big Ten play. After winning a tiebreaker against rivals Ohio State, Penn State went on to claim the Big Ten East title and a spot in the Big Ten Championship game in Indianapolis against Big Ten West champion Wisconsin, which they won after trailing 28–14 in the first half. They outscored the Badgers 24–3 in the second half to take home the Nittany Lions' fourth Big Ten Title. On August 18, 2017, Penn State announced that Franklin signed a six-year contract extension worth $5.738 million a year. That deal includes retention bonuses paid at the end of each year of the contract. "My family and I are very thankful to be a part of the Penn State community," Franklin said in a statement. "I am pleased with the progress our program has made in the community, in the classroom and on the field. I look forward to diligently working with President Barron and Director of Athletics Sandy Barbour on implementing a plan that puts our University and our student-athletes in the best position to compete on the field and in life." In addition to the guaranteed money, Franklin's contract extension has incentives including $800,000 for a national title, $400,000 for a College Football Playoff appearance and $350,000 for winning the Big Ten Championship Game. His incentives are capped at $1 million per year.
Penn State went to 7–0 to begin the 2017 season, before losing on consecutive weekends to Ohio State and Michigan State. Penn State finished the regular season with wins over Rutgers Nebraska and Maryland. Penn State capped the 2017 season at the Fiesta Bowl, beating Washington, 35–28.
In 2018 the Lions went 9–4 with a loss to Kentucky in the Citrus Bowl. The 2019 season was spectacular for Penn State going 11–2 with the losses only to Minnesota by 26-31 and to Ohio State and beat American Athletic Conference Champion Memphis who at that time was 12–1. Penn State beat Memphis 53–39 in the Cotton Bowl.
The 2020 season was James Franklin's first losing season with the Nittany Lions. They started off the season with COVID-19 pandemic spring cancelations. Penn State traveled to Bloomington to take on Indiana were they lost in overtime 35–36 with Michal Phenix Jr pendulum touch two-point conversion to win the Game for Indiana. The Nittany Lions took on Ohio State at home with no whiteout due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Penn State lost 25–38. The Nittany Lions took on Maryland who they had not lost to since 2014. The Terrapins beat Penn State 19–35 in Beaver Stadium. The Nittany Lions traveled to Nebraska to take on the Nebraska Cornhuskers were the Nittany Lions comeback fell short and lost 23–30. The Nittany Lions fought the Iowa Hawkeyes but lost 21-41 giving Penn State its first ever 0–5 start in its history. The Nittany Lions determined to win traveled to Ann Arbor to defeat the Michigan Wolverines. Penn State got its first victory of the season 27-17 going 1–5. Penn State took on the Rutgers Scarlet Knights in Piscataway were they won again 23-7 thus giving them a 2–5 record. Penn State went home to take on the Michigan State. They trailed 10–21 at halftime but rallied back to win 39-24 getting a 3–5 record. For the Big Ten Championship week Penn State hosted the Fighting Illini at home. Penn State won in rout 56-21 going to a 4–5 record. Penn State players voted to not accept a bowl invitation so their final record was 4–5. A major offseason change was replacing first-year offensive coordinator Kirk Ciarrocca with Texas offensive coordinator Mike Yurcich. James Franklin is currently under a ten-year $75,000,000 contract (as of 2021).
In 2021, Penn State improved upon its lackluster 2020 season going 7-6. The Nittany Lions finished the season unranked and with a 4-5 Big Ten Conference record. They went 2-3 on the road while maintaining a winning 5-2 record at Beaver Stadium. The season started strong on September 4, 2021 when Penn State defeated the #12 ranked Wisconsin Badgers football team. They won their next 4 games including a 28-20 win over the #22 Auburn Tigers football team. Then they began to struggle after a close 23-20 loss to the #3 Iowa Hawkeyes on the road October 9, 2021. On October 23, 2021, Penn State battled the Illinois Fighting Illini through a NCAA record 9 overtimes, eventually losing 20-18. The teams both scored fieldgoals in the first 2 overtimes, tying the score 16-16. Neither team scored until the 8th overtime when Illinois finally broke the stalemate, quickly followed by a run from Penn State's Noah Cain. Penn State didn't score during its first conversion attempt in overtime 9, leaving the door open for Illinois to eventually score and win the game. The Nittany Lions' only subsequent wins came against Maryland (31-14) and Rutgers (28-0). They closed out the 2021 season playing Arkansas at the Outback Bowl, losing the game 24-10.
