Trumbull County
Trumbull County Courthouse
Trumbull County Courthouse
Flag of Trumbull County
Official seal of Trumbull County
Map of Ohio highlighting Trumbull County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°19′N 80°46′W / 41.32°N 80.76°W / 41.32; -80.76
Country United States
State Ohio
FoundedJuly 10, 1800[1]
Named forJonathan Trumbull
SeatWarren
Largest cityWarren
Area
 • Total637 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Land618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water18 sq mi (50 km2)  2.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total201,977
 • Estimate 
(2021)
201,335 Decrease
 • Density320/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district14th
Websitewww.co.trumbull.oh.us

Trumbull County is a county in the far northeast portion of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 201,977.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Warren, which developed industry along the Mahoning River.[3] Trumbull County is part of the Youngstown–Warren, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

In the early years of the European discovery and exploration of the New World, the land that became Trumbull County was originally claimed by French explorers as part of the French colony of Canada (New France). Their settlements had some fur traders who interacted with Native American tribes in this area. After losing the Seven Years' War to Great Britain, France was forced to cede its territories east of the Mississippi River in 1763. Great Britain renamed New France as the Province of Quebec.

Following the United States' victory in its Revolutionary War, the British were forced to cede this land to the new nation. The federal government convinced Connecticut to give up its claim to the land, but it was known as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory. Connecticut retained sovereignty over some of the eastern portion of what became Ohio, selling this area in 1795 to the Connecticut Land Company, a speculative private development firm. As first organized, Trumbull County consisted of the entire area of the Connecticut Western Reserve before population increased, and it was divided into smaller counties. The county's main city, Warren, was originally founded as the capitol of the Western Reserve territory.[4]

No Native American settlements have ever formally been identified in Trumbull County, however artifacts are uncovered often. Early settlers did believe they noted an ancient village site in Kinsman, a more contemporary site in Hartford and several strange stone constructions were noted in the Black Ash Swamp by early Bristol residents- this area now known as the Grand River Preserve. Many presumably different groups of Natives were still frequenting camps in the vicinity of Newton Falls and somewhere near the Champion-Warren township border when modern Americans first began to settle there. Several of the names of specific Native persons are echoed across most of these early residents' histories- namely Cadashaway, Paqua and Kiogg. A memorial stone piles believed to have been Native in origin was situated on the West Bank of the Mahoning, but was later removed for construction purposes. [5] Before 1600, the area was ambiguously between the territories of the Erie people to the east and the Whittlesey Culture to the west. It is currently unknown precisely where one tribe's territory ended and the other began. After the Beaver Wars, the area was frequented by travelling Lenape, Wyandot, Ottawa, Shawnee and Seneca, who all had settlements nearby for a time and shared the valley's animal, food and medicinal resources. They also regularly panned for salt in the marshes. The Natives collectively used this area as a shared hunting ground, but had to give up ownership of the region for settlement as punishment for participating in the Northwest Indian War. [6] However, early residents say Natives still frequented the area until about the time of the War of 1812. Some of the final Native residents were camped along the Grand River in Mespotamia during the war, leading to an upsetting altercation in which the locals found and ransacked their camp and, as a warning to leave, carved an image of a Native man into a tree and shot it. The Natives responded by carving a white man into a tree without a mark on it, but seem to have later felt it was unsafe to stay and left.

