|Headquarters||Spartanburg, South Carolina|
|Commissioner||Jim Schaus (since 2019)|
The Southern Conference (SoCon) is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated with the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I. Southern Conference football teams compete in the Football Championship Subdivision (formerly known as Division I-AA). Member institutions are located in the states of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
Established in 1921, the Southern Conference ranks as the fifth-oldest major college athletic conference in the United States, and either the third- or fourth-oldest in continuous operation, depending on definitions. Among conferences currently in operation, the Big Ten (1896) and Missouri Valley (1907) are indisputably older. The Pac-12 Conference did not operate under its current charter until 1959, but claims the history of the Pacific Coast Conference, founded in 1915, as its own. The Southwest Conference (SWC) was founded in 1914, but ceased operation in 1996. The Big Eight Conference claimed the same history as the Missouri Valley from 1907 to 1928 during its existence; though it essentially merged with four SWC members to form the Big 12 Conference in 1996, the Big 12 does not claim the Big Eight's legacy. The Ivy League was formally organized in 1954 with athletic competition starting in 1955, but claims the history of the Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League, which competed from 1901 to 1955, as its own.
The SoCon was the first conference to use the three-point field goal in basketball in a November 29, 1980 game at Western Carolina against Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU), where Ronnie Carr shot the historic shot from 22 feet (6.7 m) away and the Catamounts won 77–70.
The Southern Conference is considered one of the stronger football conferences in the Football Championship Subdivision and is considered a mid-major conference in basketball. It has also garnered considerable national attention from its recent success in these sports: in particular, former member, three-time Division I NCAA Football champion Appalachian State Mountaineers, who stunned the fifth-ranked Michigan Wolverines 34–32 on September 1, 2007; from the Davidson Wildcats, who reached the Elite Eight in the 2008 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament by upsetting power programs Gonzaga (a mid-major school which became a power program in the 2000s), Georgetown, and Wisconsin. More recently, the six-time Division I NCAA Football champion Georgia Southern Eagles stunned Southeastern Conference power-house Florida Gators 26–20 in The Swamp on November 23, 2013—the first loss to a lower division opponent in the Florida program's history. In 2015, Furman defeated UCF 16–15 and The Citadel topped South Carolina 23–22 for their second win over the Gamecocks in the past three meetings. On September 4, 2021, East Tennessee State University stunned Vanderbilt 23-3 at their opening game. The SoCon also frequently sees multiple teams selected to participate in the NCAA Division I Baseball Championship.
|Alfred B. White||1998–2001|
Talks of a new conference for Southern athletics had started as early as fall of 1920. The conference was formed on February 25, 1921 in Atlanta as fourteen member institutions split from the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Southern Conference charter members were Alabama, Auburn, Clemson, Georgia, Georgia Tech, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi State, North Carolina, North Carolina State, Tennessee, Virginia, Virginia Tech, and Washington & Lee. In 1922, six more universities – Florida, LSU, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tulane, and Vanderbilt joined the conference. The first year of competition for the conference was in 1922, effective January 1. The new rules banned freshman play. Later additions included Sewanee (1924), Virginia Military Institute (1924), and Duke (1929).
The SoCon is particularly notable for having spawned two other major conferences. In 1932, the 13 schools located south and west of the Appalachians (Alabama, Auburn, Florida, Georgia, Georgia Tech, Kentucky, LSU, Mississippi, Mississippi State, University of the South(Sewanee), Tennessee, Tulane, and Vanderbilt) all departed the SoCon to form the Southeastern Conference (SEC). In 1953, seven additional schools (Clemson, Duke, Maryland, North Carolina, North Carolina State, South Carolina, and Wake Forest) withdrew from the SoCon to form the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). The SEC and ACC have gone on to surpass their parent conference in prestige; while the SEC and ACC are considered "power" conferences in Division I FBS (formerly Division I-A), the SoCon dropped to Division I-AA (FCS) in 1982, four years after the top division was split into two levels in 1978.
The SoCon became the first league to hold a post-season basketball tournament to decide a conference champion. Although first played in 1921, it did not become "official" until 1922, and in its first few years included teams which were not conference members. Held at the Municipal Auditorium in Atlanta from February 24 – March 2, 1922, the first meeting was won by North Carolina who defeated non-member Mercer in the Finals 40–25. The SoCon Basketball Tournament continues as the nation's oldest conference tournament. The next-oldest tournament overall is the SEC Men's Basketball Tournament, founded in 1933, but that event was suspended after its 1952 edition and did not resume until 1979. With the demise of the Division II West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in 2013, whose tournament had been continuously held since 1936, the next-oldest conference tournament in continuous existence is now the ACC Men's Basketball Tournament, first held in 1954.
