|Last played||1970 (January)|
The Playoff Bowl (officially known as the Bert Bell Benefit Bowl) was a post-season game for third place in the National Football League (NFL), played ten times following the 1960 through 1969 seasons, all at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. It was originally known as the Runner-Up Bowl.
Bert Bell was the commissioner of the NFL from 1946 until his death in October 1959. He was a co-founder of the Philadelphia Eagles as well as a co-owner of the Pittsburgh Steelers during much of the 1940s. His death occurred while attending an Eagles-Steelers game in Philadelphia. Over the decade of the 1960s, the game contributed more than a million dollars to the Bert Bell players' pension fund.
All ten games in the Playoff Bowl series were contested at the Orange Bowl in Miami. The games were played in January, the week following the NFL championship game (and the collegiate Orange Bowl game on New Year's Day), except for the final year, when it was played the day before the NFL title game. The NFL's Pro Bowl (all-star game) was played the week after the Playoff Bowl.
After the 1959 season, NFL owners faced competition from the newly formed American Football League and wanted a vehicle through which to showcase more of its supposedly superior NFL professional football product on television. At the time, unlike the AFL, which had a contract with ABC-TV for nationally televised games, often double-headers, few NFL games were televised nationally during the season and there was only one scheduled post-season game, the NFL Championship Game. The Playoff Bowl was devised to match the second-place teams from the NFL's two conferences (Eastern and Western). This doubled from two to four the number of top NFL teams appearing in post-season play on national television.
The 1966 season required another game following the American Football League Championship Game and the NFL Championship Game, the first of four AFL–NFL World Championship Games between the champions of the two major Professional Football leagues for the undisputed championship. The establishment of the AFL–NFL World Championship Game (Super Bowl was not its official name until Super Bowl III) was the first phase of the AFL–NFL merger of June 1966. This new mega-game between the rival leagues was played in mid-January at a warm weather location, two weeks after the championship games for each league. The NFL's Playoff Bowl was played during the idle week, and because of AFL's equally major league status, interest in the game was waning. In addition, the arrival of the Miami Dolphins in 1966 as an expansion franchise in the AFL reduced local interest in the game.
In the 1967 season, the NFL expanded to 16 teams and four scheduled post-season contests. The NFL sub-divided its two conferences (now eight teams each) into two divisions of four teams each: The Capitol and Century divisions in the Eastern conference, and the Central and Coastal divisions in the Western conference. The four division winners advanced to the post-season, competing for their conference titles in the first round of the NFL playoffs. The winners (conference champions) advanced to the NFL championship game, the losers (conference runners-up) appeared in the Playoff Bowl to vie for third place. For the three seasons (1967–69) preceding the 1970 merger with the AFL, the loser of the NFL's third place game ended up with a peculiar record of 0-2 for that post-season. In its final season in 1969, the AFL also expanded to a four-team post-season, adding two more playoff games.
The highest attendance was over 65,500 in January 1966 for the Baltimore Colts' rout of the Dallas Cowboys; the 1965 season was the last one prior to the Dolphins starting play, the AFL–NFL merger agreement, and the creation of the Super Bowl. In January 1968 and 1969, the Super Bowl was played in the Orange Bowl the following week, which further contributed to the declining attendance for the NFL's consolation game.
When the merger was completed for the 1970 season, there was discussion about continuing the Playoff Bowl, with the losers of the AFC and NFC Championship Games playing each other during the idle week before the Super Bowl. There were now seven post-season games in the NFL (three for each conference, plus the Super Bowl), and the Pro Bowl all-star game. A "losers' game" was not necessarily attractive for the league, and the Playoff Bowl came to an end.
The ten Playoff Bowls were official third place playoff games at the time they were played.
Vince Lombardi detested the Playoff Bowl, coaching in the games following the 1963 and 1964 seasons, after winning NFL titles in 1961 and 1962. To his players, he called it "the 'Shit Bowl', ...a losers' bowl for losers." This lack of motivation may explain his Packers' rare postseason defeat in the 1964 game (January 1965) to the St. Louis Cardinals. After that loss, he fumed about "a hinky-dink football game, held in a hinky-dink town, played by hinky-dink players. That's all second place is – hinky dink."
Using the Playoff Bowl (and loss) as motivation in 1965, the Packers won the first of three consecutive NFL championships from 1965–67. As of the 2021 season, the Packers are the only NFL team ever to win three consecutive titles in the post-season era (which began in 1933). During this successful run, the Packers also won the first two Super Bowls in convincing fashion. In an ironic twist, Lombardi's final game (and victory) as head coach of the Packers was Super Bowl II, played in "hinky-dink" Miami's Orange Bowl in January 1968.
