|Current season, competition or edition:|
2023 Missouri Valley Football Conference season
|Formerly||Gateway Football Conference (1992–2008)|
Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference (1982–1992)
1985 (began football)
|Commissioner||Patty Viverito (since 1982)|
|No. of teams||12 (11 in 2024)|
|Headquarters||St. Louis, Missouri|
The Missouri Valley Football Conference (MVFC), formerly the Gateway Football Conference, is a collegiate athletic conference which operates in the Midwestern United States. It participates in the NCAA's Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) as a football-only conference.
The Missouri Valley Football Conference has a complex history that involves three other conferences:
In 1985, the MVC stopped sponsoring football. At that time, the two remaining I-AA members from the MVC (Illinois State and Southern Illinois) joined Eastern Illinois, Northern Iowa, Southwest Missouri State, and Western Illinois from the AMCU and together became a football conference under the Gateway's auspices. Indiana State, which had left MVC football after the 1981 season to become a Division I-AA independent while remaining a full MVC member, would join the next year.
In 1992, when the Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference merged with the MVC, the football conference kept the Gateway charter, with a minor name change to Gateway Football Conference. After Eastern Illinois joined the Ohio Valley Conference for football in 1996, Youngstown State joined in 1997 and was followed by Western Kentucky University in 2001. Southwest Missouri State changed its name to Missouri State in 2005.
Western Kentucky moved to the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A) after the 2006 season, leaving the GFC with seven members for the 2007 season. Great West Football Conference members North Dakota State and South Dakota State were invited to join the conference beginning with the 2008 season. Subsequently, the Gateway Football Conference changed its name to the Missouri Valley Football Conference in June 2008. This change aligned the conference with the Missouri Valley Conference, a conference in which five of the nine Missouri Valley Football schools were (and still are) all-sports members. The conferences continue to share the "Missouri Valley" name, and space in the same building in St. Louis, but remain separate administratively.
The University of South Dakota joined as the 10th member in 2012. The University of North Dakota joined as the 11th member in 2020, bringing back the yearly rivalries among North Dakota, North Dakota State, South Dakota and South Dakota State which had existed under the Division 2 North Central Conference that NDSU and SDSU left in 2004–05. 
On April 4, 2022, another change was announced for the league. Murray State University, which had previously been announced as a new MVC member effective in July 2022, will join the MVFC in 2023.
On May 12, 2023, the most recent change to the league was announced. Western Illinois, who had been a founding member of the league, would be leaving the MVFC and their full time conference, the Summit League, for the Ohio Valley Conference beginning in Fall 2023 and 2024. They would leave the Summit beginning in Fall 2023, and would leave the Valley after the conclusion of the 2023 football season.
|Indiana State University||Terre Haute, Indiana||1865||1986||Public||12,144||$70.1 million||Sycamores||Missouri Valley|
|Illinois State University||Normal, Illinois||1857||1985||20,635||$196.9 million||Redbirds|
|Missouri State University||Springfield, Missouri||1905||23,502||$193 million||Bears||Summit||Missouri Valley|
|Murray State University||Murray, Kentucky||1922||2023||9,427||$90.8 million||Racers||Missouri Valley|
|University of North Dakota||Grand Forks, North Dakota||1883||2020||13,876||$352.1 million||Fighting Hawks||Summit|
|North Dakota State University||Fargo, North Dakota||1890||2008||12,242||$457 million||Bison|
|University of Northern Iowa||Cedar Falls, Iowa||1876||1985||10,497||$163 million||Panthers||Summit||Missouri Valley|
|University of South Dakota||Vermillion, South Dakota||1862||2012||9,856||$328.5 million||Coyotes||Summit|
|South Dakota State University||Brookings, South Dakota||1881||2008||11,331||$213 million||Jackrabbits|
|Southern Illinois University||Carbondale, Illinois||1869||1985||11,366||$190.1 million||Salukis||Missouri Valley|
|Western Illinois University||Macomb, Illinois||1899||1985||Public||6,170||$63.6 million||Leathernecks||Summit||OVC|
|Youngstown State University||Youngstown, Ohio||1908||1997||Public||12,155||$275.9 million||Penguins||Horizon|
in the MVFC
|Eastern Illinois University||Charleston, Illinois||1895||1985||1995||Public||Panthers||Summit||OVC|
|Western Kentucky University||Bowling Green, Kentucky||1906||2001||2007||Hilltoppers||Sun Belt||C-USA|
11 different teams have won MVFC championships. The most recent champion is South Dakota State. The school with the most championships is Northern Iowa, with 16 (10 of them outright).
|North Dakota State||9||2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021||10||2022|
|Youngstown State||4||1991, 1993, 1994, 1997||7||1992, 1999, 2016|
|South Dakota State||1||2022||2||2020|
♯ Now a member of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).
|1.||North Dakota State||39 †||Southern Illinois||2017–2020|
|2.||North Dakota State||33||Northern Iowa||2012–2014|
|3.||North Dakota State||14||South Dakota State||2015–2016|
† FCS Record 
|Illinois State||Hancock Stadium||13,391|
|Indiana State||Memorial Stadium||12,764|
|Missouri State||Plaster Sports Complex||17,500|
|Murray State||Roy Stewart Stadium||16,800|
|North Dakota||Alerus Center||12,283|
|North Dakota State||Fargodome||18,700|
|South Dakota State||Dana J. Dykhouse Stadium||19,340|
|Southern Illinois||Saluki Stadium||15,000|
|Western Illinois||Hanson Field||16,368|
|Youngstown State||Stambaugh Stadium||20,630|