Franco Harris
Posed head-and-shoulders photograph of Harris wearing a black tuxedo and black tie
Harris in 2009
No. 32, 34
Personal information
Born: (1950-03-07) March 7, 1950 (age 72)
Fort Dix, New Jersey
Height:6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight:230 lb (104 kg)
Career information
High school:Rancocas Valley Regional
(Mount Holly, New Jersey)
College:Penn State
NFL Draft:1972 / Round: 1 / Pick: 13
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards:12,120
Yards per carry:4.1
Rushing touchdowns:91
Receiving yards:2,287
Receiving touchdowns:9
Player stats at · PFR

Franco Harris (born March 7, 1950) is an American former professional football player who was a fullback[1] in the National Football League (NFL) for the Pittsburgh Steelers and Seattle Seahawks. After playing college football for the Penn State Nittany Lions, he was selected by the Steelers in the first round of the 1972 NFL Draft, the 13th overall pick. He played his first 12 years in the NFL with the Steelers; his 13th and final year was spent with the Seahawks. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990.[2]

Early life

Harris was born in Fort Dix, New Jersey. His father, Cad Harris, served in World War II and was stationed in Italy during the war. His mother, Gina Parenti Harris, was a native Italian and became a "war bride", who moved with her husband when he returned to the United States after the end of the war.[3][4] Harris graduated from Rancocas Valley Regional High School in Mount Holly Township, New Jersey, in 1968[5] and then attended Penn State University. While playing for Penn State's Nittany Lions, Harris served primarily as a blocker for the All-American running back Lydell Mitchell, though he amassed 2,002 yards rushing with 24 touchdowns and averaged over 5 yards per carry, while also catching 28 passes for 352 yards and another touchdown. He led the team in scoring in 1970.

Professional career

In his first season with the Steelers (1972), Harris was named the league's Rookie of the Year by both The Sporting News and United Press International. In that season he gained 1,055 yards on 188 carries, with a 5.6 yards per carry average. He also rushed for 10 touchdowns and caught four touchdown passes. He was popular with Pittsburgh's large Italian-American population: his fans, including "Brigadier General" Frank Sinatra, dubbed themselves "Franco's Italian Army" and wore army helmets with his number on them.[7]

Harris was chosen for 9 consecutive Pro Bowls (1972–1980), and was All-Pro in 1977. Harris rushed for more than 1,000 yards in eight seasons, breaking a record set by Jim Brown. The running back tandem of Harris and Rocky Bleier combined with a strong defense to win four Super Bowls following the 1974, 1975, 1978, and 1979 seasons. On January 12, 1975, he was the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl IX; in that game he rushed for 158 yards and a touchdown on 34 carries for a 16–6 win over the Minnesota Vikings. Harris was the first African American as well as the first Italian-American to be named Super Bowl MVP. Harris was a major contributor for the Steelers in all of their first four Super Bowl wins. His Super Bowl career totals of 101 carries for 354 yards are records and his four career rushing touchdowns are tied for the second-most in Super Bowl history.

Harris claims he extended his career and thus his contribution to the team's objectives (including four Super Bowl victories) by avoiding unnecessary contact.[8]

Harris rushing the ball for the Steelers in Super Bowl XIV
Harris rushing the ball for the Steelers in Super Bowl XIV

With the retirement of O. J. Simpson after the 1979 season, Harris became the career rushing leader among active players. Following the 1983 season, Harris and Walter Payton were both closing in on Jim Brown's NFL rushing record, and Harris asked the Rooney family for a pay raise. The Rooney family refused, believing that Harris was on the downside of his career, and Harris threatened to hold out. The Steelers released Harris in training camp in 1984 and he eventually signed with the Seattle Seahawks during the 1984 season.[9] He played just eight games with the team, gaining only 170 yards before retiring (192 yards short of Jim Brown's record).

