Portage County
Portage County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°10′N 81°12′W / 41.17°N 81.2°W / 41.17; -81.2
Country United States
State Ohio
FoundedJune 7, 1808
Named forthe portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers
SeatRavenna
Largest cityKent
Area
 • Total504 sq mi (1,310 km2)
 • Land487 sq mi (1,260 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  3.3%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total161,791
 • Density320/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts13th, 14th, 16th
Websitewww.co.portage.oh.us

Portage County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 161,791.[1] Its county seat is Ravenna.[2] The county was created in 1807 and organized in 1808[3] and is named for the portage between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers.[4]

Portage County is part of the Akron, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area. Its largest city is Kent.

History

The name "Portage" comes from an old Indian path called "Portage Path", which ran between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas rivers, where travelers portaged their canoes. The location of the trail today is within the boundaries of neighboring Summit County.[5][6]

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Portage County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed the Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

The first European settler in what is now Portage County was Abraham Honey in 1798 in the area now known as Mantua Township, followed by Asa Hall in what is now Atwater Township in April 1799. In June 1799, Benjamin Tappan, Jr. arrived and founded Ravenna, David Daniels came to what is now Palmyra Township, and Ebenezer Sheldon settled in what is now Aurora.[7] A family group of Huguenot refugees also eventually migrated to Portage County by 1804.[8]

1826 map of Portage County with 30 townships
1826 map of Portage County with 30 townships

When first settled, the area that presently constitutes Portage County was part of the original Jefferson County, which had been organized in 1797. In 1800, the area was made part of Trumbull County, which followed the boundaries of the Connecticut Western Reserve. In 1802, all of what is now Portage County was organized under the name of Franklin Township with other townships being formed later. On February 10, 1807 the Ohio state legislature passed the act to create Portage County from Trumbull County and it took effect June 7, 1807. Portage County remained attached to Trumbull County until June 8, 1808, when the first elections were held. Initially, the county included a large area of the Western Reserve that encompassed most of present-day Summit County, all of Medina and Huron counties, and parts of Lorain and Ashland counties. There were six organized townships in 1808: Franklin, Deerfield, Aurora, Hiram, Springfield, and Hudson with new townships organized later, reaching a maximum of 30. The present-day boundaries of Portage County were established in 1840 following the 1812 creation of Medina County, a slight boundary adjustment in 1827 with Cuyahoga County, and finally the creation of Summit County in 1840, which took 10 townships from Portage County along with 3 townships from Medina County and two from Stark County.[6]

Geography

Gazebo at Towner's Woods Park in Franklin Township, part of the county park system
Gazebo at Towner's Woods Park in Franklin Township, part of the county park system

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 487 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (3.3%) is water.[9]

West Branch State Park is a very large state park in central Portage County, consisting of a large green surrounding the Michael J. Kirwan Dam and Reservoir. There are a number of smaller state and local parks.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18102,995
182010,095237.1%
183018,82686.5%
184022,96522.0%
185024,4196.3%
186024,208−0.9%
187024,5841.6%
188027,50011.9%
189027,8681.3%
190029,2464.9%
191030,3073.6%
192036,36920.0%
193042,68217.4%
194046,6609.3%
195063,98437.1%
196091,79843.5%
1970125,86837.1%
1980135,8567.9%
1990142,5855.0%
2000152,0616.6%
2010161,4196.2%
2020161,7910.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2020 [14]

2000 census

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 152,061 people, 56,449 households, and 39,175 families living in the county. The population density was 309 people per square mile (119/km2). There were 60,096 housing units at an average density of 122 per square mile (47/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.40% White, 3.18% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.5% were of German, 11.0% Irish, 9.9% Italian, 9.7% English, 9.7% American and 5.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 56,449 households, out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.70% under the age of 18, 14.30% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,347, and the median income for a family was $52,820. Males had a median income of $37,434 versus $26,232 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,428. About 5.90% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.