The county is named for Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut, who once owned the land in this region.[7] Early settlements were made along the Mahoning River and other waterways, which provided transportation access and water power to the industries that developed later in the 19th century.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 637 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (2.9%) is water.[8] It is approximately a square with sides of 25 miles; it is the only square county in Ohio.[9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18001,302
18108,671566.0%
182015,54679.3%
183026,15368.2%
184038,10745.7%
185030,490−20.0%
186030,6560.5%
187038,65926.1%
188044,88016.1%
189042,373−5.6%
190046,59110.0%
191052,76613.3%
192083,92059.0%
1930123,06346.6%
1940132,3157.5%
1950158,91520.1%
1960208,52631.2%
1970232,57911.5%
1980241,8634.0%
1990227,813−5.8%
2000225,116−1.2%
2010210,312−6.6%
2020201,977−4.0%
2021 (est.)201,335[10]−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[2]

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 210,312 people, 86,011 households, and 56,874 families living in the county.[15] The population density was 340.1 inhabitants per square mile (131.3/km2). There were 96,163 housing units at an average density of 155.5 units per square mile (60.0 units/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 89.0% white, 8.3% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 21.6% were German, 16.5% were American, 14.3% were Irish, 13.7% were Italian, and 10.6% were English.[17]

Of the 86,011 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 42.8 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,296 and the median income for a family was $52,731. Males had a median income of $43,382 versus $30,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,854. About 11.5% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[18]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 225,116 people, 89,020 households, and 61,690 families living in the county. The population density was 365 inhabitants per square mile (141/km2). There were 95,117 housing units at an average density of 154 units per square mile (59 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.21% White, 7.90% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.6% spoke English and 1.0% German as their first language.

There were 89,020 households, out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,298, and the median income for a family was $46,203. Males had a median income of $36,823 versus $24,443 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,188. About 7.90% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Trumbull County was historically a Democratic stronghold; in 2016, however, Donald Trump won the county by a reasonably comfortable margin of 6.22%, being the first Republican to win the county since Richard Nixon in 1972.[19] Trump expanded his margin in the county to 10.6 points in 2020.[20]

United States presidential election results for Trumbull County, Ohio[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 55,194 54.57% 44,519 44.01% 1,439 1.42%
2016 49,024 50.71% 43,014 44.49% 4,638 4.80%
2012 38,279 37.54% 61,672 60.48% 2,012 1.97%
2008 40,164 37.44% 64,145 59.80% 2,962 2.76%
2004 40,977 37.89% 66,673 61.65% 495 0.46%
2000 34,654 36.01% 57,643 59.90% 3,942 4.10%
1996 24,811 26.19% 55,604 58.69% 14,330 15.12%
1992 25,831 24.01% 54,591 50.73% 27,184 25.26%
1988 38,815 39.51% 58,674 59.72% 761 0.77%
1984 45,623 44.18% 56,902 55.11% 734 0.71%
1980 41,056 44.15% 44,366 47.70% 7,580 8.15%
1976 36,469 39.41% 53,828 58.16% 2,247 2.43%
1972 47,680 55.92% 35,278 41.37% 2,308 2.71%
1968 33,076 39.97% 40,365 48.77% 9,319 11.26%
1964 27,059 33.24% 54,342 66.76% 0 0.00%
1960 40,724 46.46% 46,928 53.54% 0 0.00%
1956 43,936 57.17% 32,913 42.83% 0 0.00%
1952 37,793 49.17% 39,062 50.83% 0 0.00%
1948 25,297 39.91% 37,097 58.52% 998 1.57%
1944 25,150 42.30% 34,312 57.70% 0 0.00%
1940 25,026 41.96% 34,615 58.04% 0 0.00%
1936 16,887 33.55% 32,384 64.34% 1,058 2.10%
1932 23,029 53.66% 17,871 41.64% 2,013 4.69%
1928 29,710 75.80% 9,110 23.24% 374 0.95%
1924 22,341 74.35% 4,007 13.33% 3,701 12.32%
1920 17,343 68.66% 6,815 26.98% 1,101 4.36%
1916 6,167 47.15% 6,091 46.57% 822 6.28%
1912 2,633 23.15% 3,347 29.42% 5,395 47.43%
1908 6,978 58.00% 4,476 37.20% 577 4.80%
1904 7,383 68.37% 2,110 19.54% 1,306 12.09%
1900 7,723 65.71% 3,686 31.36% 344 2.93%
1896 7,867 66.23% 3,829 32.24% 182 1.53%
1892 5,819 59.45% 3,217 32.87% 752 7.68%
1888 6,299 62.47% 3,177 31.51% 607 6.02%
1884 6,521 65.35% 3,000 30.07% 457 4.58%
1880 6,796 66.39% 3,148 30.75% 293 2.86%
1876 6,133 63.77% 3,030 31.51% 454 4.72%
1872 5,869 70.68% 2,321 27.95% 114 1.37%
1868 5,338 69.77% 2,313 30.23% 0 0.00%
1864 5,093 72.83% 1,900 27.17% 0 0.00%
1860 4,349 69.22% 1,672 26.61% 262 4.17%
1856 4,049 67.63% 1,920 32.07% 18 0.30%