|Year||Coach||Selectors||Record||Bowl||Final AP||Final Coaches|
|1982||Joe Paterno||AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, Matthews, NCF, NFF, The New York Times, Poling, Sagarin, Sagarin (ELO-Chess), Sporting News, UPI/coaches, USA/CNN||11–1||Won Sugar Bowl||No. 1||No. 1|
|1986||Joe Paterno||AP, Billingsley, FACT, FB News, FW, Matthews, NCF, NFF, Sagarin (ELO-Chess)*, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN||12–0||Won Fiesta Bowl||No. 1||No. 1|
Penn State has also been named national champions on seven occasions by NCAA-designated major selectors.: 111–115 Penn State claims the 1982 and 1986 championships under Joe Paterno's tenure, both of which are Consensus National Championships.: 120
Historically, Penn State played as an independent from 1887 through 1890, then in 1891 as a member of the Pennsylvania Intercollegiate Football Association Penn State won the PIFA championship with a 4–1–0 PIFA record, losing only to Bucknell (Bucknell's record was 3–1–1). The PIFA dissolved prior to the 1892 season. Penn State then played as an independent again until joining the Big Ten Conference in 1990 and beginning play in 1993. Penn State then won its first Big Ten championship in 1994, they won two more in 2005 and 2008, and they won a fourth under James Franklin in 2016.
|Year||Conference||Coach||Overall record||Conference record|
|1891||Pennsylvania Intercollegiate Football Association||No coach||6–2||4–1|
|1994||Big Ten Conference||Joe Paterno||12–0||8–0|
|2005†||Big Ten Conference||Joe Paterno||11–1||7–1|
|2008†||Big Ten Conference||Joe Paterno||11–2||7–1|
|2016||Big Ten Conference||James Franklin||11–3||8–1|
|2011†||Big Ten – Leaders||Joe Paterno||N/A lost tiebreaker to Wisconsin|
|2016†||Big Ten – East||James Franklin||Wisconsin||W 38–31|
Before the 2006 season, Beaver Stadium was updated and seasons of note were honored by being listed in front of the suite façade. The following seasons are highlighted;
|1894||George W. Hoskins||6–0–1||Undefeated Record|
|1909||Bill Hollenback||5–0–2||Undefeated Record|
|1911||Bill Hollenback||8–0–1||Undefeated Record|
|1912||Bill Hollenback||8–0||Perfect Season|
|1920||Hugo Bezdek||7–0–2||Undefeated Record|
|1921||Hugo Bezdek||8–0–2||Undefeated Record|
|1947||Bob Higgins||9–0–1||Undefeated Record|
|1968||Joe Paterno||11–0||Perfect Season|
|1969||Joe Paterno||11–0||Perfect Season|
|1973||Joe Paterno||12–0||Perfect Season|
|1982||Joe Paterno||11–1||National Champions|
|1986||Joe Paterno||12–0||Perfect Season, National Champions|
|1994||Joe Paterno||12–0||Perfect Season, Big Ten Champions|
|2005||Joe Paterno||11–1||Big Ten Champions|
|2008||Joe Paterno||11–2||Big Ten Champions|
|2012||Bill O'Brien||8–4||First season following Penn State child sex abuse scandal|
|2016||James Franklin||11–3||Big Ten Champions|
Main article: List of Penn State Nittany Lions bowl games
Penn State has earned invitations to 52 bowl games. The Nittany Lions have compiled a bowl record of 31–19–2 (.620), including a 17–6–1 (.717) record in the major bowls (Rose, Orange, Sugar, Fiesta, and Cotton).
