Houston Texans
Current season
Established October 6, 1999; 23 years ago (1999-10-06)[1]
First season: 2002
Play in and headquartered in NRG Stadium
Houston, Texas
Houston Texans logo
Houston Texans wordmark
League/conference affiliations

National Football League (2002–present)

Current uniform
Houston texans unif.png
Team colorsDeep steel blue, battle red, liberty white[2][3][4]
Fight song"Football Time in Houston"
Owner(s)Janice McNair[5]
CEOCal McNair
PresidentGreg Grissom
General managerNick Caserio
Head coachDeMeco Ryans
Team history
  • Houston Texans (2002–present)
League championships (0)
Conference championships (0)
Division championships (6)
Playoff appearances (6)
Home fields

The Houston Texans are a professional American football team based in Houston. The Texans compete in the National Football League as a member club of the American Football Conference (AFC) South division, and play their home games at NRG Stadium.

The Texans were founded in 1999, and were owned by Bob McNair until his death in 2018; following McNair's death, the majority ownership of the team went to his wife, Janice. The team replaced the city's previous NFL franchise, the Houston Oilers, who played from 1960 to 1996 before moving to Nashville and eventually becoming the Tennessee Titans. The Texans began play as an expansion team in 2002, making them the youngest franchise currently competing in the NFL.[6]

While the Texans mainly struggled in the 2000s, their fortunes would take a turn for the better in the 2010s when they first found success in the 2011 season, winning their first division championship and clinching their first playoff berth.[7][8] The Texans have gone on to win five more AFC South division championships in 2012, 2015, 2016, 2018, and 2019. They are the only franchise to have never won a road playoff game along with the only one to have never appeared in a conference championship game; they are also one of four franchises to have never appeared in a Super Bowl,[9] alongside the Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lions, and division rival Jacksonville Jaguars.

Franchise history

Main article: History of the Houston Texans

In 1997, Houston entrepreneur Bob McNair had a failed bid to bring a National Hockey League (NHL) expansion team to the city, and Bud Adams relocated the city's NFL team, the Houston Oilers, to Nashville, Tennessee, where they were renamed the Tennessee Titans in 1999. In 1996, the Cleveland Browns had controversially relocated to become the Baltimore Ravens. As part of the settlement between the NFL, the city of Cleveland, and the team owned by Art Modell, the league promised to return football to Cleveland within the next three years.

In order to even out the franchises to 32, the NFL contemplated adding another expansion franchise. As Houston was one of the favorites for the extra franchise, along with Toronto and Los Angeles (the latter of whom had lost the Rams and the Raiders in 1995), McNair then decided to join the football project and founded Houston NFL Holdings with partner Steve Patterson. With Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, they would push for a domed stadium as part of the bid to lure the NFL back to Houston. On October 6, 1999, the WNFL awarded the 32nd team to Houston at a cost of $700 million.[1]

In the process of naming the new franchise leadership conducted an extensive review and research process; the final list of names was determined after several months of research conducted jointly by Houston NFL 2002 and NFL Properties. This included an online survey asking fans and the community to weigh in which received more than 65,000 responses in one week. On March 2, 2000, it was announced that the team name search had been narrowed down to five choices: Apollos, Bobcats, Stallions, Texans, and Wildcatters.[10] On September 6, 2000, the NFL's 32nd franchise was officially christened the Houston Texans before thousands at a downtown rally in Houston. McNair explained that the name and logo were chosen to "embody the pride, strength, independence and achievement that make the people of Houston and our area special."[11][12] The name "Texans" had been used by several now-defunct football teams, including the Canadian Football League franchise in San Antonio; the World Football League franchise in Houston, which moved to Louisiana to become the Shreveport Steamer; the Dallas Texans of the NFL which played in only the 1952 season; and by the precursor of the present-day Kansas City Chiefs, when they were the second incarnation of the Dallas Texans in the American Football League (AFL). Owner Bob McNair received permission from Chiefs' owner Lamar Hunt to use the Texans name for his new team.[13] It is also a subtle homage to the naming style of the NHL team the Montreal Canadiens who also named their team after their respective demonym.[13]

McNair family era (2002–present)