Government

County officials

County officials
Party Name Position
  D Mauro Cantalamessa Commissioner
  R Niki Frenchko Commissioner
  R Denny Malloy Commissioner
  R Martha Yoder Auditor
  D Karen Infante Allen Clerk of Courts
  D Lawrence M. D'Amico Coroner
  D Randy L. Smith Engineer
  D Dennis Watkins Prosecuting Attorney
  D Tod Latell Recorder
  D Paul S. Monroe Sheriff
  D Sam Lamancusa Treasurer

Judicial representation

Judgeships
Party Name Position
  D Andrew D. Logan Court of Common Pleas
  D Ronald J. Rice Court of Common Pleas
  D Cynthia Wescott Rice Court of Common Pleas
  D Sean J. O'Brien Court of Common Pleas
  D Sandra Stabile Harwood Court of Common Pleas Juvenile Division
  D Samuel F. Bluedorn Court of Common Pleas Juvenile Division
  D James A. Fredericka Court of Common Pleas Probate Court
  R Thomas A. Campbell County Municipal Court, Central District
  I Marty D. Nosich County Municipal Court, Eastern District
  D Jeffrey D. Adler Girard Municipal Court
  D Philip M. Vigorito Newton Falls Municipal Court
  D Christopher J. Shaker Niles Municipal Court
  D Thomas P. Gysegem Warren Municipal Court
  R Terry F. Ivanchak Warren Municipal Court
  D Mary Jane Trapp 11th District Court of Appeals
  R Matt Lynch 11th District Court of Appeals
  R John J. Eklund 11th District Court of Appeals
  R Eugene A. Lucci 11th District Court of Appeals

Legislative representation

Legislators
Party Name District Body
  R Nick Santucci 64 Ohio House of Representatives
  R Mike Loychik 65 Ohio House of Representatives
  R Sandra O'Brien 32 Ohio Senate
  R David Joyce 14 U.S. House of Representatives
  D Sherrod Brown Statewide U.S. Senate
  R J. D. Vance Statewide U.S. Senate

Higher learning

Communities

Map of Trumbull County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Defunct township

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

[24]

The Camp Ravenna Joint Military Training Center, formally known as the Ravenna Training and Logistics Site and commonly known as the Ravenna Arsenal, occupies a small part of Braceville Township.

See also

References

Specific
  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Trumbull County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 21, 2007. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ About Warren: "Early History" Archived February 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, City of Warren, Ohio
  5. ^ Histories of Trumbull and Mahoning Counties, Vol. 2; H. Z. Williams; 1858
  6. ^ "Treaty With The Wyandot, Etc., 1795". Oklahoma State University Libraries Tribal Treaties Database.
  7. ^ "Trumbull County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  9. ^ "TRUMBULL COUNTY TOURISM BUREAU". Archived from the original on April 24, 2009.
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Census.gov. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  19. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  20. ^ "Trumbull County Board of Elections". boe.co.trumbull.oh.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
  22. ^ Kent State University Trumbull
  23. ^ "Home". tctcadulttraining.org.
  24. ^ "Trumbull County". August 26, 2018.

41°19′N 80°46′W / 41.32°N 80.76°W / 41.32; -80.76