Playoff Bowl
StadiumOrange Bowl
LocationMiami, Florida
First played1961 (January 7)
Last played1970 (January 3)
 Miami is located in the United States
Location in the United States

The Playoff Bowl (officially known as the Bert Bell Benefit Bowl) was a post-season game for third place in the National Football League (NFL), played ten times following the 1960 through 1969 seasons, all at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.[1][2] It was originally known as the Runner-Up Bowl.[3]

The official title of Bert Bell Benefit Bowl came from the former NFL commissioner, Bert Bell. Bell, who co-founded the Eagles and co-owned the Steelers, was commissioner of the NFL from 1946 until his death during an NFL game in October 1959. The game raised money for the players' pension fund, and reportedly raised a million dollars over the decade of the 1960s.[4]


All ten games in the Playoff Bowl series were contested at the Orange Bowl in Miami. The games were played in January, the week following the NFL championship game (and the collegiate Orange Bowl game on New Year's Day), except for the final year, when it was played the day before the NFL title game. The NFL's Pro Bowl (all-star game) was played the week after the Playoff Bowl.


After the 1959 season, NFL owners faced competition from the newly-formed American Football League and wanted a vehicle through which to showcase more of its supposedly superior NFL professional football product on television, then carried through the CBS Television Network. At the time, unlike the AFL, which had a contract with the ABC Television Network for their nationally televised games, often double-headers, few NFL games were televised nationally during the season and there was only one scheduled post-season game, the NFL Championship Game. The Playoff Bowl was devised to match the second-place teams from the NFL's two conferences (Eastern and Western). This doubled from two to four the number of top NFL teams appearing in post-season play on national television.

The 1966 season required another game following the American Football League Championship Game and the NFL Championship Game, the first of four AFL–NFL World Championship Games between the champions of the two major Professional Football leagues for the undisputed championship. The establishment of the AFL–NFL World Championship Game (the Super Bowl name was not made official until Super Bowl III) was the first phase of the AFL–NFL merger of June 1966. This new mega-game between the rival leagues was played in mid-January at a warm weather location, two weeks after the championship games for each league. The NFL's Playoff Bowl was played during the idle week, and because of AFL's equally major league status, interest in the game was waning. In addition, the arrival of the Miami Dolphins in 1966 as an expansion franchise in the AFL reduced local interest in the game.

In the 1967 season, the NFL expanded to 16 teams and four scheduled post-season contests. The NFL sub-divided its two conferences (now eight teams each) into two divisions of four teams each: The Capitol and Century divisions in the Eastern conference, and the Central and Coastal divisions in the Western conference. The four division winners advanced to the post-season, competing for their conference titles in the first round of the NFL playoffs. The winners (conference champions) advanced to the NFL championship game, the losers (conference runners-up) appeared in the Playoff Bowl to vie for third place. For the three seasons (196769) preceding the 1970 merger with the AFL, the loser of the NFL's third place game ended up with a peculiar record of 0-2 for that post-season. In its final season in 1969, the AFL also expanded to a four-team post-season, adding two more playoff games.

The highest attendance was over 65,500 in January 1966 for the Baltimore Colts' rout of the Dallas Cowboys;[5] the 1965 season was the last one prior to the Dolphins starting play, the AFL–NFL merger agreement, and the creation of the Super Bowl. In January 1968 and 1969, the Super Bowl was played in the Orange Bowl the following week, which further contributed to the declining attendance for the NFL's consolation game.

The end of the Playoff Bowl

When the merger was completed for the 1970 season, there was discussion about continuing the Playoff Bowl, with the losers of the AFC and NFC Championship Games playing each other during the idle week before the Super Bowl. There were now seven post-season games in the NFL (three for each conference, plus the Super Bowl), and the Pro Bowl all-star game. A "losers' game" was not necessarily attractive for the league, and the Playoff Bowl came to an end.

Official status

The ten Playoff Bowls were official third place playoff games at the time they were played; today, the NFL consider the games as exhibitions.[6]


Green Bay Packers coach Vince Lombardi detested the Playoff Bowl, coaching in the games following the 1963 and 1964 seasons, after winning NFL titles in 1961 and 1962. To his players, he called it "the 'Shit Bowl', ...a losers' bowl for losers." This lack of motivation may explain his Packers' rare postseason defeat in the 1964 game (January 1965) to the St. Louis Cardinals. After that loss, he fumed about "a hinky-dink football game, held in a hinky-dink town, played by hinky-dink players. That's all second place is – hinky dink."[1]

Using the Playoff Bowl (and loss) as motivation in 1965, the Packers won the first of three consecutive NFL championships from 1965 to 1967. The Packers remain the sole NFL team to win three consecutive titles in the post-season era, which began in 1933. During this successful run, the Packers also won the first two Super Bowls in convincing fashion. Lombardi's final game (and victory) as head coach of the Packers was Super Bowl II, played in the Orange Bowl in January 1968.

All-Pro defensive tackle Roger Brown appeared in five Playoff Bowls, the most by any player, and was on the winning side each time (Detroit Lions in 1960, 1961, 1962; Los Angeles Rams in 1967, 1969). He said playing in those seemingly meaningless contests was like having "the worst inferiority complex." He added, "I was in five of them, and to have played in it five in the ten years it was in existence is pitiful."[1]

The Lions also hold the dubious distinction of having the most victories in the Playoff Bowl, three, along with tying for the best winning percentage, 1.000.