Using the Gini coefficient to measure household inequality, Portage County received a .43 in 2012.[16] In 2013 16.1% of the population, or 25,196 people, were poor or impoverished. The county saw an increase in its poor population, as this can be compared to a 9.3% poverty rate (13,395 people) in 1999.[17]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 161,419 people, 62,222 households, and 40,757 families living in the county.[18] The population density was 331.2 inhabitants per square mile (127.9/km2). There were 67,472 housing units at an average density of 138.4 per square mile (53.4/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 92.3% white, 4.1% black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 30.7% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 11.5% were English, 11.0% were Italian, 6.6% were Polish, and 5.7% were American.[20]

Of the 62,222 households, 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 37.4 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,447 and the median income for a family was $65,306. Males had a median income of $46,014 versus $34,250 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,097. About 8.1% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Politics

Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Kent, the county's largest city.
Results from the 2020 Presidential Election in Kent, the county's largest city.

Following a trend seen throughout large parts of Ohio, in 2016 Donald Trump won Portage County by 9.87 points, becoming the first Republican in almost three decades to win the county, the last time being George H. W. Bush in 1988.

United States presidential election results for Portage County, Ohio[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 45,990 55.39% 35,661 42.95% 1,371 1.65%
2016 39,971 52.07% 32,397 42.20% 4,394 5.72%
2012 35,242 46.14% 39,453 51.65% 1,689 2.21%
2008 34,822 44.41% 41,856 53.39% 1,724 2.20%
2004 35,583 46.42% 40,675 53.07% 389 0.51%
2000 28,271 44.95% 31,446 49.99% 3,182 5.06%
1996 18,939 32.52% 29,441 50.55% 9,858 16.93%
1992 18,447 29.69% 26,325 42.37% 17,363 27.94%
1988 26,334 50.18% 25,607 48.79% 539 1.03%
1984 29,536 57.14% 21,719 42.02% 432 0.84%
1980 22,829 47.37% 20,570 42.69% 4,791 9.94%
1976 17,927 40.91% 24,417 55.72% 1,480 3.38%
1972 23,294 51.76% 20,769 46.15% 939 2.09%
1968 15,064 41.27% 16,348 44.78% 5,093 13.95%
1964 10,842 31.75% 23,308 68.25% 0 0.00%
1960 19,634 51.45% 18,528 48.55% 0 0.00%
1956 18,943 59.07% 13,128 40.93% 0 0.00%
1952 17,168 55.88% 13,553 44.12% 0 0.00%
1948 11,621 48.67% 11,987 50.21% 268 1.12%
1944 12,284 49.50% 12,533 50.50% 0 0.00%
1940 11,777 48.14% 12,687 51.86% 0 0.00%
1936 8,035 35.77% 13,798 61.43% 630 2.80%
1932 9,586 47.98% 9,662 48.36% 733 3.67%
1928 12,086 71.31% 4,756 28.06% 106 0.63%
1924 8,583 62.43% 2,994 21.78% 2,172 15.80%
1920 8,231 58.99% 5,405 38.74% 317 2.27%
1916 3,142 40.90% 4,269 55.56% 272 3.54%
1912 1,162 15.73% 2,855 38.65% 3,370 45.62%
1908 4,129 51.16% 3,625 44.91% 317 3.93%
1904 4,712 62.49% 2,486 32.97% 343 4.55%
1900 4,311 52.68% 3,651 44.61% 222 2.71%
1896 4,073 50.01% 3,995 49.05% 76 0.93%
1892 3,310 48.83% 2,953 43.57% 515 7.60%
1888 3,880 52.36% 3,260 43.99% 270 3.64%
1884 3,931 52.11% 3,273 43.39% 339 4.49%
1880 3,990 54.97% 3,147 43.35% 122 1.68%
1876 3,712 54.92% 3,006 44.47% 41 0.61%
1872 3,478 58.03% 2,438 40.68% 77 1.28%
1868 3,604 60.41% 2,362 39.59% 0 0.00%
1864 3,475 64.40% 1,921 35.60% 0 0.00%
1860 3,065 59.34% 1,970 38.14% 130 2.52%
1856 2,983 58.94% 2,072 40.94% 6 0.12%