The Houston Texans joined the NFL in the 2002 season, playing at the newly opened Reliant Stadium under head coach Dom Capers. With their opening game victory over the Dallas Cowboys on September 8, 2002, the Texans became the first expansion team to win its opening game since the Minnesota Vikings beat the Chicago Bears in 1961.[14]

Gary Kubiak years (2006–2013)

While the team struggled in its early seasons, results began to improve when native Houstonian Gary Kubiak became the head coach in 2006. The Texans finished with a .500 season (8–8) in 2007 and 2008, and nearly qualified for the 2009–10 playoffs with a 9–7 result in 2009. The Texans started the 2010 season on a 4–2 record going into a Week 7 bye week, but promptly collapsed 2–8 in the second half of the season, finishing 6–10. In the 2011 NFL Draft, the Texans acquired Wisconsin star defensive end J. J. Watt 11th overall. The following season, former Cowboys head coach Wade Phillips was hired as the defensive coordinator for the Texans, and the improved defense led to them finishing 10–6, winning their first AFC South title.[13] The Texans then beat wild card Cincinnati Bengals 31–10 in the first round of the 2011–12 playoffs,[15] before a 20–13 defeat by the Ravens in the Divisional Round.[16]

NRG Stadium
Houston lines up on offense against the Titans in 2012
Houston lines up on offense against the Titans in 2012

The Texans surged as the team to beat in the AFC South in 2012, starting 5–0 and holding an 11–1 record by week 14. However, they lost three of their last four games to finish 12–4; beating the rival Indianapolis Colts in that four-game stretch allowing them to clinch their 2nd AFC South title. The Texans beat the Bengals again in the wild-card round, but they lost in the Divisional Round to the New England Patriots.[17]

In the 2013 NFL Draft, the Texans acquired Clemson wide receiver DeAndre Hopkins 27th overall. In 2013, the Texans started 2–0 but went into a tailspin and lost every game afterwards. Kubiak was fired as head coach after being swept by the rival Jacksonville Jaguars, who themselves started 0–8. Wade Phillips filled in as head coach, but the Texans' poor form did not change, and they finished 2–14, tying, with 2005, their worst record in franchise history. The 14-game losing streak is the worst in franchise history.

Bill O'Brien years (2014–2020)

The Texans entered the 2014 season with a 14-game losing streak. Former Penn State head coach Bill O'Brien became the Texans' new head coach, and the third in franchise history, during the offseason.[18][19] In 2014, the Texans won three of their first four games, defeating the Redskins in the season opener, the Raiders, and the Bills, losing to the New York Giants. They lost three of their next four games, losing to the Dallas Cowboys, the Indianapolis Colts, and the Pittsburgh Steelers, respectively. The Texans went on to finish 9–7 in the 2014 season and barely missed the playoffs.

In the 2015 season, they were featured on HBO, on the show "Hard Knocks". That year, the Texans started with a 2–5 record. Quarterback Ryan Mallett was released amidst controversy regarding his benching in favor of Brian Hoyer during a loss against the Indianapolis Colts.[20] After a poor start, the Texans finished with a 9–7 record and won their third AFC South title. However, they were shut out by the Kansas City Chiefs in the Wild Card round 30–0, ending their championship hopes for the year.

On March 9, 2016, the Texans signed former Denver Broncos quarterback Brock Osweiler to a 4-year, $72 million deal.[21] Despite Osweiler's lucrative deal, he struggled significantly during the 2016 season. After throwing two interceptions in Week 15 against the Jaguars, coach Bill O'Brien benched the offseason acquisition in favor of backup quarterback Tom Savage. Savage led a comeback effort against the Jaguars, and was named the starter for the remainder of the season. The Texans clinched their fourth AFC South division title in six years in Savage's first career start against the Bengals in Week 16. They defeated the wildcard Oakland Raiders 27–14 in the opening round of the playoffs with Osweiler as the starting quarterback due to Savage being out with a concussion.[22] Osweiler started in the Divisional Playoffs game against the New England Patriots, throwing three interceptions in the second half. The Texans lost 34–16.[23]