The all-sports membership changed to 10 schools in 2014 following the departure of Appalachian State, Davidson, Elon, and Georgia Southern, plus the arrival of East Tennessee State (ETSU), Mercer, and VMI. The current football membership stands at nine. UNC Greensboro does not sponsor football, while ETSU, which relaunched its previously dormant football program in 2015, rejoined SoCon football in 2016 after one season as an independent.
The 10 members of the Southern Conference are:
|University of Tennessee at Chattanooga||Chattanooga, Tennessee||1886||1976||Public||11,728||$147.1||Mocs|
|The Citadel||Charleston, South Carolina||1842||1936||Senior Military College||3,693||$305.8||Bulldogs|
|East Tennessee State University||Johnson City, Tennessee||1911||2014[a]||Public||9,151||$130.1||Buccaneers|
|Furman University||Greenville, South Carolina||1826||1936||Private||2,629||$694||Paladins|
|Mercer University||Macon, Georgia||1833||2014||9,026||$424||Bears|
|Samford University||Homewood, Alabama||1841||2008||5,729||$297||Bulldogs|
|University of North Carolina at Greensboro||Greensboro, North Carolina||1891||1997||Public||19,764||$310.3||Spartans|
|Virginia Military Institute||Lexington, Virginia||1839||2014[b]||Senior Military College||1,772||$539.6||Keydets|
|Western Carolina University||Cullowhee, North Carolina||1889||1976||Public||12,243||$88.9||Catamounts|
|Wofford College||Spartanburg, South Carolina||1854||1997||Private||1,773||$208.1||Terriers|
On January 9, 2014, the SoCon and Atlantic Sun Conference, now known as the ASUN Conference, announced a new alliance in lacrosse that took effect with the 2014–15 school year (2015 lacrosse season). Under its terms, sponsorship of men's lacrosse shifted from the ASUN to the SoCon, while women's lacrosse sponsorship remained with the ASUN. Bellarmine, which had announced it would join the ASUN for men's lacrosse for the 2015 season, instead joined the SoCon. The alliance remains in effect in men's lacrosse, but the leagues amicably ended their full alliance in women's lacrosse once the SoCon began sponsoring that sport in the 2018 season. However, the conferences maintained their working relationship in women's lacrosse, with the SoCon adding Coastal Carolina as an associate member effective with the 2021 season in order to keep both conferences at five women's lacrosse members for 2021. Coastal was intended to play in SoCon women's lacrosse in 2022 as well, but the SoCon decided to drop the sport after the 2021 season. While no formal announcement was made, the SoCon–ASUN women's lacrosse partnership definitively ended at that time, as the three full SoCon members who sponsored women's lacrosse moved that sport to the Big South Conference. Coastal and Delaware State both returned women's lacrosse to the ASUN Conference.
The men's lacrosse partnership is taking a slightly different form from the 2022 season forward, as the ASUN has reinstated its men's lacrosse league. The two full ASUN members with men's lacrosse programs separated, with Jacksonville remaining in SoCon men's lacrosse while Bellarmine joined the ASUN men's lacrosse league. SoCon associate Air Force also left for ASUN men's lacrosse. The SoCon maintained its automatic NCAA tournament berth with the addition of Hampton.
Before the addition of Hampton men's lacrosse, the most recent addition to the associate membership was Presbyterian wrestling, which joined during summer 2019. Two women's lacrosse members, Central Michigan and Detroit Mercy, left after the 2020 season to join the new women's lacrosse league of Central's full-time home of the Mid-American Conference; this move contributed to the eventual demise of the SoCon women's lacrosse league.
Men's soccer member Belmont will leave the SoCon after the 2021–22 school year when it joins the Missouri Valley Conference, which sponsors that sport.