Education

Portage County is home to eleven public school districts.[23]

District Location Communities served
Aurora City School District Aurora Aurora, small part of Reminderville
Crestwood Local School District Mantua Mantua, Mantua Township, Hiram, most of Hiram Township, most of Shalersville Township
James A Garfield Local School District Garrettsville Garrettsville, Nelson Township, Freedom Township, part of Hiram Township, small part of Charlestown Township
Field Local School District Brimfield Brimfield Township, most of Suffield Township, parts of Tallmadge and Kent which were annexed from Brimfield
Kent City School District Kent Brady Lake, most of Kent, Sugar Bush Knolls, most of Franklin Township, small portion of Streetsboro
Ravenna School District Ravenna Ravenna, most of Ravenna Township, small portion of Shalersville Township
Rootstown Local School District Rootstown Rootstown Township and small portion of Ravenna Township
Southeast Local School District Palmyra Edinburg Township, Palmyra Township, Paris Township, most of Charlestown Township, most of Deerfield Township
Streetsboro City School District Streetsboro most of Streetsboro
Waterloo Local School District Atwater Atwater Township, Randolph Township, small portion of Deerfield Township
Windham Exempted Village School District Windham Windham, Windham Township
Map of school districts in Portage County with township and municipal boundaries superimposed.
Map of school districts in Portage County with township and municipal boundaries superimposed.

In addition, there are parts of five neighboring districts which serve portions of Portage County residents.[23]

District Location Communities served in Portage County
Lake Local School District Uniontown small part of Suffield Township
Mogadore Local School District Mogadore Mogadore, small part of Suffield Township
Springfield Local School District Springfield small part of Suffield Township
Stow-Munroe Falls City School District Stow small part of Franklin Township
West Branch Local School District Beloit small part of Deerfield Township

Portage County also has two schools that serve students from multiple districts:

Higher education

Portage County is home to three institutions of higher learning:

Culture

Theater

Museums

Media

Communities

Map of Portage County municipal and township labels
Map of Portage County municipal and township labels

Portage County is arranged as a 4x5 grid of 20 rectangles: 18 unincorporated townships containing 9 cities and villages; and two incorporated townships which are fully occupied by one city each.

Under Ohio law, there are two types of incorporated municipal jurisdictions: cities and villages, and any territory within a county that is not part of an incorporated municipality (city or village), is part of a township. Townships have limited local government and services.

The Camp Ravenna Joint Military Training Center, formerly known as the Ravenna Training and Logistics Site and commonly known as the Ravenna Arsenal, occupies much of the land in Charlestown, Paris, and Windham Townships, as well as a small part of Freedom Township.

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ 2020 census
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  4. ^ "Portage County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28.[dead link]
  5. ^ Cherry, Peter Peterson (1911). The Portage Path. Akron, Ohio: The Western Reserve Company. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Brown, R.C; Norris, J.E. (1972) [1885]. History of Portage County Ohio. Chicago, Illinois: Warner, Beers, and Company. pp. 192–196. Portage County received its name from the fact that the old Indian Portage Path, between the Cuyahoga and Tuscarawas Rivers, was, originally, within its limits, though now in Summit County.
  7. ^ Brown and Norris, pp. 229–232
  8. ^ Calvin, Claude (1945). The Calvin Families. University of Wisconsin. pp. 67–68.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  14. ^ 2020 census
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Portage County - Gini coefficient Portage County, Ohio". portage.oh.networkofcare.org. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
  17. ^ "The Ohio Poverty Report" (PDF). Retrieved September 21, 2015.
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  23. ^ a b Exner, Rich (2008). "Property Tax 2007". Cleveland.com Business. The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  24. ^ Bio-Med Science Academy
  25. ^ "About - NEOMED". Northeast Ohio Medical University. 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  26. ^ https://theportager.com
  27. ^ http://kentwired.com

Coordinates: 41°10′N 81°12′W / 41.17°N 81.20°W / 41.17; -81.20