In his 13 professional seasons, Harris gained 12,120 yards (then 3rd all-time)[10] on 2,949 carries, a 4.1 yards per carry average, and scored 91 rushing touchdowns (then also 3rd).[11] He caught 307 passes for 2,287 yards, a 7.4 yards per reception average, and nine receiving touchdowns. Harris's 12,120 career rushing yards rank him 12th all time in the NFL, while his 91 career rushing touchdowns rank him 10th all time tied with Jerome Bettis.[12]

Harris and the Rooneys reconciled after Harris retired; in 2006, during pre-game ceremonies for Super Bowl XL (the Steelers' second SB appearance – and first championship – since his retirement) honoring the MVPs of the previous 39 games, Harris waved a Terrible Towel while being introduced, much to the delight of the overwhelmingly pro-Steeler crowd. While the Steelers have only officially retired two uniform numbers (Ernie Stautner's number 70 and Joe Greene's number 75[13]), they have not reissued his number 32 since he left the team, and it is generally understood that no Steelers player will ever wear that number again. On September 6, 2022 the Steelers announced that they will retire his famous #32 on December 24, 2022.

Harris was a key player in one of professional football's most famous plays, dubbed "The Immaculate Reception" by Pittsburgh sportscaster Myron Cope. In a 1972 playoff game, the Oakland Raiders were leading the Steelers 7–6 with 22 seconds to play when a Terry Bradshaw pass was deflected away from intended receiver John "Frenchy" Fuqua right as defender Jack Tatum arrived to tackle Fuqua. Harris snatched the ball just before it hit the ground and ran it into the endzone to win the game. The Raiders challenged the touchdown, claiming that Fuqua had handled the ball before Harris, which would invalidate the score because at that time it was against the rules for two offensive receivers to touch the ball. The Steelers maintained that the ball had touched Tatum instead. According to a recounting by the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the film of the play is inconclusive.[14] Raiders linebacker Phil Villapiano attempted to criticize Harris's achievement by stating that he was only in position to catch the ball because he was lazy, but replays show that Harris headed downfield when the Raiders forced Bradshaw out of the pocket, and can be clearly seen running before catching the deflected ball.

Statue of Harris making the "Immaculate Reception" at Pittsburgh International Airport.
Statue of Harris making the "Immaculate Reception" at Pittsburgh International Airport.

In 1984, he received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement.[15] In 1999, he was ranked number 83 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players. In 2006, The Heinz History Center, home of the Western Pennsylvania Sports Museum, installed a life-size figure of Harris in the grand concourse of Pittsburgh International Airport. The statue is a recreation of Harris's "Immaculate Reception." He was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame in 2011.[16]


Harris and Lydell Mitchell, successful college teammates at Penn State, now own Super Bakery, a company founded in 1990 to produce nutrition-oriented foods for schoolchildren. The business was renamed to RSuper Foods in 2006.[17] RSuper foods produces the Super Donut that has been served to students at public schools in the eastern United States.[18]

Harris and Mitchell also partnered in 1996 to rescue[19] the Parks Sausage Company in Baltimore, the first African-American owned business to go public in the U.S.[20]

Harris is also a paid representative for the Harrah's/Forest City Enterprises casino plan for downtown Pittsburgh.[21] This association has earned him the tongue-in-cheek nickname, "Franco Harrahs".

On July 9, 2006, Harris made an appearance in the 2006 Taco Bell "All-Star Legends and Celebrity Softball Game" at PNC Park in Pittsburgh.

In August 2008, Harris attended the 2008 Democratic National Convention, in Denver, Colorado, as part of the Pennsylvania delegation.[22] Harris voted for Obama on December 15, 2008, as one of Pennsylvania's 21 Democratic presidential electors.[23][24]

In January 2011, Harris became co-owner of the Pittsburgh Passion.[25]

In John Grisham's 2008 novel Playing For Pizza, the fullback of the Parma Panthers is nicknamed Franco as a tribute to his hero, Franco Harris, who he refers to as the "greatest Italian football player". This is a reference to Franco's mixed racial heritage.