Coach Joe Paterno was responsible for most of these bids and victories, compiling more appearances (37) than any other coach in college football en route to his bowl record of 24–12–1 (.662). Paterno also has a record of 14–5 (.737) in "major" bowls and is the only coach to have won all five major college bowls during his career.
|1922||Hugo Bezdek||Rose Bowl||USC||L 3–14|
|1947||Bob Higgins||Cotton Bowl Classic||SMU||T 13–13|
|1959||Rip Engle||Liberty Bowl||Alabama||W 7–0|
|1960||Rip Engle||Liberty Bowl||Oregon||W 14–12|
|1961||Rip Engle||Gator Bowl||Georgia Tech||W 30–15|
|1962||Rip Engle||Gator Bowl||Florida||L 7–17|
|1967||Joe Paterno||Gator Bowl||Florida State||T 17–17|
|1968||Joe Paterno||Orange Bowl||Kansas||W 15–14|
|1969||Joe Paterno||Orange Bowl||Missouri||W 10–3|
|1971||Joe Paterno||Cotton Bowl Classic||Texas||W 30–6|
|1972||Joe Paterno||Sugar Bowl||Oklahoma||L 0–14|
|1973||Joe Paterno||Orange Bowl||LSU||W 16–9|
|1974||Joe Paterno||Cotton Bowl Classic||Baylor||W 41–20|
|1975||Joe Paterno||Sugar Bowl||Alabama||L 6–13|
|1976||Joe Paterno||Gator Bowl||Notre Dame||L 9–20|
|1977||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||Arizona State||W 42–30|
|1978||Joe Paterno||Sugar Bowl||Alabama||L 7–14|
|1979||Joe Paterno||Liberty Bowl||Tulane||W 9–6|
|1980||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||Ohio State||W 31–19|
|1981||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||USC||W 26–10|
|1982||Joe Paterno||Sugar Bowl||Georgia||W 27–23|
|1983||Joe Paterno||Aloha Bowl||Washington||W 13–10|
|1985||Joe Paterno||Orange Bowl||Oklahoma||L 10–25|
|1986||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||Miami (FL)||W 14–10|
|1987||Joe Paterno||Citrus Bowl||Clemson||L 10–35|
|1989||Joe Paterno||Holiday Bowl||BYU||W 50–39|
|1990||Joe Paterno||Blockbuster Bowl||Florida State||L 17–24|
|1991||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||Tennessee||W 42–17|
|1992||Joe Paterno||Blockbuster Bowl||Stanford||L 3–24|
|1993||Joe Paterno||Citrus Bowl||Tennessee||W 31–13|
|1994||Joe Paterno||Rose Bowl||Oregon||W 38–20|
|1995||Joe Paterno||Outback Bowl||Auburn||W 43–14|
|1996||Joe Paterno||Fiesta Bowl||Texas||W 38–15|
|1997||Joe Paterno||Citrus Bowl||Florida||L 6–21|
|1998||Joe Paterno||Outback Bowl||Kentucky||W 26–14|
|1999||Joe Paterno||Alamo Bowl||Texas A&M||W 24–0|
|2002||Joe Paterno||Capital One Bowl||Auburn||L 9–13|
|2005||Joe Paterno||Orange Bowl||Florida State||W 26–23 3OT|
|2006||Joe Paterno||Outback Bowl||Tennessee||W 20–10|
|2007||Joe Paterno||Alamo Bowl||Texas A&M||W 24–17|
|2008||Joe Paterno||Rose Bowl||USC||L 24–38|
|2009||Joe Paterno||Capital One Bowl||LSU||W 19–17|
|2010||Joe Paterno||Outback Bowl||Florida||L 24–37|
|2011||Tom Bradley||TicketCity Bowl||Houston||L 14–30|
|2014||James Franklin||Pinstripe Bowl||Boston College||W 31–30 OT|
|2015||James Franklin||TaxSlayer Bowl||Georgia||L 17–24|
|2016||James Franklin||Rose Bowl||USC||L 49–52|
|2017||James Franklin||Fiesta Bowl||Washington||W 35–28|
|2018||James Franklin||Citrus Bowl||Kentucky||L 24–27|
|2019||James Franklin||Cotton Bowl Classic||Memphis||W 53–39|
|2021||James Franklin||Outback Bowl||Arkansas||L 10–24|
|2022||James Franklin||Rose Bowl||Utah||W 35–21|
Main article: List of Penn State Nittany Lions head football coaches
James Franklin is the head coach of Penn State since the 2014 season.