In the 2017 NFL Draft, the Texans traded up to the 12th overall selection to select Clemson star quarterback Deshaun Watson. Watson started six games his rookie year, going 3–3 and having arguably the greatest and most decorated rookie season by a quarterback in NFL history, eventually rising up to become the Texans' franchise quarterback. However, his success would come up very short, following a Week 8 41–38 loss to the Seattle Seahawks, Watson tore his ACL in practice and was ruled out the remainder of the season, which caused the Texans to have one of their worst seasons. Plagued by a series of unexpected injuries (including a second consecutive season-ending injury to J. J. Watt) and controversy involving the team's suspected violation of the league's concussion protocol, after backup quarterback Tom Savage suffered a seizure following a Week 14 game against the San Francisco 49ers, the Texans went 1–9 the rest of the season and eventually finish 4–12 and last in the AFC South in 2017, missing the playoffs for the first time since 2014 and giving Bill O'Brien his first losing season as Texans head coach.

All-Pro DE J. J. Watt (2011–2020)
All-Pro DE J. J. Watt (2011–2020)

In 2018, the Texans started the season 0–3, losing by a combined 15 points to the New England Patriots, Tennessee Titans, and New York Giants, before winning a 37–34 overtime shootout on the road in Indianapolis. This win sparked a nine-game winning streak for the Texans, their first since starting 5–0 in 2012, which included a Week 8 win against the Miami Dolphins that included five touchdown passes from Deshaun Watson. This streak was the longest ever for a team that started the season 0–3; the previous record was a seven-game win-streak set by the New York Giants in 1918 after starting out 0–3.[24]

On November 23, 2018, the owner of the Houston Texans, Bob McNair, died from skin cancer. On November 26, 2018, McNair's wife, Janice McNair, became the principal owner and Senior Chair of the Houston Texans, while their son, D. Cal McNair, became the Chairman and Chief Operating Officer.

The Texans finished the season 11–5, and won another AFC South division championship under Bill O'Brien. They then lost 21–7 in the first round of the playoffs to their AFC South division rival Indianapolis Colts.

In 2019, the Texans won the AFC South division championship and qualified for the NFL playoffs on the back of a 10–6 record. They went on to defeat the Buffalo Bills by a score of 22–19 in overtime in the AFC wild-card round. However, the Texans' 2019 season came to an end the following week, as they lost to the eventual Super Bowl champion Kansas City Chiefs by a score of 51–31 in the AFC divisional round.

On March 22, 2020, the Texans traded away all-pro wide receiver DeAndre Hopkins and a fourth-round pick in the 2020 NFL Draft to the Arizona Cardinals. In return, Houston received running back David Johnson, a 2020 second-round pick, and a 2021 fourth-round pick.[25] The move was confusing and controversial among fans and sportswriters alike, as many claimed that the Texans should have received more valuable assets for Hopkins, who was among the best receivers in the NFL.

The Texans began the 2020 NFL season with a record of 0–4, and Bill O'Brien was consequentially fired following a disappointing loss to the Minnesota Vikings in Week 4. Romeo Crennel, who was the head coach of the Cleveland Browns from 2005 to 2008 and of the Kansas City Chiefs in 2011–12,[26] was named the interim head coach for the remainder of the season.[27] Crennel managed to win more than half of his first 7 games as Houston's head coach, giving Houston a record of 4–7. However, the Texans ended the season on a 5-game losing streak. With a final record of 4–12, the Texans were unable to make the playoffs.

Rebuilding years (2021–present)

On January 27, 2021, the Texans hired David Culley as the team's head coach.[28] Culley most recently worked as the Baltimore Ravens assistant head coach, wide receivers coach and passing game coordinator. On February 12, 2021, the Texans released all-pro defensive end J.J. Watt. It was confirmed that Watt personally requested owner Cal McNair for his release.[29]

On January 13, 2022, the Texans fired David Culley.[30] as the team's head coach and promoted defensive coordinator Lovie Smith as the team's fifth head coach on February 7, 2022.[31] The team traded away their starting quarterback Deshaun Watson to the Cleveland Browns and a 2024 fifth round pick for three 1st round picks, a 3rd round pick and a 4th round pick on March 20, 2022.[32] The Texans opened their 2022 season in a tie game against the Indianapolis Colts, the franchise’s first tie in their 20 year existence.[33][34] On January 9, 2023, the Texans announced that they were going in a different direction by firing Lovie Smith.[35]


