1932 NFL Playoff Game
1234 Total
POR 0000 0
CHB 0009 9
DateDecember 18, 1932
StadiumChicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois

The 1932 NFL Playoff Game was an extra game held to break a tie in the 1932 season's final standings in the National Football League. It matched the host Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans. Because of snowfall and anticipated extremely cold temperatures in Chicago, Illinois, it was moved indoors and played at the three-year-old Chicago Stadium on December 18 on a reduced-size field on Sunday night.

Standings controversy

Since the NFL's first season in 1920, the league title had been awarded to the team with the best regular season record based on winning percentage with ties excluded.

While four of the first six championships were disputed, only once, in 1921, did two teams ever finish tied atop the standings: the Chicago Staleys, who became the Bears the following year, and the Buffalo All-Americans finished with identical 9-1 records, and had split a two-game series with each other, but league officials used a tiebreaker to controversially give the Staleys the title over the All-Americans.[1]

In 1932, the Spartans and the Bears tied for first place with 6–1 records.[2] Under the rules at the time, standings were based on winning percentage with ties excluded from the calculation, meaning that the Spartans and Bears each finished the regular season with identical .857 winning percentages, ahead of the defending champion Green Bay Packers' .769 (10 wins, 3 losses) winning percentage.[1]

Had pure win-loss differential or the current (post-1972) system of counting ties as half a win, half a loss been in place in 1932, the Packers' record of 10–3–1 (.750, +7) would have won them a fourth consecutive championship, ahead of the Spartans' 6–1–4 (.727, +5) and the Bears' 6–1–6 (.692, +5).[3] The Packers controlled their own destiny at the end of the 1932 season, but lost their last two games to the Spartans and the Bears.[4][5]

Further complicating matters, as the Spartans and Bears had played each other twice during the regular season for 13–13 and 7–7 ties, the league's only tiebreaker (head-to-head record) was useless.

The league was thus required to make a rule change, as championship-deciding postseason matches were banned in 1924,[6] and for the first time, arranged for a single game (essentially a replay) to determine the NFL champion.

Despite the winner of the game being declared champions, it was ruled the game would be counted in the final standings, meaning the loser would drop to 6–2 (.750), and would finish third behind runner-up Green Bay.[1]

Indoor field

The game was played indoors at Chicago Stadium
The game was played indoors at Chicago Stadium

The game was set to be played at Wrigley Field, the Bears' home stadium, but due to severe blizzards followed by extremely cold temperatures and wind chill, the game was moved indoors to Chicago Stadium.[7][8][9][10][11][12]

Two years earlier, the Bears and Cardinals had played a charity exhibition game at the arena[9] after the 1930 season.[13] The game was moved indoors due to extreme weather, allowing for reasonable attendance and gate revenue.[14] The Bears won 9–7.[15] It wasn't an uncommon practice in the city, as local teams played in the Dexter Park Pavilion as early as 1917, when the Racine Cardinals and the Evanstons from Evanston, Illinois played to a scoreless tie.[16]

A week before the game, the concrete surface had tanbark placed atop for a Salvation Army-sponsored circus; elephant manure from the circus produced an odor that caused a Bears player to throw up on the field.[17][18]

Because of the limited dimensions of the indoor arena, special rules were adopted for the game:

It was also decided that due to the smaller field and indoor stadium, drop kicks and field goals would not be used in the game.[22]

Game summary

1932 NFL Playoff, Portsmouth Spartans at Chicago Bears
1 2 34Total
Spartans 0 0 000
Bears 0 0 099

at Chicago Stadium, Chicago, Illinois

  • Date: December 18
  • Game time: 8:15 p.m. CST
  • Game weather: Indoors
  • Game attendance: 11,198
  • Referee: Bobby Cahn
  • Boxscore
Game information
Fourth quarter

The high temperature for that Sunday in Chicago was 20 °F (−7 °C),[23] warmer than anticipated earlier in the week.

With terrible footing on the mulch and limited room for the offenses to work, the defenses dominated the game's first three quarters, with the game remaining scoreless. Bears quarterback John Doehling's first pass flew into the stands,[24] as did most punts and kickoffs: one collided with a Chicago Black Hawks sign and another hit the organist as he played. By the end of the game, only one punt had been returned.[25]

On one drive, the Spartans were in position to score when Glenn Presnell tripped on the field before he could reach the end zone.[26] For the Bears, they employed a heavy run game with fullback Bronko Nagurski, though possessions ended after just three downs as Ralph Jones frequently elected to pooch kick.[27] In the fourth quarter, the Bears scored on a controversial touchdown: Carl Brumbaugh handed the ball off to Nagurski, who pulled up and threw to Red Grange in the end zone for the score.[28] Rules at the time mandated that a forward pass had to be thrown from at least five yards behind the line of scrimmage. The Spartans argued Nagurski did not drop back five yards before passing to Grange, but the touchdown stood. The Bears later scored a safety after the Spartans fumbled the ball out of their end zone.[28][22]