In the table below, the "Joined" column denotes the start of the school year in which the institution became an associate member, which for spring sports differs from the first season of competition.
|University of Alabama at Birmingham||Birmingham, Alabama||1969||2016||Public||18,568||Blazers||rifle||Conference USA|
|Appalachian State University||Boone, North Carolina||1899||2013[a]||17,589||Mountaineers||wrestling||Sun Belt|
|Bellarmine University||Louisville, Kentucky||1950||2020||Private||3,846||Knights||wrestling||ASUN|
|Belmont University||Nashville, Tennessee||1890||2018||8,080||Bruins||soccer (m)||OVC|
|Campbell University||Buies Creek, North Carolina||1887||2011||11,241||Fighting Camels||wrestling||Big South|
|Davidson College||Davidson, North Carolina||1837||2014[b]||Private||1,850||Wildcats||wrestling||Atlantic 10|
|Gardner–Webb University||Boiling Springs, North Carolina||1905||2011||Private||5,000||Runnin' Bulldogs||wrestling||Big South|
|Georgia Southern University||Statesboro, Georgia||1906||2016||Public||20,517||Eagles||rifle||Sun Belt|
|Hampton University||Hampton, Virginia||1868||2021||Private||4,321||Pirates||lacrosse (m)||Big South|
|High Point University||High Point, North Carolina||1924||2014||Private||4,500||Panthers||men's lacrosse (m)||Big South|
|Jacksonville University||Jacksonville, Florida||1934||2014||3,741||Dolphins||lacrosse (m)||ASUN|
|University of North Georgia||Dahlonega, Georgia||1873[c]||2016||Public||16,064||Nighthawks||rifle||Peach Belt Conference|
|Presbyterian College||Clinton, South Carolina||1880||2019||Private||1,403||Blue Hose||wrestling||Big South Conference|
|University of Richmond||Richmond, Virginia||1830||2014||4,361||Spiders||lacrosse (m)||Atlantic 10|
Most former members are currently members of either the Southeastern Conference or the Atlantic Coast Conference. Two of the former full members, Appalachian State and Davidson, maintain SoCon associate membership in wrestling. A third former full member, Georgia Southern, became an associate member in rifle when the SoCon added the sport for the 2016–17 school year.
|University of Alabama||Tuscaloosa, Alabama||1831||1921||1932||Crimson Tide||SEC|
|Appalachian State University||Boone, North Carolina||1899||1971||2014||Mountaineers||Sun Belt|
|Auburn University||Auburn, Alabama||1856||1921||1932||Tigers||SEC|
|College of Charleston||Charleston, South Carolina||1770||1998||2013||Cougars||CAA|
|Clemson University||Clemson, South Carolina||1889||1921||1953||Tigers||ACC|
|Davidson College||Davidson, North Carolina||1837||1936||1988||Wildcats||Atlantic 10|
|Duke University||Durham, North Carolina||1838||1928||1953||Blue Devils||ACC|
|East Carolina University||Greenville, North Carolina||1907||1964||1976||Pirates||The American|
|Elon University||Elon, North Carolina||1889||2003||2014||Phoenix||CAA|
|University of Florida||Gainesville, Florida||1853||1922||1932||Gators||SEC|
|George Washington University||Washington, D.C.||1821||1941||1970||Colonials||Atlantic 10|
|University of Georgia||Athens, Georgia||1785||1921||1932||Bulldogs||SEC|
|Georgia Southern University||Statesboro, Georgia||1906||1991||2014||Eagles||Sun Belt|
|Georgia Institute of Technology||Atlanta, Georgia||1885||1921||1932||Yellow Jackets||ACC|
|University of Kentucky||Lexington, Kentucky||1865||Wildcats||SEC|
|Louisiana State University||Baton Rouge, Louisiana||1860||1922||Tigers|
|Marshall University||Huntington, West Virginia||1837||1976||1997||Thundering Herd||C-USA|
|University of Maryland, College Park||College Park, Maryland||1856||1923||1953||Terrapins||Big Ten|
|University of Mississippi||Oxford, Mississippi||1848||1922||1932||Rebels||SEC|
|Mississippi State University||Starkville, Mississippi||1878||1921||Bulldogs|
|University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina||1789||1953||Tar Heels||ACC|
|North Carolina State University||Raleigh, North Carolina||1887||Wolfpack|
|University of Richmond||Richmond, Virginia||1830||1936||1976||Spiders||Atlantic 10|
|Sewanee: The University
of the South
|Sewanee, Tennessee||1857||1923||1932||Tigers||Southern Athletic|
|University of South Carolina||Columbia, South Carolina||1801||1922||1953||Gamecocks||SEC|
|University of Tennessee||Knoxville, Tennessee||1794||1921||1932||Volunteers|
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana||1834||1922||Green Wave||The American|
|Vanderbilt University||Nashville, Tennessee||1873||Commodores||SEC|
|University of Virginia||Charlottesville, Virginia||1819||1921||1937||Cavaliers||ACC|
|Virginia Polytechnic Institute
and State University
|Wake Forest University||Winston-Salem, North Carolina||1834||1936||1953||Demon Deacons|
|Washington and Lee University||Lexington, Virginia||1749||1921||1958||Generals||Old Dominion|
|West Virginia University||Morgantown, West Virginia||1867||1950||1968||Mountaineers||Big 12|
|The College of William & Mary||Williamsburg, Virginia||1693||1936||1977||Tribe||CAA|
In the table below, the "Joined" and "Left" columns denotes the calendar year in which each school joined and left the SoCon. For fall sports, the year of departure differs from the final year of competition. For spring sports, the year of arrival differs from the first season of competition.