The Texans are the youngest expansion team in the NFL, having only been competing in the NFL since 2002. For that reason, they have not had the history or the reputation on which to build classic rivalries like the ones that often exist between older franchises. Despite this, the team has developed some rivalries. Its natural rivals are its fellow AFC South teams such as the Tennessee Titans, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Indianapolis Colts.[36][37][38]

Tennessee Titans

Main article: Texans–Titans rivalry

The Tennessee Titans, who were formerly the Houston Oilers before their relocation in 1996, are viewed by many Houston fans as the Texans' chief rival as members of the AFC South ever since the early 2000s.[39][40]

Indianapolis Colts

Main article: Colts–Texans rivalry

Ever since the early 2000s, the Texans also have an AFC South Division rivalry with the Indianapolis Colts, whom the Texans had not defeated until the 2006 season.[41] The first time that the Texans would sweep the Colts was in the 2016 NFL season.[42] More recently, Houston has increased bitterness with the Indianapolis Colts due to their young Houston-native quarterback Andrew Luck having been drafted by the Colts in 2012 and the franchise's first ever sweep of the Colts against Luck in 2016. In 2018 the two teams met in the AFC Wild Card Playoffs, with the Colts winning 21–7.[43][44][45][46]

2019 pre-season matchup between the Texans and the Dallas Cowboys
2019 pre-season matchup between the Texans and the Dallas Cowboys

Dallas Cowboys

Main article: Governor's Cup (Texas)

The Texans also have an intrastate/interconference rivalry with the Dallas Cowboys, with whom they contest the so-called Governor's Cup every year (a tradition started between the cities prior to the Oilers relocating) either in the preseason or the regular season for bragging rights in the state of Texas. In 2017, the destruction and flooding caused during Hurricane Harvey a few days before their Week 4 pre-season match up time scheduled caused the game to be relocated to AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas. However, out of concern for the safety of the fans and the condition of the player's families & communities, the game was canceled.

Logo and uniforms

Along with the team name, McNair unveiled the team logo, an abstract depiction of a bull's head, split in such a way to resemble the flag of Texas and the state of Texas, including a lone star to stand for the eye, the five points of which representing pride, courage, strength, tradition and independence. McNair described the colors as "Deep Steel Blue", "Battle Red" and "Liberty White".[11] A year later the Texans unveiled their uniforms during another downtown rally.[47]

The Texans' helmet is dark blue with the Texans bull logo. The helmet was initially white when the team name and logo were unveiled, but was later changed to dark blue. The uniform design consists of red trim and either dark blue or white jerseys. The team typically wears white pants with its blue jerseys and blue pants with its white jerseys. Starting with the 2006 season, the Texans wore all-white for their home opener, and the team began to wear an all-blue combination for home games vs. the Indianapolis Colts. In 2003, the Texans introduced an alternative red jersey with blue trim; they wear this jersey at one home game each year, usually against a division rival. In 2007, the Texans introduced red pants for the first time, pairing them with the red jerseys for an all-red look. (This uniform combination was not well-received and has since been retired). In October 2008 the Texans paired blue socks (instead of the traditional red) with their blue pants and white jerseys, eventually becoming the team's primary road uniform combination. In 2016, the Texans unveiled a new uniform combo against the Jacksonville Jaguars, pairing the red jersey with blue pants and red socks. In 2017, the Texans unveiled a Color Rush uniform, using an all-blue uniform but with minimal white elements. In 2022, the Texans began using an alternate red helmet, worn exclusively with the red jerseys.

In 2002, the team wore a patch commemorating their inaugural season. Also, they celebrated 10 years as a franchise by wearing an anniversary patch throughout 2012. From 2018 to 2019, the Texans wore a memorial patch to honor Bob McNair after his death.

