Union, South Carolina
Official seal of Union, South Carolina
Location of Union, South Carolina
Location of Union, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°43′2″N 81°37′30″W / 34.71722°N 81.62500°W / 34.71722; -81.62500
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
 • Total7.98 sq mi (20.67 km2)
 • Land7.98 sq mi (20.67 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation643 ft (196 m)
 • Total8,174
 • Density1,024.44/sq mi (395.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code864
FIPS code45-73105
GNIS feature ID1251248[2]

The city of Union is the county seat of Union County, South Carolina, United States.[4] The population was 8,393 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Union Micropolitan Statistical Area (population 28,961 according to 2010 Census), which includes all of Union County and which is further included in the greater Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, South Carolina Combined Statistical Area (population 1,266,995 according to the 2010 Census).


Both the city of Union and Union County received their names from the old Union Church that stood a short distance from the Monarch Mill. When it was first founded, the city of Union was known as Unionville; later the name was shortened to Union. The county's first white settlers came from Virginia in 1749. Union County's population grew the fastest between 1762 and the start of the Revolutionary War. Settlers built log cabins and cultivated tobacco, flax, corn and wheat. Union was one of the first towns settled in the area and was untouched during the Civil War because the Broad River flooded and turned Sherman’s troops away from the town.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.0 square miles (21 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[6][3]

Union first appeared in the 1850 U.S. Census as "Unionville", with a recorded total population of 554.[7]

2020 census

Union Racial Composition[8]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 3,660 44.78%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,023 49.22%
Native American 10 0.12%
Asian 34 0.42%
Other/Mixed 306 3.74%
Hispanic or Latino 141 1.72%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,174 people, 3,452 households, and 2,063 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,793 people, 3,791 households, and 2,399 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,105.0 inhabitants per square mile (426.6/km2). There were 4,240 housing units at an average density of 532.9 per square mile (205.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.48% White, 42.12% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

There were 3,791 households, out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,110, and the median income for a family was $34,714. Males had a median income of $29,071 versus $19,966 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,175. About 17.6% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and Culture

Central Graded School

Sites in Union listed on the National Register of Historic Places webpage for Union County[9] include:


Union County Schools operates public schools.

For some time, the county had three high schools, Union Comprehensive High, Jonesville High, and Lockhart High. As of a council ruling, the three high schools have been consolidated. Jonesville High School and Lockhart High School were closed, and the students were reassigned to Union High School, which has been renamed Union County High School.[10]

The city is also home to the University of South Carolina Union (USC Union), a satellite campus of the University of South Carolina. USC Union was founded in 1965 and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[11]

Union has a public library, the Union County Carnegie Library.[12] This Carnegie library provides services and resources for both the community and USC Union students.[13] It was named 2009's Best Small Library in America by Library Journal.[14]

Notable people


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Union, South Carolina
  3. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "1850 Census of Population: South Carolina" (PDF). Retrieved March 31, 2023.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  9. ^ "National Register Sites in Union County". nationalregister.sc.gov. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  10. ^ "Union County Schools". Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  11. ^ "About - USC Union | University of South Carolina". www.sc.edu. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  12. ^ "HOME". UCLS. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  13. ^ "Library - USC Union | University of South Carolina". www.sc.edu. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  14. ^ "Best Small Library in America 2009: Union County Carnegie Library, SC—Carolina Dreaming". Library Journal. 1 February 2009. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
  15. ^ "Illustrated Henry "Rufe" Johnson discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  16. ^ Edward Komara; Peter Lee, eds. (July 2004). The Blues Encyclopedia. p. 529. ISBN 9781135958329. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  17. ^ "Shi Smith Stats, News, Bio". ESPN. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  18. ^ Wilson, Dreck Spurlock (March 1, 2004). African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary, 1865-1945. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-95628-8.

Further reading