Top, left to right: Spartanburg skyline, Spartanburg Memorial Auditorium, Wofford College, Daniel Morgan Monument, Chapman Cultural Center
Top, left to right: Spartanburg skyline, Spartanburg Memorial Auditorium, Wofford College, Daniel Morgan Monument, Chapman Cultural Center
Official seal of Spartanburg
Official logo of Spartanburg
The Hub City, Sparkle City, The Burg
"Always Doing"
Location in South Carolina
Location in South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°56′48″N 81°55′39″W / 34.94667°N 81.92750°W / 34.94667; -81.92750
Country United States
State South Carolina
Named forThe Spartan Regiment[2]
 • MayorJerome Rice[3]
 • Total20.37 sq mi (52.75 km2)
 • Land20.25 sq mi (52.46 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)  0.54%
Elevation797 ft (243 m)
 • Total38,732
 • Estimate 
 • RankSC: 11th
 • Density1,912.41/sq mi (738.37/km2)
 • Urban196,943 (US: 198th)
 • Urban density1,088.1/sq mi (420.1/km2)
 • Metro
327,997 (US: 159th)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
Area code864
FIPS code45-68290
GNIS feature ID1250982[5]

Spartanburg is a city in and the seat of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States.[8] The city had a population of 38,732 as of the 2020 census, making it the 11th-most populous city in the state.[9] For a time, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) grouped Spartanburg and Union counties together as the Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, but the OMB now defines the Spartanburg, SC MSA as only Spartanburg County.[10]

Spartanburg is the second-largest city in the greater Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 1,487,610 in 2020.[11] It is part of a 10-county region of northwestern South Carolina known as "The Upstate", and is located 98 miles (158 km) northwest of Columbia, 80 miles (130 km) west of Charlotte, North Carolina, and about 190 miles (310 km) northeast of Atlanta, Georgia.

Spartanburg is the home of Wofford College, Converse University, Spartanburg Community College, and Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine and the area is home to USC Upstate, Sherman College of Chiropractic and Spartanburg Methodist College. It is also the site of headquarters for Denny's.


Spartanburg was formed in 1785, after a deal was made with the Cherokee in 1753, and was named after a local militia called the Spartan Regiment in the American Revolutionary War. The Spartan Regiment, commanded by Andrew Pickens, participated in the nearby Battle of Cowpens. In 1831, Spartanburg was incorporated, later becoming known as the "Hub City"; railroad lines radiated from the city forming the shape of a wheel hub.

It became a center of textile manufacturing in the late 19th century, with around 40 textile mills being established through the early 1900s.

In 1911, under the sponsorship of the Spartanburg Herald and the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the city erected a confederate monument at the intersection of South Church and Henry Streets, overlooking downtown.[12] It was moved in 1966 to Duncan Park.[13]

During World War I, Camp Wadsworth was used to train 100,000 soldiers for the war. Camp Croft trained soldiers during World War II. The facility was transferred to the state and adapted as Croft State Park.

By the 1950s, the production in these mills began to decline as wages increased. Most textile manufacturing jobs were moved offshore by the companies.

Spartanburg in 1909


Interactive map of Spartanburg

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.37 square miles (52.8 km2), of which 20.25 square miles (52.4 km2) is land and 0.11 square miles (0.28 km2) (0.54%) is water.[4] The most common soil series is Cecil.[14] The bedrock is mostly biotite gneiss.[15]


The city of Spartanburg has a humid subtropical climate with long, hot, and humid summers, and cool to semimild winters. The average annual temperature is 61.6 °F (16.4 °C). In the summer from June through September, average highs are in the 80s °F (20s °C) to low 90s °F (30s °C), while in the winter, average highs are in the mid-50s °F (10s °C). Annual rainfall is spread fairly evenly throughout the whole year. Spartanburg receives very little snowfall, with the annual average being only 1.4 inches (3.6 cm). Average precipitation is 51.3 inches (130 cm) and the average growing season is 231 days.