Players of note

Main article: List of Houston Texans players

Current roster


Running backs

Wide receivers

Tight ends

Offensive linemen

Defensive linemen


Defensive backs

Special teams

Rookies in italics

Roster updated March 21, 2023

66 active

AFC rostersNFC rosters

NFL Draft history

Further information: Houston Texans draft history

First-round draft picks by year

Further information: List of Houston Texans first-round draft picks

Awards and honors

Main article: List of Houston Texans awards and honors

Ring of Honor

On November 19, 2017, Andre Johnson was the first-ever inductee into the Texans Ring of Honor.[48] On October 6, 2019, Bob McNair was posthumously the second inductee into the Texans Ring of Honor.[49]

Houston Texans Ring of Honor
No. Inductee Position Tenure Inducted
80 Andre Johnson WR 2003–2014 2017
Bob McNair Owner / Founder 1999–2018 2019

Pro Football Hall of Fame

Only one member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame has spent any portion of their career with Texans. This is due in part to the requirements to be inducted and the Texans only having been established in 2002.

Houston Texans Hall of Famers
Inductee Position Tenure Inducted
Ed Reed Safety 2013 2019

Staff and head coaches


Front office
  • Owner/senior chairwoman – Janice McNair
  • CEO/chairman – Cal McNair
  • President – Greg Grissom
  • General manager – Nick Caserio
  • Executive vice president/general counsel – Greg Kondritz
  • Director of football operations – Clay Hampton
  • Assistant director of player personnel and college scouting director – James Liipfert
  • Director of Pro Scouting – Ronnie McGill
  • Assistant director of pro scouting – D.J. Debick
  • Director of team development – Dylan Thompson
Head coaches
Offensive coaches
Defensive coaches
Special teams coaches
  • Special teams coordinator – Frank Ross
  • Assistant special teams coordinator – Sean Baker
  • Chief of staff - Nick Kray
  • Assistant to the coaches - Jake Olson
Strength and Conditioning
  • Head strength and conditioning – Mike Eubanks
  • Assistant strength and conditioning – James Hardy
  • Assistant strength and conditioning – Joe Distor
  • Assistant strength and conditioning – Pat Moorer

Coaching staff
More NFL staffs

Head coaches

Main article: List of Houston Texans head coaches

Name Tenure Seasons Record Division
Dom Capers January 21, 2001 – January 2, 2006 4 18 46 0 0
Gary Kubiak January 26, 2006 – December 6, 2013 8 61 64 0 2
Wade Phillips December 6, 2013 – January 1, 2014 Interim 0 3 0 0
Bill O'Brien January 2, 2014 – October 5, 2020 7 52 48 0 4
Romeo Crennel October 5, 2020 – January 3, 2021 Interim 4 8 0 0
David Culley January 28, 2021 – January 13, 2022 1 4 13 0 0
Lovie Smith February 7, 2022 – January 8, 2023 1 3 13 1 0
DeMeco Ryans January 31, 2023 – present 1 0 0 0 0

Culture and community


Mascots and cheerleaders

The team's official mascot is Toro, an anthropomorphic blue bull.[50] The team also has a cheerleading squad simply named the Houston Texans Cheerleaders.[51]

Community outreach

Community outreach by the Houston Texans is primarily operated by the Houston Texans Foundation, who works with multiple community partners.[52] The Houston Texans organization is also a supporter of the character education program, Heart of a Champion.[53] In 2017, the 15th annual Houston Texans Charity Golf Classic raised more than $380,000 for the Foundation. More than $27.2 million has been raised for the Foundation since its creation in 2002.[54]

Former Texans DE J. J. Watt raised $41.6 million in relief funds for Hurricane Harvey after the storm devastated the city in 2017.[55]

In January 2023, the Houston Texans, agreed to purchase carbon credits from Occidental Petroleum's 1PointFive.[56]

Radio and television

As of 2023, the Texans' flagship radio stations were KILT SportsRadio 610AM and KILT 100.3FM. The AM station has an all-sports format, while the FM station plays contemporary country music. Both are owned by Audacy. Marc Vandermeer is the play-by-play announcer. Heisman Trophy winner Andre Ware provides color commentary, and SportsRadio 610 host Rich Lord serves as the sideline reporter. Preseason and regular season Monday night games from ESPN are telecast by KTRK, an ABC owned and operated station. Kevin Kugler calls the preseason games on TV, with former Oilers running back Spencer Tillman providing color commentary. Regular season games are aired over CBS affiliate KHOU, FOX affiliate KRIV if the Texans host an NFC team, and NBC affiliate KPRC for Sunday night games.