Players' shares

In its second year, the players on the winning team received $600 each (equivalent to $5,876 in 2022), the losers $400 (equivalent to $3,917 in 2022);[7] and the fifth year game paid $800 (equivalent to $7,429 in 2022) and $600 (equivalent to $5,572 in 2022).[8] In its final years, the winners received $1,200 each (equivalent to $9,043 in 2022), and the losers $500 (equivalent to $3,768 in 2022).[4][9]


One vestige of the Playoff Bowl remained through the 2008 season in that the head coaches of the losing teams from the conference championship games were the head coaches of their conferences' Pro Bowl teams. From 1980 to 2009, this all-star game was played at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu the Sunday following the Super Bowl. However, in 2010, the Pro Bowl moved to Miami Gardens, Florida, and was played the week before Super Bowl XLIV (as the Playoff Bowl was in the Super Bowl era).

For the 2009 season, a new rule for determining the Pro Bowl coaches resulted in the disappearance of one Playoff Bowl legacy. The coaching staffs for the 2010 Pro Bowl did not come from the losers of the conference championship games, but instead from the teams with the best regular-season records among those that lost in the divisional round of the playoffs in each conference.[10]

Playoff Bowl results

All ten games were played at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. Most were played the week following the NFL Championship game, with two exceptions: the first was played two weeks after and the last the day before. The first two games and the last one were played on Saturday, with the rest being played on Sunday. The Western Conference team won eight of the ten games.

Season Date Winner Score Loser Attendance
1960 January 7, 1961   Detroit Lions 17–16 Cleveland Browns 34,981
1961 January 6, 1962 Detroit Lions (2) 38–10 Philadelphia Eagles 25,612
1962 January 6, 1963 Detroit Lions (3) 17–10 Pittsburgh Steelers 36,284
1963 January 5, 1964 Green Bay Packers 40–23 Cleveland Browns 54,921
1964 January 3, 1965 St. Louis Cardinals 24–17 Green Bay Packers 56,218
1965 January 9, 1966 Baltimore Colts 35–3 Dallas Cowboys 65,569
1966 January 8, 1967 Baltimore Colts (2) 20–14 Philadelphia Eagles 58,088
1967 January 7, 1968 Los Angeles Rams 30–6 Cleveland Browns 37,102
1968 January 5, 1969 Dallas Cowboys 17–13 Minnesota Vikings 22,961
1969 January 3, 1970 Los Angeles Rams (2)   31–0 Dallas Cowboys 31,151

Records by team

Games Team W L PCT Won  (3rd) Lost  (4th)
3 Detroit Lions 3 0 1.000 1960, 1961, 1962
3 Dallas Cowboys 1 2 .333 1968 1965, 1969
3 Cleveland Browns 0 3 .000 1960, 1963, 1967
2 Baltimore Colts 2 0 1.000 1965, 1966
2 Los Angeles Rams 2 0 1.000 1967, 1969
2 Green Bay Packers 1 1 .500 1963 1964
2 Philadelphia Eagles 0 2 .000 1961, 1966
1 St. Louis Cardinals 1 0 1.000 1964
1 Minnesota Vikings 0 1 .000 1968
1 Pittsburgh Steelers 0 1 .000 1962


Season Network Play-by-play Color commentator(s) Sideline reporter(s)
1960 CBS Ken Coleman (first half) and Van Patrick (second half) Johnny Lujack
1961[11] CBS Chris Schenkel (first half) and Van Patrick (second half) Johnny Lujack
1962[12] CBS Chris Schenkel (first half) and Ray Scott (second half) Warren Lahr
1963[13] CBS Ray Scott (first half) and Ken Coleman (second half) Frank Gifford
1964[14] CBS Jack Drees (first half) and Earl Gillespie (second half) Frank Gifford
1965[15] CBS Frank Glieber (first half) and Chuck Thompson (second half) Pat Summerall
1966[16] CBS Chuck Thompson Tom Brookshier
1967[17] CBS Frank Glieber Frank Gifford
1968[18] CBS Ray Scott Paul Christman Frank Glieber
1969[19] CBS Jack Whitaker Frank Gifford and Don Perkins


  1. ^ a b c Sandomir, Richard (February 6, 2011). "Little Consolation in Third-Place Game". The New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  2. ^ "The NFL Used to Play a Third-Place Game, a "Losers' Bowl for Losers"". Mental Floss. 30 Jan 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Brown, Lions Battle Today in NFL Runner-Up Bowl". The Montgomery Advertiser. AP. January 7, 1961. p. 2B. Retrieved June 28, 2021 – via
  4. ^ a b "'Fun Week' may be over". St. Petersburg Independent. Florida. Associated Press. January 6, 1969. p. 2C.
  5. ^ Chicago Tribune (January 10, 1966). "Matte leads Colts' rout of Cowboys". Associated Press. p. 1, section 3.
  6. ^ "NFL consolation game wasn't exactly a Super idea". Pasadena Star-News. Retrieved 10 March 2023. That game, the last Playoff Bowl ever, likely was the best postseason performance ever by the Rams. But don't look for it in the NFL record book. The NFL has since designated Playoff Bowl games as exhibitions.
  7. ^ "Eagles favored in Playoff Bowl at Miami". Spartanburg Herald. South Carolina. Associated Press. January 6, 1962. p. 9.
  8. ^ "Packers, Cards rated even for Playoff Bowl". Reading Eagle. Pennsylvania. UPI. January 2, 1965. p. 11.
  9. ^ "Pride richest plum in Playoff Bowl game". Miami News. January 3, 1970. p. 1-B.
  10. ^ Wyche, Steve (2009-12-28). "Pro Bowl selections, like game itself, will have new wrinkles". Archived from the original on 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  11. ^ 1961 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ 1962 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ 1963 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ 1964 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ 1965 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ 1966 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ 1967 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ 1968 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ 1969 NFL-AFL Commentator Crews Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading

25°46′41″N 80°13′12″W / 25.778°N 80.220°W / 25.778; -80.220