Charles Bidwill
Charles Bidwill.JPG
Personal information
Born:(1895-09-16)September 16, 1895
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died:April 19, 1947(1947-04-19) (aged 51)
Career information
High school:Chicago (IL) St. Ignatius
College:Loyola of Chicago
Position:Owner
Career history
As an executive:
Career highlights and awards

Charles W. Bidwill (September 16, 1895 – April 19, 1947), sometimes known as Charley Bidwill, was an owner of the National Football League's Chicago Cardinals.[1][2] He owned the team for 14 seasons, from 1933 through 1946.

Early years

Bidwill was the son of Chicago 9th Ward Alderman Joseph Edward Bidwill and Mary Anne Sullivan. His eldest brother Joseph Edward Bidwill Jr. was a clerk of the Chicago Circuit Court and his younger brother Arthur John Bidwill was a Republican State Senator; he also had a sister.

Before the Cardinals

Prior to his ownership of the Cardinals, Bidwill was a successful businessman and wealthy lawyer in Chicago, with ties to organized crime boss Al Capone.[3] He was owner of a racing stable, the president of the Chicago Stadium Operating Company and owner of a printing company. Bidwill's only physical participation in athletics came only during his time at St. Ignatius High School and Loyola University. After graduation in 1916, he began his law practice, serving as assistant prosecutor for Chicago and corporation counsel. As a businessman, Bidwill was often referred to as "Blue Shirt Charlie" because he sometimes favored a blue shirt and high boots instead of the traditional white shirt and businessman's shoes.[4]'.

Bidwill was part owner of the Chicago Bears, after he helped George Halas buy Edward “Dutch” Sternaman share of the team in 1933.[5] According to Halas, Bidwill purchased team stocks for $5,000:

"From this desperate situation, I was rescued by the joint efforts of my mother and my good friend Charley Bidwill. Mother bought $5,000 worth of stock from her savings, Bidwill purchased $5,000 in stock and also arranged a bank loan for the remaining $5,000 needed to pay off Sternaman."

— George Halas, “That’s The Way the Ball Bounces"[6]

Cardinals

Purchase

One night in 1932, Dr. David Jones, the then-owner of the Cardinals, and his wife were guests at an informal dinner party aboard Bidwill's luxurious power-cruising yacht, The Ren-Mar. Bidwill, then a vice president of the Chicago Bears, spoke with Jones that night and the conversation turned to pro football, with Jones complaining of the poor state of his team. Half-jokingly, Bidwill's wife, Violet, asked Jones, "Why don't you sell the Cardinals to Charley?" Jones replied that he would sell anything he owned if the price was right. Bidwill soon turned to Jones and the two began to discuss an offer. Bidwill went on to buy the Cardinals from Jones for $50,000. Bidwill handed Jones a down payment of $2,000 and the two men shook hands. The sale was not announced until 1933 to allow Bidwill time to dispose of his stock in the Bears. It was well known that Bidwill would have much preferred to buy the Bears, but George Halas refused to sell.[7]

As the owner

In 1940 he tried but failed to buy the Detroit Lions. He then hired Jimmy Conzelman as coach, who later quit as coach to work for the St. Louis Browns.[8]

World War II years

Further information: Card-Pitt

In 1944, due to World War II, many players were serving in the United States military, leaving a league-wide shortage of players. As a result, the Cardinals and the Pittsburgh Steelers merged their teams for the season. The team's name Card-Pitt was quickly dubbed the "Carpets" by detractors, as "every team in the league walks over them". The team lost ten straight to post an 0–10 record.[9]

The AAFC

After the war the AAFC placed a team in Chicago, the Rockets, which publicly pushed for the Cardinals to leave town. In 1947 Bidwill outbid the Rockets for the rights to All-American Charley Trippi, signing him to a then record $100,000 contract. Trippi was the final piece of what Bidwill called his "Dream Backfield" of Paul Christman, Pat Harder, Marshall Goldberg, Elmer Angsman, and Trippi. They led the Cardinals to their first (and, to date, only) undisputed NFL championship in 1947.

Death and legacy

He died of pneumonia in April 1947,[1][2][10] shortly after signing Trippi. His widow Violet inherited the team and operated it until her death in early 1962.[11] During her tenure as the Cardinals owner, she and her husband Walter Wolfner relocated the franchise to St. Louis in 1960. Following her death, she left the team to her adopted sons from her first marriage, Charles Jr. and Bill.[12][13][14][15][16] He is a member of the Chicagoland Sports Hall of Fame and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1967.

Bill Bidwill bought his older brother's share in 1972, and remained sole owner until his death in 2019. His son Michael Bidwill, who had been team president and operating head of the franchise since 2007, inherited the team. During Bill's time as owner, the team has relocated once more, to Phoenix, Arizona in 1988, and since 1994 have been known as the Arizona Cardinals.[17][18] Only the Bears (owned by Halas and his descendants since 1921) and the New York Giants (owned by the Mara family since their founding in 1925) have been in the hands of one family longer than the Cardinals.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b "Bidwill's aids will carry on sports empire". Chicago Sunday Tribune. April 20, 1947. p. 1, part 2.
  2. ^ a b "Charles Bidwell, dog track owner, dies in Chicago". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. April 20, 1947. p. 11.
  3. ^ Coenen, Craig R. (2005). From Sandlots to the Super Bowl: the National Football League, 1920-1967. University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-447-9.
  4. ^ *"Arizona Cardinals History". Arizona Cardinals. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  5. ^ "Cards' history hardly super". Chicago Tribune. 2009.
  6. ^ "That's The Way the Ball Bounces". Chicago Tribune. 1967.
  7. ^ Carroll, Bob; Braunwart, Bob (1981). "Blue Shirt Charlies Big Red Dream" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 3 (4): 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-27.
  8. ^ Carroll, Bob; Braunwart, Bob (1981). "Blue Shirt Charlies Big Red Dream" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 3 (4): 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-27.
  9. ^ Forr, James (2003). "Card-Pitt: The Carpits" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 25 (3): 1–8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-22.
  10. ^ Jenkins, Lee (2009-01-29). "Bidwills Restore Their Family Name". Sports Illustrated. CNN. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
  11. ^ "Mrs. Wolfner, Cardinals' owner, dies". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. January 30, 1962. p. 1, part 3.
  12. ^ "Card owners to be active". Milwaukee Journal. press dispatches. February 8, 1962. p. 13, part 2.
  13. ^ "Court fight begins for Cards' control". Pittsburgh Press. UPI. March 29, 1962. p. 48.
  14. ^ "Bidwills face court action". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. March 31, 1962. p. 2, final.
  15. ^ Howard, Robert. "Court rules for Bidwills". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1, part 4.
  16. ^ "High court rules in favor of sons". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. February 2, 1963. p. 2, part 2.
  17. ^ "Bill Bidwill sole owner of Cards". Southeast Missorian. Cape Girardeau. Associated Press. September 12, 1972. p. 8.
  18. ^ Baum, Bob. "Long, rocky history marks Bidwills' ownership". Boston Globe. AP. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-17.