Climate data for Spartanburg, South Carolina (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1983–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 54.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 42.8
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 31.5
Record low °F (°C) −5
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.34
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.3 8.2 9.5 8.0 7.9 9.2 9.3 8.4 6.6 6.2 7.1 9.1 98.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4
Source: NOAA[16][17]


Historical population
2022 (est.)38,584[9]−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2020 census

Spartanburg racial composition[20]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 17,076 44.09%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 16,945 43.75%
Native American 67 0.17%
Asian 787 2.03%
Pacific Islander 64 0.17%
Other/Mixed 1,513 3.91%
Hispanic or Latino 2,280 5.89%

As of the 2020 census, 38,732 people, 15,154 households, and 8,638 families resided in the city.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 37,013 people, 15,989 households, and 9,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,066.3 inhabitants per square mile (797.8/km2). The 17,696 housing units had an average density of 923.9 per square mile (356.7/km2). The racial makeup was 49.55% African American, 47.15% White, 0.18% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.82% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.78% of the population.

Of the 15,989 households, 28.9% had children under 18 living with them, 34.0% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were not families. About 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.33, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the age distribution was 25.2% under 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,735, and for a family was $36,108. Males had a median income of $30,587 versus $23,256 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,136. About 29.4% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.6% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.


See also: Economy of South Carolina

Within the past decade, developers and community leaders have spearheaded an effort to revitalize Spartanburg's downtown commercial district. This has resulted in a remodeling of Morgan Square, the restoration of a number of historic structures and the relocation of several businesses and company headquarters to the downtown vicinity. These new developments include a nine-floor, 240-room Marriott hotel.

Spartanburg is home to many large companies, including Denny's, KYMCO, Smith Drug Company, Advance America Cash Advance, Southern Conference, Spartanburg Herald-Journal, RJ Rockers Brewing Company, American Credit Acceptance, and Upward Sports.

The economy of Spartanburg benefits from the BMW manufacturing facility located in the city of Greer, South Carolina, which is in Spartanburg County. As of February 2017, the plant employed around 8,800 people with an average daily output of about 1,400 vehicles.

Spartanburg is also home to the world headquarters and research facility for Milliken & Company, a textile and chemical manufacturer.

QS/1 Data Systems headquarters

Top employers

According to Spartanburg's 2022 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[21] the principal employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Spartanburg Regional 9,648
2 Spartanburg County 1,515
3 Spartanburg School District 7 1,273
4 RedSail Technologies, LLC 485
5 Wofford College 421
6 City of Spartanburg 416
7 Spartanburg Hospital for Restorative Care 300
8 Converse College 260
9 Denny's Corporate Office 250
10 Advance America, Inc. 233

Arts and culture

Panoramic view of the Chapman Cultural Center

Cultural events and institutions in the city include:

Points of interest

Early European settlers to this area included French fur trappers, English woodsmen, and Scots-Irish farmers. Few remnants survive from these early pioneering days, but traces can be found in the more rural areas of the county.

First established in the 1780s as a courthouse village, Spartanburg may have been named for the Spartan regiment of the South Carolina militia. The city was incorporated in 1831, at the time of the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Cowpens, a pivotal fight of the American Revolution that took place only a few miles away. The city's streets and architectural record reflect the changes of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Cotton mills have abounded in the Spartanburg area since 1816, earning Spartanburg the reputation as the "Lowell of the South." Although there were few mills in the area before the Civil War, technological advances, northern capital, and out-migration from the poor farms that made white labor available, created a wave of postbellum mill development here and in much of the Piedmont South. Additionally, the abundant streams and rivers in the area are just beginning their descent towards the lower-lying Midlands region. In many places, these waterways descend abruptly, providing a source for plentiful waterpower. Cotton mills were built along these rivers to harness this power, and so began the region's servitude to King Cotton. These mills, their owners and their slaves dominated the politics and economy of the region for nearly a century. Although nearly all abandoned, many mills remain along the riverbanks, the Piedmont equivalent of Gothic ruins.

The old bridge and millpond at Glendale. The mill itself (background) has since burned.

When the United States entered World War I in 1917, one of the sixteen divisional cantonments for the training of National Guard troops was Camp Wadsworth, which is located in the vicinity of Westgate Mall. Large numbers of New York National Guardsmen trained there in addition to many southern troops. During World War II, Camp Croft south of the city trained Army recruits. This is now a South Carolina state park with the same name. Some portions of the park contain the original quonset huts.