|Coach||Years||Seasons||Record||Pct.||Cnf. record||Pct.||Cnf. Titles||Bowls||Nat. Titles|
|Daniel A. Reed||1903||1||5–3–0||.625|
|Bill Hollenback||1909, 1911–1914||5||28–9–4||.732|
|James Franklin||2014– present||9||78–36||.684||49–30||.620||1||8|
Main article: Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry
Since 1993, Penn State has played Michigan State for the Land Grant Trophy. Penn State holds possession of the trophy after winning the 2022 contest. Beginning with the league's expansion and new division format in 2011, the two teams were in different divisions and did not play annually, however this series renewed in the 2014 season and continues yearly as they are both in the Big Ten's Eastern Division. Penn State has a 17–10 record in these trophy games. The all-time series is tied at 18-18-1 through the 2022 season. 
Main article: Minnesota–Penn State football rivalry
Since 1993, Penn State has played Minnesota for the Governor's Victory Bell sporadically in their Big Ten schedule.
The series was slated to be played two times every seven years beginning in 2014 due to the Big Ten's scheduling procedures, but the series changed to three times every seven years when the Big Ten added another conference game for all teams in 2016. Minnesota was victorious in a contest between two top-25 teams by a score of 31–26 on November 9, 2019, in Minnesota. Penn State defeated Minnesota 45-17 on October 22, 2022 at Beaver Stadium in the annual Whiteout Game. Penn State leads the all-time series 10–6 through the 2022 season.
Main article: Penn State–Pittsburgh football rivalry
This is a long-standing series between in-state rivals Penn State and Pittsburgh. The rivalry, once one of the fiercest and most important in college football north of the Mason–Dixon line, began on November 6, 1893, at the inaugural game of Beaver Field in State College, and Penn State won the contest 32–0. The first two decades of the series was dominated by Penn State taking 12 of 15 matchups between 1893 and 1912. From 1913 to 1949 Pitt would hold a 26–6–2 advantage, before Rip Engle took over as head coach for Penn State in 1950. With Joe Paterno as an assistant coach, Engle led Penn State to a 9–6–1 record against the Panthers from 1950 to 1965. When Paterno was named head coach in 1965, the next 31 games would swing heavily in the Nittany Lion's favor, holding a 23–7–1 advantage from 1966 to 2000.
The Rivalry went on a 15-year hiatus prior to the scheduling of a 4-game series in 2011 that would see Penn State travel to Pittsburgh in 2016 & 2018 with Pitt returning to Happy Valley in 2017 & 2019. The series was branded the Keystone Classic in 2016, which saw Pitt hold on for a thrilling 42–39 victory fending off a fierce fourth quarter comeback that fell short on an interception late in the 4th quarter. The Nittany Lions would take the final three games, winning 33–13 in 2017, 51–6 in 2018, and most recently 17–10 in Beaver Stadium in 2019.
There are no future games scheduled between the two schools, although there is talk of a potential neutral site matchup sometime in the future. The Nittany Lions and Panthers have met on the football field 100 times. Penn State holds a 10-win advantage in the series, 53–43–4, through the 2019 season.
Main article: Ohio State–Penn State football rivalry
The rivalry began before Penn State was a member of the Big Ten. Penn State won the first four meetings of the series, which were held between 1912 and 1964. Then Ohio State won in 1975 in a game held in Columbus, Ohio and again in 1976 during the first ever matchup between the two teams in State College, Pennsylvania. Penn State and Ohio State would meet again in 1980 in their first and only postseason bowl, the 1980 Fiesta Bowl, which Penn State won. After the Fiesta Bowl, the two teams would not meet again until Penn State joined the Big Ten in 1993. Since then, the Nittany Lions and Buckeyes have played each other annually. Ohio State leads the series 23-14 through the 2022 season.