Spanish-language radio broadcasts of the team's games are aired on KGOL ESPN Deportes 1180AM. Enrique Vásquez is the play-by-play announcer. José Jojo Padrón provides color commentary, and Fernando Hernández serves as sideline reporter.

Radio affiliates

Map of radio affiliates.
Map of radio affiliates.

Texans Radio Affiliates

City Call sign Frequency
Alpine KVLF-AM 1240 AM
Amarillo KIXZ 940 AM
Athens KLVQ-AM 1410 AM
Austin KVET-AM 1300 AM
Beaumont KIKR-AM 1450 AM
Big Spring KBYG-AM 1400 AM
Brenham KWHI-AM 1280 AM
Bryan KZNE-AM 1150 AM
Carthage KGAS-AM 1590 AM
College Station KZNE-AM 1150 AM
Corpus Christi KSIX-AM 1230 AM
Henderson KWRD-AM 1470 AM
Houston KILT-AM 610 AM
KILT-FM 100.3 FM
Levelland KLVT-AM 1230 AM
Lubbock KKCL-FM 98.1 FM
KKAM-AM 1340 AM (Bill O'Brien Show, only)
Lufkin KSML-AM 1260 AM
Marble Falls KBEY-FM 103.9 FM
Marshall KMHT-AM 1450 AM
KMHT-FM 103.9 FM
McAllen KBUC-FM 102.1 FM
Nacogdoches KSML-AM 1260 AM
New Braunfels KGNB-AM 1420 AM
San Angelo KKSA-AM 1260 AM
San Antonio KZDC-AM 1250 AM
San Marcos KGNB-AM 1420 AM
Tyler KLVQ-AM 1410 AM
Wichita Falls KSEY-AM 1230 AM

See also

Notes and references

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  2. ^ "Uniform Combinations". HoustonTexans.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved March 31, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Texans seek fan feedback on possible uniform changes". HoustonTexans.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Retrieved January 24, 2023. The Texans have featured Deep Steel Blue, Battle Red and Liberty White as part of their uniform design since the inception of the franchise.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Houston Texans Team Capsule" (PDF). 2021 Official National Football League Record and Fact Book (PDF). NFL Enterprises, LLC. August 11, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  5. ^ "Texans Front Office". HoustonTexans.com. NFL Enterprises, LLC. Archived from the original on December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  6. ^ McClain, John (August 19, 2016). "How the Oilers left Houston and set the stage for the Texans". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
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  28. ^ Barshop, Sarah (January 28, 2021). "Sources: Texans hire Ravens' Culley as head coach". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 29, 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  35. ^ "Statement from Texans Chair and CEO Cal McNair and General Manager Nick Caserio on Lovie Smith". Houston Texans. January 8, 2023. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  36. ^ Duarte, Joseph (October 26, 2004). "Texans, Jags created spirited rivalry in only 4 games". Chron. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
  37. ^ Sexton, Brian (September 9, 2021). "Historically speaking: Jaguars-Texans a southern rivalry". www.jaguars.com. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
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  39. ^ Vega, Robert. "Texans-Titans: A Future Classic Rivalry". Bleacher Report. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  40. ^ McClain, John (October 1, 2017). "Texans vs. Titans: A complex history but not yet a real rivalry". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  41. ^ Kraft, Tyler. "Looking back at the top five moments of the Colts-Texans rivalry". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  42. ^ "Texans at Colts: History on side of Indianapolis". Toro Times. September 26, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  43. ^ Silver, Michael (January 5, 2019). "Frank Reich leads Colts to comprehensive beatdown of Texans". NFL.com. NFL Enterprises. Archived from the original on January 6, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
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  45. ^ Indiana, George Bremer CNHI Sports. "Colts, Texans fuel up for rivalry revival". Herald Bulletin. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
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