Quarterback Cam Newton and the Carolina Panthers participate in training camp at Wofford College in 2011.

Spartanburg is host to the NFL's Carolina Panthers training camp each year on the campus of Wofford College.

Historic Duncan Park Stadium is one of the oldest baseball stadiums in the country.[39] It was once home to the Spartanburg Stingers[40] in the Coastal Plain League (CPL)[41] and the Spartanburg Crickets[42] in the Southern Collegiate Baseball League.[43] It was also once home to the Spartanburg Peaches, a minor league affiliate of the Cleveland Indians and the Spartanburg Phillies, a minor league team of the Philadelphia Phillies. It now is the home stadium for the baseball teams of Spartanburg High School. In 2021, it was the home field for the Spartanburgers in the CPL.[44][45]

The Shrine Bowl of the Carolinas is held each year at Wofford's Gibbs Stadium. It is a high school football all-star game played between the top players from South Carolina and the top players from North Carolina.

The USC Upstate Spartans, Spartanburg Methodist College Pioneers, Wofford College Terriers, and Converse University Valkyries offer a variety of sports for both men and women. The Southern Conference is also headquartered in Spartanburg.

The city hosts the Spartanburg Criterium. The criterium is a yearly event and is usually one of the events associated with Speed Week which is part of the USA Crits bicycle racing series. The event is billed as the “fastest night in Spartanburg”.

Upward Sports, a Christian-based sports organization for kids, is headquartered in Spartanburg.[46]

The Down East Wood Ducks baseball team of the Carolina League are planned to move to the currently under-construction Fifth Third Park in downtown Spartanburg in April 2025.[47][48]


The current mayor, Jerome Rice, was elected in 2021. Spartanburg operates under a city manager form of government in which the mayor and six city council members have equal votes. Council members represent districts within the city and the mayor is elected at large. The council appoints a city manager, who is responsible for the daily administration of city governmental affairs.[49] City Hall is located at 145 West Broad Street.

The Spartanburg County Administration Building (this is the old Sears building which was vacated in the mid-1970s when Sears moved to Westgate Mall and renovated in the late 1980s or early 1990s) is located at 366 North Church Street. It is across the street from the Spartanburg Memorial Auditorium.


Wilson Hall at Converse University
Old Main at Wofford College
USC Upstate's Johnson College of Business and Economics downtown


Spartanburg is a college town, with four institutions of higher learning:

In the area:

Public and private schools

Most of the City of Spartanburg's public schools are run by Spartanburg County School District 7, one of seven loosely affiliated districts located in Spartanburg County. District 7 students are zoned to Spartanburg High School. However, the westernmost part of the city is served by Spartanburg County School District 6,[50] which has two elementary schools within city limits. District 6 students are zoned to Paul M. Dorman High School in Roebuck.

The Spartanburg area is home to the main campus of the South Carolina School for the Deaf and the Blind, which is outside of the city limits in an unincorporated area. It has five Regional Outreach Centers throughout the state.[51] The city is also home to Spartanburg Preparatory School, a K–8 public charter school that is the only "brick and mortar" charter school in the Upstate.[52]

Spartanburg is also home to Spartanburg Christian Academy, a K–12 private school in North Spartanburg,[53] the Spartanburg Day School, a K–12 private school offering the International Baccalaureate in grades K–4, and to Oakbrook Preparatory and Westgate Christian schools, both K–12 private schools.[54] Located in Hampton Heights, the Montessori Academy of Spartanburg is a PreK-8 private school providing a Montessori educational approach.[55] The Meeting Street Academy in downtown Spartanburg is a branch of a Charleston-based private school and currently offers PreK and Kindergarten.[56]

St. Paul the Apostle Catholic School is located in downtown Spartanburg. It is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charleston and is K–8.[57]


Spartanburg is part of the much greater Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson-Asheville DMA which is the nation's 37th largest in the country and is served by the following major television affiliates:[62]



Major highways

Public transit

A hybrid SPARTA bus at the downtown Passenger Center.

Spartanburg is served by the Spartanburg Area Regional Transit Agency (SPARTA), covering the city of Spartanburg and the surrounding urbanized area with 8 routes leading to a wide variety of destinations. All SPARTA buses are equipped with bicycle racks. Two hybrid-electric buses were added to the fleet in 2012.[63] The SPARTA Passenger Center is located at 100 North Liberty Street and also serves Greyhound buses.