Main article: Maryland–Penn State football rivalry
Penn State and Maryland met in briefly interrupted stretches between 1917 and 1993, with a near-consecutive run played all but three years (1976, 1981, and 1983) between 1960 and 1993. However, the one-sided record belies what was often a competitive matchup until its final years. While Maryland only compiled one win and one tie, numerous games were narrowly lost by missed field goals and turnovers. In 1975, a field goal attempt by kicker Mike Sochko hit the upright with under a minute left, and Maryland lost 15–13. Ten years later, the Terps missed three field goals to eventually lose 20–18. After the Nittany Lions' move to the Big Ten Conference in 1993, the series was canceled. However, Maryland ended up joining the Big Ten as well, in 2014, reinstating the rivalry after more than 2 decades of being dormant. Maryland would win the first matchup by a point (20–19) after infamously declining to shake hands with Penn State captains at midfield during the coin toss at Beaver Stadium.
The second meeting as conference foes would be played in Baltimore at M&T Bank Stadium and would again be decided by a point, this time a Penn State win 31–30. The last four matchups (2016–2019), all victories for Penn State have seen the Nittany Lions outscore the Terrapins by a combined score of 201–20 (38–14, 66–3, 38–3, 59–0). The next matchup took place on November 12, 2022, at Beaver Stadium, with Penn State winning 30-0. Penn State leads the series 42–3–1 through the 2022 season.
Main article: Penn State–Temple football rivalry
Penn State and the Temple have played 45 times. Temple won three out of the first four matchups, which were held between 1931 and 1941. Penn State's 31 game winning streak, between 1952 and 2016, carried the Nittany Lions to an overwhelming series lead. Penn State leads the series 40–4-1 through the 2016 season. The two teams will have a home and home series in 2026 and 2027.
Main article: Penn State–West Virginia football rivalry
Penn State and West Virginia have played each other 59 times. The first game was in 1904 when Penn State won that game 34–0. The two teams announced on September 19, 2013, that a home and home series has been scheduled for 2023 and 2024. This series has been dominated by the Nittany Lions who lead the series 48–9–2.
Main article: Penn State–Syracuse football rivalry
The rivalry started in 1922, when Syracuse fought Penn State to a scoreless tie. But it was during the 1950s and 1960s that the rivalry intensified, as it enjoyed a competitive and often controversial string of contests. Syracuse football was led by Ben Schwartzwalder, and Penn State by Rip Engle, then Joe Paterno. From 1950 to 1970, Syracuse won 11 games to Penn State's 10.
After Schwartzwalder retired in 1973, Syracuse floundered. Penn State won 16 straight from 1971 to 1986. Conference realignment and scheduling disagreements also dampened the intensity of the rivalry. Penn State fans and players increasingly turned their attention to the rivalry with Pittsburgh.
In 1987, Coach Dick MacPherson finally led Syracuse to a resounding 48–21 victory over the Nittany Lions in the Carrier Dome. Syracuse won again the following year in Happy Valley but lost the last two games before the series was suspended in 1991. The rivalry has since been renewed three times since the series suspension — in 2008, 2009, and 2013. The Nittany Lions won all three of these contests. Penn State leads the series 43–23–5 with the most recent game played in 2013.
Main article: Alabama–Penn State football rivalry
Though the Crimson Tide are not as much of a traditional opponent for the Nittany Lions, the two teams are still often considered among the best in the country, claim a combined 20 national titles, and have met in a bowl game three times. The series began on December 19, 1959, in that year's edition of the Liberty Bowl, a 7–0 win for No. 12 Penn State. Sixteen years later, the Nittany Lions and Crimson Tide met in the 1975 Sugar Bowl, resulting in a 13–6 Tide victory in New Orleans. Perhaps the most notable game between these two teams came four years later, in a 1979 Sugar Bowl rematch, resulting in another Alabama victory. The rivalry was intensified during the 1980s, when the Lions and Tide met in 10 consecutive seasons, all during regular season play. After this time, the rivalry went dormant for two decades before being renewed for a 2-game home-and-home series in 2010 and 2011. Alabama leads the series 10–5 with the last game played in 2011.
This White Out tradition dates back to a student section white out in 2004 and has become one of the most eagerly anticipated games during the football season. In recent years, Penn State students have donned white clothes, paint - anything white - to show their solidarity and support for the Nittany Lions. Forming a mass of bouncing and infectious enthusiasm, the students have "Whited Out" Beaver Stadium, the Bryce Jordan Center and other sports venues, making them some of the noisiest and most intimidating stadiums in America.