Harris briefly worked with The Meadows Racetrack and Casino in 2011, before the casino suspended the relationship after Harris' comments in support of Joe Paterno, his coach while at Penn State, during the Penn State child sex abuse scandal.[26]

Personal life

Harris' brother Pete Harris, a collegiate All-American football player, died on August 15, 2006, of a heart attack at the age of 49.[27]

On July 27, 2009, Harris' son, Franco "Dok" Harris, officially announced his candidacy for Mayor of the City of Pittsburgh. He placed second in the general election on November 3 of that year, receiving 25% of the vote.[28]

Franco has served as part of the advisory board at Penn State's Center for Food Innovation, and in the fall of 2009 was named a Conti Professor by Penn State's School of Hospitality Management.[29]

Harris is involved in, and provides funding to, Penn Staters for Responsible Stewardship, a group aimed at ousting the members of Penn State's board of trustees.[30]

Harris is depicted in the season 3 premiere episode of the show This Is Us.

See also


  1. ^ "The 10 Greatest NFL Fullbacks in History", Sports Cheat Sheet, archived from the original on September 27, 2018, retrieved September 27, 2018
  2. ^ "Franco Harris Pro Football Hall of Fame", PFHoF, archived from the original on October 14, 2009, retrieved October 12, 2009
  3. ^ "Franco Harris: still goal-bound 'He has always known where he wanted to go'" Archived April 23, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, by Sean Somerville, Baltimore Sun, September 22, 1996
  4. ^ "Black and Gold Soul with Italian Legs" Archived October 19, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Sports Illustrated, December 11, 1972.
  5. ^ The Ultimate New Jersey High School Yearbook. 1998.
  6. ^ "Franco Harris College Stats". College Football @ Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  7. ^ Gayla, Marella (June 27, 2018). "Remembering Al Vento and Franco's Italian Army". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  8. ^ "TSN Presents - Football's 100 Greatest Players". June 27, 2008. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  9. ^ "Franco Harris ended career with Seahawks -". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  10. ^ "NFL Career Rushing Yards Leaders Through 1984 -". Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  11. ^ "NFL Career Rushing Touchdowns Leaders Through 1984 -". Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  12. ^ NFL Rushing Leaders, archived from the original on August 10, 2009, retrieved October 12, 2009
  13. ^ Robinson, Alan. "Joe Greene only 2nd player in Steelers history to get number retired". Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  14. ^ "Football History - Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  15. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". American Academy of Achievement. Archived from the original on December 15, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  16. ^ "Franco Harris to be inducted into NJ Hall of Fame - Philly". Archived from the original on September 22, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "RSuper Foods - Products :: Super Donut ::". Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  19. ^ "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  20. ^ "Reading Eagle - Google News Archive Search". Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  21. ^ "Forest City Enterprises : Press Releases". November 1, 2007. Archived from the original on November 1, 2007.
  22. ^ "AP News Wire, Associated Press News".
  23. ^ "The Associated Press: It's official: Barack Obama elected 44th president". Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  24. ^ "AP/Inquirer: Obama wins ... in a formality". Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  25. ^ "OWNERSHIP - Official Website of the Pittsburgh Passion Women's Football Team". March 29, 2013. Archived from the original on March 29, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  26. ^ Schilken, Chuck, "Franco Harris loses job for comments supporting Joe Paterno"[dead link], Los Angeles Times, November 16, 2011 9:32 am. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ SUMMARY REPORT – Allegheny County – 2009 General Election, Allegheny County Board of Elections, November 3, 2009, archived from the original on November 8, 2009, retrieved November 4, 2009
  29. ^ "Conti Symposium to Focus on Healthy, Cost-Effective Food". October 7, 2009. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  30. ^ 200 flock to King of Prussia in support of Paterno,