Mass Transit is provided to all citizens of Spartanburg County through Spartanburg County Dial-A-Ride. It is a door to door service that operates six days a week.


The Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport (GSP) lies mostly in suburban Greer, and it serves Greenville as well as Spartanburg. It has become one of the busiest airports in South Carolina.

The Spartanburg Downtown Memorial Airport (SPA) is a general aviation/small craft airport owned and operated by the City, which lies southwest of town.[64]

Railroad station

Amtrak's Crescent train connects Spartanburg with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Greensboro, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. The Amtrak station is situated at 290 Magnolia Street.


Spartanburg County's healthcare is mainly provided by Spartanburg Regional Healthcare System. Spartanburg Regional is a public, not-for-profit, integrated health care delivery system with several facilities in Spartanburg, including:

Notable people


See also


  1. ^ "SCPL Historical Digital Collections". Spartanburg County Public Libraries. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  2. ^ "A Brief History of Spartanburg". June 25, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2022.
  3. ^ Wen, Eva (January 11, 2022). "New Spartanburg mayor and council sworn in as the city gets ready for a new year". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  5. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Spartanburg, South Carolina
  6. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  7. ^ "List of 2020 Census Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  9. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Spartanburg city, South Carolina". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  10. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 18-04: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. September 14, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  11. ^ "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Population Totals and Components of Change: 2020-2021". United States Census Bureau. February 24, 2022. Retrieved August 13, 2022.
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  13. ^ "CONTENTdm". February 18, 2023. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  14. ^ "SoilWeb: An Online Soil Survey Browser | California Soil Resource Lab". Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  15. ^ Nystrom, P.G., Jr., 2002, Geologic map of the Spartanburg quadrangle, Spartanburg County, South Carolina: South Carolina Geological Survey, Open-File Report OFR-144, scale 1:24,000
  16. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  17. ^ "Station: Spartanburg 3 SSE, SC". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  19. ^ "2020 US Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 10, 2021.
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  29. ^ "Cottonwood Trail | SPACE". Spartanburg Area Conservancy. Retrieved July 2, 2023.
  30. ^ "About Us". Hatcher Garden. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  31. ^ Spartanburg, City and County, South Carolina. Spartanburg Board of Trade. 1888. p. 5.
  32. ^ "Glendale Mill – Glendale South Carolina SC". December 7, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  33. ^ Doughman, Andrew. "Glendale Shoals bridge to receive $600,000 makeover". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  34. ^ "Former Textile Mill Once Again Buzzes with Activity". WYFF. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  35. ^ "Beaumont Village Local Historic District". Retrieved January 29, 2012.
  36. ^ "Hub City Farmers Market". Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  37. ^ "Hub City Railroad Museum". Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  38. ^ "Spartanburg Music Trail". Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  39. ^ Viquez, Marc (September 23, 2020). "Shibe Park seats still exist". Retrieved October 28, 2023.
  40. ^ "Spartanburg Stingers". Spartanburg Stingers. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
  41. ^ "Coastal Plain League". Archived from the original on August 11, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  42. ^ "Southern Collegiate Baseball League – Home Page – Pointstreak Sites".
  43. ^ "Home Page | Southern Collegiate Baseball League". July 19, 2015. Archived from the original on July 3, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  44. ^ Lavender, Chris (May 28, 2021). "Fans fired up for Spartanburgers baseball team on opening night at Duncan Park". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
  45. ^ Whisnant, Gabe (March 4, 2022). "Despite postponed season, Spartanburgers coach, city believe in future of CPL baseball". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved June 2, 2023.
  46. ^ "Upward Sports – Providing the best sports experience for every child". Retrieved December 12, 2010.
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  49. ^ "City Council". City of Spartanburg. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  50. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Spartanburg County, SC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
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  52. ^ "Spartanburg Preparatory School". Spartanburg Preparatory School. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  53. ^ "Spartanburg Christian Academy". December 6, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  54. ^ "Oakbrook Preparatory School". Retrieved December 12, 2010.
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  56. ^ "Meeting Street Academy – Spartanburg". Retrieved June 7, 2014.
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Further reading