Beano Cook of ESPN says, "If you aren't impressed with the White Out, you're probably one of those people who think the moon landing was faked."
Originally named "Paternoville," Nittanyville is a student camp out that occurs every week of a Penn State home football game. The students camp out to support the team and to acquire the best possible seats for the weekend's upcoming game, since seating is first-come, first serve for students. While the name "Paternoville" came about during Penn State's 2005 football season, students have long camped out for first row seats. Prior to 1993, the university distributed non-seat-specific tickets. Starting the same year Penn State football began competition in the Big Ten Conference, students were assigned seats on a first-come-first-serve basis, so that the first students to pass through "Gate A" at the south-east corner of the stadium would be assigned first row seats, and so on down the line. Since then, students have camped out in small to massive numbers in order to guarantee themselves a front row seat to a Penn State home football game.
The 2005 season saw the naming of the tent-city. In anticipation of the 2005 contest between No. 16 Penn State and No. 6 Ohio State, students began camping six days in advance of the game outside the gate so that they would get a first row seat for, arguably, the biggest game of the 2005 season for Penn State. On Tuesday of the week preceding the game, "Paternoville" first appeared. Credited with the naming, freshman Dan Clark and the other students camping with him created a banner reading "Paternoville."
The name stuck, and on Wednesday morning, October 5, 2005, newspapers were already referring to the campsite as "Paternoville." State-wide, regional, and even national media outlets began paying attention to the show in front of Gate A. Local businesses printed t-shirts up for the students, brought truckloads of food, and distributed various things like magazines and small footballs to keep the students occupied. Throughout the week, players, coaches, and many alumni and media personalities paid visits to Paternoville.
On Friday, ESPN's "Cold Pizza" morning show was broadcast from in front of the Bryce Jordan Center, across from the stadium, with some of the cast walking through Paternoville interviewing students and taping their activities, despite the constant drizzle. The next day, ESPN's College Gameday also was broadcast in front of the Bryce Jordan Center, hours before the showdown between the cross-border rivals.
Before noon, the tents were packed away and hundreds of students began to line up for entry into the stadium. That night, in a historic game, the Nittany Lions upset the No. 6 ranked Buckeyes 17–10 in front of a crowd of almost 110,000. The game being decided on a fumble by Ohio State quarterback and future Heisman Trophy winner Troy Smith, caused by Penn State defensive end Tamba Hali and recovered by defensive tackle Scott Paxson. After the final whistle, the students rushed the field.
The Paternoville name continued after the game. Since the original "Paternoville," two other games have garnered comparable camp-outs. They were the 2005 game against the University of Wisconsin Badgers, which was Senior Day for the 2005 season, and the 2006 contest against University of Michigan Wolverines. However, students camp out for every game, not solely the "big" games. On average, about 10-15 tents appear for every game, while the number of tents for the 2005 Ohio State and Wisconsin games and the 2006 Michigan game exceeded 100.
Prior to the 2006 season, the university placed several markers around Beaver Stadium commemorating various traditions related to Penn State football. To the left of Gate A there is a marker for the Penn State "student section" and to the right of the gate there is a marker for "Paternoville."
Since 2006, the practice of camping out has grown every year until 2009, when over 2,000 different students camped out for one or multiple games throughout the season. In 2011, the record was broken because of Penn State's high-powered home schedule, which included SEC powerhouse Alabama and new in-conference foe Nebraska, amongst other teams.
In the summer of 2012, "Paternoville" officially became "Nittanyville." As Coach Paterno was no longer the coach of Penn State's football team, the organization decided that since it was unlikely another coach would stay as long as Coach Paterno had, changing the name for each new coach would be impractical. However, aside from the name, nothing was changed and students continued to support the team and camp out for the primary seats.
Joe Paterno was widely known for his "grand experiment" in which he challenged his players to be successful both on the field and in the classroom. In 2011, the Nittany Lion football team posted an 87% graduation rate, tied with Stanford for No. 10 overall among the nation's 120 Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) institutions, above the national average of 67%.