Officials

Legacy

Because it proved so popular, the 1932 NFL Playoff Game started a new era for the National Football League and for American football in general. Through 1932, the league had used the same rules as college football. Beginning with the 1933 season, the NFL introduced its own set of rules. The goal posts were moved from the end line back to the goal line (reversed in 1974), all plays started with the ball on or between the hash marks,[29] and the forward pass became legal anywhere behind the line of scrimmage; ironically, the forward pass rule was supported by Spartans head coach George Clark, who quipped, "Nagurski would do it anyway!"[30] Its biggest legacy, however, was the creation of the NFL Championship Game in 1933, the NFL's original championship game, which would become the Super Bowl.[31]

NFL Commissioner Joseph Carr described the rule changes as providing better scoring opportunities, which he believed "would improve the game for both players and spectators." Carr had attended the Playoff Game, and kept a ticket stub from the game in his personal scrapbook.[32]

In 1933, the NFL expanded to ten teams and divided into two divisions. The division winners met in a scheduled championship game to determine the NFL champion.[29]

This game was the first—and, for the next 87 years, only—time in which the NFL used an 80-yard field. In 2019, the Raiders and Packers met at IG Field in Winnipeg for a preseason game. The field, home to the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League, normally has goal posts 110 yards apart. The posts were moved for the NFL preseason game, but the resulting divots in the field caused a safety hazard. To allow the game to go on, the game was played on a hastily shortened 80-yard field. Kickoffs were eliminated and each team started play at its own 15-yard line.[33]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c Campbell, Rich (9 December 2019). "The 1932 NFL championship. Indoors at Chicago Stadium. How one of the strangest — and most influential — games in Bears history changed the league". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Pro standings". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. December 12, 1932. p. 11.
  3. ^ Kuechle, Oliver E. (December 13, 1932). "Pro football league will change system of rating teams in 1933". Milwaukee Journal. p. 6, part 2.
  4. ^ McGlynn, Stoney (December 12, 1932). "Bears whip Packers, 9–0, tie for pro title". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 11.
  5. ^ Kuechle, Oliver E. (December 12, 1932). "Packers lose to Chicago Bears on snow-covered field, 9–0". Milwaukee Journal. p. 4, part 2.
  6. ^ Horrigan, Joe (1980). "CLEVELAND'S 1ST TITLE" (PDF). The Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  7. ^ Smith, Wilfrid (December 16, 1932). "Bears battle with Spartans moved indoors". Chicago Tribune. p. 25.
  8. ^ "Bears, Spartans to play indoors". Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. December 16, 1932. p. 7, part 2.
  9. ^ a b c "Bears vs. Spartans". Milwaukee Journal. United Press. December 18, 1932. p. 1B.
  10. ^ "Pro gridders meet tonight in Windy City". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. December 18, 1932. p. 2, section 2.
  11. ^ a b Dunkley, Charles W. (December 19, 1932). "Bears beat Spartans, 9–0; win pro title". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. p. 13.
  12. ^ Williams, Marty (January 15, 1978). "Today's game not first indoors". Daily News. Bowling Green, Ohio. (Dayton Daily News). p. 12.
  13. ^ "Pro teams play indoor grid game". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. December 15, 1930. p. 2, Final.
  14. ^ Smith, Wilfrid (December 18, 1932). "Bears battle Spartans for title tonight". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, part 2.
  15. ^ "Cards Lose to Chicago Bears". St. Cloud Times. Saint Cloud, Minnesota. December 16, 1930. p. 17.
  16. ^ "1917 Chicago Racine Cardinals".
  17. ^ Willis 2010, p. 294.
  18. ^ Klein, Christopher (January 29, 2015). "The Bizarre History of the NFL's First Title Game". History.com. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  19. ^ Kuechele, Oliver E. (December 19, 1932). "The Bears won, 9–0, but what was it all about?". Milwaukee Journal. p. 6, part 2.
  20. ^ "Bears battle for pro title". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. December 18, 1932. p. 2B.
  21. ^ a b "A CENTURY OF 'FIRSTS' IN PRO FOOTBALL, 1892-1992" (PDF). The Coffin Corner. 14 (5). 1992. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  22. ^ a b Mayer, Larry (March 1, 2014). "Bears played NFL's first indoor game". Chicago Bears. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  23. ^ "The Weather". Chicago Tribune. December 19, 1932. p. 1.
  24. ^ a b Smith, Wilfrid (December 19, 1932). "Bears win, 9–0; pro football champions". Chicago Tribune. p. 19.
  25. ^ Willis 2010, p. 296.
  26. ^ Willis 2010, p. 295.
  27. ^ Dent, Jim (September 8, 2004). Monster of the Midway: Bronko Nagurski, the 1943 Chicago Bears, and the Greatest Comeback Ever. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 031230868X.
  28. ^ a b "Chicago Bears pro champions". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. (Chicago Tribune). December 19, 1932. p. 14.
  29. ^ a b "FIRST PLAYOFF GAME". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  30. ^ "The 1933 Rule Book". Sports Illustrated. May 20, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  31. ^ "The First Playoff Game". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  32. ^ Willis 2010, p. 296–297.
  33. ^ "Raiders beat Packers in Winnipeg on reconfigured 80-yard field". Sportsnet. Canadian Press. August 23, 2019. Retrieved August 23, 2019.

Sources