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Left||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Colors||Sport||Primary conference||Current conference|
in former SoCon sport
|United States Air Force Academy||Colorado Springs, Colorado||1954||2015||2021||Federal
|4,417||Falcons||Lacrosse (m)||Mountain West||ASUN|
|Bellarmine University||Louisville, Kentucky||1950||2014||2021||Private||3,369||Knights||Lacrosse (m)||ASUN|
|Central Michigan University||Mount Pleasant, Michigan||1892||2017||2020||Public||21,705||Chippewas||Lacrosse (w)||MAC|
|Coastal Carolina University||Conway, South Carolina||1954||2020||2021||Public||10,484||Chanticleers||Lacrosse (w)||Sun Belt||ASUN|
|Delaware State University||Dover, Delaware||1891||2017||2021||Public
|University of Detroit Mercy||Detroit, Michigan||1870||2017||2020||Private||5,700||Titans||Lacrosse (w)||Horizon League||MAC|
Full members Full members (except football) Other Conference Other Conference
The Southern Conference sponsors championship competition in 11 men's, 9 women's, and one coeducational NCAA-sanctioned sports.[better source needed] Five schools are associate members for wrestling. Under a cooperative agreement with the ASUN Conference, the SoCon began sponsoring men's lacrosse in the 2014–15 school year (2015 season) with three full members (Furman, Mercer, VMI) and four associates (Bellarmine, High Point, Jacksonville, Richmond). SoCon men's lacrosse has since added Air Force. Women's lacrosse was sponsored by the ASUN through the 2017 season, after which the SoCon launched its own women's lacrosse league. Beginning in the 2016–17 academic year, after a 30-year hiatus, the SoCon resumed rifle as its 21st sport. Members for conference competition are full members The Citadel, VMI, and Wofford as well as associate members UAB, Georgia Southern, and North Georgia. The SoCon is one of only two all-sports conferences to sponsor rifle, joining the Ohio Valley Conference. Rifle is technically a men's sport for NCAA purposes, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Women's lacrosse was added as the 22nd sport for 2017–18, but was dropped after the 2020–21 school year.