The June 2012 conviction of former assistant coach Jerry Sandusky on multiple counts of child sexual abuse marred the "Success with Honor" image. President Rodney Erickson, athletics director Dave Joyner, and head football coach Bill O'Brien, all of whom accepted their jobs in the wake of the scandal, have made statements in which they express commitment to maintaining integrity at the university and within the athletics programs.
In 2012, a group of alumni and supporters established a non-profit organization [501(c)(3) and registered trademark] that will build upon the "Success with Honor" motto. Their mission is to promote and support charitable endeavors as well as to inspire others to "Get in the Game." Success with Honor is a Social Network Community that has identified more than 60+ charities. Success with Honor helps individuals to identify and connect with causes they’d like to volunteer their skills, time, and/or money to. Similarly, SWH assists charities in finding individuals to meet their current needs.
The team is widely noted for their simple game uniforms. They only wear white pants, and the jerseys are simple blue for home games, and white for away games. The team is only allowed to wear simple black Nike shoes with white calf socks for game days, though blue tights are permitted underneath the white socks for cold weather games. The helmet is white with a blue stripe down the center, and a blue on white "Penn State" sticker covers up the forehead helmet logo. No team logos, conference logos, numbers, or other stickers are permitted on the helmet, though two Nike logos are on facemask visors that some players choose to wear. Penn State has started to wear bowl decals only starting with 1997 Fiesta Bowl. Before that, Penn State always declined the decals so they can play out of their simple game uniforms.
The blue and white uniforms replaced the school's original colors, pink and black, in 1890 after a student referendum. A common legend of the color change is that they original colors faded in the sun. Black became a hue of navy blue and the pink became such a light hue that it appeared white. The historicity of this, however, is very questionable, as evidence of it being the root cause is scarce.
The uniforms became even simpler for the 2011 season, as the white cuffs and collars on the home jerseys and the corresponding blue cuffs and collars on the road jerseys were eliminated, leaving the jerseys solid blue and white, respectively.
In 2012 Penn State started wearing names on their uniforms for the first time as a way to note the players who stuck with the school through the scandal and a blue ribbon in support the victims of child abuse.
In 2013, the Nittany Lion logo was added to the base of the jersey collar along with the Big Ten logo on the right side of the jersey.
Starting in 2015, the names that were added throughout the 2012–14 seasons to honor those who stayed with the program were removed and the team reverted to the traditional nameless jerseys while still retaining the Nittany Lion logo at the base of the jersey collar. The team also began sporting new Nike Elite 51 jerseys which feature a new design on the collars. In addition, the team added the words "Nittany Lions" onto the back of the football helmets.
For the 2017 homecoming game against the Indiana Hoosiers, Penn State broke tradition by donning throwback jerseys in what was dubbed the "Generations of Greatness" game. These uniforms integrated elements from past uniforms, including: numbers on helmets' sides, block uniform numbers, white stripes on sleeves, blue stripes on pants, striped socks, gray facemasks, white cleats, and a few other subtle changes.
Captains are chosen by the team, with the head coach's approval. Being named a captain is an honor almost always given to a senior, but there are some notable exceptions: Linebacker Sean Lee was named a captain in the beginning of Spring practice in 2008, the beginning of his 4th year with the team. However, he suffered a torn ACL during spring practice, redshirted in 2008, and returned as a captain again in 2009. The most recent example of a "true" junior being named was Paul Posluszny, who was named a captain in both 2005 and 2006, his junior and senior years, respectively. The last time a junior was named captain before Posluszny was in 1968, when Steve Smear and Mike Reid were named captains during their junior years. In 2014, Christian Hackenberg became the first true sophomore to be named team captain.
Penn State is referred to as Linebacker U for its reputation of producing outstanding linebackers.[better source needed]
Main article: Penn State child sex abuse scandal
The Penn State child sex abuse scandal centered on then retired Pennsylvania State University football assistant coach Jerry Sandusky's sexual assault of two underage boys on or near university property. After an extensive grand jury investigation, Sandusky was indicted on 52 counts of child molestation dating from 1994 The trial of Jerry Sandusky on 52 charges of sexual crimes against children started on June 11, 2012, at the Centre County Courthouse in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania and ended on the evening of June 22, 2012, when the jury found Sandusky guilty on 45 of the 48 counts against him.