All-Pro defensive tackle Roger Brown appeared in five Playoff Bowls, the most by any player, and was on the winning side each time (Detroit Lions, 1960–61–62; Los Angeles Rams, 1967, 1969). He said playing in those seemingly meaningless contests was like having "the worst inferiority complex." He added, "I was in five of them, and to have played in it five in the ten years it was in existence is pitiful."
The Lions also hold the dubious distinction of having the most victories in the Playoff Bowl (three) along with tying for the best winning percentage at 1.000.
In its second year, the players on the winning team received $600 each, the losers $400; and the fifth year game paid $800 and $600. In its final years, the winners received $1,200 each, the losers $500.
One vestige of the Playoff Bowl remained through the 2008 season in that the head coaches of the losing teams from the conference championship games were the head coaches of their conferences' Pro Bowl teams. From 1980 to 2009, this all-star game was played at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu the Sunday following the Super Bowl. However, in 2010, the Pro Bowl moved to Miami Gardens, Florida, and was played the week before Super Bowl XLIV (as the Playoff Bowl was in the Super Bowl era).
For the 2009 season, a new rule for determining the Pro Bowl coaches resulted in the disappearance of one Playoff Bowl legacy. The coaching staffs for the 2010 Pro Bowl did not come from the losers of the conference championship games, but instead from the teams with the best regular-season records among those that lost in the divisional round of the playoffs in each conference.
All ten games were played at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. Most were played the week following the NFL Championship game, with two exceptions: the first was played two weeks after and the last the day before. The first two games and the last one were played on Saturday, with the rest being played on Sunday. The Western Conference team won eight of the ten games.
|1960||January 7, 1961||Detroit Lions||17–16||Cleveland Browns||34,981|
|1961||January 6, 1962||Detroit Lions (2)||38–10||Philadelphia Eagles||25,612|
|1962||January 6, 1963||Detroit Lions (3)||17–10||Pittsburgh Steelers||36,284|
|1963||January 5, 1964||Green Bay Packers||40–23||Cleveland Browns||54,921|
|1964||January 3, 1965||St. Louis Cardinals||24–17||Green Bay Packers||56,218|
|1965||January 9, 1966||Baltimore Colts||35–3||Dallas Cowboys||65,569|
|1966||January 8, 1967||Baltimore Colts (2)||20–14||Philadelphia Eagles||58,088|
|1967||January 7, 1968||Los Angeles Rams||30–6||Cleveland Browns||37,102|
|1968||January 5, 1969||Dallas Cowboys||17–13||Minnesota Vikings||22,961|
|1969||January 3, 1970||Los Angeles Rams (2)||31–0||Dallas Cowboys||31,151|
|Games||Team||W||L||PCT||Won (3rd)||Lost (4th)|
|3||Detroit Lions||3||0||1.000||1960, 1961, 1962|
|3||Dallas Cowboys||1||2||.333||1968||1965, 1969|
|3||Cleveland Browns||0||3||.000||1960, 1963, 1967|
|2||Baltimore Colts||2||0||1.000||1965, 1966|
|2||Los Angeles Rams||2||0||1.000||1967, 1969|
|2||Green Bay Packers||1||1||.500||1963||1964|
|2||Philadelphia Eagles||0||2||.000||1961, 1966|
|1||St. Louis Cardinals||1||0||1.000||1964|
|Season||Network||Play-by-play||Color commentator(s)||Sideline reporter(s)|
|1969||CBS||Jack Whitaker||Frank Gifford and Don Perkins|
|1968||CBS||Ray Scott||Paul Christman||Frank Glieber|
|1967||CBS||Frank Glieber||Frank Gifford|
|1966||CBS||Chuck Thompson||Tom Brookshier|
|1965||CBS||Frank Glieber (first half) and Chuck Thompson (second half)||Pat Summerall|
|1964||CBS||Jack Drees (first half) and Earl Gillespie (second half)||Frank Gifford|
|1963||CBS||Ray Scott (first half) and Ken Coleman (second half)||Frank Gifford|
|1962||CBS||Chris Schenkel (first half) and Ray Scott (second half)||Warren Lahr|
|1961||CBS||Chris Schenkel (first half) and Van Patrick (second half)||Johnny Lujack|
|1960||CBS||Ken Coleman (first half) and Van Patrick (second half)||Johnny Lujack|