|Track and Field (Indoor)||9||9||–|
|Track and Field (Outdoor)||9||10||–|
|School||Baseball||Basketball||Cross Country||Football||Golf||Lacrosse||Rifle[a]||Soccer||Tennis||Track & Field
|Track & Field
|Wrestling||Total SoCon Sports|
|East Tennessee State||N||N||N||9|
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Southern Conference which are played by SoCon schools:
|School||Basketball||Cross Country||Golf||Rifle[a]||Soccer||Softball||Tennis||Track & Field
|Track & Field
|Volleyball||Total SoCon Teams|
|East Tennessee State||N||9|
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Southern Conference which are played by SoCon schools:
|School||Beach Volleyball||Lacrosse||Swimming &
|School||Football stadium||Capacity||Basketball arena||Capacity||Baseball stadium||Capacity||Softball stadium||Capacity||Soccer field||Capacity|
|Belmont||Men's soccer-only member||E. S. Rose Park||300|
|Chattanooga||Finley Stadium||20,668||McKenzie Arena||10,928||Non-baseball school||Jim Frost Stadium||3,000||Finley Stadium||20,668|
|The Citadel||Johnson Hagood Stadium||11,500||McAlister Field House||6,000||Joseph P. Riley Jr. Park||6,000||Non-softball school||WLI Field|
|East Tennessee State||William B. Greene Jr. Stadium||7,694[a]||Freedom Hall Civic Center||8,500||Thomas Stadium||1,200||Betty Basler Field||500+||Summers-Taylor Stadium||2,000+|
|Furman||Paladin Stadium||16,000||Timmons Arena||5,000||Non-baseball school||Pepsi Softball Stadium||300||Eugene E. Stone III Stadium||3,000|
|Mercer||Moye Complex||10,200||Hawkins Arena||3,500||Claude Smith Field||500||Sikes Field||300||Bear Field||300|
|Samford||Seibert Stadium||6,700||Pete Hanna Center||4,974||Joe Lee Griffin Stadium||1,000||J.T. Haywood Field House||200||Samford Track and Soccer Complex||1,200|
|UNC Greensboro||Non-football school||Greensboro Coliseum (men's)
Fleming Gymnasium (women's)
|UNCG Baseball Stadium||3,500||UNCG Softball Stadium||500+||UNCG Soccer Stadium||3,540|
|VMI||Alumni Memorial Field||10,000||Cameron Hall||5,020||Gray–Minor Stadium||1,400||Non-softball school||Patchin Field||1,000|
|Western Carolina||E. J. Whitmire Stadium||13,742||Ramsey Center||7,826||Hennon Stadium||1,500||Catamount Softball Complex||250+||Catamount Athletic Complex||1,000|
|Wofford||Gibbs Stadium||13,000||Jerry Richardson Indoor Stadium||3,400||Russell C. King Field||2,500||Non-softball school||Snyder Field||2,250|
See also: College Football All-Southern Team
This is a partial list of the last 10 champions. For the full history, see List of Southern Conference football champions.
|2018||East Tennessee State
† Automatic bid to NCAA Division I Football Championship
This is a partial list of the last 10 regular-season and tournament champions. For the full history, see List of Southern Conference men's basketball champions.
The Southern Conference split into a divisional format for basketball beginning with the 1994–95 season.
|Year||Regular Season Champion (North)||Record||Regular Season Champion (South)||Record||Tournament Champion|
|12–6||College of Charleston
However, the divisional format was abandoned beginning with the 2013–14 season.
|Year||Regular Season Champion||Record||Tournament Champion|
|2016–17||East Tennessee State[a]
|14–4||East Tennessee State|
|2017–18||UNC Greensboro||15–3||UNC Greensboro|
This is a partial list of the last 10 tournament champions. For the full history, see Southern Conference Women's Basketball Tournament
This is a partial list of the last 10 champions. For the full history, see Southern Conference Baseball Tournament.
|Year||Reg. Season Champion||Tournament Champion|
|2010||The Citadel||The Citadel|
College of Charleston
|2014||Western Carolina||Georgia Southern|
|Year||Air Rifle Champion||Smallbore Champion||Overall Champion|
|2017||Georgia Southern||North Georgia||North Georgia|
|2018||North Georgia||North Georgia||North Georgia|
|2021||North Georgia||Georgia Southern||North Georgia|
The Commissioner's and Germann Cups are awarded each year to the top men's and women's program in the conference. The Commissioner's Cup was inaugurated in 1970. The Germann Cup, named for former Southern Conference Commissioner Ken Germann, was first awarded in 1987. The completion of the 2013–2014 athletics season saw Appalachian State winning its 33rd Commissioner's Cup and Furman its 13th Germann Cup.
|Year||Commissioner's Cup||Germann Cup|
William & Mary
|1970–71||William & Mary||—|
|1971–72||William & Mary||—|
|1972–73||William & Mary||—|
|1975–76||William & Mary||—|
|1982–83||East Tennessee State||—|
|1986–87||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|1987–88||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|1988–89||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|1989–90||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|1991–92||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|2004–05||Chattanooga||College of Charleston|
|2005–06||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|2006–07||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|2008–09||Appalachian State||College of Charleston|
|2010–11||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|2011–12||Appalachian State||College of Charleston|
|2012–13||Appalachian State||Appalachian State|
|2015–16||East Tennessee State||Furman|
|2016–17||East Tennessee State||Furman|
|2017–18||East Tennessee State||Furman|
|2018–19||East Tennessee State||Furman|