Several high-level school officials were charged with perjury, suspended, or dismissed for allegedly covering up the incidents or failing to notify authorities. In the wake of the scandal, school president Graham Spanier was forced to resign, and head football coach Joe Paterno was fired without cause late in the season, while Sandusky maintained his innocence.
Former FBI director Louis Freeh, whose firm was hired by the Penn State Board of Trustees to conduct an independent investigation into the scandal, concluded, after ostensibly conducting over 400 interviews and reviewing over 3.5 million documents, that Paterno, Spanier, Curley and Schultz had "repeatedly concealed critical facts relating to Sandusky's child abuse from the authorities, the Board of Trustees, Penn State community, and the public at large." In an interview conducted by Showtime's 60 Minutes Sports, the former Chief Deputy Attorney General of Pennsylvania, Frank Fina, who investigated and prosecuted Jerry Sandusky, stated that he found no evidence that Joe Paterno participated in a cover-up.
On July 23, 2012, NCAA announced that it had fined the Penn State football program $60 million, levied a four-year ban from bowl games and vacated all of the program's 112 wins from 1998 to 2011. The program was originally scheduled to lose 10 scholarships from the incoming classes in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016, which would have been a loss of 40 total scholarships. The team was set to have a maximum of 75 players on scholarship in 2013, then be down to 65 total scholarships for 2014, 2015 and 2016, before increasing back up to 75 in 2017 and return to a full allotment of 85 scholarships for the 2018 season.
On September 24, 2013, the NCAA announced they were restoring 25 of the 40 scholarships to Penn State "[d]ue to Penn State University's continued progress toward ensuring athletics integrity". After losing 10 scholarships from the 2013–2014 incoming class (bringing in 15 players instead of the normal 25) and only having 75 total players on scholarship, Penn State gained five scholarships back for 2014–15, bringing in 20 new players with 80 total players on scholarship. Full scholarships were regained for 2016–17, two years ahead of schedule. In total they lost only 15 scholarships, compared to the original penalty of 40 scholarships.
The decision to return the scholarships was the result of a unanimous decision of the executive committee of the NCAA following a recommendation from the former US Sen. George Mitchell. The NCAA had appointed Mitchell to monitor the progress of Penn State and adopting recommended reforms to enhance their "security, ethics, governance and compliance structure". The decision to accept the recommendation was based upon the belief that the restored scholarships would provide benefits to student-athletes.
Several lawsuits were filed against NCAA related to the levy of penalties. In September 2014 the NCAA, under the auspices of favorable reports from Mitchell, announced that Penn State would be eligible for the 2014 postseason and all scholarships restored in 2015. The team's wins and records that had previously been vacated due to the scandal were restored, pending full approval, as part of a legal settlement in January 2015.
See also: Penn State Nittany Lions football statistical leaders
See also: List of NCAA football retired numbers
|No.||Player||Position||Career||Date of Retirement|
|22||John Cappelletti||RB||1970–73||September 7, 2013 |
See also: Pro Football Hall of Fame
Penn State is one of 11 schools with five or more inductees in the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
|Jack Ham||LB||Pittsburgh Steelers||1988|
|Franco Harris||RB||Pittsburgh Steelers, Seattle Seahawks||1990|
|Mike Michalske||G||Green Bay Packers||1964|
|Lenny Moore||WR/RB||Baltimore Colts||1975|
|Mike Munchak||G||Houston Oilers||2001|
|Dave Robinson||LB||Green Bay Packers, Washington Redskins||2013|
See also: College Football Hall of Fame
Including former head coach Joe Paterno, 25 Nittany Lion players and coaches have been selected for the College Football Hall of Fame.
Announced schedules as of April 1, 2021.
|West Virginia||at West Virginia||Nevada||Marshall||Syracuse||at Syracuse|
|Delaware||Bowling Green||Villanova||at Temple||Delaware|
|UMass||Kent State||San Jose State||Temple|
Temple University and Penn State are renewing their rivalry with a game in Philadelphia of Sept. 12, 2026, and a game at State College on Sept. 18, 2027.
Although concern to treat the child abuser humanely was expressly stated, no such sentiments were ever expressed by them for Sandusky's victims.